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bhagavad essay gita If the title of this sacred Hindu poem were paraphrased, it would read: The Holy Song of God Himself, who, at the beginning of Kali yuga or the dark age, descended upon earth to aid and instruct Man. GITA means song, and BHAGAVAD is one of the names of Krishna. Krishna was an Avatar. Argumentative! According to the views of the Brahmins, we are now in Kali-yuga, which began about the 2012 time of Krishna's appearance. Essay! He is ocr as ict coursework, said to have descended in order to start among men those moral and philosophical ideas which were necessary to owl purdue, be known during the revolution of the Age, at the end of which after a brief period of darkness a better Age will begin. And Diversity! The composition of this poem is attributed to Vyasa and, as he is also said to have given the Vedas to men, a discussion about dates would not be profitable and can well stand over until some other occasion. The Bhagavad-Gita is argumentative essay owl purdue, a portion of the Mahabharata, the great epic of India. The Withered Arm Essay! The Mahabharata is so called because it contains the general history of the house of Bharat, and the prefix Maha signifies great. Its more definite object, however, is to give an account of the wars of the essay owl purdue Kurus and the withered arm essay Pandus, two great branches of the argumentative essay family.
And that portion included in our poem is the causes for the great depression essay sublime philosophical and argumentative owl purdue metaphysical dialogue held by Krishna with Arjuna, on the eve of a battle between the two aspirants for dominion. The scene of the battle is laid on the plain called Kurukshetra, a strip of land near Delhi, between the arm essay Indus, the Ganges, and the Himalayan mountains. Many European translators and commentators, being ignorant of the psychological system of the Hindus which really underlies every word of this poem have regarded this plain and the battle as just those two things and no more; some have gone so far as to give the commercial products of the essay country at the supposed period, so that readers might be able, forsooth, in that way to know the motives that prompted the two princes to enter into a bloody internecine conflict. No doubt such a conflict did take place, for ocr as ict coursework, man is continually imitating the higher spiritual planes; and a great sage could easily adopt a human event in essay, order to education and diversity essay, erect a noble philosophical system upon such an allegorical foundation. Argumentative Essay! In one aspect history gives us merely the small or great occurrences of man's progress; but in another, any one great historical epoch will give us a picture of the evolution in man, in the mass, of any corresponding faculty of the Individual Soul. So we see, here and orwell essay there, Western minds wondering why such a highly tuned metaphysical discussion should be disfigured by a warfare of savages. Such is the materializing influence of Western culture that it is essay, hardly able to admit any higher meaning in essay, a portion of the poem which confessedly it has not yet come to fully understand. Before the Upanishads can be properly rendered, the Indian psychological system must be understood; and argumentative essay owl purdue even when its existence is admitted, the English speaking person will meet the great difficulty arising from an absence of words in that language which correspond to the ideas so frequently found in the Sanskrit. Thus we have to homework photosynthesis explanation, wait until a new set of argumentative essay words has been born to express the new ideas not yet existing in the civilization of the homework help West.
The location of the plain on argumentative, which this battle was fought is important, as well as are also the very rivers and mountains by which it is bounded. And as equally needful to be understood, or at arm essay least guessed at, are the names of the respective princes. The very place in the Mahabharata in which this episode is owl purdue, inserted has deep significance, and we cannot afford to causes great depression essay, ignore anything whatever that is connected with the events. If we merely imagine that Vyasa or Krishna took the sacred plain of Kurukshetra and the great battle as simply accessories to his discourse, which we can easily discard, the whole force of the dialogue will be lost. Although the Bhagavad-Gita is argumentative essay, a small work, there have been written upon it, among the homework help explanation Hindus, more commentaries than those upon the Revelation of St. John among the Christians. Argumentative! I do not intend to go into those commentaries, because on essay internet privacy, the one hand I am not a Sanskrit scholar, and on argumentative essay, the other it would not tend to great profit.
Many of them are fanciful, some unwarrantable; and those that are of value can be consulted by anyone anxious to pursue that line of the withered inquiry. Essay Owl Purdue! What I propose here to myself and to all who may read these papers is to study the Bhagavad-Gita by the light of that spiritual lamp be it small or great which the Supreme Soul will feed and increase within us if we attend to its behests and diligently inquire after it. Such at least is the promise by Krishna in the Bhagavad-Gita the Song Celestial. In the few introductory lines with which I took up this subject, it was stated that not being a Sanskrit scholar I did not intend to go into the commentaries upon the poem in education essay, that language. The great mass of those commentaries have looked at the dialogue from various standpoints.
Many later Hindu students have not gone beyond the explanations made by Sankaracharya, and nearly all refuse to owl purdue, do more than transliterate the names of the different personages referred to in the first chapter. But there is the highest authority for reading this poem between the lines. The Vedas themselves say that what we see of them is only the homework help photosynthesis disclosed Veda, and that one should strive to get above this disclosed word. It is here clearly implied that the undisclosed Vedas must be hidden or contained in that which is apparent to the outer senses. Did we not have this privilege, then surely would we be reduced to obtaining true knowledge solely from the facts of experience as suffered by the mortal frame, and essay fall into the gross error of the materialists who claim that mind is only an effect produced by the physical brain-molecules coming into motion. We would also have to follow the canonical rule, that conscience is causes for the depression, a safe guide only when it is regulated by argumentative an external law such as the help photosynthesis explanation law of the church, or of the Brahmanical caste.
But we very well know that within the material, apparent or disclosed man, exists the real one who is undisclosed. This valuable privilege of looking for the inner sense, while not straining after impossible meanings in the text, is argumentative essay, permitted to all sincere students of any holy scriptures, Christian or Pagan. And in the poem itself, Krishna declares that he will feed the lamp of spiritual wisdom so that the real meaning of his words may be known; so too the Upanishads uphold the existence of a faculty together with the right to use it, whereby one can plainly discern the real, or undisclosed, meaning of holy books. Indeed, there is a school of occultists who hold, as we think with reason, that this power may be so developed by devoted persons, that even upon hearing the orwell write words of argumentative essay owl purdue a holy book read in a totally unfamiliar language, the education essay true meaning and essay drift of the strange sentences become instantly known. (1) The Christian commentators all allow that in studying their Bible the spirit must be attended to and not the letter. This spirit is that undisclosed Veda which must be looked for between the lines.
Nor should the Western student of the poem be deterred from any attempt to get at the real meaning by the attitude of the Brahmins, who hold that only Brahmins can be told this real meaning, and, because Krishna did not make it plain, it may not be made plain now to Sudras, or low caste people. Were this view to prevail, then the whole Western body of students would be excluded from using this important book, inasmuch as all persons not Hindus are necessarily of Sudra caste. Krishna did not make such an exclusion, which is only priestcraft. He was himself of shepherd caste and not a Brahmin; and he says that anyone who listens to his words will receive great benefit. The sole limitation made by him is that one in the withered arm essay, which he declares that these things must not be taught to those who do not want to listen, which is just the same direction as that given by Jesus of Nazareth when he said, cast not your pearls before swine. But as our minds work very much upon suggestion or clues and argumentative owl purdue might, in the absence of any hints as to where those clues are placed, be liable to altogether overlook the point, we must bear in mind the essay existence among the Aryans of argumentative essay owl purdue a psychological system that gives substance and impulse to utterances declared by great depression many Orientalists to be folly unworthy of essay owl purdue attention from a man of the nineteenth century civilization. And Diversity! Nor need we be repulsed from our task because of a small acquaintance with that Aryan psychology. The moment we are aware of its existence in the poem, our inner self is ready to help the outer man to grasp after it; and in the noble pursuit of these great philosophical and moral truths, which is only our eternal endeavor to argumentative essay owl purdue, realize them as a part of arm essay our being, we can patiently wait for a perfect knowledge of the argumentative owl purdue anatomy and functions of the inner man. Western Sanskritists have translated many important words into the very lowest of their real meanings, being drawn away from the true by the incomplete Western psychological and spiritual knowledge, or have mixed them up hopelessly. Such words as karma and dharma are not understood. Dharma means law , and is generally turned into duty, or said to refer merely to some rule depending upon human convention, whereas it means an inherent property of the faculties or of the whole man, or even of anything in the cosmos.
Thus it is orwell write, said that it is the duty, or dharma, of fire to burn. It always will burn and thus do its whole duty, having no consciousness, while man alone has the power to retard his journey to the heart of the Sun, by refusing to perform his properly appointed and plainly evident dharma. So again, when we read in the Bhagavad-Gita that those who depart this life in the bright half of the moon, in the six months of the sun's northern course, will go to eternal salvation, while others, who depart in the gloomy night of the moon's dark season while the essay sun is in the southern half of his path, ascend for internet, a time to the moon's region, to be reborn on this earth, our Orientalists tell us this is essay owl purdue, sheer folly, and we are unable to contradict them. But if we know that the Aryans, with a comprehensive knowledge of the vast and never inharmonious correspondence reigning throughout the macrocosm, in speaking thus meant to causes for the depression, admit that the human being may be or not in a state of development in strict conformity to the bright or dark moon, the verse becomes clear. The materialistic critic will take the verse in the fourth chapter, which says that he who eats of the ambrosia left from a sacrifice passes into essay owl purdue, the supreme spirit, and ask us how the eating of the remnants of a burnt offering can confer salvation. When, however, we know that Man is the altar and the sacrifice, and arm essay that this ambrosia is the perfection of spiritual cultivation which he eats or incorporates into his being, the Aryan is vindicated and we are saved from despair. Essay Owl Purdue! A strange similarity on one point may be noticed between our poem and the old Hebrew record. The Jews were prepared by certain experiences to enter into the promised land, but were unable to do so until they had engaged in mighty conflicts with Hivites, Jebusites, Perizzites, and Amalekites. Here we find that the very opening verse signalizes a war.
The old, blind king Dhritarashtra asks his prime minister to tell him what these opposing forces of Pandus and essay issues Kurus have been doing assembled as they are resolved upon war. So too the argumentative owl purdue Jews assembled upon the borders of the promised land, resolved on conflict, and sustained in their resolve by the declarations of their God who had brought them out of the darkness of Egypt, carried on the fight. Egypt was the place where they had, in mystic language, obtained corporification, and stands for antenatal states, for essay why i, unformed chaotic periods in the beginning of owl purdue evolution, for for the great depression essay, the gestation in the womb. We are on argumentative essay, the eve of a gigantic combat, we are to causes depression essay, rush into argumentative owl purdue, the midst of a conflict of savages. If this opening verse is understood as it was meant, we are given the key to help, a magnificent system, and shall not fall into the error of asserting that the unity of the poem is destroyed. Argumentative! Dhritarashtra is blind, because the body, as such, is blind in every way. Someone has said Goethe I think that the old pagan religions taught man to look up, to aspire continually toward the greatness which was really his to causes for the great depression essay, achieve, and thus led him to regard himself as but little less, potentially, than a god; while the essay attitude of man under the Christian system is one of for the great depression humility, of bowed head and lowered eyes, in argumentative essay, the presence of his God.
In approaching the jealous God of the causes for the essay Mosaic dispensation, it is not permissible to assume an erect position. This change of attitude becomes necessary as soon as we postulate a Deity who is outside and beyond us. And yet it is not due to the Christian scriptures in themselves, but solely to the wrong interpretation given them by priests and churches, and easily believed by argumentative essay owl purdue a weak humanity that needs a support beyond itself on which to lean. The Aryans, holding that man in his essence is God, naturally looked up to him and referred everything to him. Ocr As Ict Coursework! They therefore attributed to argumentative owl purdue, the material of the body no power of sight or feeling. And so Dhritarashtra, who is material existence, in which thirst for its renewal inheres, is blind.
The eye cannot see nor the ear hear, of themselves. In the Upanishads the pupil is asked: What is the education essay sight of the eye, and the hearing of the ear? replying that these powers reside solely with inner organs of the soul, using the essay material body as the means for experiencing the phenomena of material life. Without the presence of this indwelling, informing, hearing and seeing power or being this collection of particles now deified as body is dead or blind. Education And Diversity Essay! These philosophers were not behind our nineteenth century. Boscovich, the Italian, Faraday, Fiske and other moderns, have concluded that we cannot even see or know the matter of which these bodies and the different substances about us are made up, and that the ultimate resolution is not into argumentative essay owl purdue, atoms finely divided, but into points of dynamic force; and therefore, we cannot know a piece of iron, we only ocr as 2012, know the phenomena it produces. Argumentative Owl Purdue! This position is an causes for the depression ancient Aryan one, with another added that the real perceiver of those phenomena is the Self. It is only by an acceptance of this philosophy that we will ever comprehend the owl purdue facts of nature which our science is so laboriously noting and classifying. But that science ignores a large mass of phenomena well known to spiritualists here and to ascetics in Asia, because the actual existence of the Self as the final support of every phase of essay consciousness is denied. The disappearance of the ascetic is a possibility.
But the West denies it, while it is doubtful if even spiritists will admit that any living man can cause that phenomenon known as form to disappear. They are, however, willing to grant that a materialized spirit form may disappear, or that some mediums are living who have disappeared while sitting in a chair, either as an actual dissipation of molecules or by being covered as with a veil. (2) In those instances the thing happened without knowledge or effort on argumentative essay owl purdue, the part of the medium, who was a passive agent. But the Eastern ascetic, possessing the power of disappearing, is a person who has meditated upon the real basis of what we know as form, with the doctrine ever in view, as stated by Boscovich and Faraday, that these phenomena are not realities per se, and adding that all must be referred to the Self. And so we find Patanjali in his compilation of yoga aphorisms stating the matter. In his twenty-first aphorism Book III, he says that the ascetic being aware that form, as such, is the withered, nothing, can cause himself to disappear (3) It is not difficult to explain this as a species of hypnotism or psychologizing performed by the ascetic. But such sort of explaining is only the modern method of getting out of a difficulty by stating it over again in owl purdue, new terms. Not until it is admitted that the Self eternally persists, and is always unmodified, will any real knowledge be acquired by us respecting these matters. In this Patanjali is essay internet privacy issues, very clear in his seventeenth aphorism, Book IV, where he says: The modifications of the mental state are always known, because the presiding spirit is not modified. We must admit the blindness of Dhritarashtra, as body, and that our consciousness and ability to know anything whatever of the modifications going on in the argumentative essay owl purdue organism, are due to the presiding spirit. So this old, blind rajah is that part of man which, containing the principle of thirst for existence, holds material life.
The Ganges bounding his plain on one side typifies the sacred stream of spiritual life incarnated here. At first it flows down unperceived by us, through the spiritual spheres, coming at last into ocr as ict coursework 2012, what we call matter, where it manifests itself but yet remains unseen, until at last it flows into argumentative essay owl purdue, the sea or death to be drawn up again by the sun or the karma of reincarnation. The plain is sacred because it is the temple of the Holy Ghost. Kurukshetra should then read: The body which is acquired by karma. So the king does not ask what this body itself has been doing, but what have the followers of material existence, that is the entire host of lower elements in man by which he is write, attached to physical life, and the followers of Pandu, that is the entire set of spiritual faculties, been doing on this sacred plain. Essay Owl Purdue! It follows then that the enumeration of generals and commanders gone into by the prime minister in reply to the king must be a catalogue of all the lower and homework photosynthesis higher faculties in man, containing also, in the names adopted, clues to powers of our being only at present dimly guessed at in the West or included in such vague terms as brain and mind. We find these generals given their appropriate places upon either side, and argumentative see also that they have assigned to orwell why i, them various distinctive weapons, which in many cases are flourished or exhibited in the preliminary movements, so that our attention may be drawn to them.
Salutation to Krishna! the argumentative Lord of Devotion, the causes depression essay God of Religion, the never failing help of those who trust in him. We now have discovered that the poem is not disfigured by this account of a conflict that begins in the first chapter; to be then dropped while the two great actors retire to argumentative owl purdue, their chariot for a discussion. Education And Diversity! This description of owl purdue forces, and the first effect on Arjuna of his survey, show us that we are now to learn from Krishna what is the duty of man in his warfare with all the forces and tendencies of his nature. Instead of the conflict being a blemish to the poem, it is essay, a necessary and argumentative valuable portion. We see that the fight is to be fought by every human being, whether he lives in India or not, for it is raging on the sacred plain of our body.
Each one of us, then, is Arjuna. In the Sanskrit, the orwell why i write first chapter is called Arjuna-Vishada, which in English means, The despair and despondency of Arjuna. Some have called it The Survey of Army; but while truly an army is surveyed, that is not the essential meaning intended. It is the result of the survey we are to consider; and that result upon Arjuna who is the person most interested the one who is the argumentative chief questioner and beneficiary throughout the whole action of the poem is orwell essay why i write, despondency. The cause of this despondency is to argumentative owl purdue, be inquired into.
Arjuna, in the flush of determination, and before any analysis of either the consequences to himself or to others who might become involved, entered the conflict, after having chosen Krishna as his charioteer. The forces are drawn up in line of battle, and he rides out to essay, survey them. At once he sees ranged against him relatives of every class, in their turn preparing to essay, destroy others, their relatives, friends and acquaintances as well as Arjuna's, who are enlisted on his side. Turning to education and diversity essay, Krishna, he says that he cannot engage in such a war, that he perceives only evil omens, and that even if the opposers, being ignorant, may be willing to fight with such dreadful consequences in view, he cannot do so, but must give up the essay owl purdue battle ere it is begun. Thereupon: Arjuna, whose heart was troubled with grief, let fall his bow and arrows, and sat down on the bench of orwell essay his chariot. Every student of occultism, theosophy or true religion all being the one thing will go through Arjuna's experiences. Attracted by the beauty or other seductive quality, for him, of this study, he enters upon the prosecution of it, and soon discovers that he arouses two sets of forces.
One of them consists of all his friends and owl purdue relations who do not view life as he does, who are wedded to the established order, and think him a fool for devoting any attention to anything else; while the general mass of and diversity his acquaintances and those whom he meets in the world instinctively array themselves against one who is thus starting upon a crusade that begins with his own follies and faults, but must end in a condemnation of theirs, if only by the force of example. The other opponents are far more difficult to meet, because they have their camp and base of action upon the astral and other hidden planes; they are all his lower tendencies and faculties, that up to argumentative owl purdue, this time have been in the sole service of material life. By the mere force of causes depression essay moral gravity, they fly to the other side, where they assist his living friends and relatives in their struggle against essay owl purdue, him. They have more efficiency in producing despondency than anything else. In the poem, it is referred to in the words addressed by for the essay Arjuna to Krishna: I am not able to stand; for my understanding, as it were turneth round, and I behold inauspicious omens on all sides. All of us are brought to this study by our own request made to our higher self, who is Krishna. Arjuna requested Krishna to be his charioteer, and to drive him forth between the two armies. It does not matter whether he now is consciously aware of having made the request, nor whether it was made as a specific act, in this life or in many another precedent one; it was made and it is to be answered at the right time. Some of argumentative us have asked this many times before, in why i write, ancient births of ours in other bodies and other lands; others are making the request now; but it is more than likely in the case of those who are spurred on to intense effort and longing to know the truth, and to strive for unity with God, that they have put up the petition ages since.
So now Krishna, the charioteer of this body with its horses the mind drives us forth so that we may stand with our higher self and all the tendencies connected with it on one side, and all the lower (but not all necessarily evil) principles on the other. Argumentative Owl Purdue! The student may, perhaps, with ease face the crowd of friends and relatives, having probably gone through that experience in other lives and is now proof against ict coursework, it, but he is not proof against the first dark shadow of despair and ill result that falls upon him. Every elemental that he has vivified by evil thinking now casts upon him the thought, After all, it is no use; I cannot win; if I did, the essay gain would be nothing; I can see no great or lasting result to be attained, for all, all, is impermanent. This dreadful feeling is sure in each case to causes for the great essay, supervene, and we might as well be prepared for it. We cannot always live on the enthusiasm of argumentative owl purdue heavenly joys. The rosy hue of dawn does not reach round the world; it chases darkness. Let us be prepared for it, not only at the first stage, but all along in our progress to the holy seat; for it comes at each pause; at that slight pause when we are about to begin another breath, to take another step, to pass into another condition. And here it is wise, turning to orwell essay, the 18th, and last, chapter of the poem, to read the words of the immortal master of life: From a confidence in thine own self-sufficiency thou mayest think that thou wilt not fight. Such is a fallacious determination, for essay owl purdue, the principles of thy nature will compel thee . Being confined to actions by the duties of essay thy natural calling, thou wilt involuntarily do that from necessity , which thou wantest through ignorance to avoid.
In this, Krishna uses the very argument advanced by argumentative owl purdue Arjuna against the fight, as one in its favor. In the chapter we are considering, Arjuna repeats the old Brahmanical injunction against those who break up the eternal institutions of caste and internet privacy issues tribe, for, as he says, the essay penalty annexed is education and diversity, a sojourn in hell, since, when the caste and tribe are destroyed, the ancestors, being deprived of the rites of funeral-cakes and libations of water (4), fall from heaven, and the whole tribe is thus lost. But Krishna shows, as above, that each man is naturally, by his bodily tendencies, compelled to do the acts of some particular calling, and that body with its tendencies is merely the manifestation of what the inner man is, as the result of all his former thoughts up to that incarnation. So he is forced by nature's law which is his own to argumentative, be born just where he must have the experience that is ict coursework, needed. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue! And Arjuna, being a warrior, is compelled to fight, whether he will or no. In another chapter, the institution of caste is more particularly referred to, and there we will have occasion to go into that subject with more detail. As stated in the last paper, the substratum, or support, for the whole cosmos, is the essay presiding spirit, and all the various changes in life, whether of a material nature or solely in mental states, are cognizable because the presiding spirit within is not modifiable. Were it otherwise, then we would have no memory, for argumentative essay, with each passing event, we, becoming merged in it, could not remember anything, that is, we would see no changes.
There must therefore be something eternally persisting, which is the witness and perceiver of every passing change, itself unchangeable. All objects, and all states of what Western philosophers call mind, are modifications, for in order to be seen or known by us, there must be some change, either partial or total, from a precedent state. The perceiver of these changes is the inner man Arjuna-Krishna. This leads us to the conviction that there must be a universal presiding spirit, the producer as well as the spectator, of all this collection of animate and inanimate things. The philosophy taught by Krishna holds that at the withered arm essay first this spirit so called, however, by me only for the purpose of the discussion remained in a state of quiet with no objects, because as yet there was no modification. But, resolving to create, or rather to emanate the universe, IT formed a picture of what should be, and this at once was a modification willingly brought about in argumentative, the hitherto wholly unmodified spirit; thereupon the divine Idea was gradually expanded, coming forth into objectivity; while the homework explanation essence of the presiding spirit remained unmodified, and became the perceiver of its own expanded idea.
Its modifications are visible (and invisible) nature. Its essence then differentiates itself continually in various directions, becoming the argumentative immortal part of each man the Krishna who talks to Arjuna. Coming like a spark from the central fire, it partakes of that nature, that is, the quality of being unmodifiable, and assumes to itself as a cover, so to arm essay, speak the human body (5) and argumentative essay owl purdue thus, being in arm essay, essence unmodified, it has the capacity to perceive all the changes going on argumentative essay, around the body. This Self must be recognized as being within, pondered over, and as much as possible understood, if we are to gain any true knowledge. We have thus quickly, and perhaps in orwell why i, an inadequate way, come down to a consideration of essay Arjuna as composed of all these generals and heroes enumerated in this chapter, and who are, as we said, the various powers, passions and qualities included in help photosynthesis, the Western terms brain and mind. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue! Modern physical, mental and the withered arm essay psychological sciences have as yet but scratched the surface of that which they are engaged in owl purdue, examining. Causes! Physical science confessedly is empiric, knowing but the very outposts of the laws of nature; and our psychology is in a worse state. The latter has less chance for arriving at the truth than physical science, because scientists are proceeding to a gradual demonstration of natural laws by careful examination of owl purdue facts easily observable, but psychology is a something which demands the pursuit of another method than that of science, or those now observed.
It would avail nothing at present to specify the Aryan nomenclature for all the sheaths as they call them that envelop the soul, because we as yet have not acquired the necessary ideas. Of what use is it to say that certain impressions reside in homework help, the Anandamaya sheath. But there is such an argumentative essay one, whether we call it by that name or by any other. We can, however, believe that the soul, in order to at last reach the objective plane where its experience is gained, places upon itself, one after the other, various sheaths, each having its peculiar property and essay function. The mere physical brain is thus seen to be only the material organ first used by the real percipient in essay owl purdue, receiving or conveying ideas and perceptions; and and diversity essay so with all the other organs, they are only the special seats for centralizing the power of the real man in order to experience the modifications of argumentative essay nature at that particular spot.
Who is the sufferer from this despondency? It is our false personality as distinguished from Krishna the higher self which is oppressed by the immediate resistance offered by the withered arm essay all the argumentative essay lower part of our nature, and by those persons with whom we are most closely connected, as soon as we begin to draw them away from all old habits, and to essay internet privacy, present a new style of thinking for their consideration. For Arjuna, sinking down upon the seat of that chariot which is his body, fell back upon his own nature and found therein the essay owl purdue elements of the withered search and courage, as well as those previous ones of gloom which arise first, being nearer the natural man. Reliance and pressure upon our own inner nature, in moments of darkness, are sure to be answered by the voice of Krishna, the inner guide. The first consequences of the despondency are to make us feel that the battle we have invited ought not to argumentative essay owl purdue, be carried on, and we then are almost overwhelmed with the desire to give it up. Some do give it up, to begin it again, in a succeeding life, while others like Arjuna listen to the voice of Krishna, and arm essay bravely fight it out to the end. Thus, in the Upanishads, in the holy Bhagavad-Gita, in the science of the Supreme Spirit, in the Book of Devotion, in the colloquy between the Holy Krishna and argumentative Arjuna, stands the first chapter by name: THE DESPONDENCY OF ARJUNA. Salutation to the god of battles, to the charioteer, to him who disposeth the forces aright, who leadeth us on to victory, with whom alone success is certain: that he may guide us to where the never-dying light shineth: Om!
Salutation to why i, the prowess of Krishna! May it be with us in the fight, strengthening our hearts that they faint not in the gloomy night that follows in the path of the day. THE FIRST ABYSS. The first chapter is ended. In one aspect, the Bhagavad-Gita is a personal book. It is for each man; and it is in that way we have so far considered it. Essay Owl Purdue! Some have called it obscure, and others a book which deals solely with the great principles of nature; with only great questions of the withered cosmogony; with difficult and essay bewildering questions relating to the first cause; and still others think it is ocr as ict coursework, contradictory and vague. But this first scene in the great colloquy is plain. It has the din of arms, the movement of battalions and the disposition of forces with their generals.
No one need feel any hesitation now, for we are face to face with ourselves. The weak man, or he who does not care for essay, truth no matter where it leads, had better shut the book now. Unless he can go on reading the poem with the fixed intention of applying it to himself, it will do him no good whatever. He may say, however, that he will read it for the withered arm essay, what it may seem to contain, but if he reads to the end of time and does not fairly regard this first lecture, his knowledge gained further on will be no knowledge. It is indeed the book of the great mystery; but that problem was never solved for anyone; it must be settled and solved by argumentative owl purdue each one for himself. No doubt it was for this reason that Vyasa, to whom the poem is attributed, placed this conflict, in which the principal characters are Arjuna and Krishna, at depression essay the outset. It would have been easier to have made them sit down for a philosophical discourse beforehand in which reasons pro and con regarding any battle would be discussed, and then, after all that was done, to show us Arjuna, encouraged and equipped, entering upon the war sure of victory because he had spent much time in dispelling his doubts. But instead of doing this he pictures the impetuous Arjuna precipitating the owl purdue battle before he had considered whom it was he had to fight. It does not appear in help photosynthesis explanation, the Bhagavad-Gita that Krishna had induced Arjuna, as was the case, to make the war for the purpose of regaining his kingdom.
While stirring him up to it Krishna had wisely refrained from telling that which Arjuna finds out on the first day, that he had to oppose all these friends, kinsmen and preceptors. It was a wise reticence. If we completely apprehended the enormous power of our passions and various tendencies, most of us would throw up the fight in advance; for nothing would persuade us that any power within could withstand such overwhelming odds. For us then the incitement to fight is found, not so much in any conversation that we hold now with Krishna, but in the impulses which are carried across, again and again, from incarnation to incarnation. We take up the gage over and over, life after life, in experience after experience, never completely defeated if we always look to Krishna our higher self. And in the tale of Arjuna we find this also. Essay! For in a succeeding book, called Anugita, is an account of the hero walking with Krishna through the Palace of Maya.
The battle over, for causes, the time, Arjuna tells his friend that he has really forgotten much that he had told him (in the essay Bhagavad-Gita ) and asks for a succinct repetition. This is and diversity, given to him by the great warrior. The palace of maya is this body of illusion, built up around us by desire. In our last birth we had all the advice given in this poem, and walking today through the palace, which sometimes seems so lovely, we now and then have reminiscences from the past. Sometimes we stoutly take up the fight; but surely, if we have listened to the guide aright, we will compel ourselves at last to carry it out until finished. Argumentative Owl Purdue! In coming to the conclusion of this first chapter, we reach the first abyss. It is not the great abyss, albeit it may seem to ocr as, us, in our experience, to be the argumentative essay owl purdue greatest. We are now vis-a-vis our own despair, and doubt its companion. Many a student of theosophy has in our own sight reached this point all true students do. Like a little child who first ventures from the parent's side, we are affrighted at what seems new to us, and dropping our weapons attempt to get away; but, in the pursuit of theosophy it is not possible to go back. Because the abyss is behind us.
There is in nature a law that operates in every department whether moral or physical, and which may now be called that of undulation and then that of great essay inhibition; while at other times it reappears as vibration, and still again as attraction and repulsion, but all these changes are only apparent because at bottom it is the same. Among vegetables it causes the sap to flow up the tree in one way and will not permit it to return in the same direction. In our own blood circulation we find the blood propelled from the heart, and that nature has provided little valves which will not permit it to argumentative, return to the heart by the way it came, but by the way provided. Causes Depression Essay! Medical and anatomical science are not quite sure what it is that causes the blood to argumentative owl purdue, pass these valves; whether it is and diversity, pressure from behind communicated by argumentative essay owl purdue the heart, or the pressure by education essay atmosphere from without which gently squeezes, as it were, the argumentative owl purdue blood upon its way. But the essay internet occultist does not find himself limited by these empirical deductions. Argumentative Owl Purdue! He goes at once to the center and declares that the impulse is from the heart and that that organ receives its impulse from the great astral heart or the akasa, which has been said by all mystics to have a double motion, or alternate vibration the systole and for the essay diastole of nature. So in this sense the argumentative essay owl purdue valve in the circulation represents the abyss behind us that we cannot repass. We are in the great general circulation and compelled, whether we like it or not, to obey its forward impulse.
This place of dejection of arm essay Arjuna is also the same thing as is argumentative owl purdue, mentioned in Light on the Path as the silence after the storm. Ocr As Ict Coursework 2012! In tropical countries this silence is argumentative, very apparent. After the storm has burst and essay privacy passed, there is a quietness when the earth and the trees seem to have momentarily ceased making their familiar, manifold noises. Owl Purdue! They are obeying the essay general law and beginning the argumentative owl purdue process of assimilation. And in the astral world it is just the same. When one enters there for the first time, a great silence falls, during which the regulated soul is imbibing its surroundings and becoming accustomed to them. It says nothing but waits quietly until it has become in vibration precisely the same as the plane in the withered, which it is; when that is argumentative essay owl purdue, accomplished then it can speak properly, make itself understood, and likewise understand. But the unregulated soul flies to homework help photosynthesis, that plane of the astral world in a disturbed state, hurries to speak before it is able to argumentative essay owl purdue, do so intelligibly and as a consequence is not understood, while it increases its own confusion and makes it less likely that it will soon come to understand. People are attracted to the astral plane; they hear of its wonders and and diversity astonishments and like a child with a new toy in sight they hurry to grasp it. They refuse to learn its philosophy because that seems dry and difficult. So they plunge in, and as Murdhna Joti said in a former article in this magazine, they then swim in it and cut capers like a boy in a pool of water.
But for the earnest student and true disciple the matter is serious. He has vowed to argumentative, have the truth at whatever cost, willing to go wherever she leads even if it be to death. So Krishna, having got Arjuna to where the battle has really begun, where retreat is not possible, begins to tell his loved disciple and friend what is the philosophy that underlies it all and without which success cannot be compassed. We should not fail to observe at this point, that when Arjuna threw down his bow and arrows, the flying of missiles had already begun. We cannot say that when the philosophical discourse began between these two the opposing forces declared a truce until the mighty heroes should give the signal, because there is nowhere any verse that would authorize it, and we also can read in the accompanying books that all the paraphernalia of war had been brought onto the field and 2012 that the enemy would not desist, no matter what Arjuna might do. Now there is a meaning here, which is owl purdue, also a part of the great abyss the son of Pandu saw behind him, and which every one of us also sees. We enter upon this great path of essay action in occultism mentally disposed towards final victory. This mental attitude instantly throws all the parts of our being into agitation, during which the tendencies which are by nature antipathetic to each other separate and range themselves upon opposite sides. This creates great distress, with oftentimes wandering of the mind, and adds additional terror to our dark despair. We may then sink down and declare that we will fly to a forest or as they did once in Europe, to a monastery so as to get away from what seems to owl purdue, be unfavorable ground for a conflict.
But we have evoked a force in and diversity, nature and set up a current and argumentative essay vibration which will go on no matter what we do. This is the essay meaning of the flying of arrows even when Arjuna sat down on the bench of his chariot. At this point of our progress we should examine our motive and desire. It has been said in some theosophical writings of the present day, that a spiritualized will ought to be cultivated. Argumentative! As terms are of the highest importance we ought to be careful how we use them, for in the inner life they represent either genuine, regulated forces, or useless and abortive things that lead to nothing but confusion. Great Depression! This term spiritualized will leads to error, because in fact it has no existence.
The mistake has grown out of the argumentative essay owl purdue constant dwelling on will and forces needed for the withered arm essay, the production of argumentative phenomena, as something the disciple should strive to obtain whether so confessed or not while the real motive power is lost sight of. Explanation! It is very essential that we should clearly understand this, for if we make the blunder of essay owl purdue attributing to will or to any other faculty an action which it does not have, or of placing it in arm essay, a plane to which it does not belong, we at once remove ourselves far from the real knowledge, since all action on this plane is by mind alone. The old Hermetic statement is: Behind will stands desire , and essay owl purdue it is true. Will is a pure, colorless force which is moved into action by desire . If desire does not give a direction, the will is motionless; and internet issues just as desire indicates, so the will proceeds to execute. But as there are countless wills of sentient beings constantly plying to and fro in our sphere, and argumentative owl purdue must be at all times in some manner acting upon one another, the question arises: What is causes for the great, that sort of essay owl purdue knowledge which shows how to use the orwell essay why i write will so that the effect of counteracting wills may not be felt?
That knowledge is lost among the essay generality of men and is only instinctive here and there in the world as a matter of karmic result, giving us examples of men whose will seems to lead them on to success, as Jay Gould and help explanation others. Furthermore, men of the world are not desiring to see results which shall be in argumentative essay owl purdue, accord with the general will of essay nature, because they are wanting this and that for their own benefit. Their desire, then, no matter how strong, is limited or nullified: (1) by lack of essay owl purdue knowledge of how to counteract other wills; (2) by being in opposition to the general will of nature without the other power of being able to act strongly in opposition to that too. So it follows as we see in practice in life that men obtain only a portion of that which they desire. The question next arises: Can a man go against the general will of nature and escape destruction, and also be able to desire wickedly with knowledge, and accomplish, through will, what he wishes? Such a man can do all of these except to homework photosynthesis explanation, escape destruction. Essay! That is sure to and diversity, come, no matter at how remote a period.
He acquires extraordinary knowledge, enabling him to argumentative, use powers for the withered, selfish purposes during immense periods of time, but at last the insidious effects of the opposition to the general true will makes itself felt and he is destroyed forever. This fact is the origin of the destruction-of-worlds myths, and of those myths of combats such as between Krishna and Ravana, the essay owl purdue demon god, and between Durga and the demons. For in other ages, as is to again occur in ages to come, these wickedly desiring people, having great knowledge, increase to an enormous extent and threaten the stability of the and diversity world. Then the adherents of the essay good law can no longer quietly work on the withered arm essay, humanity, but come out in force, and a fight ensues in which the black magicians are always destroyed, because the owl purdue good adepts possess not only equal knowledge with the bad ones, but have in addition the great assistance of the general will of nature which is ocr as ict coursework, not in control of the others, and so it is argumentative, inevitable that the good should triumph always. This assistance is also the heritage of every true student, and may be invoked by the real disciple when he has arrived at and passed the first abyss. And when the Great King of essay internet privacy Glory saw the argumentative essay Heavenly Treasure of the Wheel, he sprinkled it with water and essay internet said: 'Roll onward, O my Lord, the Wheel! O my Lord, go forth and overcome!' THE BHAGAVAD-GITA | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | ESSAYS ON THE GITA | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 1. Argumentative Owl Purdue! We have in ocr as 2012, mind an incident where a person of argumentative owl purdue some slight development in this direction, heard read several verses from the Vedas in Sanskrit with which he had no acquaintance and instantly told what the verses were about. (return to great, text) 2. For an instance see Olcott's People from the essay owl purdue Other World, respecting a female medium. (return to text) 3. The aphorism reads: By performing Sanyama restraint (or meditation) about form, its power of being apprehended (by the seer's eye) being checked, and luminousness, the property of the organ of sight, having no connection with its object (that is the form), the result is the disappearance of the ascetic. (return to text) 4. This reference by Arjuna is to orwell essay why i write, the immemorial custom of the son, or descendants, offering to the departed, at stated times, funeral-cakes and water, called Sraddha and Pinda one of the so-called superstitions of the Hindus.
It has always been a grave question with me whether the boasted freedom from superstitions of Western 19th century civilization is an argumentative owl purdue unmixed good, or any evidence of and diversity real progress. All such ancient forms have been swept away, and with them nearly every vestige of true religious feeling, leaving only an unquenchable thirst for money and power. In the present ignorance of the true reason at the bottom of these forms, the argumentative essay owl purdue assertion is made that they mean nothing whatever. But in the Catholic church it is continued, and to some extent believed in, as is shown in their masses for the dead; surely these masses would not be offered if supposed to have no effect on the state of those for whom they are offered. Although greatly corrupted and debased, it is in this church alone that these old practices are preserved. Sraddha and Pinda are now neglected, because the inner constitution of man, and the constitution of the macrocosm, are not understood in such a way as to make the ceremony of the slightest use. (return to text) 5. It is also, of course, inherent in all nature. (return to text)
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Purdue Owl - Organizing Your Expository/Persuasive Essay — HCC
Robert Kohen: Personalized Tutoring. The ACT recently changed the format of the optional essay, debuting the new essay on the September 2015 exam. From September on, all essay prompts will require you to not only essay respond to a specific question, but to photosynthesis, also read and address three unique perspectives on the question. While the new essay format is admittedly more complex than the earlier version, it’s still very predictable and you can do very well on essay owl purdue it with the right preparation. For advice on how to approach the essay, check out my post How To Write the New ACT Essay . Unfortunately, the ACT has only released a meager two sample prompts for you to preview.
The first one is available on the ACT’s website here . The second is included in help explanation, the most recent practice ACT the test makers have released, available as a PDF here . In order to do your best on the essay, you’ll want to make sure you practice with more than just two essay question prompts. Here are ten additional new ACT sample essay question prompts I’ve written to help you prepare. You’ll have 40 minutes to complete each essay. Accelerating Globalization (Sample Essay Prompt 1) Only a few hundred years ago, communication between countries on opposite ends of the globe was painstakingly slow or non-existent. Most people knew little about distant lands, peoples and cultures.
What they thought they knew was frequently erroneous or ill conceived. Within the past hundred years, however, the argumentative essay, pace of arm essay, globalization has accelerated rapidly. Today travel across the globe in less than 24 hours is a real possibility for many people. Individuals and nations can instantly communicate with one another across great distances. For better or worse, the world has become more connected than was ever imaginable before, and essay owl purdue it continues to become more connected every day. Has globalization made the essay internet issues, world a better or a worse place? Read and carefully consider these perspectives.
Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the effects of globalization. Globalization, despite its lustrous promises, has created more problems than it has solved. It has allowed rich countries to get richer at the expense of poorer countries, and it has increased, not decreased, the argumentative essay, number of armed conflicts in the world. The world is undoubtedly a better place today because of globalization. It has allowed critical resources to be distributed to the governments and people that need them the most.
While I celebrate the productive exchange of cultures globalization has facilitated, I worry about how globalization is photosynthesis, homogenizing those cultures. Take languages—do we really want to argumentative owl purdue, live in a world where one day everyone only speaks only orwell essay write one global language? Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the impact of globalization on the world. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the argumentative owl purdue, others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. The Withered. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and essay owl purdue detailed, persuasive examples. Technology and Everyday Life (Sample Essay Prompt 2) Technology has radically changed the way we interact with the world. Not long ago, individuals who wanted to get in touch had to do so either by meeting in person or sending messages through postal mail.
In order to perform most types of research, people were forced to visit physical libraries, bookstores or archives. Over the past two decades, technology has rendered many of these time-consuming tasks obsolete. Help Explanation. Messages can be sent anywhere in essay, the world via email in only a matter of ocr as ict coursework, seconds. Essay. All sorts of information is available with the click of a smart phone button. People can not only call individuals anytime, but they can also access their geolocation on demand. It seems like everyone is on his or her smart phone every waking minute. Has this increase in the power and reach of technology bettered out lives?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the why i, presence of owl purdue, technology in our lives. Today’s technology has greatly bettered our lives. Individuals are more connected to the information and people they want to connect with, and the result is smarter, happier and more fulfilled human beings. Technology promises to “connect” us with one another. But look around and you’ll see how disconnected it’s made us—individuals no longer interact with one another because they’ve become so consumed by their phones and devices. Technology may have made the essay privacy, world a better place for those who have access to it, but its prohibitive costs have made it inaccessible, and consequently unhelpful, to too many people. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on argumentative essay owl purdue the impact of technology on our lives. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and causes for the evaluate the essay, perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
College Sports (Sample Essay Prompt 3) College sports have become incredibly popular in the United States. Big games air on the most coveted TV channels at the most coveted times. Teams are followed not only by loyal students and alumni but also by help photosynthesis, diverse fans from across the country. Major athletic programs bring millions of dollars to university coffers.
Star coaches can often earn more than university presidents, making them the highest paid employees on campus. Full scholarships are awarded to star athletes because of their athletic prowess rather than their academic record. In some instances, athletes are even given fake grades to help them stay on argumentative owl purdue the team. Given all of this, should colleges continue to support their sports teams? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of athletics at colleges. Colleges should strongly support their sports teams. These teams not only generate millions of causes for the great depression, dollars for schools, but they also help sell prospective students on attending the college. Sports have no official place in argumentative, college. Ocr As Ict Coursework. Colleges are institutions created for learning, not for athletics.
College sports compromise academic standards and disadvantage students who don’t participate. While college sports play a valuable role on university campuses, it is argumentative essay owl purdue, important for administrators to not lose perspective. That some football coaches earn more than university presidents, for example, is arm essay, clearly wrong. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on college support for sports teams. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on argumentative essay the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Education And Diversity Essay. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. College Curricula (Sample Essay Prompt 4) For years, American colleges have emphasized the liberal arts over more narrow technical and professional training. Essay. College students have been required to study a broad range of academic disciplines, such as literature, philosophy, history and privacy issues mathematics. Today, however, a growing number of colleges and students have rejected the liberal arts in favor of what some consider to be more practical subjects, such as accounting, finance and nutrition.
Global economic hardship has led many to essay owl purdue, question the value of a liberal arts education that, in their eyes, fails to essay issues, adequately prepare students for the realities they will face after graduation. Is it important for colleges to promote the owl purdue, study of the liberal arts, or should they emphasize professional and technical training in its place? Read and arm essay carefully consider these perspectives. Owl Purdue. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about for the essay, college curricula. The liberal arts are essential to a quality education because they teach students how to think critically about a broad range of topics, thus preparing them to essay, tackle any issue that might arise in the workplace.
It is time to bury the liberal arts model at our colleges. Reading Shakespeare and studying pure mathematics will not help anyone be successful in any sort of business. Colleges should closely integrate the liberal arts with professional studies, as each can benefit from the other. Business courses, for example, are enriched by the philosophical study of and diversity, ethics. Write a unified, coherent essay in argumentative, which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the relative importance of the liberal arts and professional studies. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and homework help explanation develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given.
Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Arts Funding (Sample Essay Prompt 5) Government funding for the arts is commonplace in many countries today. In the United States, the government funds writers, musicians and visual artists through a variety of initiatives. Critics of argumentative essay owl purdue, this type of ict coursework 2012, funding argue that the government has no place in the arts.
Why should taxpayers, the majority of whom have no interest in the works being supported by such funding, be forced to pay for those works? Others, however, argue that government funding for the arts is critical to argumentative, the wellness of our society. Given the dismal financial prospects in orwell write, the arts, many artists would be unable to essay owl purdue, support themselves without the type of funding that the government provides. Ocr As. Should the government continue to fund the arts? Read and argumentative essay owl purdue carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the government funding for the arts. The government has no place in the arts because the government is not qualified to judge which projects should receive funding and which should not. Without financial support from the government, many great works of art would never be created. Government funding is thus essential.
The free marketplace, not the government, is the education and diversity, best source of arts funding. Argumentative Essay. If an orwell why i, artist can’t get any money, the reason is simple—her work is not very good! Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on government funding of the arts. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Corporate Responsibility (Sample Essay Prompt 6) Large corporations make up some of the wealthiest entities in the world today.
Some see these corporations as engines of economic development and argumentative progress, bringing better products at better prices to a wider range of people every day. Arm Essay. Others, however, criticize corporations for their shortcomings when it comes to social responsibility: failing to assist the argumentative owl purdue, less fortunate in our society, including their workers, while focusing too narrowly on great essay profits at the expense of social welfare. Should corporations do more than simply aim to improve their profit margins? Is it important for large corporations to set aside profits from time to time in order to owl purdue, donate to charities and to help the needy? Read and help photosynthesis carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of argumentative essay, thinking about corporate responsibility. Corporations have only one responsibility: to make the causes great essay, greatest profit they possibly can.
It is only by doing so that they can benefit their workers, shareholders, and argumentative essay society. Profits often get in the way of doing the right thing. Large corporations should focus less on profits and more on privacy developing meaningful ways of helping the disadvantaged. It is important that corporations adhere to any and all laws that pertain to essay owl purdue, them. Beyond this, however, they are free to do as they please. Write a unified, coherent essay in essay why i write, which you evaluate multiple perspectives on corporate responsibility. Essay Owl Purdue. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and arm essay evaluate the perspectives given state and essay owl purdue develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Homework Help. Whatever the argumentative essay owl purdue, case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. The Federal Government (Sample Essay Prompt 7) The United States government is made up of various national, state and local governing bodies.
Certain responsibilities, like the building of interstate roadways, are looked after by the national, or federal, government, whereas more local issues are often overseen by local government bodies like state legislatures or city councils. Many argue that states and cities in photosynthesis explanation, the United States wield too much power, power that they believe should belong in the hands of the federal government. Others contend that the owl purdue, federal government is too large and is unresponsive to the particular needs of states and cities; they would like to see local government overtake many of the responsibilities now delegated to the federal government. Should the federal government or local governing bodies have more power? Read and carefully consider these perspectives.
Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of the federal government. States and cities are ill-equipped to handle most of their own governing. The federal government can do not only a better job of orwell essay why i, governing them, but a faster and cheaper one. The federal government is too big to adequately address the needs of individual states and cities. States and cities know what is argumentative owl purdue, best for them, not the federal government. Local government fails only when it lacks the essay why i write, backing of the federal government.
The federal government should provide logistical and financial support to states and cities in order to owl purdue, enable them to the withered, govern themselves effectively. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the relative roles of local and federal government. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the argumentative essay, relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the ocr as, others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Religious Liberty (Sample Essay Prompt 8)
The relationship between religious liberty and argumentative essay individual rights has often been a problematic one throughout American history. Photosynthesis. Today, for example, many businesses feel compelled to refuse service to essay, homosexuals because of the religious beliefs of the business owners. Some argue that this refusal of service constitutes unlawful discrimination. Public school boards are often uncertain which religious holidays to ocr as 2012, add to the academic calendar. Essay. Should a Christian student, for ict coursework 2012, instance, have to miss school because of a Jewish holiday? How should the owl purdue, state balance the need to respect religious liberty with need to preserve the essay, rights of all members of society?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about religious liberty and individual rights. The state must accommodate all religions to the fullest extent possible. This means school days off for all major religious holidays and protecting the right of business owners to refuse service based on religious beliefs. The government has no special obligation to protect religious liberties when they interfere with the freedoms and well-being of the public at large. Government should seek, to the greatest extent possible, ways to accommodate both religious liberty and individual rights when the two find themselves in conflict. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the state and religious liberty. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in essay owl purdue, full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
Solving Society’s Problems (Sample Prompt 9) The world today faces a wide range of challenges. Despite the great economic and scientific progress mankind has made, many in the world are still struggling to survive. Great Depression. Even in developed nations, individuals and communities face problems like poverty, disease and violence. Individuals and private organizations have done much to help alleviate many of these problems.
Government have also played a role in addressing issues like poverty and public health. In your opinion, who has a bigger role to play in solving today’s problems: governments or individuals? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of government and owl purdue individuals in solving today’s problems. Individuals could not possibly hope to solve problems as large as the orwell why i, ones we face today. Only large governments with sizable resources can help. Governments are, by essay owl purdue, nature, composed of individuals working as a team.
Governments can solve major problems because they harness the power of individuals. The best solutions to internet privacy, society’s problems always come from individuals, not governments. Governments lack the creativity and drive necessary to tackle major problems successfully. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on argumentative owl purdue the role of individuals and governments as problem solvers. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and education essay evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in argumentative, partial agreement, or wholly different. Causes Great Depression. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Avoiding Armed Conflicts (Sample Prompt 10) Armed conflicts between nations have always been and remain, unfortunately, a constant fact of life. How politicians and governments seek to argumentative owl purdue, avoid of these conflicts, however, varies greatly. Many leaders and political thinkers insist on ocr as the importance of demonstrating military might in order to reduce the likelihood of such conflicts.
Others argue that flexing military muscle is basically inviting armed conflict, and essay that the best way nations can avoid conflicts is simply by keeping an open line of communication with one another. When forced to choose between a strong showing of great depression, military might and diplomatic efforts, which should nations choose in order to avoid armed conflicts? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of essay, thinking about essay privacy issues, how military might and diplomatic efforts can prevent armed conflicts. Without a strong showing of military might, a nation will lead its enemies to believe that it is weak and vulnerable to attack. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. The result is, inevitably, such an attack.
International conflicts can quickly escalate into full-blown armed conflicts unless the essay issues, nations involved talk to one another and learn to settle their differences through words rather than bombs. Demonstrating military might is always a better way to owl purdue, prevent armed conflict than diplomacy, because whereas military might is a deterrent to conflict, diplomacy rarely succeeds in orwell essay why i write, resolving international disagreements. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the respective roles of diplomacy and military might. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the education essay, perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.
Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
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Purdue OWL: Logic in Argumentative Writing
an academic essay The Academic Essay. Essay Owl Purdue? The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. Help Photosynthesis? The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to essay owl purdue, read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on essay internet privacy issues that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of owl purdue reasoning. Causes For The Essay? A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay.
Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to argumentative owl purdue, the academic essay. Causes Great? Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into the body of the argumentative essay essay.
Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. The Withered? 2. Argumentative? To introduce the privacy thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. Argumentative Owl Purdue? No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. or The Western is perhaps the most uniquely American of all the genres. Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to causes great essay, use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book.
Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the essay owl purdue Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is ict coursework, that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and argumentative, do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove. As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. It still meets an introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner.
Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is explanation, directly related to argumentative, that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is the withered, either so overly general or so evident as to owl purdue, not be of significance. Here's an example from literature. A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to make his point.
The statement, however, is education and diversity, meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to single out or make a distinction of argumentative essay owl purdue a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. Education? A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of essay owl purdue proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple. One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre.
Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Essay Privacy Issues? Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in essay owl purdue terms of writing an essay for write, a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of owl purdue your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the essay will have to essay, organize more than one line of reasoning in argumentative essay so far that more than one thing has to causes depression, be proven. Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only essay owl purdue, more difficult to homework help, organize clearly.
In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of essay a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of essay privacy issues proving BOTH of owl purdue these aspects of the work rather than just the 2012 one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to argumentative, be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks the work of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the ocr as academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized.
Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and argumentative essay, statements of education and diversity essay policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the owl purdue statement of privacy issues fact, is the argumentative essay owl purdue form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and photosynthesis, then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an example of an argument of classification.
Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of patriarchy is an argumentative essay owl purdue example of function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the orwell essay write ideology of argumentative owl purdue patriarchy. Orwell Why I? Note that unlike the argument of argumentative essay classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to the withered arm essay, have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to owl purdue, define what the ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the essay body of the essay. The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction.
Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. In the discussion of types of the withered argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue? An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the ocr as 2012 theoretical framework and the thesis statement. Argumentative? It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. Education? This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in argumentative owl purdue the intro and as a result, go on education to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on argumentative a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader.
If you keep it clear to the withered arm essay, yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to argumentative owl purdue, establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the causes great essay criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is going to have to first establish the elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by argumentative owl purdue which the orwell essay why i write thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is.
Establishing the criteria by argumentative which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of help photosynthesis patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to owl purdue, relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. Education And Diversity? The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process. From the argumentative beginning you have probably thought the orwell why i Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in argumentative the future.
The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of completeness to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the internet privacy criteria but can only point to the gun-fighting that occurs in owl purdue the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria.
Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. To stick with the homework photosynthesis explanation Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of setting and even remotely hope to persuade the audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the fact that both time and place are out of the bounds of the Western. This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of argumentative essay comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole). The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails. Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions.
Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary to the withered arm essay, examine an important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Relating the argumentative object of investigation or the essay write object of the thesis back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of scope (how much is enough?). The purpose of description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in argumentative owl purdue the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the shot) relates to the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to use description in such a manner as to establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria.
Furthermore, the the withered writer should LIMIT description to argumentative essay owl purdue, accomplishing only this task. Added description is the withered arm essay, not only superfluous, but distracts from trying to argumentative essay owl purdue, prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. Orwell Write? As stated above the process of fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria has the effect of argumentative essay owl purdue fulfilling the logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself. Orwell Why I Write? It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to argumentative essay, have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. That in help explanation itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to argumentative, prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done?
The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work. Like the 2012 introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. Essay Owl Purdue? The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to privacy issues, the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by argumentative owl purdue being definitive, and you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an orwell example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of essay owl purdue dominant ideologies. (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). Thus, far from the withered, being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are. They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the social sciences and the humanites.
This discussion is based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of specific instructors. To the degree that what is written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and rigorous#150;the standards by essay which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it. The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it.
Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to do here is make the education and diversity norms and conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue? Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to make decisions based on that analysis. Essay Why I Write? More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is invaluable in life and professional endeavors.
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Recruitment and essay owl purdue, Selection Process. Recruitment means the help explanation overall process of attracting, selecting and appointing appropriate candidates to one or more jobs within an organization, either permanent or temporary. The term may sometimes be defined as incorporating activities which take place ahead of attracting people, such as defining the job requirements and person specification, as well as after the individual has joined the argumentative organization, such as induction and on privacy issues boarding. Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing individuals for unpaid positions, such as voluntary roles or training programmers. Selection is the argumentative process of interviewing and essay, evaluating candidates for a specific job and selecting an individual for employment based on certain criteria.
Employee selection can range from a very simple process to a very complicated process depending on the firm hiring and the position. Certain employment laws such as anti-discrimination laws must be obeyed during employee selection. FACTORS AFFECTING RECRUITMENT. All organizations whether large a small, do engage in recruiting activities, though not to the same extent. Argumentative Essay. Factors governing recruitment may broadly be divided into internal and external factors. ' Political - Social Image.
Supply and demand is the withered of specific skills in the labor market. If the demand of a particular skill is argumentative essay owl purdue high compared to the supply, than an extraordinary recruiting effort may be needed. If the unemployment rate in education and diversity essay a given area is high, the company's recruitment process may get simpler. The number of unsolicited applicants are usually bigger, and the increased size of the labour provides better opportunities for attracting appropriate applicants. On the other side, as the unemployment rate decreases, recruiting efforts must be higher and new sources should be explored. The company's image also matters while attracting large number of job seekers. Most of the time, it is not the money that is important, it is the appreciation of the job seekers about the company that matters while attracting qualified expected employees.
Preferences are given to people of their respective states in matters of employment. POLITICAL 'SOCIAL IMAGE: The company's image also matters in attracting large no. of job seekers . ' Size of the firm. ' Cost Growth Expansion. Most organizations adopt a policy on recruiting employees internally or externally. Essay Owl Purdue. Generally, internal sourcing is used, as own employees know the company better and can recommend candidates who can adapt to the organization's culture.
An organization hiring temporary or part-time employees is less advantageous while attracting sufficient applicants. Essay Privacy Issues. A major internal factor which can ascertain the owl purdue success of the recruiting programmer is whether or not the company engages in causes for the depression HRP. In most of the essay cases, a company cannot attract prospective and qualified employees in sufficient numbers overnight. And Diversity. It takes time to observe the alternatives regarding the appropriate sources of recruits and most dynamic methods for obtaining them. Once the best alternatives have been recognized, recruiting plans can be made. Argumentative. Successful HRP greatly facilitate the recruiting efforts. Another internal factor is size having its influence on the recruitment process. An organization having one hundred thousand employees will find recruiting less problematic than an organization with just one thousand employees.
Another internal factor cost that has to be considered. Recruiting costs are calculated as per new hire and the figure is significantly nowadays. Recruiters must, therefore, operate inside budgets. Careful HRP and consideration by explanation recruiters can minimize recruitment costs. One of cost reduction measure, for instance, is recruiting for multiple job openings at the same time. The best solution is to argumentative essay owl purdue, use practical personnel practices to orwell why i, decrease employee revenue, therefore decreasing the need for recruiting. Argumentative Essay. Apprising the quality, quantity and costs of recruitment convinces that it is efficient and ocr as 2012, cost effective. STEPS OF RECRUITMENT PROCESS. Recruitment refers to the process of identifying and attracting jobseekers so as to build a pool of qualified job applicants.
The process comprises of essay owl purdue five inter-related stages: ' Evaluation and control. The first stage in ocr as ict coursework 2012 the recruitment process is argumentative essay owl purdue planning. Planning involves the translation of likely job vacancies and essay write, information about the nature of these jobs into a set of argumentative owl purdue objectives or targets that specify the (i) number and (ii) type of applicants to be contacted. Number of 2012 contacts. Organizations, nearly always, plan to argumentative essay, attract more applicants than they will hire. Each time a recruitment program is contemplated , one task is to estimate the number of applicants necessary to fill all vacancies with qualified people. Internet. Companies calculate yield ratios (YRs), which express the relationship of applicants' inputs to outputs at various decision points. Type of argumentative essay contacts. This refers to the type of people to homework, be informed about owl purdue, job openings.
The type of for the depression essay people depends on the tasks and responsibilities involved and the qualifications and argumentative, experience expected. Education And Diversity. These details are available through job description and job specification. Once it is known how many and what type of recruits are required, serious consideration needs to be given to (i) ' make 'or 'buy' employees (ii) technological specification of recruitment and selection devices (iii) geographic distribution of labour markets comprising job seekers (iv) sources of recruitment (v) sequencing the activities in the recruitment process. Organizations must decide whether to hire less skilled employees and invest on training and education programmes, or they can hire skilled labour and professionals. Essentially this is the 'make' or 'buy' decision. Organizations which hire skilled labour and professionals, shall have to pay more for these employees. 'Buying' employees has the owl purdue advantage in the sense that the skilled labour and professionals can begin the work immediately and little training may be needed. The second decision in strategy development relates to the methods used in recruitment and selection.
This decision is mainly influenced by the available technology. Technological advancement has made it possible for job seekers to gain better access. In order to reduce the ocr as 2012 costs, organizations look into argumentative owl purdue labour markets most likely to offer the required job seekers. Generally, companies look into ict coursework the national market for managerial and professional employees, regional or local markets for argumentative essay owl purdue technical employees, and local markets for clerical and blue-collar employees. In the final analysis, organizations recruit where experience and internet issues, circumstances dictate likely success. Recognizing this, many adopt an argumentative essay owl purdue incremental strategy in which initial efforts are concentrated in regional or local labour markets and expanded only if these efforts fail to achieve the desired results. Once a recruiting plan and strategy are worked out the great essay search process can begin. This involves two steps- Typically, sources and search methods are activated by argumentative essay the issuance of an employee requisition. This means that no actual recruiting takes place until line managers have verified that a vacancy does exist or will exist.
If the homework photosynthesis organization has planned well and done a good job of essay owl purdue developing its sources and search methods, activation soon results in a flood of applications. The applications received must be screened. Those who pass have to be contacted and invited for interview. In selling the organization, both the message and ocr as, the media deserve attention. Essay Owl Purdue. Message refers to the employment advertisement. With regard to media, it may be stated that effectiveness of any recruiting message depends on homework help explanation the media. Argumentative Owl Purdue. Selection of causes great depression media or medium needs to be done with a lot of care. Screening of applications can be regarded as an integral part of the recruiting process, though many view it as the first step in the selection process. Argumentative Essay. The purpose of screening is to homework help explanation, remove from the essay recruitment process, at an early stage, those applicants, who are visibly unqualified for the job. Effective screening can save a lot of time and money. The techniques used to screen applicants vary depending on issues the candidate sources and recruiting methods used.
EVALUATION AND CONTROL. Evaluation and control is essay owl purdue necessary as considerable costs are incurred in the recruitment process. The costs generally incurred are - Salaries for recruiters ; management and professional time spent on preparing job, description, job specifications, advertisements, agency liaison, and so forth ; Cost of producing supporting literature ; Recruitment overheads and the withered, administrative expenses ; Cost of advertisements or other recruitment methods ; Cost of overtime and outsourcing while the vacancies remain unfilled ; Cost of recruiting suitable candidates for the selection procedure. Evaluation of recruitment process. The recruitment process has the objective of searching for and obtaining applications from job seekers in argumentative sufficient numbers and quality. Keeping this objective in mind, the evaluation might include - Return rate of applications sent out ; Number of suitable candidates for selection ; Retention and performance of the candidates selected ; Cost of the recruitment process ; Time lapsed data ; Comments on image projected. Method of evaluation of why i recruitment. The evaluation of essay recruitment methods might include: ' Number of initial enquiries received which resulted in completed application forms. ' Number of candidates at various stages of the homework explanation recruitment and essay, selection process, especially those short-listed. ' Number of candidates recruited.
' Number of candidates retained in the organization after six months. Sources of recruitment. It refers to orwell, the methods or sources of recruitment. Before an organization activity begins recruiting applicants, it should consider the most likely source of the type of employees it needs. Generally there are two types of sources from which any organization can look for potential employees. These sources accordingly may term as internal and external. Internal versus external recruiting methods. Internal recruiting methods include posting position openings, distributing memos within the organization and searching organizational databases for a match between the skills required to owl purdue, perform the job and the skills held by the current employees. And Diversity Essay. This method of recruiting looks to internal sources to argumentative essay owl purdue, fill positions and encourages promotions from within.
External recruiting methods include advertising position. Homework Help Photosynthesis Explanation. Whether managers choose internal or external-recruiting methods depends on argumentative essay the degree to which organization's strategy encourages promotions and transfers from homework help within the argumentative owl purdue organization. For The. Recruiting from argumentative essay within can lead to job satisfaction and motivation if employees see new career opportunities available. In addition filling positions with existing employees ensures to essay internet, large extent that these employees are socialized as to the organization's culture and personality. However problems can arise if the internal promotion system is not viewed as fair. The best way to argumentative, avoid negative backlash when hiring or promoting from within is to install fair practices and procedures. If steps are taken to 2012, ensure a fair internal promotional process, most people will accept their loss and argumentative essay owl purdue, remain productive and useful organizational citizen. External recruiting method helps bring new ideas and ocr as ict coursework, approaches to the organization.
Internal sources of recruitment. Internal sources are the most obvious sources. These include personnel already on the payroll of an organization is its present work force. Whenever any vacancy occurs, somebody from within the organization is upgraded, transferred, promoted or sometimes demoted. This source also includes personnel who were once on the pay roll of the company but who plan to return or whom the company would like to rehire, such as those on leave of argumentative essay absence, those who quit voluntarily or those on production layoffs. Promotions and homework photosynthesis, transfers from among the present employees can be a good source of recruitment. Promotion to higher positions has several advantages. They are ' It is good public relations ; It builds morale ; It encourages competent individuals who are ambitious ; It improves the owl purdue probability of help explanation a good selection, since information on the individual's performance is readily available ; It is cheaper than going outside to recruit ; Those chosen internally are familiar to the organization ; When carefully planned, promoting from within can also act as a training device for developing middle level and top-level managers. Promotion, to be effective, requires using job positing, personnel records, and skill banks.
Many positions can be filled as a result of posting the job opening on the bulletin boards, announcing the opening in a company newsletter or posting announcement on the companies' intranet. A job posting procedure enables employees to strive for a better position within the company. Notices of important openings should include all-important information about the job. Some firms have turned to computers to make their job posting more fruitful. All employees who wish to argumentative essay owl purdue, participate, complete questionnaires about themselves, which include items concerning relocation willingness and preferences as well as training and educational backgrounds. A few skills are selected out of the total that best represent their functional skills. Ocr As Ict Coursework. When a position needs to be filled the requirements is matched and candidates selected. Although positing jobs can be an efficient method of recruiting, numbers of problems have been associated. Essay. Example it can lead to personal bias and stiff competition.
Another way to ict coursework, recruit from present employees is transfer without promotion. Transfers are often important in providing employees with a broad based view of the argumentative essay organization, necessary for future promotions. Another recruiting method is the ocr as ict coursework use of owl purdue skill inventories. Essentially a skills inventory includes a list of employee names, their education, training, present position, work experience, relevant job skills and abilities and other qualifications. The organization can search through the company skill inventory to identify potential candidates for the position opening. These procedures typically specify that qualified applicants from arm essay within the bargaining unit must fit all jobs covered by the agreement. Those interested in essay the vacancy bid for the job by applying if they are qualified. Causes For The Great Depression Essay. The individual fills the position with the highest seniority from among the qualified applicants. In some cases applicants take competitive examinations. However, only argumentative owl purdue current employees are eligible. Using a job bidding system is normally very easy.
However it can present some difficulties. An excellent source of information is current employees who may know someone who would be qualified and interested in the open position. Ocr As Ict Coursework. To entice employees to make job referrals, some companies offer a referral bonus. People tend to associate with people like themselves, if the employee fits the organization, chances are his or her referrals will be good. Employees, whose referrals are hired, are often willing to serve as a mentor to ensure their referrals succeed in the company. Advantages of Internal Sources. Filling vacancies in essay higher jobs from within the organization or through internal transfers has the following merits: ' Employees are motivated to improve their performance. ' Morale of employees is increased. ' Industrial peace prevails in the enterprise because of promotional avenues. ' Filling of the jobs internally is cheaper as compared to getting candidates from external sources. ' A promotion at a higher level may lead to a chain of promotions at lower levels in the organization.
This motivates the employees to improve their performance through learning and practice. ' Transfer or job rotation is a tool of training the employees to prepare them for higher jobs. Transfer has the benefit of shifting workforce from the essay internet privacy surplus departments to those where there is essay owl purdue shortage of staff. DISADVANTAGES OF INTERNAL SOURCES. ' When vacancies are filled through internal promotions, the scope for fresh talent is reduced. ' The employees may become lethargic if they are sure of time bound promotions. ' The spirit of essay why i write competition among the employees may be hampered.
' Frequent transfers of employees may reduce the overall productivity of the argumentative owl purdue organization. External sources of recruitment. Every enterprise has to the withered arm essay, tap external sources for owl purdue various positions. Running enterprise have to recruit employees from outside for filling the positions whose specifications cannot be met by the present employees and for meeting the additional requirements of manpower. The following external sources of recruitment are commonly used by big enterprises: (i) Direct methods. Jobs in commerce an industry have become increasing technical and complex to the point where school and college degrees are widely required. Homework. Consequently, big organizations maintain a close liaison with the universities, vocational institutes and management institutes for owl purdue recruitment to various jobs.
Reputed industrial houses, which require management trainees, send their officials to campuses of various management institutes for picking up talented candidates. Advantages of this method include: The placement center helps locate applicants and provides resumes to organizations; applicants can be prescreened, applicants will not have to be lured away from a current job or lower salary expectations. On the negative front, campus recruiting means hiring people with little or no work experience. The organizations will have to offer some kind of ict coursework training to the applicants, almost immediately after hiring. It demands careful planning.
(ii) Indirect methods: Indirect methods involve mostly advertising in newspaper, on the radio, in television, in trade and professional journals, technical magazines and brochures. Essay Owl Purdue. Advertising in newspapers and/or trade journals and magazines is the most frequently used method, when qualified or experienced personnel are not available from other sources. Senior posts are largely filled by such methods when they cannot be filled by promotion from within. The ads generally give a brief outline of the job responsibilities, compensation package, prospects in the organization, etc. This method is. appropriate when (a) the organization intends to reach a large target group and (b) the organization wants a fairly good number of talented people who are geographically spread out. Nowadays after the IT revolution there are an advent of job websites. Potential candidates can post their resumes in the job sites so that the essay internet privacy recruitment organization can search for the appropriate candidate. Advantages of argumentative essay External Sources. The management can make qualified and trained people to apply for vacant jobs in the organization.
When vacancies are advertised widely, a large number of applicants from outside the organization apply. The management has a wider choice while selecting the people for employment. The insiders may have limited talents. External sources facilitate infusion of fresh blood with new ideas into the enterprise. This will improve the overall working of homework help enterprise. If a company can tap external sources, the existing staff will have to compete with the outsiders and will work harder. Disadvantages of External Sources. ' Dissatisfaction among Existing Staff. External recruitment may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration among existing employees. They may feel that their chances of promotion are reduced.
Recruitment from outside takes a long time. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. The business has to notify the ict coursework vacancies and wait for applications to initiate the selection process. It is very costly to recruit staff from argumentative external sources. A lot of money has to be spent on advertisement and education, processing of applications. The candidates from outside may not be suitable for the enterprise. There is no guarantee that the enterprise will be able to attract right kinds of people from external sources. Selection is the process of picking individuals (out of the pool of job applicants) with requisite qualifications and competence to fill jobs in the organization. 'Selection' is the process of differentiating between applicants in order to owl purdue, identify and hire those with a greater likelihood of success in a job.' Carefully match job requirements to candidate qualifications. job seekers who pass the screening and the preliminary interview are called for tests, so as to get information which is orwell essay not available in application blank.
' Personality tests (like thematic apperception test etc.) job interview is a type of employment test that involves a conversation between a job applicant and representative of the employing organization. Interviews are one of the most popularly used devices for employee selection. Interviews vary in argumentative the extent to which the help photosynthesis explanation questions are structured, from totally unstructured and free-wheeling conversation, to a set list of questions each applicant is asked. Structured interviews are more valid than unstructured, that is, they are more accurate in predicting which applicants will make good employees. Types of Interview: 1.Structured Interview : A preset standardized questions. A structured interview (also known as a standardized interview or a researcher-administered survey) is a quantitative research method commonly employed in survey research. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. The aim of this approach is to ensure that each interview is presented with exactly the same questions in the same order. This ensures that answers can be reliably aggregated and that comparisons can be made with confidence between sample subgroups or between different survey periods. 2. Unstructured Interview : is largely unplanned and the interviewee does most of talking. An unstructured interview is an interview in which questions are not prearranged, allowing for spontaneity and for questions to develop during the the withered arm essay course of the interview.
This is considered to be the opposite of a structured interview which offers a set amount of standardized questions. 3. Preliminary Interview: a few minutes duration interview in order to check the argumentative worth of a candidate. When companies are very large they need to filter out applicants and one way they do it is with several stages of interviews. 4. Behavioral Interview : Evaluation is based on the solution and approach of the applicants. Behavioral interviews are based on the premise that a person's past performance on causes for the great essay the job is the best predictor of future performance. When a company uses behavioral interviewing they want to. know how you act and react in certain circumstances. They also want you to argumentative, give specific real life examples of essay how you behaved in situations relating to argumentative essay, the questions. 5. Stressful : A series of harsh, rapid fire questions intended to upset the applicant. Interview situation where the person being interviewed is put under stress that is psychological in order to evaluate performance under pressure. It includes various aspects like.
' employment, educational requirements. Certain jobs require unusual stamina, strength and tolerance of hard working conditions. Candidate has to undergo physical fitness test done by company's physician or approved medical officers. It determines whether the essay privacy issues candidate is physically fit to argumentative essay, perform the job provides the records of ocr as employees health. It will protect the employers from owl purdue workers compensation claims that are not valid as the injuries or illness were present when they were hired. Finally selection decision must be made. After getting information from the preceding steps, decision has to be made in consideration with the photosynthesis line managers (dept. heads), as they are responsible for the performance of the employees. It depends upon: ' Conditional offer subject to verifications, physical exam, references. ' Clarify probationary period and consequences of failure.
Job Offer is made through appointment letter. ' Contains date, salary, rules and essay, policies of the organisation , Job description generally made on probation. Taj is a strategic Business unit of TATA. And it is the largest Hotels Company in Asia .Tata which is the parent company of Taj is not just a company but it is and diversity essay treated as pride of the nation. Taj has played important role for development of tourism place. Taj has basically categories of Hotels. 2) Business Hotel.
3) Leisure Hotel. But now a days they are also moving to essay, new segments of the market ,so they have successfully launched the Ginger hotels. Taj has also different business in several area of hospitality. It has 'Taj Sats' for for the essay air catering services. They have 'Taj Air' for providing the charter planes for business organization. The Indian Hotels Company Limited (IHCL) and argumentative owl purdue, its subsidiaries are collectively known as Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces and is recognised as one of Asia's largest and finest hotel company. Homework. Incorporated by argumentative the founder of the Tata Group, Mr.
Jamsetji N. Ocr As Ict Coursework 2012. Tata, the company opened its. first property, The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Bombay in 1903. The Taj, a symbol of Indian hospitality, completed its centenary year in 2003. Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces comprises 93 hotels in essay 55 locations across India with an write additional 16 international hotels in the Maldives, Malaysia, Australia, UK, USA, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Africa and argumentative owl purdue, the Middle East. Spanning the length and breadth of the country, gracing important industrial towns and cities, beaches, hill stations, historical and pilgrim centers and wildlife destinations, each Taj hotel offers the luxury of service, the causes for the depression essay apogee of Indian hospitality, vantage locations, modern amenities and argumentative essay, business facilities.
IHCL operate in the luxury, premium, mid-market and value segments of the market through the following: ' Taj (luxury full-service hotels, resorts and palaces) is our flagship brand for the world's most discerning travelers seeking authentic experiences given that luxury is a way of life to which they are accustomed. Education And Diversity Essay. Spanning world-renowned landmarks, modern business hotels, idyllic beach resorts, authentic Rajput palaces and rustic safari lodges, each Taj hotel reinterprets the tradition of hospitality in a refreshingly modern way to create unique experiences and lifelong memories. Taj also encompasses a unique set of iconic properties rooted in argumentative essay owl purdue history and tradition that deliver truly unforgettable experiences. A collection of for the outstanding properties with strong heritage as hotels or palaces which offer something more than great physical product and argumentative essay, exceptional service. This group is defined by the emotional and unique equity of its iconic properties that are authentic, non- replicable with great potential to create memories and stories. ' Taj Exotica is our resort and essay privacy, spa brand found in the most exotic and relaxing locales of the world. Argumentative Owl Purdue. The properties are defined by the privacy and intimacy they provide.
The hotels are clearly differentiated by their product philosophy and service design. They are centered around high end accommodation, intimacy and an environment that allows its guest unrivalled comfort and privacy. They are defined by a sensibility of intimate design and by their varied and eclectic culinary experiences, impeccable service and authentic Indian Spa sanctuaries. ' Taj Safaris are wildlife lodges that allow travelers to experience the unparalleled beauty of the Indian jungle amidst luxurious surroundings. They offer India's first and orwell essay why i write, only wildlife luxury lodge circuit. Taj Safaris provide guests with the ultimate, interpretive, wild life experience based on a proven sustainable ecotourism model. ' Vivanta by Taj Hotels Resorts span options for the work-hard-play-hard traveler across metropolitan cities, other commercially important centers as well as some of the best-loved vacation spots. Stylish sophisticated, Vivanta by Taj delivers premium hotel experiences with imagination, energy efficiency. It's the flavour of contemporary luxury, laced with cool informality and the charming Taj hospitality.
Created for the cosmopolitan global traveler and bon vivant, Vivanta by Taj Hotels Resorts create experiences that will amuse, invigorate inspire you. Vivanta revels in a spirit that presents the normal with an unexpected twist. Experiences which make you pause appreciate the hidden beauty in life! It challenges your expectations of a hotel and unfolds multiple layers of delight. Innovative cuisine concepts, the smart use of technology the challenge to constantly engage, energize and relax you all add up to make Vivanta by essay Taj the new signature in ocr as hospitality. ' The Gateway Hotel (upscale/mid-market full service hotels and resorts) is a pan-India network of hotels and resorts that offers business and leisure travelers a hotel designed, keeping the modern nomad in argumentative owl purdue mind. At the Gateway Hotel, we believe in keeping things simple. This is why, our hotels are divided into homework help photosynthesis 7 simple zones- Stay, Hangout, Meet, Work, Workout, Unwind and Explore. As travel often means more hassle than harmony, more stress than satisfaction, modern travelers are looking for smarter choices.
Driven by our passion for argumentative essay owl purdue perfection, we welcome our customers to a refreshingly enjoyable and hassle-free experience, anytime, everywhere. Offering the essay internet privacy issues highest consistency in quality, service and style we set new standards and take the unwanted surprises out of traveling. Argumentative Essay. Our warm welcomes make our guests feel at home, away from home and our crisp and courteous service empowers them to get more done with greater effectiveness and control. And through our unrivalled network we provide service that is effortless, simple, never overwhelming, always warm. ' Ginger (economy hotels) is IHCL's revolutionary concept in causes for the great hospitality for the value segment. Intelligently designed facilities, consistency and argumentative owl purdue, affordability are hallmarks of this brand targeted at travelers who value simplicity and self-service. Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces is committed to replicate its domestic success onto write international shores with plans to argumentative owl purdue, build an international network of luxury hotels, which will provide an exemplary product-service combination and in the process create a global brand. The current international portfolio includes luxury resorts in the Indian Ocean, business and resort destinations in the Middle East and Africa, serviced apartments in the UK, the first hotel in Australia and three a top-end luxury hotels in the US.
Throughout the Company's expansion, its mandate has been twofold: to infuse a sense of Indian heritage and culture within each diverse property, while also anticipating the needs and desires of the sophisticated traveler. Over the years, the Taj has won international acclaim for its quality hotels and its excellence in business facilities, services, cuisine and interiors. The Taj strengthened its presence in the Indian Ocean rim with the Exotica Brand. The Taj Exotica was evolved as part of Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces intent to position it as a brand that is clearly differentiated by its product philosophy and service design. Explanation. The Taj Exotica Resort and essay owl purdue, Spa, in Maldives is centered on high-end accommodation, intimacy and an environment that allows its guest's unrivalled comfort and privacy. Taj Hotels further expanded its global footprint by securing management contracts at Palm Island, Jumeirah in Dubai, Saraya Islands in Ras Al Khaimah, Aldar Group in Abu Dhabi, UAE Langkawi in and diversity Malaysia and Thimpu in Bhutan. The most significant additions to the portfolio have been The Pierre, the iconic landmark hotel on New York's Fifth Avenue, Taj Boston and Blue, Sydney. The presence of Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces internationally has been developed through a network of Taj regional sales and PR offices in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Dubai, Singapore, Australia, Japan, Russia and the United States of America. At the Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces luxurious living and fine dining find common ground.
Whether it is introducing exotic world cuisines to India or taking authentic Indian fare to the world, the Taj Hotels Resorts and argumentative essay owl purdue, Palaces is renowned for the eclectic culinary experiences it brings to its guests. Through a vast repertoire of award-winning restaurants, legendary recipes from royal kitchens and ict coursework 2012, celebrated food festivals, the Taj has pioneered innovation in fine dining across the world. Taj Hotels also promise a whole new experience of tranquility and total 'wellness', through Jiva Spas a unique concept, which brings together the wisdom and argumentative essay owl purdue, heritage of the Asian and Indian Philosophy of Wellness and Well-being. Ict Coursework. Rooted in owl purdue ancient Indian healing knowledge, Jiva Spas derive inspiration and spirit from the holistic concept of living. There is a rich basket of fresh and unique experiences under the Jiva Spa umbrella of offering, Yoga and Meditation, mastered and issues, disseminated by accomplished practitioners, authentic Ayurveda, and unique Taj signature treatments. Royal traditions of wellness in service experiences, holistic treatments involving body therapies, enlivening and meaningful rituals and ceremonies and argumentative essay, unique natural products blended by hand, come together to offer a truly calming experience.
IHCL operates Taj Air, a luxury private jet operation with state-of-the-art Falcon 2000 aircrafts designed by Dassault Aviation, France; and Taj Yachts, two 3-bedroom luxury yachts which can be used by guests in Mumbai and Kochi, in Kerala. IHCL also operates Taj SATS Air Catering Ltd., the largest airline catering service in South Asia, as a joint venture with SATS (formerly known as Singapore Airport Terminal Services). Additionally, it operates the Indian Institute of Hotel Management, Aurangabad since 1993. Education. The institute offers a Four-year diploma, designed with the help of international faculty and argumentative, has affiliations with several American and European programmes. In an endeavour to reinstate its vision and efforts to boost sustainable tourism, Taj Hotels Resorts and essay, Palaces presented EARTH (Environment Awareness Renewal at Taj Hotels) this year, implementing schemes such as the Gangotri Glacier Clean-Up Expedition, as well as designated Earth rooms, which minimize the environmental impact.
Taj is one of Asia's largest group of hotels to commit to energy conservation and environmental management. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. EARTH has received certification from essay internet Green Globe, the only worldwide environmental certification program for travel and argumentative owl purdue, tourism. The Taj began a century ago with a single landmark - The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Mumbai. Today, the various Taj hotels, in education and diversity essay all their variety and historical richness, are recognised internationally as the symbols of true Indian hospitality. The Company's history is integral to essay, India's emergence into the global business and leisure travel community; and looking to the future. Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces is well positioned to meet the increase in travel activity with the rapid expansion of the Indian economy. The Role of HR Department: In an organization HR plays an important role and orwell write, is like a backbone. It contributes significantly for an organization to run its business smoothly and efficiently in argumentative order to achieve its sustained organizational goals by adopting best staffing policies, recruitment strategies, and manpower training development policies. The Department is and diversity essay overall responsible for argumentative owl purdue employees selection, their administration and welfare by education and diversity keeping healthy , stress free culture and motivational policies in the organization.
These in turn help the organization to retain their employees and attract best talents from the market to overcome manpower deficiencies faced from time to time. RECRUITMENT IN TAJ GROUP OF HOTELS. The taj group hires most of the owl purdue frontline staff from smaller towns and cities like: ' Pune not Mumbai. ' Chandigarh and Dehradun not Delhi. ' Coimbatore and Trichirappalli not Chennai. ' Mysore and Manipal not Bangalore. ' Haldia not Kolkata.
STEPS OF RECRUITMENT PROCESS: The process comprises five inter-related stages: ' Evaluation and essay write, control. The first stage in the recruitment process is planning. Planning involves the essay translation of likely job vacancies and information about the nature of these jobs into a set of the withered objectives or targets that specify the owl purdue (i) number and (ii) type of applicants to be contacted. Number of contacts. Organizations, nearly always, plan to homework photosynthesis explanation, attract more applicants than they will hire. Each time a recruitment program is contemplated , one task is to estimate the number of applicants necessary to fill all vacancies with qualified people. Type of owl purdue contacts. This refers to the type of people to be informed about job openings. The type of people depends on the tasks and responsibilities involved and the qualifications and experience expected. Arm Essay. These details are available through job description and job specification.
Once it is known how many and what type of recruits are required, serious consideration needs to be given to (i) ' make 'or 'buy' employees (ii) technological specification of recruitment and argumentative, selection devices (iii) geographic distribution of labour markets comprising job seekers (iv) sources of recruitment (v) sequencing the activities in the recruitment process. Once a recruiting plan and write, strategy are worked out, the search process can begin. This involves two steps- ' source activation ' selling. Typically, sources and essay, search methods are activated by the issuance of an and diversity employee requisition. Argumentative Essay Owl Purdue. This means that no actual recruiting takes place until line managers have verified that a vacancy does exist or will exist. If the organization has planned well and done a good job of developing its sources and search methods, activation soon results in a flood of applications.
The applications received must be screened. Those who pass have to be contacted and invited for interview. In selling the organization, both the message and 2012, the media deserve attention. Message refers to argumentative essay owl purdue, the employment advertisement. With regard to media, it may be stated that effectiveness of any recruiting message depends on the media. Selection of media or medium needs to be done with a lot of care. Screening of applications can be regarded as an integral part of the orwell write recruiting process, though many view it as the first step in the selection process. The purpose of screening is to argumentative essay, remove from the recruitment process, at an early stage, those applicants , who are visibly unqualified for the job.
Effective screening can save a lot of time and money. The Withered. The techniques used to screen applicants vary depending on the candidate sources and recruiting methods used. EVALUATION AND CONTROL. Evaluation and argumentative owl purdue, control is necessary as considerable costs are incurred in essay the recruitment process. The costs generally incurred are:1.Salaries for recruiters.2.Management and professional time spent on preparing job, description, job specifications, advertisements, agency liaison, and so forth.3.Cost of producing supporting literature.4.Recruitment overheads and administrative expenses.5.Cost of advertisements or other recruitment methods.6.Cost of overtime and outsourcing while the argumentative owl purdue vacancies remain unfilled.7.Cost of essay write recruiting suitable candidates for the selection procedure. Evaluation of recruitment process. The recruitment process has the objective of searching for and obtaining applications from job seekers in sufficient numbers and quality. Keeping this objective in essay mind, the evaluation might include:1.Return rate of applications sent out.2.Number of suitable candidates for the withered selection.3.Retention and performance of the candidates selected.4.Cost of the recruitment process.
5.Time lapsed data.6.Comments on image projected. Evaluation of recruitment methods. The evaluation of recruitment methods might include: 1. Number of initial enquiries received which resulted in completed application forms. 2. Number of candidates at various stages of the recruitment and essay, selection process, especially those short-listed. 3. Why I. Number of candidates recruited.
4. Number of argumentative candidates retained in the organization after six months. Purpose Importance of Recruitment: ' Attract and encourage more and more candidates to 2012, apply in the organisation. ' Create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the organisation. ' Determine present and future requirements of the organization in argumentative essay owl purdue conjunction with its personnel planning and essay write, job analysis activities. ' Recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees. ' Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost. ' Help increase the success rate of argumentative essay selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants. ' Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and internet privacy issues, selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time. ' Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the argumentative essay composition of its workforce.
' Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates. ' Increase organization and ocr as ict coursework 2012, individual effectiveness of argumentative essay owl purdue various recruiting techniques and sources for and diversity all types of job applicants. Factors of argumentative essay recruitment in Taj. ' supply and demand is of specific skills in issues the labor market. If the essay demand of a particular skill is high compared to and diversity essay, the supply, than an extraordinary recruiting effort may be needed. ' If the unemployment rate in a given area is high, the company's recruitment process may get simpler. ' The number of unsolicited applicants are usually bigger, and the increased size of the labour provides better opportunities for attracting appropriate applicants. On the other side, as the unemployment rate decreases, recruiting efforts must be higher and new sources should be explored. The company's image also matters while attracting large number of job seekers. Most of the time, it is not the argumentative money that is important, it is the appreciation of the job seekers about the company that matters while attracting qualified expected employees. Most organizations adopt a policy on recruiting employees internally or externally.
Generally, the policy is used internal sourcing, as own employees know the company better and can recommend candidates who can adapt to the organization's culture. ' Temporary and part time Employees. An organization hiring temporary or part-time employees is less advantageous while attracting sufficient applicants. A major internal factor which can ascertain the success of the recruiting programmer is whether or not the and diversity company engages in owl purdue HRP. In most of the cases, a company cannot attract prospective and qualified employees in sufficient numbers overnight.
It takes time to observe the alternatives regarding the appropriate sources of recruits and most dynamic methods for obtaining them. And Diversity Essay. Once the best alternatives have been recognized, recruiting plans can be made. Successful HRP greatly facilitate the recruiting efforts. Another internal factor is argumentative size having its influence on the recruitment process. An organization having one hundred thousand employees will find recruiting less problematic than an organization with just one thousand employees. Another internal factor cost that has to be considered.Recruiting costs are calculated as per new hire and the figure is essay why i significantly nowadays.
Recruiters must, therefore, operate inside budgets. Careful HRP and consideration by recruiters can minimize recruitment costs. One of cost reduction measure, for instance, is argumentative essay recruiting for multiple job openings at the same time. Ocr As 2012. The best solution is to use practical personnel practices to decrease employee revenue, therefore. decreasing the need for recruiting. Apprising the quality, quantity and costs of recruitment convinces that it is efficient and cost effective. Methods or Techniques of Recruitment :- Following are the essay owl purdue methods techniques and essay privacy, source of recruitment - External methods of recruitment :- ' Campus recruitment :- It is a method of owl purdue recruiting by visiting and participating in college campuses and their placement centers. ' Advertisements:- The ads generally give a brief outline of the the withered arm essay job ' ads by newspapers magazines radio TV and hidings. ' State or Public Employment Agencies:- These agencies provide a wide range of services-counseling, assistance in getting jobs, information about the labor market, labor and wage rates.
' Employee Referrals:- It is a recommendation from a current employee regarding a job applicant. Friends and relatives of present employees are also a good source. ' Trade Unions :- trade unions may provide manual and skilled workers in sufficient numbers as job requirement . ' Traditional agency:- Recruitment agencies have historically had a physical location. A candidate visits a local branch for a short interview and an assessment before being taken onto the agency's books. Recruitment consultants then work to match their pool of candidates to argumentative essay owl purdue, their clients' open positions. Suitable candidates are short-listed and put forward for essay an interview with potential employers on a contract or direct basis. ' Executive research resourcing firms. These firms are the new hybrid operators in the recruitment world, able to combine the research aspects of recruiting and combine them with the ability to make hires for their clients. These firms provide competitive passive candidate intelligence to support companies' recruiting efforts. Internal method of recruitment :- ' Promotion :- movement of employee from lower position to argumentative, higher . ' Transfer :- movement of employee from one job two another. ' Retired disable employee :- retired employee and disable employee can join available post.
' Employee referral :- It is a recommendation from a current employee regarding a job applicant. Such sites have two main features: job boards and a r??sum??/curriculum vitae (CV) database. Job boards allow member companies to 2012, post job vacancies. Alternatively, candidates can upload a r??sum?? to be included in searches by member companies. Fees are charged for argumentative essay job postings and homework help explanation, access to search resumes. ' Recruitment agency directories: The emergence of the Internet provided the functionality to provide recruitment agencies with a low-cost alternative to essay, advertising. Unlike a standard directory, these niche directories have helped those searching for employment representatives. Social recruiting is the use of social media for recruiting including sites like Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. It is a rapidly growing sourcing technique, especially with middle-aged people.
On Google+, the fastest-growing age group is 45-54. On Twitter, the expanding generation is people from ages 55'64.Mobile social recruiting is write rapidly expanding. CareerBuilder ran a recent survey. of the Fortune 500 companies and discovered that 39% of people in argumentative the United States use tablet computers. Another recent survey done by Glassdoor.com revealed that 43% of candidates research company, policy, culture, and history all within the fifteen minute time period before an interview begins. Ocr As 2012. However, 80% of Fortune 500 companies fail to argumentative essay, use mobile-optimized career sites. SELECTION IN TAJ GROUP OF HOTELS. ' Selection in various departments like security, collection and education and diversity, house keeping are a bit. Difficult and strict. ' The process of selection have various steps. steps are: ' Various rounds of interviews. ' The Taj does not rehire employees who have already left their jobs.
They always prefer fresh group of graduates as new employees. ' Job posting is maximum of 9 months and minimum of 3 months. ' While this period if the hired employee is not suitable for the job the next most suitable candidate is called to essay, replace him from the waiting list. ' They hire on monthly and permanent basis. ' The labours are hired by orwell essay why i contractors on daily wage basis. ' They provide 100% equality to both the genders. ' They do not employee children as it is against the policies of major business firms and it is unethical. FACTORS AFFECTING THE SELECTION PROCEDURE: The factors to be considered for selecting the right person for the right job are as under: Sound body, height, weight, sight etc. Age, sex, marital status, number of children, family background etc.
3:Proficiency or skill and ability: Qualifications and previous experience. Potentiality of an individual for learning and becoming proficient in a job. Competency points out capacity to acquire knowledge and argumentative, skill for success on for the great the job. 5:Temperament and argumentative, character: Emotional, moral and social qualities, honesty, loyalty etc. Privacy. A high degree of intellectual competency can serve as a substitute for such qualities as honesty and trustworthiness. Argumentative Owl Purdue. It is important to know about write, individual's character, his habits of work, his way of essay owl purdue reacting in this or that situation, his driving forces in determining the fitness for for the great essay the job.
Without interest, work is colorless and argumentative, monotonous. With interest, work seems meaningful and worthwhile to the individual and abilities are developed as well as accomplishments are realized. Even if a person has skill, competency, efficiency, but if he has no interest in the job, he will be unhappy in his work. STEPS IN SELECTION PROCEDURE. There is no shortcut to an accurate evaluation of a candidate. The hiring procedures are, therefore, generally long and complicated. Many employers make use of internet such techniques and pseudo-sciences as phrenology, physiognomy, astrology, graphology etc while coming to hiring decisions.
However, in modern times, these are considered to be unreliable measures. Every candidate for the job has to clear a number of hurdles before getting selected for the job. If he is not found suitable at any stage, he is not considered for the further stages. Thus, he will be rejected. For instance, if a candidate's particulars in the application are not found suitable, he will not be called for the tests. Similarly, if a candidate fails in the tests, he will not be called for the interview. The following is a popular procedure through it may be modified to suit individual situation:
Applications received from job seekers are subjected to argumentative essay owl purdue, scrutiny so as to eliminate unqualified applicants. This is usually followed by for the great essay a preliminary interview the purpose of which is essay more or less the same. Preliminary interview helps reject the misfits for reason, which do not appear in the application forms. Job seekers who pass the interview are called for the tests. Different types of tests may be conducted depending on for the depression essay the job and the company. Generally tests determine the applicant ability, aptitude and argumentative essay, personality. A) Ability tests. Assist in determining how well an for the great essay individual can perform tasks related to the job. B) Aptitude tests.
Help determine a person's potential to essay owl purdue, learn in orwell essay why i write a given area. C) Personality tests. Are given to argumentative essay owl purdue, measure a prospective employee's motivation towards functioning of a particular working environment. D) Interest tests. Are used to measure an individual's activity preferences. Is designed to analyze the handwriting of an individual. It can suggest the degree of energy, inhibitions and spontaneity. F) Polygraph tests. Are designed to ensure accuracy of the information given in causes great essay the applications.
The next step in the selection process is the essay owl purdue employment interview. Orwell Why I. An interview is conducted at the beginning and at the end of the selection process. An interview is a formal, in-depth conversation concluded to argumentative, evaluate the applicant's acceptability. The employment interview can be: There are only two participants-the interviewer and the interviewee. Involves a series of interviews, usually utilizing the strength and knowledge base of each interviewer. C) Panel Interview: Consists of two or more interviewers. Any panel interview is less intimate and more formal then the one-to-one, but if handled and organized well, it can provide a wealth of essay write information.
Reference and Background Checks. Many employers request names, addresses, and contact numbers or reference for the purpose of verifying information and perhaps gaining additional information on an applicant. Reference checks serve two purposes. One purpose is to gain insight about the potential employee from the people who have had previous experience with him or her.Second purpose is to assess the potential success of a prospect. After obtaining information through the preceding steps, selection decision-the mostcritical of all the steps 'must be made.
The other stages in the selection process have beenused to narrow the essay owl purdue number of ocr as 2012 candidates. The final decision has to argumentative owl purdue, be made from the pool of individuals who pass the tests, interviews and reference checks. After the selection decision and before the job offer is made, the candidate is required to and diversity essay, undergo a physical fitness test. A job offer is, often, contingent upon argumentative owl purdue the candidate being declared fit after the physical examination. The Withered Arm Essay. The results of the medical test are recorded in argumentative essay owl purdue a statement and are preserved in the personnel records. Job offer is made through a letter of essay appointment. Such a letter generally contains a date by which the appointee must report on essay duty. Contracts of Employment. After the job offer has been made and the candidates accept the offer, certain documents need to be executed by the employer and the candidate. One such document is the attestation form. There is also a need for preparing a contract of employment.
Concluding the Selection Process. Contrary to essay issues, popular perception, the selection process will not end with executing the contract. There is another step- a more sensitive one- reassuring those candidates who have not been selected. Taj Chandigarh celebrates the dynamic spirit of Chandigarh in its sophisticated architecture and interiors. The taj, located in Sector 17, the city's prime business and shopping area, is a 30-minutes' drive from the airport and 15-minutes from the railway station. Argumentative. Taj Chandigarh is the city's finest hotel and for the depression essay, is well suited to both, business and leisure travelers to the city. Taj Chandigarh offers rooms equipped with the latest technology, ergonomic furniture and contemporary amenities; comprehensive business facilities; inviting restaurants and owl purdue, bars; the city's widest range of banquet facilities; and the legendary Taj tradition of hospitality and service. The property comprises of 149 rooms including : ' Presidential Suite 01. ' Luxury / Junior Suite 03.
' Superior Queen 63. ' Deluxe Queen 37. All the rooms are equipped with telephone / telefax with STD/ISD, wifi, mini bar, tea/coffee maker, state of the art 42' Plasma with multiple channels. FOOD AND BEVERAGE OUTLETS. All day dining restaurant is and diversity indeed a gourmet's paradise.
It is primarily a Mediterranean eatery. The guests start their day with the breakfast news which is argumentative essay projected on large screens, lunch with sports and dinner with pleasant candle light and soft music. Depression. The guests can sit in open air too which is a romantic set up near the water body, a rare combination of fire and argumentative owl purdue, water. The Indian Specialty Restaurant, open from 19:00hrs. Privacy Issues. ' 23:45hrs. It is argumentative essay a contemporary Indian restaurant serving the delicacies of Punjab, Lahore and Peshawar. Orwell Write. An interactive live kitchen adds to the charm of the restaurant.
It is the Chinese Specialty Restaurant, serving the authentic Schezwan cuisine for lunch and dinner. The elegant restaurant is sectioned into a split level restaurant, a private dining room and a bar. A high ceiling, fabric paneled walls and an exquisite art create a contemporary oriental ambience. The menu features a wide range of exotic vegetarian and non-vegetarian delicacies, including fresh seafood. A colorful and trendy bar brings an exotic menu of cocktails and finest single malts. Argumentative Owl Purdue. Adorned with lava lamps, this bar is unique in its own kind. Live music every evening creates a pleasant atmosphere and ignites one and all. Taj Chandigarh has 05 sound proof, elegantly designed banquet has to suit the customers' requirements. ' THE GRAND BALL ROOM.
Intricately hand woven carpets, lace wood veneer paneling and exquisite chandelier, adorns the 4500 sq ft pillar less Ball Room, providing the perfect back drop for orwell essay meetings, conferences and social events. Argumentative. The entire Ball Room can accommodate up to 550 guests for an auditorium style seating and can be portioned into depression essay three smaller halls for smaller functions. FAMILY MEMBERS AT TAJ CHANDIGARH. Mr. Anil Malhotra General Manager. Mr. Neeraj Chaudhary Chef Beverage Manager. Mr. Manjeet Maan Engineering Incharge.
Ms. Saira Dhir Sales Manager. Mr. Sanjib Manjumbdar Financial Controller. Mr. Argumentative Owl Purdue. Praveen Kumar Purchase Manager. Mr. Ict Coursework 2012. Surender Ahlawat Human Resource Manager. Mr. Ashish Bali Security Manager. Mr.
Aslam Khan Laundry Incharge. Mr. Babu Chaudhary Executive Housekeeping. Mr. Vikas Negwani LD Manager. Mr. Kamaljeet Dhiman Assistant IT Manager. Mr. Tanay Singh Front Office Manager. COORDINATION AND ARRANGEMENT OF EMPLOYEES EVENTS.
Arrangement for birthday bash. ' Personal invitation to argumentative essay, staff members. ' Invitation mail to GM and all HOD. ' Mail to Chef, FB Manager for cake and service arrangement. ' Information to cafeteria. ' Arrangement of camera. ' Photographs to PR Manager for Taj Buzz. Arrangement for sports tournament.
' Poster to announce the homework photosynthesis sports event. ' Arrangement for prizes. ' Arrangement for sports goods. Arrangement for staff picnic. ' List of employee from HOD. ' Arrangement of food in coordination with HOD, FB Manager, Purchase Manager, HR Manager. ' Arrangement of bus. RECRUITMENT AT TAJ CHANDIGARH.
Taj Chandigarh has standard a list of jobs that are filled in accordance with international standards. However these lists are not permanent and new jobs are added to it, keeping in argumentative essay view the homework help photosynthesis explanation changing needs of the workforce. A new vacancy at the hotel may arise because of the need to replace the retiring staff, dismissed staff, promoted staff or replacing an argumentative essay employee on job rotation. In case a department needs to orwell essay, fill a vacancy, head of that particular department sends a requisite form to the HR Manager. The form contains specifics, eg. whether the position is for a new employee or a replacement, qualifications required for the job and its respective justifications.
This requisition form is sent to Personnel Manager and General Manager respectively for their approval. The organization's recruiting procedure is argumentative based on the nature of jobs. What kind of job is it? Is it a job for labour or some managerial level? Then according to the requirement, job specification and job description is prepared by the HR Manager. The immediate supervisor has to actually tell about the education and diversity essay place to be fulfilled. HR Manager, then has to consult with the GM of the particular unit and after the proposal has been discussed, the approval is given. ' Taj Hotel does not rehire employees which have gone. They prefer fresh graduate's employees. ' Job posting is maximum of 9 months and minimum of 3 months.
During this period if the hired employee is found unsuitable, the next most suitable candidate is owl purdue called from the waiting list to replace them. ' They hire on permanently and monthly basis. ' For labour work, Taj Hotel uses contractors to provide them with the specified no. of employees as required. These employees are hired by contractors on ict coursework 2012 daily wage. ' The organization does not go for child labour as it is unethical and against the policies of major business firms. ' They provide 100% diversity (equal opportunity to both genders). ' Applications from candidates are kept in argumentative essay owl purdue separate files according to the job titles and whenever there is homework help photosynthesis explanation a vacancy available. SELECTION AT TAJ CHANDIGARH. Selection varies according to argumentative essay, the job post.
At Taj Hotel, they use work sample testing technique, whereas the basic criteria for testing and selection are listed below : ' Appearance and grooming. ' Experience and great, knowledge of job applied for. ' Communication skills in English. ' Balance poise and maturity. ' Potential for growth. ' Reasoning and judgment. 1) Firstly, the shortcomings of the essay owl purdue CVs is essay why i done. Then only the argumentative owl purdue ones who have been selected on homework the basis of their resumes are called for essay owl purdue the interview. 2) Selection is essay internet privacy based on the eligibility of qualification and experience.
If the candidate has the qualification and experience according to the job specification, then they are called for the interview. Step by step procedure is as follows : 1) The candidate is first interviewed by the management of Taj hotel and the HR director. This interview is unstructured, the HR Manager asks frequent questions to screen out the eligibility and the potential of the candidate. After all the interviews, he prepares a list of capable of candidates. 2) In the essay second step, the selected candidates are called again for the structured interview which is to be conducted by orwell why i write the head of the particular department.
3) In such interviews, general knowledge questions which are related to the job are asked from the candidates, and also the behavioural based questions are asked, like how a candidate would be performing under certain situations. This helps them to judge the temperament, attitude, personality and the minimum stress which could be handled by the candidate. ' New employees have 2 days of orientation program. The employee is argumentative owl purdue given a brief introduction of the hotel, working environment in which he has to work and of the work related colleagues. ' The employees are also given job descriptions of their work at the time of orientation, which guides them for the services which they have to provide and also introduce them to the rules of the company. ' There is a difference in the dress code of each employee from orwell essay why i write top to bottom, and they should respect the privacy of other employees. SELECTION PROCESS OF HOUSEKEEPING AND MANAGERIAL DEPARTMENT. A brief presentation about the argumentative organization is given to the candidates by the panel. It also involves a briefing with regards to internet privacy, the job profile and the opportunities available.
A topic is given to a group of candidates and their opinions on argumentative the topic are evaluated by the panel. Eye of detail test. A brief interview with the HR Manager that involves test for candidates' compatibility for the job profile. A preliminary screening interview is conducted to test the candidates' skill level in his field of ocr as specialization, along with his communication skills. The final interview involves a round up with the argumentative essay senior management ; this includes negotiation regarding the compensation and any other enquiries regarding the job. The candidate is formally given the job offer letter which completes his selection process.
SELECTION PROCESS FOR CHEF. A brief presentation about the organization is given to the candidates by the panel. Internet Privacy. It also involves a briefing with regards to the job profile and the opportunities available. A topic is given to owl purdue, a group of candidates and their opinions on the topic are evaluated by the panel. The candidates' strengths, weaknesses, attributes, etc. are tested in this round which involves a formal round with the HR Manager. The candidates' dishes are tasted and homework help photosynthesis, based on various parameters, the dishes are evaluated and qualified by competent judges. The final phase of the interview involves a round up with the senior management ; this includes negotiation regarding the compensation and any other enquiries regarding the job. The candidate is formally given the job offer letter which completes his selection process. TRAINING CUSTOMER AMBASSADORS.
' Taj group has always been known for its training and mentoring, which helps them to sustain customer centricity. The practice of training developed in the 1960s when CEO Ajit Kerkar personally interviewed all the argumentative owl purdue recruits, including Bellhop , cooks and wait staff, before employing them-had mentored generations of employees. The effort has become more process-driven over the years. ' The taj groups research and experience has shown that employees make their 70% to 80% of their friendly contacts with guests in an unsupervised atmosphere. ' Training behaviours therefore assume, first that employees will usually have to deal with guests in an unsupervised atmosphere-that is 2012 employees should know what to do and how to do in argumentative essay a particular situation without looking for help from their supervisor. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN TAJ. ' While employee development is critical to the success of an organization, both the employee and the organization must recognize that most of the responsibility for development falls to essay internet privacy, the employee. ' The taj is a brand which combines a rich legacy of argumentative essay owl purdue cautiously nurtured values stepped in a culture of brilliance with opportunities for participating in new views of the company development. The main factor for success of taj is their employees and talent selected for their exciting journey. ' The taj group considers theirs employees as the most important stakeholders in taking it to new height of service standard and guest delight. At the taj, every employee is an ambassador of the depression essay spirit and culture of the taj.
' The taj 'magic' is all about persuading excellence, feeling included, the passion with one is doing their work, the warmth and argumentative, very high level of service standards with a persistent and privacy, determined obsession about satisfying the guests. ' The spirit that rings in the heart of every taj employee that makes a difference between a career in taj and a job in any hospitality company. The employees of any organization are its life blood. With the dawn of this realization, upon argumentative owl purdue the present day business organizations, there appears to be a major shift towards HRM. The employees of today are encouraged to participate in the decision making and thus play a vital role in the management of an organization. At Taj, the performance of the internet issues organization depends upon the efficiency that its employees exhibit. Therefore, it is of crucial importance that employees with the most suitable qualifications be selected. This is where the process of recruitment and selection comes in. The various selection procedures given in this report indicate that these processes require a great level of thought and advanced planning. It is not only the owl purdue HR department that is involved, the finance department also provides the budget for these processes, and help, the manpower gap is determined by inputs from all the argumentative departments. Also, the taxing process through which the candidate goes through, is in itself an indicator of the significance of these processes in the efficient functioning of the hotel.
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