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biography people April 23, 1564-April 23, 1616. Nationality: British; English. Birth Date: April 23, 1564. Death Date: April 23, 1616. About This Essay Jump to Additional DLB Essay(s) on This Author: Henry VI, part 1, London, unknown theater (perhaps by a branch of the Queen's Men), circa 1589-1592. Henry VI, part 2, London, unknown theater (perhaps by a branch of the Queen's Men), circa 1590-1592. Henry VI, part 3, London, unknown theater (perhaps by environmental essay questions a branch of the Queen's Men), circa 1590-1592. Richard III, London, unknown theater (perhaps by a branch of the Queen's Men), circa 1591-1592. The Comedy of Errors, London, unknown theater (probably by starry night the rhone essay Lord Strange's Men), circa 1592-1594; London, Gray's Inn, 28 December 1594. Titus Andronicus, London, Rose or Newington Butts theater, 24 January 1594. The Taming of the Shrew, London, Newington Butts theater, 11 June 1594.

The Two Gentlemen of Verona, London, Newington Butts theater or the Theatre, 1594. Love's Labor's Lost, perhaps at the country house of a great lord, such as the Earl of Southampton, circa 1594-1595; London, at studies questions, Court, Christmas 1597. Sir Thomas More, probably by Anthony Munday, revised by Thomas Dekker, Henry Chettle, Shakespeare, and members are more than friends essay possibly Thomas Heywood, evidently never produced, circa 1594-1595. King John, London, the environmental studies essay questions Theatre, circa 1594-1596. Richard II, London, the Theatre, circa 1595.

Romeo and Juliet, London, the Theatre, circa 1595-1596. A Midsummer Night's Dream, London, the Theatre, circa 1595-1596. The Merchant of Venice, London, the Theatre, circa 1596-1597. Henry IV, part 1, London, the Theatre, circa 1596-1597. Henry IV, part 2, London, the Theatre, circa 1597. The Merry Wives of Windsor, Windsor, Windsor Castle, 23 April 1597. Much Ado About Nothing, London, the Theatre, circa 1598-1599.

Henry V, London, Globe theater(?), between March and September 1599(?). Julius Caesar, London, Globe theater, 21 September 1599. As You Like It, London, Globe theater, circa 1599-1600. Open Coursework. Hamlet, London, Globe theater, circa 1600-1601. Twelfth Night, London, at Court(?), no earlier than 6 January 1601(?); London, Globe theater(?), circa 1601-1602(?); London, Middle Temple, 2 February 1602. Troilus and Cressida, London, Globe theater(?), circa 1601-1602(?). All's Well That Ends Well, London, Globe theater, circa 1602-1603. Measure for Measure, London, Globe theater(?), 1604(?); London, at environmental, Court, 26 December 1604. Othello, London, Globe theater(?), 1604(?); Westminster, Whitehall, 1 November 1604. King Lear, London, Globe theater(?), by second american late 1605 or early 1606; London, at essay questions, Court, 26 December 1606. Timon of Athens (possibly unperformed during Shakespeare's lifetime); possibly London, Globe theater, circa 1605-1608.

Macbeth, London, Globe theater(?), 1606(?); London, at Court, probably 7 August 1606. Antony and Cleopatra, London, Globe theater, circa 1606-1607. Pericles, possibly by was the civil american Shakespeare and George Wilkins, London, at Court, between January 1606 and November 1608; London, Globe theater, probably circa 1607-1608. Environmental Questions. Coriolanus, London, Globe theater, circa 1607-1608. Cymbeline, London, Blackfriars theater or Globe theater, 1609. The Winter's Tale, London, Globe theater, 15 May 1611.

The Tempest, London, at Court, 1 November 1611. Cardenio, probably by Shakespeare and Fletcher, London, Globe theater(?), circa 1612-1613. Henry VIII, possibly by Shakespeare and John Fletcher, London, Globe theater, 29 June 1613. The Two Noble Kinsmen, by Shakespeare and Fletcher, London, probably Blackfriars theater (possibly Globe theater), 1613. Venus and Adonis (London: Printed by Richard Field, sold by starry essay J. Harrison I, 1593). The First Part of the Contention betwixt the two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster [abridged and corrupt text of Henry VI, part 2] (London: Printed by Thomas Creede for Thomas Millington, 1594). Lucrece (London: Printed by Richard Field for John Harrison, 1594); republished as The Rape of Lucrece. Newly Revised (London: Printed by essay questions T. Snodham for papers, R. Jackson, 1616).

The Most Lamentable Romaine Tragedie of Titus Andronicus (London: Printed by John Danter, sold by Edward White Thomas Middleton, 1594). A Pleasant Conceited Historie, Called The Taming of a Shrew [corrupt text] (London: Printed by Peter Short, sold by environmental studies essay questions Cuthbert Burbie, 1594). The True Tragedie of Richard Duke of Yorke, and the death of nigel, good King Henrie the environmental studies Sixt [abridged and corrupt text of Henry VI, part 3] (London: Printed by Peter Short for creative, Thomas Millington, 1595). The Tragedy of King Richard the Third (London: Printed by environmental questions Valentine Simmes Peter Short for Andrew Wise, 1597). The Tragedie of King Richard the second (London: Printed by Valentine Simmes for over the rhone essay, Andrew Wise, 1597). An Excellent conceited Tragedie of Romeo and Juliet [corrupt text] (London: Printed by John Danter [ E. Allde?], 1597); The Most Excellent and lamentable Tragedie of Romeo and environmental studies essay questions Juliet. Buddy Questions. Newly Corrected, Augmented, and environmental questions Amended (London: Printed by family important essay Thomas Creede for Cuthbert Burby, 1599).

A Pleasant Conceited Comedie Called, Loues Labors Lost (London: Printed by William White for Cuthbert Burby, 1598). The History of studies, Henrie the Fourth [part 1] (London: Printed by Peter Short for Andrew Wise, 1598). A midsommer nights dreame (London: Printed by night over essay R. Bradock for Thomas Fisher, 1600). The most excellent Historie of the Merchant of Venice (London: Printed by James Roberts for Thomas Heyes, 1600). The Second part of Henrie the fourth, continuing to environmental essay, his death, and coronation of Henrie the fift (London: Printed by Valentine Simmes for Andrew Wise William Aspley, 1600).

Much adoe about Nothing (London: Printed by Valentine Simmes for Andrew Wise William Aspley, 1600). The Cronicle History of members important friends essay, Henry the fift [corrupt text] (London: Printed by essay Thomas Creede for Thomas Mullington John Busby, 1600). The Phoenix and Turtle, appended to Loves Martyr: or, Rosalins Complaint, by Robert Chester (London: Printed by open coursework Richard Field for E. Blount, 1601). A Most pleasaunt and excellent conceited Comedie, of Syr John Falstaffe, and the merrie Wives of Windsor [corrupt text] (London: Printed by environmental studies essay Thomas Creede for Arthur Johnson, 1602). Creative Writing. The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet Prince of Denmark [abridged and corrupt text] (London: Printed by Valentine Simmes for Nicholas Ling John Trundell, 1603); The Tragicall Historie of essay questions, Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke. Family Important Than Friends Essay. Newly Imprinted and Enlarged to Almost as Much Againe as It Was, According to the True and Perfect Coppie (London: Printed by James Roberts for Nicholas Ling, 1604).

M. Environmental Questions. William Shak-speare: His True Chronicle Historie of the starry over the rhone life and environmental studies death of King Lear and his three daughters (London: Printed by N. Okes for Nathaniel Butter, 1608). The Historie of important, Troylus and Cresseida (London: Printed by G. Eld for R. Bonian H. Walley, 1609). Shake-speares Sonnets (London: Printed by G. Environmental Studies Essay. Eld for Thomas Thorpe, sold by W. Aspley, 1609). The Late, and Much Admired Play, Called Pericles, Prince of nigel hinton questions, Tyre (London: Printed by W. White for Henry Gosson, 1609). Studies Essay. The Tragady of Othello, The Moore of Venice (London: Printed by Nicholas Okes for Thomas Walkley, 1622).

Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, Tragedies. Published according to the True Originall Copies (London: Printed by Isaac Jaggard Edward Blount, 1623)--comprises The Tempest; The Two Gentlemen of Verona; The Merry Wives of Windsor; Measure for Measure; The Comedy of Errors; Much Ado About Nothing; Love's Labor's Lost; A Midsummer Night's Dream; The Merchant of Venice; As You Like It; The Taming of the family members are more than friends Shrew; All's Well That Ends Well; Twelfth Night; The Winter's Tale; King John; Richard II; Henry IV, parts 1 and 2; Henry V; Henry VI, parts 1-3; Richard III; Henry VIII; Troilus and Cressida; Coriolanus; Titus Andronicus; Romeo and environmental studies questions Juliet; Timon of Athens; Julius Caesar; Macbeth; Hamlet; King Lear; Othello; Antony and Cleopatra; Cymbeline; The Two Noble Kinsmen, by Shakespeare and John Fletcher (London: Printed by Thomas Cotes for John Waterson, 1634). A New Variorum Edition of Shakespeare, 29 volumes to date, volumes 1-15, 18, edited by Horace Howard Furness; volumes 16-17, 19-20, edited by Horace Howard Furness, Jr. (Philadelphia London: Lippincott, 1871-1928); volumes 1-25, general editor Joseph Quincey Adams; volumes 26-27, general editor Hyder Edward Rollins (Philadelphia London: Lippincott for the Modern Language Association of America, 1936-1955); volumes 28- , general editors Robert K. Turner, Jr., and creative writing competitions Richard Knowles (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1977- ). The Works of Shakespeare, The New Cambridge Shakespeare, edited by environmental J. Dover Wilson, Arthur Quiller-Couch, and others, 39 volumes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1921-1967). Papers. The Complete Works of Shakespeare, edited by George Lyman Kittredge (Boston: Ginn, 1936); revised by Irving Ribner (Waltham, Mass.: Ginn, 1971).

Shakespeare Quarto Facsimiles, edited by studies questions W. W. Greg and Charlton Hinman, 14 volumes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1939-1966). William Shakespeare: The Complete Works, edited by Peter Alexander (London Glasgow: Collins, 1951; New York: Random House, 1952). The Arden Shakespeare, general editors Harold F. Open Coursework. Brooks and Harold Jenkins, 38 volumes to date (London: Methuen, 1951- ). The Complete Works of essay questions, Shakespeare, edited by Hardin Craig (Chicago: Scott Foresman, 1961); revised by Craig and David Bevington (Glenview, Ill.: Scott Foresman, 1973); revised again by family than essay Bevington (Glenview, Ill.: Scott Foresman, 1980). The New Penguin Shakespeare, general editor T. J. B. Spencer, 33 volumes to essay, date (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967- ). The Norton Facsimile: The First Folio of Shakespeare, edited by Charlton Hinman (New York: Norton, 1968). William Shakespeare: The Complete Works, The Complete Pelican Shakespeare, general editor Alfred Harbage (Baltimore: Penguin, 1969). The Complete Signet Classic Shakespeare, general editor Sylvan Barnet (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1972). The Riverside Shakespeare, general editor G. Research. Blakemore Evans (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974). Questions. Shakespeare's Sonnets, edited, with analytic commentary, by Stephen Booth (New Haven London: Yale University Press, 1977). Shakespeare's Plays in Quarto: A Facsimile Edition of Copies Primarily from the Henry E. Huntington Library, edited by night essay Michael J. B. Allen and questions Kenneth Muir (Berkeley: University of papers, California Press, 1982).

The Complete Works, general editors Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986). Environmental Studies. The Complete Works: Original-Spelling Edition, general editors Wells and Taylor (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986). Shakespeare's words and phrases have become so familiar to us that it is sometimes with a start that we realize we have been speaking Shakespeare when we utter a cliché such as one fell swoop or not a mouse stirring. Never mind that many of the expressions we hear most often--to the manner born, or (from the same speech in Hamlet ) more honored in the breach than the american revolution observance--are misapplied at least as frequently as they are employed with any awareness of their original context and implication. The fact remains that Shakespeare's vocabulary and Shakespeare's cadences are even more pervasive in environmental studies questions our ordinary discourse today than the questions idiom of the King James Bible, which Bartlett lists as only the second most plentiful source of Familiar Quotations . And much the same could be said of those mirrors of our nature, Shakespeare's characters. From small delights like Juliet's Nurse, or Bottom the Weaver, or the environmental studies questions Gravedigger, to was the war a revolution, such incomparable creations as Falstaff, King Lear, and Lady Macbeth, Shakespeare has enlarged our world by imitating it. It should not surprise us, therefore, that personalities as vivid as these have gone on, as it were, to lives of their own outside the environmental studies questions dramatic settings in which they first thought and spoke and open coursework moved. In opera alone there are enough different renderings of characters and scenes from Shakespeare's plays to environmental, assure that the devotee of research, Charles-François Gounod or Giuseppe Verdi, Richard Wagner or Benjamin Britten, could attend a different performance every evening for environmental studies, six months and never see the same work twice.

Which is not to suggest, of course, that the composers of other musical forms have been remiss: Franz Schubert, Felix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Hector Berlioz, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Claude Debussy, Jean Sibelius, Sergey Prokofiev, and Aaron Copland are but a few of the major figures who have given us songs, tone poems, ballets, symphonic scores, or other compositions based on Shakespeare. Cole Porter might well have been addressing his fellow composers when he punctuated Kiss Me Kate with the advice to Brush Up Your Shakespeare. Certainly the painters have never needed such reminders. Artists of the research papers stature of George Romney, William Blake, Henry Fuseli, Eugene Delacroix, John Constable, J. M. Studies. W. Turner, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti have drawn inspiration from Shakespeare's dramatis personae; and, thanks to such impresarios as the eighteenth-century dealer John Boydell, the rendering of scenes from Shakespeare has long been a significant subgenre of pictorial art. Illustrators of Shakespeare editions have often been notable figures in their own right: George Cruikshank, Arthur Rackham, Rockwell Kent, and Salvador Dali. Sport Research. Meanwhile, the decorative arts have had their Wedgwood platters with pictures from the plays, their Shakespeare portraits carved on scrimshaw, their Anne Hathaway's Cottage tea cozies, their mulberry-wood jewelry boxes, and their Superbard T-shirts. Every nation that has a theatrical tradition is indebted to environmental essay, Shakespeare, and in language after language Shakespeare remains the greatest living playwright. Not merely in terms of the hundreds of productions of Shakespeare's own plays to be blazoned on the marquees in any given year, either: no, one must also bear in mind the dozens of film and television versions of the plays, and the countless adaptations, parodies, and spinoffs that accent the repertory--from musicals such as The Boys from Syracuse (based on The Comedy of Errors ) and starry over essay West Side Story (Leonard Bernstein's New York ghetto version of the essay questions gang wars in Romeo and war a second revolution Juliet ), to political lampoons like Macbird (contra LBJ) and Dick Deterred (the doubly punning anti-Nixon polemic), not to mention more reflective dramatic treatments such as Edward Bond's Bingo (a biographical drama about Shakespeare the man) and Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (an absurdist re-enactment of Hamlet from the perspective of two innocents as bewildered by the court of Renaissance Elsinore as their twentieth-century counterparts would be in a play such as Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot ). When we broaden our survey to include the hundreds of environmental, novels, short stories, poems, critical appreciations, and other works of serious literature that derive in one way or another from Shakespeare, we partake of an even grander view of the playwright's literary and cultural primacy. Here in America, for starry over essay, example, we can recall Ralph Waldo Emerson's awestruck response to the Stratford seer, his exclamation that Shakespeare was inconcievably wise, all other great writers only conceivably. On the other side of the coin, we can indulge in the speculation that Shakespeare may have constituted an aspect of the behemoth that obsessed Herman Melville's imagination, thus accounting for some of the echoes of Shakespearean tragedy in the form and rhetoric of Moby-Dick . Studies Essay Questions. In a lighter vein, we can chuckle at the frontier Bardolatry so hilariously exploited by the Duke and the King in Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn . Or, moving to open coursework, our own century, we can contemplate William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury as an extended allusion to Macbeth's tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow soliloquy. Environmental Studies Questions. Should we be disposed to look elsewhere, we can puzzle over the riddle of Shakespeare in sport papers the meditations of the Argentine novelist and essayist Jorge Luis Borges.

Or smile (with perhaps but an studies incomplete suspension of disbelief) as the Nobel Prize-winning African poet and dramatist Wole Soyinka quips that Sheikh Zpeir must have had some Arabic blood in him, so faithfully did he capture the local color of Egypt in Antony and american revolution essay Cleopatra . Implicit in all of these manifestations of Shakespeare worship is environmental, a perception best summed up, perhaps, in James Joyce's rendering of the hinton essay charismatic name: Shapesphere. For in showing the very age and body of the time his form and pressure (as Hamlet would put it), Shakespeare proved himself to be both the environmental essay questions soul of the age his works reflected and adorned and the consummate symbol of the artist whose poetic visions transcend their local habitation and buddy essay questions become, in some mysterious way, contemporaneous with all time (to return once more to Jonson's eulogy). If Jan Kott, a twentieth-century existentialist from studies eastern Europe, can marvel that Shakespeare is our contemporary, then, his testimony is but one more instance of the tendency of every age to claim Shakespeare as its own. Whatever else we say about Shakespeare, in other words, we are impelled to acknowledge the incontrovertible fact that, preeminent above all others, he has long stood and will no doubt long remain atop a pedestal (to recall a recent New Yorker cartoon) as a very very very very very very important writer. Open Coursework. So important, indeed, that some of his most zealous admirers have paid him the backhand compliment of doubting that works of such surpassing genius could have been written by the same William Shakespeare who lies buried and memorialized in environmental essay questions Stratford-upon-Avon. Plays such as the competitions for teenagers English histories would suggest in the writer an easy familiarity with the essay questions ways of kings, queens, and courtiers; hence their author must have been a member of the nobility, someone like Edward de Vere, the seventeenth Earl of Oxford. Plays such as Julius Caesar , with their impressive display of classical learning, would indicate an author with more than the small Latin and less Greek that Ben Jonson attributes to Shakespeare; hence the need to seek for their true begetter in the form of a university-trained scholar such as Francis Bacon. Or so would urge those skeptics (whose numbers have included such redoubtable personages as Henry James and Sigmund Freud) who find themselves in sympathy with the anti-Stratfordians. Their ranks have never been particularly numerous or disciplined, since they have often quarreled among themselves about which of the various claimants--the Earl of Derby, Christopher Marlowe, even Queen Elizabeth herself--should be upheld as the true Shakespeare. Open Coursework. And because many of their arguments are methodologically unsophisticated, they have never attracted adherents from environmental studies scholars with academic credentials in the study of English Renaissance history and dramatic literature. But, whatever their limitations, the open coursework anti-Stratfordians have at least helped keep us mindful of how frustratingly little we can say for certain about the environmental essay questions life of the war a american essay man whose works have so enriched the lives of environmental studies essay, succeeding generations.

One thing we do know is that if Shakespeare was a man for all time, he was also very much a man of for teenagers, his own age. Christened at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon on 26 April 1564, he grew up as the eldest of five children reared by John Shakespeare, a tradesman who played an increasingly active role in the town's civic affairs as his business prospered, and Mary Arden Shakespeare, the daughter of a gentleman farmer from nearby Wilmcote. Whether Shakespeare was born on 23 April, as tradition holds, is not known; but a birth date only studies essay questions, a few days prior to the recorded baptism seems eminently probable, particularly in view of the fear his parents must have had that William, like two sisters who had preceded him and one who followed, might die in infancy. By the time young William was old enough to open coursework, begin attending school, he had a younger brother (Gilbert, born in 1566) and a baby sister (Joan, born in 1569). As he attained his youth, he found himself with two more brothers to help look after (Richard, born in environmental essay 1574, and Edmund, born in 1580), the younger of whom eventually followed his by-then-prominent eldest brother to London and the theater, where he had a brief career as an actor before his untimely death at for teenagers, twenty-seven. The house where Shakespeare spent his childhood stood adjacent to environmental questions, he wool shop in buddy questions which his father plied a successful trade as a glover and dealer in leather goods and other commodities. Before moving to Stratford sometime prior to 1552 (when the records show that he was fined for failing to environmental studies questions, remove a dunghill from outside his house to buddy hinton essay questions, the location where refuse was normally to questions, be deposited), John Shakespeare had been a farmer in the neighboring village of Snitterfield. Whether he was able to read and write is uncertain. Research. He executed official documents, not with his name, but with a cross signifying his glover's compasses. Some scholars interpret this as a signature that might have been considered more authentic than a full autograph; others have taken it to be an indication of illiteracy. But even if John Shakespeare was not one of the learned, he was certainly a man of what a later age would call upward mobility.

By marrying Mary Arden, the daughter of questions, his father's landlord, he acquired the benefits of a better social standing and a lucrative inheritance, much of which he invested in property (he bought several houses). And by involving himself in public service, he rose by starry night the rhone essay sure degrees to the highest municipal positions Stratford had to offer: chamberlain (1561), alderman (1565), and bailiff (or mayor) and justice of the peace (1568). A few years after his elevation to the office of bailiff, probably around 1576, John Shakespeare approached the College of Heralds for armorial bearings and the right to call himself a gentleman. Before his application was acted upon, however, his fortunes took a sudden turn for the worse, and it was not until 1596, when his eldest son had attained some status and renewed the environmental essay questions petition, that a Shakespeare coat of arms was finally granted. This must have been a comfort to John Shakespeare in his declining years (he died in 1601), because by buddy essay questions then he had borrowed money, disposed of property out of environmental studies essay questions, necessity, ceased to research papers, attend meetings of the town council, become involved in litigation and been assessed fines, and even stopped attending church services, for fear, it was said, of process for debt. Just what happened to studies essay, alter John Shakespeare's financial and social position after the mid 1570s is not clear.

Some have seen his nonattendance at church as a sign that he had become a recusant, unwilling to conform to the practices of the newly established Church of nigel essay, England (his wife's family had remained loyal to Roman Catholicism despite the fact that the old faith was under vigorous attack in environmental studies Warwickshire after 1577), but the scant surviving evidence is anything but definitive. The records we do have suggest that during young William's formative years he enjoyed the advantages that would have accrued to him as the son of one of the most influential citizens of a bustling market town in the fertile Midlands. When he was taken to services at Holy Trinity Church, he would have sat with his family in the front pew, in accordance with his father's civic rank. There he would have heard and felt the words and rhythms of the Bible, the sonorous phrases of the 1559 Book of Common Prayer, the exhortations of the night over Homilies. Questions. In all likelihood, after spending a year or two at a petty school to learn the rudiments of reading and writing, he would have proceeded, at the age of seven, to grammar school. Given his father's social position, young William would have been eligible to attend the King's New School, located above the Guild Hall and adjacent to the Guild Chapel (institutions that would both have been quite familiar to a man with the elder Shakespeare's municipal duties), no more than a five-minute walk from the night the rhone essay Shakespeare house on Henley Street. Though no records survive to tell us who attended the essay Stratford grammar school during this period, we do know that it had well-qualified and open coursework comparatively well-paid masters; and, through the painstaking research of such scholars as T. W. Baldwin, we now recognize that a curriculum such as the one offered at the King's New School would have equipped its pupils with what by modern standards would be a rather formidable classical education. During his many long school days there, young Shakespeare would have become thoroughly grounded in Latin, acquired some background in Greek, and developed enough linguistic facility to pick up whatever he may have wanted later from environmental questions such modern languages as Italian and French. Along the way he would have become familiar with such authors as Aesop, Caesar, Cicero, Sallust, Livy, Virgil, Horace, Ovid, and Seneca. He would have studied logic and members are more than essay rhetoric as well as grammar, and environmental essay questions he would have been taught the principles of composition and oratory from the are more important friends essay writings of studies, such masters as Quintilian and war a american essay Erasmus. Environmental Essay. In all probability, he would even have received some training in speech and drama through the war a second essay performance of plays by environmental studies questions Plautus and Terence.

If Shakespeare's references to schooling and schoolmasters in the plays are a reliable index of competitions, how he viewed his own years as a student, we must conclude that the experience was more tedious than pleasurable. But it is environmental studies, difficult to imagine a more suitable mode of sport research papers, instruction for the formation of a Renaissance poet's intellectual and studies essay questions artistic sensibility. Meanwhile, of course, young Shakespeare would have learned a great deal from creative writing for teenagers merely being alert to all that went on around him. Studies Questions. He would have paid attention to creative writing competitions for teenagers, the plant and animal life in the local woods that he would later immortalize, in environmental studies As You Like It , as the night the rhone Forest of Arden. He may have hunted from time to time; one legend, almost certainly apocryphal, has it that he eventually left Stratford because he had been caught poaching deer from the estate of a powerful squire, Sir Thomas Lucy, four miles up-stream. He probably learned to swim as a youth, skinny-dipping in the river Avon. He may have participated in some of the athletic pursuits that were the basis of competition in the Elizabethan equivalent of the Olympics, the environmental studies essay questions nearby Cotswold Games.

He would undoubtedly have been adept at indoor recreations such as hazard (a popular dice game), or chess, or any of a number of card games. Open Coursework. As he grew older, he would have become accustomed to such vocations as farming, sheep-herding, tailoring, and shopkeeping. He would have acquired skills such as fishing, gardening, and cooking. And he would have gathered information about the various professions: law, medicine, religion, and teaching. Environmental Studies Questions. Judging from the astonishing range of daily life and human endeavor reflected in his poems and plays, we can only infer that Shakespeare was both a voracious reader and essay questions a keen observer, the sort of polymath Henry James might have been describing when he referred to a character in one of studies, his novels as a man on whom nothing was lost.

Once his school years ended, Shakespeare married, at eighteen, a woman who was eight years his senior. We know that Anne Hathaway was pregnant when the marriage license was issued by the Bishop of Worcester on 27 November 1582, because a daughter, Susanna, was baptized in Holy Trinity six months later on 26 May 1583. We have good reason to believe that the marriage was hastily arranged: there was only one reading of the banns (a church announcement preceding a wedding that allowed time for any legal impediments against it to be brought forward before the nigel hinton ceremony took place), an indication of unusual haste. But whether the marriage was in any way forced is environmental essay questions, impossible to determine. Some biographers (most notably Anthony Burgess) have made much of an apparent clerical error whereby the bride's name was entered as Anne Whateley of Temple Grafton in the Worcester court records; these writers speculate that Shakespeare was originally planning to marry another Anne until Anne Hathaway of Shottery (a village a mile or so from Shakespeare's home in Stratford) produced her embarrassing evidence of a prior claim. To most scholars, including our foremost authority on Shakespeare's life, S. Buddy Nigel Essay. Schoenbaum, this explanation of the Anne Whateley court entry seems farfetched. Such hypotheses are inevitable, however, in the absence of fuller information about the married life of William and Anne Hathaway Shakespeare. What we do have to go on is certainly compatible with the suspicion that William and Anne were somewhat less than ardent lovers. They had only two more children--the twins, Hamnet and Judith, baptized on 2 February 1585--and they lived more than a hundred miles apart, so far as we can tell, for the better part of the twenty-year period during which Shakespeare was employed in the London theater.

If we can give any credence to an amusing anecdote recorded in the 1602-1603 diary of a law student named John Manningham, there was at least one occasion during those years when Shakespeare, overhearing the actor Richard Burbage make an assignation, went before, was entertained, and at his game before Burbage came; then, message being brought that Richard the questions Third was at the door, Shakespeare caused return to be made that William the papers Conqueror was before Richard the Third. If we read the sonnets as in any way autobiographical, moreover, we are shown a poet with at essay questions, least one other significant liaison: a Dark Lady to whom Will's lust impels him despite the self-disgust the affair arouses in him (and despite her infidelity with the fair Young Man to whom many of the poems are addressed and for whom the poet reserves his deepest feelings). But even if there is reason to speculate that Shakespeare may not have always been faithful to the marriage bed, there is much to suggest that he remained attached to Anne as a husband. In 1597 he purchased one of the buddy nigel essay questions most imposing houses in Stratford--New Place, across the environmental essay questions street from the Guild Chapel--presumably settling his wife and children there as soon as the title to the property was clear. Was The Civil American Essay. He himself retired to that Stratford home, so far as we can determine, sometime between 1611 and 1613. And of course he remembered Anne in his will, bequeathing her the notorious second-best bed--which most modern biographers regard as a generous afterthought (since a third of environmental studies questions, his estate would have gone to the wife by law even if her name never occurred in the document) rather than the slight that earlier interpreters had read into the phrasing. Naturally we would like to know more about civil american revolution essay what Shakespeare was like as a husband and family man. But most of essay, us would give just as much to know what took place in his life between 1585 (when the parish register shows him to have become the father of twins) and 1592 (when we find the earliest surviving reference to essay questions, him as a rising star in the London theater). What did he do during these so-called dark years? Did he study law, as some have suspected? Did he travel on studies, the Continent?

Did he become an apprentice to a butcher, as one late-seventeenth-century account had it? Or--most plausibly, in the view of many modern biographers--did he teach school for a while? All we can say for certain is over the rhone essay, that by the time his children were making their own way to environmental, school in rural Stratford, William Shakespeare had become an actor and second revolution writer in what was already the largest city in Europe. Shakespeare probably traveled the hundred miles to London by way of the spires of essay, Oxford, as do most visitors returning from Stratford to London today. But why he went, or when, history does not tell us. It has been plausibly suggested that he joined an acting troupe (the Queen's Men) that was one player short when it toured Stratford in 1587. If so, he may have migrated by was the war a second essay way of one or two intermediary companies to a position with the troupe that became the Lord Chamberlain's Men in 1594.

The only thing we can assert with any assurance is that by 1592 Shakespeare had established himself as an environmental studies actor and had written at least three plays. One of these--the third part of Henry VI --was alluded to creative competitions, in that year in a posthumously published testament by a once-prominent poet and playwright named Robert Greene, one of the University Wits who had dominated the London theater in the late 1580s. Dissipated and on his deathbed, Greene warned his fellow playwrights to beware of an environmental essay upstart crow who, not content with being a mere player, was aspiring to buddy essay, a share of the livelihood that had previously been the exclusive province of professional writers such as himself. Whether Greene's Groatsworth of Wit accuses Shakespeare of plagiarism when it describes him as beautified with our feathers is not clear; some scholars have interpreted the phrase as a complaint that Shakespeare has borrowed freely from the scripts of others (or has merely revised existing plays, a practice quite common in the Elizabethan theater). But there can be no doubt that Greene's anxieties signal the end of one era and the beginning of studies essay, another: a golden age, spanning two full decades, during which the hinton dominant force on the London stage would be, not Greene or Kyd or Marlowe or even (in the later years of that period) Jonson, but Shakespeare. If we look at what Shakespeare had written by the early 1590s, we see that he had already become thoroughly familiar with the daily round of one of the great capitals of Europe. Shakespeare knew St. Paul's Cathedral, famous not only environmental, as a house of worship but also as the marketplace where books were bought and sold. Writing Competitions. He knew the Inns of Court, where aspiring young lawyers studied for the bar. He knew the river Thames, spanned by environmental essay questions the ever-busy, ever-fascinating London Bridge. Sport Research Papers. He knew the Tower, where so many of the characters he would depict in his history plays had met their deaths, and where in questions his own lifetime such prominent noblemen as the Earl of buddy nigel questions, Essex and studies Sir Walter Raleigh would be imprisoned prior to open coursework, their executions.

He knew Westminster, where Parliament met when summoned by the Queen, and where the Queen herself held court at Whitehall Palace. He knew the harbor, where English ships, having won control of the seas by defeating the environmental questions invincible Spanish Armada in 1588, had begun in earnest to explore the New World. In Shakespeare's day London was a vigorous city of competitions, somewhere between 150,000 and 200,000 inhabitants. If in environmental studies essay questions its more majestic aspects it was dominated by the court of Queen Elizabeth, in its everyday affairs it was accented by family members important friends essay the hustle and bustle of getting and spending. Its Royal Exchange was one of the forerunners of today's stock exchanges. Its many market-places offered a variety of goods for studies questions, a variety of important friends, tastes. Its crowded streets presented a colorful pageant of Elizabethan modes of environmental studies, transport and dress, ranging from countrywomen in homespun to elegant ladies in apparel as decorative as their husbands' wealth--and the Queen's edicts on clothing--would allow. Its inns and taverns afforded a rich diversity of vivid personalities--eating, tippling, chatting, and important than friends enjoying games and pleasures of all kinds. It was, in short, an immensely stimulating social and cultural environment, and we can be sure that Shakespeare took full advantage of the opportunity it gave him to environmental studies essay questions, observe humanity in all its facets. Like Prince Hal, he must have learned to drink with any tinker in his own language, and it was this as much as anything he was taught at school (or might have acquired by attendance at university) that equipped him to create such vibrant characters as Mistress Quickly, proud Hotspur, and the imperturbable Bottom.

Not that all was always well. Like any major city, London also had its problems. Preachers and war a second moralists were constantly denouncing the excessive use of cosmetics. Thus, when Hamlet speaks out against your paintings, telling Ophelia that God hath given you one face, and you make yourselves another, he would have been sounding a note familiar to everyone in Shakespeare's audience. So also with the furred gowns so roundly cursed by Lear: courtiers and their ladies were accustomed to lavishing as much pride on environmental essay questions, a single article of bejeweled finery as a modern man or woman might pay for a very expensive automobile. But luxury was only one of the evils of the sport papers age. London's Puritan authorities, regarding the theaters as dens of studies, iniquity, closed them down on papers, any available pretext, particularly when the plague was rampant. Meanwhile, even without the plague or the environmental studies questions theaters to concern them (and one gathers that some of the authorities were anything but sure about which was the greater peril), the city fathers had to contend with gambling, drunkenness, prostitution, and other vices, especially in the Bankside district south of the Thames and in the other liberties outside the writing for teenagers city walls to the west, east, and north (such as Shoreditch, where James Burbage had erected the first permanent commercial play-house, the Theatre, when Shakespeare was only twelve, and where many of Shakespeare's plays prior to 1599 were first performed). Here most blatantly, but elsewhere as well, pickpockets, vagabonds, and other members of the fraternity of environmental questions, urban lowlife lay in wait for conies, as they called their unsuspecting victims. Given so many notorious villainies for spokesmen like Thomas Dekker's Belman of London to bring to light, it is hardly surprising that among the most prolific literary genres of the was the civil war a second american essay period were the scores of books and tracts that spewed forth from reformers incensed by the decadence of the Renaissance metropolis.

In such a setting did Shakespeare write and help perform the greatest theatrical works the world has ever experienced. And he did so in environmental studies questions suburbs known primarily for entertainments that we would regard as totally alien from the for teenagers sweet Swan of Avon's poetic grace. Environmental Studies Questions. For if Shoreditch and, later, Bankside were to blossom into the finest theatrical centers of that or any other age, they were also, for war a, better or worse, the seedbeds for such brutal spectator sports as bearbaiting, bullbaiting, and cockfighting. This may help account for the blood and violence so frequently displayed on the Elizabethan stage, most notably in such early Shakespearean experiments as the environmental studies essay questions Henry VI trilogy and Titus Andronicus, but also in mature works such as Julius Caesar and family members are more than friends King Lear . Environmental Studies Essay. But of course there was a good deal more than murder and mayhem in the wooden O that served as amphitheatre for most of Shakespeare's dramatic productions. On a stage largely devoid of are more important friends, scenery but by no means lacking in environmental studies questions spectacle, the playwright and creative writing competitions for teenagers his actors made efficient use of essay, language, properties, and gesture to establish time, locale, situation, and buddy essay atmosphere. In the process, through all the resources of studies essay, rhetoric, symbolism, and what Hamlet in his advice to the players calls action, the artificial persons of the drama (its dramatis personae) imitated humanity in family members are more important than friends such a way as to convey whatever matter an author and his company envisaged for studies essay questions, a scene, an open coursework act, or a full dramatic sequence. By twentieth-century standards, the means they used were relatively primitive--no spotlights, too few furnishings to environmental, achieve verisimilitude through setting and dress, only the crudest of special effects, no curtains to raise and lower as a way of signaling the was the second revolution essay beginning and end of a scene or act--but by any standards, the studies questions results they achieved were brilliant. It has taken us nearly four centuries to rediscover what they seem to starry night the rhone essay, have understood intuitively: that in some things theatrical, less is more. Essay Questions. Our best estimate is nigel hinton, that approximately 3,000 spectators could be crammed into a ninety-nine-foot-wide, polygonal structure such as the Theatre (which opened in studies questions 1576 and was dismantled in 1598, after the owner of the land on which it stood refused to negotiate a lease acceptable to creative writing competitions, Shakespeare's acting company) or its successor the environmental studies questions Globe (which opened in 1599, after the company transported the lumber from the Theatre across the creative competitions for teenagers Thames and used it as the environmental studies scaffolding for an even more handsome playhouse on the Bankside). More than half of the audience stood in the yard (which measured about fifty-five feet in diameter); the family important remainder sat in environmental questions the three galleries that encircled the yard and rose to a thatched roof some thirty-six feet above the ground.

The stage was probably about forty-three feet wide, and it thrust some twenty-seven feet into the yard from the second tiring house at the rear of the building. It was covered by a pillar-supported superstructure--the heavens--that protected that actors and their costumes from the elements and housed the equipment Elizabethan companies used for ascents, descents, and other flying effects. In the floor of the stage platform (about five feet above the studies questions surrounding yard) was a trapdoor that could be opened for sport, visitations from below or for studies questions, access into what, depending on the context, might represent a grave or a pit or even hell itself. At the back of the stage in night essay all likelihood, concealing the tiring house where the actors effected their costume changes and awaited their cues to enter, were three doors. Studies Essay Questions. The two at the corners were probably used for sport papers, most of the entrances and exits of the actors; the large middle one was capable of being employed as a shallow, draped discovery space that might be drawn open for tableaux (as when Ferdinand and Miranda are disclosed playing chess in The Tempest ) or adapted to represent small enclosures such as closets, studies, bedrooms, or shops like the Apothecary's cell in environmental questions Romeo and Juliet . On the level above the tiring house, probably divided into five bays, was a balcony that accommodated a select number of the theater's highest-paying customers and functioned in papers many of the plays as the upper stage where brief scenes requiring a higher vantage point could be enacted. Sentinels on watch, lovers at a second-story bedroom window, seamen crying out from a ship's crow's nest: these and other situations called for the use of one or more of the environmental studies essay questions upper-level bays (probably the central one in most instances) for characters to speak their lines and civil war a revolution render the movements called for in the environmental studies script. Because the main playing area was surrounded on family are more important friends, all four sides by spectators, the environmental studies essay poet and the performer benefited from a more intimate relationship with the audience than is customary in present-day theaters fitted with a curtain and a proscenium arch.

For Shakespeare, this meant that he could allow a character to confide in a nearby playgoer through asides, as does Iago in Othello , or to be overheard while he meditates in solitude, as does Brutus in the soliloquy in which he talks himself into joining the plot to assassinate Caesar. Such devices may strike a modern viewer as less sophisticated than, say, the cinematic voice-over, but they proved eminently acceptable to an audience that was willing to writing for teenagers, piece out studies essay questions a performance's imperfections with [its] thoughts. And it says a great deal about the intelligence and sensitivity of Elizabethan theatergoers that they attended and were capable of appreciating dramatic works which, in many respects, were both responses to and sublimations of the coarser activities that competed for attention (and people's entertainment budgets) only starry night essay, a short distance away from the magic circle defined by the walls of a Theatre or a Globe. Just who composed the audiences of these public playhouses is still a matter of debate, but recent research by studies essay questions Ann Jennalie Cook and Andrew Gurr suggest that they were a more affluent cross-section of Elizabethan society than earlier writings by such scholars as Alfred Harbage would have led us to family members are more, believe. Essay. An examination of wages and family members are more important than essay prices during the period indicates, for example, that those who attended performances on weekday afternoons would have had to have more leisure, and more disposable income, than seems compatible with the view that even the groundlings (who paid the studies questions lowest admission, a penny to stand in are more important friends essay the yard and risk getting soaked in the event of rain) were predominantly working-class people and illiterate apprentices. Because their position in the yard put their eyes on environmental studies questions, a level with the feet of the players, the family are more friends groundlings were sometimes derided as understanders; it now begins to appear that a substantial percentage of these theatergoers were understanders in a more favorable sense. To be sure, some of them may at times have been a bit obstreperous, and their number may well have included an assortment of essay questions, men and women (including prostitutes) preoccupied with extra-theatrical pursuits. It may be, too, that the sport groundlings were more susceptible than other members of the audience (if merely because of environmental essay questions, their greater proximity to the stage) to manipulation by what we now call naughty actors, the overweening clowns whom Hamlet rebukes for their tendency to ply the crowd for was the civil war a revolution, inappropriate laughter, interrupting the studies essay flow of the action and causing spectators to miss some necessary question of the play.

But even if the groundlings were not quite as cultivated, on the average, as those members of the audience who could afford to sit while they watched a play, it is difficult to reconcile the subtlety and indirection of hinton questions, Shakespeare's plotting and characterization, not to mention the complexity of his language and environmental studies essay the incomparable music of his verse, with the assumption that the research majority of an average house at the public theaters was unable to respond to anything more elevated than the environmental essay questions broad humor of a Launce or a Dogberry. Even if we still find it valuable, then, to preserve something of the traditional distinction between the open coursework groundlings and the more privileged spectators who sat in the three-tiered galleries encircling the yard, we should now open our minds to the possibility that there were more of what Hamlet would call judicious viewers in every segment of the Elizabethan audience, including those who stood in the yard, than we have tended to assume until very recently in our analyses of Shakespearean drama. Which is not to say, of course, that Shakespeare and his fellow dramatists were completely satisfied with any of their audiences (but then what writer ever is?). Hamlet bestows high praise on a play that he says was never acted, or if it was, not above once, for it pleased not the million, 'twas caviary to environmental studies, the general. He then exhorts the players to civil second essay, disregard a whole theatre of environmental essay, others, if necessary, in order to please those with judgments in such matters.

Whether Hamlet's creator would himself have endorsed such extreme elitism is difficult to questions, determine, but such a view is certainly consonant with the epistle to the reader that prefaced the revised 1609 first quarto edition of Troilus and environmental essay Cressida . Here we are assured that we have a new play, never staled with the stage, never clapper-clawed with the palms of the vulgar, and yet passing full of the palm comical; and civil second american revolution essay we are given to environmental studies essay questions, believe that it is to the credit rather than the discredit of the work that it has never been sullied with the smoky breath of the multitude. Inasmuch as this preface and the title page preceding it replaced an earlier title page advertising Troilus and Cressida as it was acted by the King's Majesty's servants at starry night over the rhone essay, the Globe, we are probably correct to assume that whoever wrote it had in mind the kind of vulgar multitude who would have seen the play at one of the outdoor public theaters. All of which is to acknowledge that even if the audiences that attended the public theaters were sophisticated enough to environmental questions, support the starry over vast majority of Shakespeare's dramatic efforts, they may nevertheless have proven deficient in their response to some of the extraordinary challenges he placed before them after he arrived at his artistic maturity. This should not surprise us, given Shakespeare's continual experimentation with inherited generic forms and his ever-more-complex approaches to traditional material. Nor should we assume that by terms such as the million and the general he and his fellow playwrights referred only to the groundlings. Questions. Writers of the period were equally acidulous in their criticism of the gallants who attended the theater to be the observed of all observers--the ostentatiously attired young men who sat not only in the galleries near the stage (where the hinton essay admission price was thrice as much as for the places in the yard) and in the balconies above and behind the stage (which cost six times as much as the places in the yard), but even on the stage itself at some performances in environmental the indoor private theaters (where the least expensive seat cost six times the price of general admission to open coursework, the Theatre or the Globe, and where some of the questions seats cost a full thirty times as much). Creative Writing Competitions. It is difficult to believe that Shakespeare any more than Dekker (who satirized such gallants in The Gull's Hornbook ) would have considered these foppish Osrics even slightly more judicious than their fellow spectators at the lower end of the economic scale. Environmental Studies Essay. And one can easily imagine that after 1609, when his company began using the Blackfriars theater as its primary venue during the colder months (the London authorities having finally dropped the restrictions that had prevented James Burbage from war a american revolution essay operating a commercial adult theater in environmental questions the old monastery he had purchased and adapted in 1596), Shakespeare felt that he had simply exchanged one kind of less-than-perfect audience for night over, another. One gathers, nevertheless, that, like other playwrights of the questions period, Shakespeare was careful not to refer too overtly to deficiencies in the well-to-do members of his audiences, especially when such members might include the open coursework nobility or persons close to them.

After all, an studies essay acting company's livelihood depended upon its securing and retaining favor at Court--not only because of the buddy nigel hinton essay questions extra income and prestige that accrued from questions periodic Court performances commissioned by the Master of the Revels, but even more fundamentally because a company could perform in or near London only if it were licensed to do so by the Crown and enjoyed the protection of a noble or royal patron. A prudent playwright would not wish to sport, jeopardize his company's standing with the monarch. Studies Questions. And Shakespeare and his colleagues--the other sharers who owned stock in the company that was known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men from 1594 until 1603 (when Queen Elizabeth died and was succeeded by King James I) and the King's Men thereafter (having received a patent as the new monarch's own players)--must have been prudent, because theirs was by family are more important friends far the most prosperous and the most frequently preferred theatrical organization in the land, from its inception in the early 1590s until the triumph of Puritanism finally brought about the closing of the theaters half a century later in 1642. Shakespeare's position with the environmental questions Lord Chamberlain's Men was a source of professional stability that probably had a great deal to do with his growth and maturation as a writer. For one thing, it freed him from some of the uncertainties and frustrations that must have been the lot of other playwrights, virtually all of whom operated as free-lancers selling their wares to impresarios such as Philip Henslowe (often for as little as five pounds), and most of whom thus forfeited any real say about how their plays were to be produced and, in time (if a given acting company so wished or if chance provided), published. From at least 1594 on sport research, Shakespeare was a stockholder of the studies essay questions theatrical organization for which he wrote his plays. After 1598 (when the sons of the writing for teenagers recently deceased James Burbage, Cuthbert and environmental essay questions Richard, invited four of the principal actors in writing competitions the Lord Chamberlain's Men to become their partners and put up half the studies capital needed to rebuild the Theatre across the papers Thames as the Globe), Shakespeare was also a co-owner of the playhouse in which that company performed the plays. As such, he shared in all the profits the Lord Chamberlain's Men took in at the gate, and essay questions he was undoubtedly a participant in most, if not all, of the major decisions affecting the company's welfare. We know from the surviving legal records of the playwright's various business transactions that he prospered financially by this arrangement: like his father, Shakespeare invested wisely in real estate, purchasing properties in both Stratford and London. And we can infer from the evidence of his rapidly developing sophistication as a dramatist that Shakespeare's membership in a close-knit group of theatrical entrepreneurs also helped him flourish artistically. It meant, for example, that he could envisage and write his plays with particular performers in open coursework mind: Richard Burbage for leading roles such as Richard III, Othello, and King Lear; Will Kempe for studies essay, clowning parts such as Launce or Dogberry in the early years of the company, and thereafter (following Kempe's departure from the Lord Chamberlain's Men around 1599) Robert Armin, who seems to have specialized in nigel essay questions wise fools such as Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool; Shakespeare himself, perhaps, for old men such as Adam in As You Like It; hired men (adult actors who, not being shareholders in the company, were simply paid a sum of money for each job of work) for most of the environmental questions lesser roles; and apprentice boy-actors for the youthful parts and many, if not all, of the female roles (there being no actresses on the English stage until the buddy hinton questions theaters reopened after the questions Restoration).

Working as the resident playwright for a company in which he was both an actor and a business partner meant that Shakespeare could revise and hinton rewrite his scripts in rehearsal prior to a given play's first performance, and that he could adapt and further revise them later as differing circumstances required: such as performances commissioned at Court during holiday seasons or on ceremonial occasions, or performances solicited by environmental essay questions the great houses of the nobility, or (during sieges of civil essay, plague when the environmental studies questions London theaters were closed) performances on tour in the provinces, during which, in essay all likelihood, the troupe was reduced to entertaining with fewer actors and was required to environmental studies, make do with provisional playing areas in guild halls, inn yards, and other less-than-ideal theatrical spaces. Because the conditions under which Shakespeare worked required him, above all, to be pragmatic and over the rhone flexible, we would probably be correct to infer that as he composed his plays he thought of his scripts, not as fixed literary texts, but as provisional production notes--susceptible of lengthening or shortening or other modes of alteration as determined by the constraints of particular venues and performance situations. He would have had to prepare each script with an eye to the number of actors available for speaking parts (one recent scholar has concluded that most of Shakespeare's plays were composed with a cast of thirteen performers in mind), and environmental essay he probably planned each scene with a view to the possibilities for doubling (a principle of theatrical economy whereby a given actor would alternate among two or more roles in the same play). It may well be that, in the absence of anyone else in family members are more important than essay the organization designated to function in that capacity, Shakespeare was the first director his plays had. If so, we can be sure that he approached the task with an awareness that the devising of a production was a collaborative process and that the environmental studies questions playscript, though normative, was never to hinton essay questions, be revered as a monument carved in stone.

Shakespeare was, after all, a play wright (that is, a maker rather than merely a writer of plays), and he would have been the first to environmental, recognize that the final purpose of a dramatic text was a fully realized performance rather than a piece of literature to be read in the privacy of a patron's parlor or pondered in the lamplight of buddy nigel hinton, a scholar's study. If in his capacity as theater professional Shakespeare conceived of himself, then, as a maker of plays (by definition ephemeral and insubstantial pageants, as Prospero observes in The Tempest ) rather than as an author of literary works (the term that earned Ben Jonson the derision of his fellow playwrights when he came out with a pretentiously titled folio volume of his collected plays in 1616), it is hardly surprising that he appears to have had little or nothing to environmental studies essay questions, do with the publication of any of starry the rhone essay, his own dramatic scripts. Nor is it surprising that several of the texts that were published in environmental studies Shakespeare's lifetime or shortly thereafter have come down to open coursework, us in forms that vary from studies essay one printing to another. Some of these variations probably result from authorial revisions or from theatrical adaptations of one kind or another. Others undoubtedly derive from the vicissitudes of textual transmission, with the extant state of a given text or passage dependent on whether it was printed from the author's own manuscript (either in draft form or in a more finished version) or from a manuscript prepared by night the rhone someone else (a scribe's fair copy of a manuscript owned by the author or the company, for example, or a rough compilation by one or more actors relying on faulty memories to pull together an abridged script for environmental studies, a reduced cast touring the provinces)--quite apart from writing any further complications that may have occurred in environmental questions the printing house itself (where one copy editor, one compositor, or one proofreader differed from another in the accuracy with which he reproduced the night over essay manuscript before him). Whatever their origins, these variations are eloquent testimony to the difficulty--if not indeed the impossibility--of our ever arriving at an absolutely final version of a Shakespearean play. For if the conditions under which plays were written, performed, and preserved make it clear that a definitive playtext was rare, if not unknown, in Shakespeare's own time, we must recognize that any effort to produce an authoritative edition for questions, our own time can aspire, at best, to research papers, reconstitute as accurately as possible the closest surviving approximation to a given script at some point in essay its compositional or theatrical history. And even this kind of writing for teenagers, edition will remain stubbornly incomplete, for the simple reason that a Shakespearean script was originally intended for the use, not of studies essay, a reading audience, but of a small company of sport, theater professionals who would employ it as a score from which to orchestrate a complex, multidimensional performance. The texts that do survive are mostly dialogue, and a sensitive analysis of them can tell us a great deal about how the words were meant to be spoken, where the emphases were to studies essay, be placed, and what character motivations were to be indicated at specific points in the action.

But because we can no longer recover the context in which these scripts were first realized--a context that would have included a good deal of oral communication about gesture, movement, blocking, and other stage business--we must content ourselves with editions that will always be to some degree indeterminate. Perhaps this is just as well: it teases the critic and the director with enough interpretive liberty to ensure that we will never be faced with a dearth of innovation in Shakespearean commentary and production. We should bear in mind, of course, that a considerable investment of additional work would have been required to sport research papers, transform a production script into a reading text for environmental questions, the public--not altogether unlike what is required nowadays to turn a screenplay into second american revolution a coherent piece of narrative fiction--and that Shakespeare may never have had the time (even if we assume that he ever had the inclination) to effect such a generic adaptation. Still, those of studies essay, us who would not object to a little more detail about some of the matter of Shakespeare's plays may perhaps be pardoned for wishing that the playwright had been able to spare more thought for the morrow--for the afterlife that most (though who is to say all?) of creative competitions, his plays were eventually to have as a consequence of publication. Our sentiments are echoed in the 1623 address To the studies Great Variety of Readers at the beginning of that posthumous edition of Shakespeare's works known as the First Folio: It had been a thing, we confess, worthy to night essay, have been wished, that the author himself had lived to have set forth and overseen his own writings. He did set forth and oversee some of environmental studies, his own writings, of course. But, significantly, these were not dramatic scripts. In 1593 Shakespeare published an 1194-line narrative poem that appears to competitions for teenagers, have been intended as his opening bid for serious attention as an author of literary works. Based on Ovid's Metamorphoses and capitalizing on environmental studies, a fashion for creative writing competitions, elegant romances that was being catered to environmental, by such writers as Thomas Lodge (whose Scilla's Metamorphoses had been published in 1589) and Christopher Marlowe (whose Hero and Leander may well have circulated in manuscript prior to his death in 1593 and certainly before it appeared in print in 1598), Shakespeare's Venus and buddy nigel hinton essay Adonis was an essay erotic mythological poem printed by open coursework fellow Stratfordian Richard Field and bearing a florid dedication to the Right Honorable Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. Its six-line stanzas employed an ababcc rhyming scheme whose authority had been established by such contemporary Renaissance poets as Edmund Spenser, and environmental questions its ornamented, artificial style solicited a favorable reception from the wiser sort of readers to nigel essay questions, be found in the Inns of environmental studies, Courts, at the universities, and at night, Court.

Although Shakespeare decorously apologized for the poem as the first heir of my invention, he must have done so in full confidence that Venus and Adonis was an achievement worthy of his talent. And it proved to be an immediate and sustained success, with nine reprints by 1616 and six more by 1640. The large number of references to it during the late 1590s and early 1600s suggest that it was the studies work for which Shakespeare was most widely recognized during his own lifetime. Within a year of the publication of Venus and Adonis , Shakespeare was back to press with another long narrative poem. This time he chose a seven-line stanza rhyming ababbcc (rhyme royal, a verse form whose tradition in English poetry extended all the way back to Chaucer), and once again he drew on Ovid for a work dedicated (this time even more warmly) to the Earl of open coursework, Southampton. Studies Questions. If Venus and sport research papers Adonis is most aptly approached as a quasi-comic treatment of love (depicting the frustrations of an insatiate goddess who falls all over herself as she fumbles to seduce an unresponsive youth), despite the fact that it ends with the death of the environmental questions innocent young mortal, Lucrece is more properly described as a tragic complaint, a moving exploration of the sport research personal and social consequences of environmental studies, a noble Roman's surrender to lust, against his better nature and at the cost, ultimately, of both his victim's life and night over his own. Studies. In his foreword to Venus and Adonis , Shakespeare had promised the dedicatee a graver labor if his first offering pleased its would-be patron; in family are more important all likelihood, then, Lucrece was under way as a companion piece to environmental questions, Venus and Adonis at least a year before its eventual publication in civil revolution essay 1594. It may be, as some have suggested, that Shakespeare's narrative of Tarquin's rape of studies questions, Lucrece and starry night essay her suicide was motivated by a desire to persuade anyone who might have considered the environmental earlier work frivolous that the members are more important poet's muse was equally capable of a more serious subject. Studies Questions. In any case it is clear that once again he struck a responsive chord: Lucrece went through eight editions prior to 1640, and it seems to have been exceeded in popularity only by Venus and Adonis . Both poems were printed during what has been called Shakespeare's apprenticeship--the period preceding his emergence as a member of the Lord Chamberlain's Men in 1594--and they share a number of stylistic characteristics with the plays that appear to have been completed during those same early years.

As with such youthful dramatic efforts as the three parts of Henry VI , Titus Andronicus , The Two Gentlemen of Verona , The Comedy of Errors , and The Taming of the papers Shrew, the writing in Venus and Adonis and Lucrece is generically imitative (closely adhering to received poetic and dramatic forms), structurally and verbally derivative (echoing the poet's sources almost slavishly at times), and rhetorically formal (with a rigidly patterned verse containing far more rhymes, end-stopped lines, syntactic balances, and allusions to the classics than are to be observed in Shakespeare's writing after the essay mid 1590s). One feels immediately that Venus and Adonis and Lucrece are artistically of a piece with Shakespeare's first tentative experiments as a dramatist. The two poems were probably written during the two-year period from June 1592 to hinton essay questions, June 1594 when the London theaters were closed owing to the plague. Environmental Studies Essay Questions. But whether they indicate an inclination to leave the theater altogether and essay a career as a traditional poet (as Shakespeare's quest for the patronage of the young Earl of Southampton would seem to imply), or merely demonstrate that Shakespeare was resourceful enough to was the civil american revolution, turn his pen to other uses while he waited for questions, the theaters to reopen, is more than we can say. Open Coursework. The only thing that seems beyond doubt is that Shakespeare regarded what he was doing when he wrote Venus and Adonis and Lucrece as something fundamentally different from what he was doing, prior to that and subsequent to it, in his capacity as a playwright and essay questions theater professional. Like his fellow playwrights when they donned personae as men of letters, Shakespeare was addressing his efforts, first of all, to a noble patron and, second, to family are more important, a cultivated readership.

He was therefore concerned that his compositions be published as he had written them, and essay questions he took pains to assure that they were accompanied by a graceful appeal for the approval of an audience presumed to embody the highest standards of literary taste and judgment. It may be that during the same period when he was seeing Venus and over Adonis and Lucrece through the press in carefully proofed editions he was also writing other nondramatic poetry. Many scholars believe that this was when he composed most if not all of the 154 sonnets that bear his name. And if he was in fact the author of questions, A Lover's Complaint (a narrative poem in rhyme royal that was attributed to Shakespeare when it was published, along with the Sonnets , in an unauthorized edition in 1609), he probably wrote that labored lyric during his years in the workshop too. But we have no evidence that he ever took any steps himself to publish either A Lover's Complaint or the Sonnets . Apart from Venus and Adonis and Lucrece , the creative writing competitions only other literary work that Shakespeare may have had anything to do with publishing on environmental essay questions, his own behalf was a curious poem called The Phoenix and nigel hinton Turtle , which appeared in 1601 as part of a collection Shadowing the Truth of Love and appended to Robert Chester's Love's Martyr . The Phoenix and Turtle is a sixty-seven-line lyric, probably allegorical, about environmental essay questions one bird (the phoenix) legendary for its rarity and beauty and another (the turtledove) proverbial for buddy essay questions, its constancy. Its scholastic imagery--reminiscent in some ways of the highly technical language to be found in writing of the same literary climate by such metaphysical poets as John Donne--suggests that, if indeed it is by studies questions Shakespeare (which many have questioned), it was probably written expressly for the Chester volume at research papers, about the time that Shakespeare was at work on such philosophical plays as Hamlet and Troilus and Cressida . If we except The Phoenix and Turtle, then, and questions assume that the Sonnets and A Lover's Complaint were published without Shakespeare's active participation, we are left with the conclusion that Shakespeare's literary career, narrowly defined, was more or less limited to was the war a, the two-year interruption in his activities as a theater professional when the London playhouses were closed because of the studies plague. This does not require us to presume, of course, that he ceased to open coursework, have literary aspirations after 1594.

He may have allowed his sugared sonnets to circulate in manuscript among his private friends (as Francis Meres asserted in Palladis Tamia in 1598, a year prior to environmental studies essay questions, William Jaggard's surreptitious printing of two of the sonnets in a volume called The Passionate Pilgrim ) while he continued to revise and augment them in the expectation that he would publish an anthology at a later time. And it is not inconceivable that he would have published a collected edition of his plays had he lived (Jonson having braved the buddy hinton essay questions critical tempest that such audacity was bound to generate when he came out with his works in essay 1616, the year of Shakespeare's death). But the fact is that Shakespeare did not himself publish any of the compositions we now value the most, and we can only infer that doing so was of creative, less importance to him than what he did choose to devote his professional life to: the wrighting of plays. If so, he must at studies essay questions, times have had his doubts about the choice he made. In Sonnet 110 (if we may be permitted to assume that the poet was either speaking in his own voice or echoing sentiments that he himself had felt), he allows that he has made himself a motley to over essay, the view and sold cheap what is most dear. He then goes on in Sonnet 111 to lament that he did not better for [his] life provide/Than public means which public manners breeds. Wordsworth believed the Sonnets to be the key whereby Shakespeare unlocked his heart, and it may be that these intriguing poems are to some degree a spiritual testament--imitating, as was traditional with lyric verse, the thought processes and shifts in sensibility of a person responding to the vicissitudes of private life. That granted, we may be correct to interpret Sonnets 110 and 111 as expressions of Shakespeare's own dissatisfaction with the lot of an actor and environmental studies questions playwright.

But it is risky to inquire too curiously into the supposedly confessional aspects of the Sonnets . Like Shakespeare's other writings, they employ the artifice of fictions, and they may have been but another form of starry over, story telling--different in kind from the plays and narrative poems, to be sure, but similar to them in being about something quite other than (or in addition to) the poet's own experience. If we examine them in the context of earlier sonnet sequences--Petrarch's lyrics of Laura in fifteenth-century Italy, for instance, or such late-sixteenth-century English sequences as those by Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, Samuel Daniel, and Michael Drayton--we discover that they are quite conventional in many respects. Environmental Questions. They display the speaker's wit and attest to his originality; they imply a deeply felt personal situation and hint at are more, a coherent narrative, but they usually stop short of connecting their emotional peaks and valleys into a fully textured autobiographical landscape; they assert the immortality of verse and claim its sovereignty over the ravages of time and essay change; and usually they deal with themes of truth and beauty in the context of than, love and environmental questions friendship and all the circumstances that life arrays in opposition to such values. To a far greater degree than with most sonnet sequences, Shakespeare's Sonnets have the ring of starry night over the rhone essay, truth. This is partly because, like all his works (from his earliest plays onward), they portray humanity so convincingly. But it is also a consequence of the extent to which they seem to go beyond, or even to environmental studies questions, disregard, convention. Thus, instead of praising a lady by cataloging all the attributes that make her lovely, Shakespeare turns Petrarchan tradition on its head by denying his dark lady any of the expected beauties and virtues. Open Coursework. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun, he says in essay questions Sonnet 130; and buddy far from being ethereal and inaccessible in her idealized spirituality, the studies essay questions woman described in family members than friends essay Shakespeare's Sonnets is sensual, coarse, and promiscuous. Petrarch's Laura may have inspired that earlier poet to essay, Platonic transcendence, but Shakespeare's mistress leaves only the bitter aftertaste of Th' expense of spirit in a waste of shame, A bliss in proof, and was the war a second prov'd, a very woe (Sonnet 129). Environmental Studies Essay. And what is more, she alienates the affection of the fair young man to whom most of the first 127 sonnets in the rhone essay the sequence are addressed: the friend who occasions some of the deepest verses in English on essay, such themes as fidelity, stewardship (Shakespeare seems to have been preoccupied with the Parable of the Talents, as rendered in Matthew 25: 14-30), and man's struggle against never-resting time.

As one reads the sonnets directed to the young man, one detects a descent from unquestioned devotion (This thou perceiv'st, which makes thy love more strong,/To love that well, which thou must leave ere long--Sonnet 73) to a fear that the older man's love may be unrequited or at least taken for granted by open coursework the young friend to whom he has given so much of himself (For sweetest things turn sourest by their deeds;/Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds--Sonnet 94) to environmental studies essay, a courageous but probably quixotic determination to remain true to his convictions despite his doubts about the young man's worthiness of such absolute faith (love is not love/Which alters when it alteration finds/Or bends with the remover to remove--Sonnet 116). The intensity of feeling expressed in these sonnets has led many interpreters to infer that they must have been based on a homoerotic passion. But Sonnet 20 suggests that the relationship Shakespeare describes is not sexual. Than Friends Essay. Nature, he says, has given the young man one thing to studies, my purpose nothing. Are More Important Friends Essay. And since she prick'd thee out for women's pleasure,/Mine be thy love, and thy love's use their treasure. Several of the sonnets addressed to the friend refer to environmental studies essay questions, a rival poet who is also bidding for his favors and affection (Sonnets 79, 80, 83, and 86, for research, example), and others (Sonnets 78, 82, 84, and 85) imply that the young aristocrat is the subject of praise by a great many poetic suitors. As he reflects upon his own position vis-à-vis his many competitors for the friend's love, the speaker in Shakespeare's sonnets is environmental essay questions, subject to a depth of insecurity that sometimes borders on despair: Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,/Featur'd like him, like him with friends possess'd,/Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope (Sonnet 29). Buddy Essay. And many of the environmental studies questions greatest sonnets in the sequence derive their peculiar power from what Robert Frost has termed a sense of difficulty overcome--the poet working through the tensions and conflicts described in the first three quatrains (linked by an abab cdcd efef rhyme scheme) to open coursework, some kind of hard-won (though perhaps not completely convincing) resolution in environmental questions the concluding couplet (rhymed gg ): For thy sweet love rememb'red such wealth brings,/That then I scorn to change my state with kings (again Sonnet 29). Because the other personalities who figure in the psychodrama of the Sonnets seem so vivid, at least as they impinge upon the personality of the speaker, interpreters of the sequence have been inexorably drawn toward speculation about real-life identities for the Dark Lady, the Young Man, and the Rival Poet.

Some commentators (such as Oxford historian A. L. Rowse) have persuaded themselves, if not everyone else, that these characters can be positively linked with such contemporaries of Shakespeare as Emilia Lanier, the creative writing Earl of Southampton (or, alternatively, the environmental Earl of Pembroke), and creative competitions for teenagers Christopher Marlowe (or possibly George Chapman). Unless further information should come to light, however, we are probably best advised to content ourselves with a position of agnosticism on such questions. Until we can be sure about how the Sonnets came to be published, and just what kind of debt the publisher Thomas Thorpe refers to studies questions, when he dedicates the 1609 quarto to the only begetter of these poems Never before Imprinted--the mysterious Mr. W. H.--we are unlikely to be able to open coursework, pin down the real names of any of the persons who inhabit the world of the Sonnets . Until then, indeed, we cannot even be certain that the Sonnets have any autobiographical basis in environmental the first place. Turning from Shakespeare's nondramatic poetry to sport research, the fruits of his two decades as a playwright, we should probably begin where scholars now think he himself began: as the principal practitioner, if not in many ways the originator, of a new kind of drama that sprang from native patriotism. The most immediate source of the English history play appears to have been the heightened sense of studies questions, national destiny that came in sport the wake of the royal navy's seemingly providential victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588. Proud of the new eminence their nation had achieved, and immensely relieved that the threat of invasion by a Catholic power had been averted, many of Shakespeare's contemporaries were disposed to view England's deliverance as a sign of heaven's favor. As such, it seemed to be a vindication of the reign of environmental questions, Queen Elizabeth and a substantiation of the Tudor order's claim to divine sanction--a claim that had been asserted by a succession of Renaissance chroniclers from Polydore Vergil (circa 1470-1555) through Edward Hall (circa 1498-1547) to Raphael Holinshed (circa 1529-1580), and papers a claim that was implicit in such government documents as the environmental studies Exhortation concerning Good Order and Obedience to Rulers and Magistrates, a 1547 homily read in churches throughout England. Given this context, it must have seemed entirely fitting that sometime in creative for teenagers the late 1580s or early 1590s an enterprising young playwright began dramatizing a sequence of historical developments that were almost universally regarded as the roots of essay questions, England's current greatness. Most of the material for open coursework, the four history plays with which Shakespeare began his career as playwright he drew from Edward Hall's Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of studies essay, Lancaster and was the war a second revolution essay York (1548) and Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of studies questions, England, Scotland, and Ireland (1587 edition).

Here he found narratives of late-medieval English history that began with the reign of King Richard II (1377-1399), focused on Richard's deposition and execution by Henry Bolingbroke (Henry IV), described the Wars of the Roses (1455-1485) that were the eventual consequence of Bolingbroke's usurpation, and concluded with the restoration of right rule when Henry Richmond defeated the sport tyrannical Richard III (1483-1485) and acceded to the crown as Henry VII, inaugurating a Tudor dynasty that was to studies essay questions, last until the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603. Here he also found a theological reading of political history that treated England as a collective Everyman--falling into sin, undergoing a terrifyingly bloody punishment for its disobedience, and open coursework eventually finding its way back to redemption through the studies questions emergence of Henry VII. The chances are that as Shakespeare matured in his craft he came to are more important friends, view the Tudor myth (as E. Essay Questions. M. W. Tillyard has termed this official dogma) with a degree of skeptical detachment; but even so, he seems to have found in its clear, broad sweep a pattern that served quite well as a way of organizing the disparate materials he chose to dramatize. Creative Writing For Teenagers. It gave him a theme of environmental essay, epic proportions, not altogether unlike the matter of Greece and Rome that had inspired such classical authors as Homer and Virgil in narrative genres and Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Seneca in dramatic genres. It accorded with the hinton essay questions biblical treatment of human destiny that Shakespeare's age had inherited from earlier generations, an approach to historical interpretation that had been embedded in such didactic entertainments as the Morality Play (allegorizing the sin, suffering, repentance, and salvation of a typical member of mankind) and the Mystery Play (broadening the cycle to a dramatization of the whole of human history, from environmental studies questions man's fall in the Garden of Eden to man's redemption in the Garden of over essay, Gethsemane to man's bliss in the Paradise of the New Jerusalem). And it provided a rationale for studies essay questions, Shakespeare's use of such powerful dramatic devices as the riddling prophecy and the curse--projecting retribution for present crimes, as the Old Testament would put it, to the third and sport fourth generations. When we approach the four plays known as Shakespeare's first tetralogy (the three parts of studies, Henry VI and Richard III , all written, so far as we can tell, by 1592) from the perspective of are more than, his second tetralogy ( Richard II , Henry IV , parts 1 and environmental questions 2, and creative competitions Henry V , all of which appear to have been written between 1595 and 1597), the earlier plays seem comparatively crude. Like their sources, they place more emphasis on providential design and less on human agency. Their verse is more declamatory and less supple. And they provide less individuation of character.

Still, they have their virtues, and successful recent productions by the Royal Shakespeare Company and the British Broadcasting Corporation have proven that they can be surprisingly effective in essay performance. Henry VI , part 1 did not achieve print until the 1623 First Folio, but it is now generally thought to creative writing for teenagers, have been written prior to questions, parts 2 and 3, which first appeared in bad texts, respectively, in a 1594 quarto edition titled The First Part of the Contention betwixt the buddy essay questions two famous Houses of Yorke and Lancaster and in a 1595 octavo entitled The True Tragedie of Richard Duke of Yorke. Henry VI, part 1, begins with the environmental studies essay funeral of writing, King Henry V (which occurred in 1422), details the dissension at environmental studies questions, home and sport research papers the loss of life and territory abroad that result from the accession of a new monarch too young and weak to rule, and essay concludes with King Henry VI's foolish decision to marry Margaret of Anjou--a step that places the second american essay saintly King in the very unsaintly hands of an ambitious woman and a lustful nobleman (the Earl of environmental, Suffolk, who plans to enjoy Margaret as his own mistress and thereby rule both her, the open coursework King, and realm) and environmental studies essay questions virtually assures the further degradation of a kingdom that has been in decline since the death of members, Henry VI's famous warrior-king father. Henry VI , part 2, covers a ten-year span from Margaret of Anjou's arrival in England (1445) to the Duke of York's victory over his Lancastrian enemies at St. Albans in the first major battle of the Wars of the Roses (1455). The same kind of internecine strife that has left the noble Talbot exposed to the forces of the strumpet-witch Joan of Arc in Henry VI , part 1, works here to undo Henry VI's protector, Duke Humphrey of Gloucester, topple two of the good Duke's enemies (Cardinal Beaufort and environmental studies Suffolk), unleash the anarchic rebellion of the peasant Jack Cade, and further divide the warring factions (the Yorkists, who have chosen the red rose as their symbol in the famous Temple Garden scene, II.iv, of part 1, and the Lancastrians, who have rallied behind the sport papers white rose) that seem hell-bent to tear the kingdom asunder. In Henry VI , part 3, the war is at full pitch. As the questions feeble Henry VI withdraws into a private realm of pastoral longing, his brutal Queen and her allies exchange outrages with one Yorkist enemy after another, father killing son and son killing father in sport research a nightmarish world that has degenerated into a spectacle of environmental, unmitigated cruelty. By the time the was the war a second american revolution essay dust settles, Henry VI and a number of other would-be claimants to the throne are dead or on their way to environmental studies essay, the grave, and the ominously crookbacked figure of Richard, Duke of Gloucester is slouching his rough way to the crown he will don in competitions the blood-drenched final movement of this hitherto unprecedented cycle of historical tragedies. Richard III was first published in a 1597 quarto edition that many scholars believe to have been reconstructed from memory by actors plagued out of studies questions, London theaters between July and October of that year.

The play was evidently quite popular, because it went through at least five more printings before it appeared in the 1623 First Folio edition based largely on the third and sixth quartos. And it has remained popular ever since, with a stage tradition highlighted by Richard Burbage in Shakespeare's own theater, David Garrick in the eighteenth century, Edmund Kean in the nineteenth, and Laurence Olivier in the twentieth. Nor is the family members important reason hard to find. For despite the bold strokes with which he is portrayed, Richard III is essay, a character of sufficient complexity to family members are more than friends essay, sustain a great deal of environmental studies essay questions, dramatic interest. However much we find ourselves repelled by his ruthless treachery, we cannot help admiring the essay eloquence, resourcefulness, and virtuosity with which he confides and then proceeds to essay questions, execute his wicked intentions. His wooing of the grieving Lady Anne in the first act is a case in point: having set himself the seemingly impossible task of seducing a woman whose husband and father-in-law he has recently murdered, Richard is just as astonished as we are by the ease with which he accomplishes it.

In many ways Richard seems, and would have seemed to Shakespeare's first audiences, a conventional, even old-fashioned stage villain: the quick-witted, clever, self-disclosing Vice of the creative late-medieval Morality Play, the environmental studies essay dissimulating Devil familiar from the scriptures. Members Important Than. In other, more important, ways he seems, and would have seemed, disturbingly modern: the Machiavellian politician who acknowledges no law, human or divine, in restraint of his foxlike cunning and leonine rapacity; the environmental questions totalitarian dictator who subverts every social and open coursework religious institution in pursuit of studies, his psychopathic grand designs; the existentialist cosmic rebel whose radical alienation is war a second american essay, a challenge to every form of order. But if Richard seems in many ways a relentlessly twentieth-century figure, we learn by the end of the environmental studies essay play that his vaulting ambition (so proleptic of Macbeth's) is ultimately but an night over the rhone essay instrument of the same providential scheme that he scorns and seeks to environmental studies essay, circumvent. Richard may be a dreadful minister of hell, as Lady Anne calls him, but members of Shakespeare's audience (familiar with the story through such earlier renderings of it as the portrait painted by Thomas More) would have seen him simultaneously as a scourge of God, unleashed to punish England for her sins of the past. Prophetic Margaret reminds us over and over that had there not been strife in the kingdom prior to the advent of starry over the rhone, Richard, there would have been no ripe occasion for this poisonous bunch-backed toad to ascend the studies questions throne in the first instance. And as the play ends, an was the civil american essay action that has drawn our attention again and again to the past looks optimistically to the future. By God's fair ordinance, the bloody dog is dead, and Richmond and Elizabeth (the forebears of Shakespeare's sovereign Elizabeth) are ushering in smooth-faced peace,/With smiling plenty, and environmental studies fair prosperous days. One other English history play is now commonly believed to have been written during Shakespeare's apprenticeship, though scholars differ about whether to date it in the early 1590s or (more probably, in the opinion of most) in the transition years 1594-1595.

The earliest surviving text of King John is the open coursework version printed in the 1623 First Folio, and it offers a drama about a king of doubtful title whose reign (1199-1216) had been viewed in studies questions widely divergent ways. Medieval Catholics, focusing on King John's presumed complicity in the death of his nephew Arthur (whose claim to the throne was stronger than John's) and on his feud with Pope Innocent III (which had resulted in sport research the King's excommunication before he finally capitulated five years later and returned his kingdom to environmental essay questions, the Church), had seen him as a usurper, a murderer, and a heretic. Competitions. Sixteenth-century Protestants, on the other hand, had rehabilitated him as a proto-Tudor martyr and champion of English nationalism. In many respects, Shakespeare's own portrayal is closer to the medieval view of environmental, King John: he does away with any ambiguity about research papers John's role in the removal of Arthur, for example, presents the saintlike Arthur and his impassioned mother, Constance, as thoroughly engaging characters, and endows John with few if any sympathetic traits. Environmental Studies Essay Questions. At the buddy nigel hinton same time, however, Shakespeare's King John continues to receive the loyalty of characters who are portrayed sympathetically--most notably the studies bastard son of Richard the Lion-hearted, Philip Faulconbridge--and by sport the end of the play it seems evident that a higher cause, the good of studies, England, is to take precedence over such lesser concerns as John's weak title, his execution of a potential rival, and his inadequacies as a leader. The Bastard, a political realist who seems quite Machiavellian at first--particularly in his analysis of the buddy hinton essay all-pervasiveness of commodity (self-interest) in human affairs--eventually becomes a virtual emblem of patriotism. To him is given the concluding speech of King John , and it is environmental questions, frequently cited as Shakespeare's most eloquent summary of the moral implicit in all his early history plays: If Shakespeare's earliest efforts in the dramatization of history derived from his response to the political climate of his day, his first experiments in comedy seem to have evolved from his reading in school and from his familiarity with the starry night over the rhone essay plays of such predecessors on environmental studies essay, the English stage as John Lyly, George Peele, Robert Greene, and Thomas Nashe.

Shakespeare's apprentice comedies are quite inventive in many respects, particularly in the degree to which they overgo the conventions and devices the young playwright drew upon. But because they have more precedent behind them than the English history plays, they strike us now as less stunningly original--though arguably more successfully executed--than the tetralogy on the Wars of the Roses. Which of them came first we do not know, but most scholars incline toward The Comedy of Errors , a play so openly scaffolded upon Plautus's Menaechmi and Amphitruo (two farces that Shakespeare probably knew in Latin from his days in grammar school) that one modern critic has summed it up as a kind of diploma piece. Set, ostensibly, in the Mediterranean city familiar from the rhone essay St. Paul's Epistle to environmental questions, the Ephesians, the play begins with a sentence on the life of a luckless Syracusan merchant, Aegeon, who has stumbled into Ephesus in search of his son Antipholus. Sport Research Papers. After narrating a tale of woe that wins the sympathy of the Duke of Ephesus, Aegeon is given till five in studies questions the afternoon to come up with a seemingly impossible ransom for his breach of an arbitrary law against Syracusans. Meanwhile, unknown to Aegeon, the object of his search is in Ephesus too, having arrived only open coursework, hours before him; Antipholus had set out some two years earlier to find a twin brother by the same name who was separated from the rest of the family in environmental questions a stormy shipwreck more than twenty years in the past. By happy coincidence, the was the civil essay other Antipholus has long since settled in Ephesus, and studies questions so (without either's knowledge) has their mother, Aegeon's long-lost wife, Aemilia, who is now an abbess.

To complicate matters further, both Antipholuses have slaves named Dromio, also twins long separated, and of course both sets of twins are indistinguishably appareled. Into this mix Shakespeare throws a goldsmith, a set of merchants, a courtesan, a wife and a sister-in-law for the Ephesian Antipholus, and a conjuring schoolmaster. The result is a swirling brew of misunderstandings, accusations, and identity crises--all leading, finally, to a series of revelations that reunite a family, save Aegeon's life, and bring order to a city that had begun to seem bewitched by sorcerers. The Comedy of Errors reached print for the first time in the 1623 First Folio. We know that it was written prior to 28 December 1594, however, because there is record of a performance on buddy hinton questions, that date at studies questions, one of the four Inns of Court.

Some scholars believe that the play was written for that holiday Gray's Inn presentation, but most tend to the view that it had been performed previously, possibly as early as 1589 but more likely in research the years 1592-1594. Most critics now seem agreed, moreover, that for all its farcical elements, the play is a comedy of essay, some sophistication and depth, with a sensitivity to love that anticipates Shakespeare's great comedies later in the decade: when Luciana advises her sister Adriana about how she should treat her husband Antipholus, for example, she echoes Paul's exhortations on Christian marriage in Ephesians. And with its use of the over devices of literary romance (the frame story of Aegeon comes from Apollonius of Tyre), The Comedy of Errors also looks forward to the wanderings, confusions of identity, and environmental essay questions miraculous reunions so fundamental to the structure of late plays such as Pericles and The Tempest . Starry Night Over The Rhone. What may have been Shakespeare's next comedy has also been deprecated as farce, and it is frequently produced today with staging techniques that link it with the commedia del l'arte popular in Renaissance Italy. But for all its knockabout slapstick, The Taming of the Shrew is too penetrating in its psychology and too subtle in environmental studies essay questions its handling of the nuances of courtship to be dismissed as a play deficient in feeling. Its main event is a battle of the sexes in which Petruchio, who has come to wive it wealthily in Padua, takes on a dare no other potential suitor would even consider: to win both dowry and docility from a sharp-tongued shrew avoided as Katherine the curst. Apparently recognizing that Katherine's willfulness is revolution, a product of the favoritism her father has long bestowed upon her younger sister, and having the studies questions further good sense to realize that the fiery Kate is capable of becoming a much more attractive wife than the much-sought-after but rather devious Bianca, Petruchio mounts a brilliant campaign to gain Kate's love and make her his. First, he insists that Kate is fair and gentle, notwithstanding all her efforts to disabuse him of family important friends essay, that notion. Environmental Essay Questions. Second, he kills her in her own humour, with a display of arbitrary behavior--tantrums, scoldings, peremptory refusals--that both wears her down and shows her how unpleasant shrewishness can be.

At the end of the play Petruchio shocks his skeptical fellow husbands by research papers wagering that his bride will prove more obedient than theirs. When Kate not only heeds his commands but reproaches her sister and studies essay questions the other wives for sullen, sour rebellion against open coursework, their husbands, it becomes manifest that Petruchio has succeeded in studies questions his quest: Kate freely and civil war a revolution joyfully acknowledges him to be her loving lord. Environmental Essay Questions. If we have doubts about whether Kate's transformation can be accepted as a happy ending today--and alterations of the final scene in many recent productions would suggest that it may be too offensive to current sensibilities to be played straight--we should perhaps ask ourselves whether the Kate who seems to buddy essay questions, wink conspiratorially at Petruchio as she puts her hands beneath his foot to win a marital wager is any less spirited or fulfilled a woman than the Kate who drives all her wouldbe wooers away in environmental studies the play's opening scene. Whether or not The Taming of the Shrew is the mysterious Love's Labor's Won referred to by Francis Meres in 1598, it seems to have been written in the early 1590s, because what is now generally believed to be a bad quarto of it appeared in 1594. The Taming of a Shrew differs significantly from the version of Shakespeare's play that was first published in the 1623 Folio--most notably in the fact that the drunken tinker Christopher Sly, who appears only in the induction to the later printing of the play, remains on stage throughout The Taming of a Shrew , repeatedly interrupting the action of what is presented as a play for his entertainment and resolving at the end to go off and try Petruchio's wife-taming techniques on his own recalcitrant woman.

Some directors retain the later Sly scenes, but no one seriously questions that the Folio text is in general the more authoritative of the two versions of the play. The Folio provides the only surviving text of The Two Gentlemen of Verona , a comedy so tentative in its dramaturgy (for example, its ineptitude in the few scenes where the playwright attempts to manage more than two characters on the stage at once), and so awkward in family members than its efforts to questions, pit the claims of was the civil revolution, love and friendship against each other, that many scholars now think it to be the first play Shakespeare ever wrote. Based largely on a 1542 chivalric romance ( Diana Enamorada ) by Portuguese writer Jorge de Montemayor, The Two Gentlemen of Verona depicts a potential rivalry between two friends--Valentine and Proteus--who fall in love with the same Milanese woman (Silvia) despite the fact that Proteus has vowed his devotion to environmental studies essay questions, a woman (Julia) back home in Verona. Proteus engineers Valentine's banishment from civil american revolution essay Milan so that he can woo Silvia away from him. Environmental. But Silvia remains faithful to open coursework, Valentine, just as Julia (who has followed her loved one disguised as his page) holds true to Proteus, notwithstanding the character he discloses as a man who lives up to his name. In the concluding forest scene Valentine intervenes to environmental studies, save Silvia from being raped by Proteus; but, when Proteus exhibits remorse, Valentine offers him Silvia anyway, as a token of friendship restored. Fortunately, circumstances conspire to forestall such an unhappy consummation, and the play ends with the two couples properly reunited. Unlike The Comedy of Errors and The Taming of the open coursework Shrew , The Two Gentlemen of Verona has never been popular in the theater, even though it offers two resourceful women (whose promise will be fulfilled more amply in such later heroines as Rosalind and Viola), a pair of amusing clowns (Launce and Speed), and one of the most engaging dogs (Crab) who ever stole a stage. In its mixture of prose and verse, nevertheless, and in its suggestion that the green world of the woods is where pretensions fall and would be evildoers find their truer selves, The Two Gentlemen of essay questions, Verona looks forward to the first fruits of Shakespeare's maturity: the romantic comedies of which it proves to be a prototype. The one remaining play that most critics now locate in the period known as Shakespeare's apprenticeship is a Grand Guignol melodrama that seems to second revolution essay, have been the young playwright's attempt to outdo Thomas Kyd's Spanish Tragedy (produced circa 1589) in its exploitation of the horrors of madness and revenge.

The composition of Titus Andronicus is usually dated 1590-1592, and it seems to have been drawn from a ballad and History of Titus Andronicus that only survives today in an eighteenth-century reprint now deposited in studies essay the Folger Shakespeare Library. (The Folger also holds the sole extant copy of the 1594 first quarto of Shakespeare's play, the authoritative text for all but the one scene, III.ii, that first appeared in the 1623 Folio.) If Shakespeare did take most of his plot from the History of Titus Andronicus , it is night essay, clear that he also went to essay, Ovid's Metamorphoses (for the account of Tereus's rape of Philomena, to which the tongueless Lavinia points to explain what has been done to members are more important friends, her) and to Seneca's Thyestes (for Titus's fiendish revenge on Tamora and her sons at studies, the end of the play). Although Titus Andronicus is not a history play, it does make an effort to evoke the social and political climate of fourth-century Rome; and in its depiction of a stern general who has just sacrificed more than twenty of his own sons to papers, conquer the Goths, it anticipates certain characteristics of Shakespeare's later Roman plays: Julius Caesar , Antony and Cleopatra , and Coriolanus . But it is primarily as an antecedent of Hamlet (influenced, perhaps, by the so-called lost Ur-Hamlet ) that Titus holds interest for us today. Because whatever else it is, Titus Andronicus is Shakespeare's first experiment with revenge tragedy. Its primary focus is the title character, whose political misjudgments and fiery temper put him at studies questions, the mercy of the Queen of the Goths, Tamora, and her two sons (Demetrius and creative writing Chiron). They ravish and mutilate Titus's daughter Lavinia, manipulate the Emperor into executing two of Titus's sons (Martius and environmental studies questions Quintus) as perpetrators of the open coursework crime, and get Titus's third son (Lucius) banished for studies essay, trying to rescue his brothers. Along the sport papers way, Tamora's Moorish lover Aaron tricks Titus into having his right hand chopped off in a futile gesture to save Martius and Lucius. After Lavinia writes the questions names of her assailants in the sand with her grotesque stumps, Titus works out a plan for revenge: he slits the throats of Demetrius and civil american revolution essay Chiron, invites Tamora to environmental studies essay questions, a banquet, and serves her the flesh of her sons baked in a pie. He then kills Tamora and open coursework dies at the hands of Emperor Saturninus. At this point Lucius returns heading a Gothic army and takes over as the new Emperor, condemning Aaron to environmental studies essay questions, be half-buried and left to starve and buddy essay throwing Tamora's corpse to the scavenging birds and environmental studies beasts. As Fredson Bowers has pointed out, Titus Andronicus incorporates a number of devices characteristic of open coursework, other revenge tragedies: the studies essay questions protagonist's feigned madness, his delay in the execution of his purpose, his awareness that in seeking vengeance he is taking on a judicial function that properly rests in God's hands, and his death at the end in a bloody holocaust that leaves the family are more important friends essay throne open for seizure by questions the first opportunist to arrive upon the scene. Revenge is also a significant motif in buddy nigel essay questions Shakespeare's other early tragedy, Romeo and Juliet , usually dated around 1595-1596.

It is a blood feud between their two Veronan families that forces the essay questions lovers to woo and open coursework wed in secret, thereby creating the misunderstanding that leads Mercutio to defend Romeo's honor in act three when the just-married protagonist declines his new kinsman Tybalt's challenge to duel. And it is both to avenge Mercutio's death and to restore his own now-sullied name that Romeo then slays Tybalt and studies essay questions becomes fortune's fool--initiating a falling action that leads eventually to a pair of suicides and a belated recognition by the Capulets and the Montagues that their children have become poor sacrifices of creative writing competitions, our enmity. But it is essay questions, not for civil american essay, its revenge elements that most of us remember Romeo and Juliet . No, it is for the lyricism with which Shakespeare portrays the beauty and idealism of love at first sight--all the more transcendent for studies questions, the ways in which the playwright sets it off from the calculations of Juliet's parents (intent on sport, arranging their daughter's marriage to advance their own status) or contrasts it with the earthy bawdiness of Juliet's Nurse or the worldly-wise cynicism of Romeo's friend Mercutio. The spontaneous sonnet of Romeo and Juliet's initial meeting at Capulet's ball, their betrothal vows in the balcony scene later that evening, the ominous parting that concludes their one night together and foreshadows their final meeting in the Capulet tomb--these are the moments we carry with us from a performance or a reading of environmental studies essay questions, what may well be history's most famous love story. Romeo and family members are more than friends essay Juliet may strike us as an early tragedy in its formal versification and in its patterned structure. Environmental Studies. It has been faulted for its dependence on coincidence and on causes external to the protagonists for the conditions that bring about the starry over essay tragic outcome--an emphasis implicit in the play's repeated references to Fortune and the stars. And critics have encountered difficulty in their attempts to reconcile the purity of Romeo and Juliet's devotion to studies questions, each other (for earth too dear) with the play's equal insistence that their relationship is are more friends, a form of idolatry--ultimately leading both lovers to environmental studies essay, acts of desperation that audiences in starry essay Shakespeare's time would have considered far more consequential than do most modern audiences.

But whatever its supposed limitations and studies essay questions interpretive problems, Romeo and open coursework Juliet seems likely to hold its position as one of the classics of the dramatic repertory. Romeo and essay Juliet first appeared in a 1597 quarto edition that most scholars believe to be a memorial reconstruction, though one with isolated passages (such as Mercutio's celebrated Queen Mab speech) printed in sport papers a form that some scholars believe superior to their rendering in the text today's editors accept as the best authority: the 1599 second quarto, newly corrected, augmented, and studies amended, and apparently derived primarily from Shakespeare's own foul papers. Two more printings appeared before the 1623 Folio, whose text--essentially a reprint of the third quarto edition (1609)--has no independent authority. Starry Night The Rhone Essay. The principal source for the play was a 1562 narrative, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet , by Arthur Brooke, a didactic poem urging children to be obedient to their parents. By telescoping three months into four days and by dramatizing the story in a manner more sympathetic to the young lovers, Shakespeare transformed a sermon into a tragedy whose urgency must have been just as moving in the Elizabethan theater as we know it to environmental studies essay questions, be in was the civil revolution essay our own. Essay Questions. If Romeo and Juliet is a play that has lost none of its freshness in the four centuries since its first appearance, Love's Labor's Lost now strikes us as so thoroughly Elizabethan in its rhetoric and topicality as to be nearly inaccessible to modern audiences. Evidently another product of the research papers transition years when Shakespeare was working his way back into environmental the theater after a two-year hiatus due to the plague, Love's Labor's Lost appears to have been written in 1594-1595 for private performance and family are more important friends may well have been revised in 1597 for a performance before the Queen during the Christmas revels. Its earliest known printing was a 1598 quarto announcing itself as newly corrected and essay questions augmented and probably set from civil war a revolution essay Shakespeare's foul papers. The Folio text was essentially a reprint of environmental essay questions, this first quarto, which has the distinction of being the first play to bear Shakespeare's name on its title page.

Until recently no literary source had been found for the plot of Love's Labor's Lost , but Glynne Wickham has now turned up a 1581 analogue, The Four Foster Children of Desire , that helps account for much of the play's structure and several of its themes. Creative Writing Competitions For Teenagers. What emerges for environmental studies, a theatergoer or reader of the starry essay play today is a highly artificial comedy about a company of men whose well-intended but ill-conceived attempt to outwit nature makes them all look foolish and lands them in a pickle. No sooner have King Ferdinand of studies essay questions, Navarre and writing his friends Longaville, Dumaine, and Berowne--hoping to conquer the frailties of the questions flesh and find an antidote to cormorant devouring time--forsworn the company of women and withdrawn to their quasi-monastic Academe than they find their fortress besieged by four beautiful ladies--the Princess of France and her attendants Maria, Katherine, and Rosaline--who camp in the park outside and watch with amusement as each of the scholars falls in open coursework love, forsakes his vows, and gets caught by the others. Environmental Essay. Eventually the men surrender and propose marriage, but by this time it has become clear that they are so far gone in artifice that they need at least a year of penance--and time in real-world settings such as the hospital to which Berowne is family important than, consigned--before their protestations of devotion can be given any credit. Love's labor is environmental essay, lost, then, in family are more important than friends essay the sense that this is a comedy without the environmental studies essay traditional happy consummation in wedding, feasting, and dancing. Its concluding lyrics move from spring (When daisies pied) to winter (When icicles hang), and the year of open coursework, penance to come is one that requires all of the men to reevaluate their aspirations with a renewed awareness of the omnipresence of disease and the inevitability of death. Love's Labor's Lost is one of Shakespeare's most self-conscious plays generically, and it is also one of essay questions, his most demanding plays linguistically. Much is made of the literary artifice of the are more four men's rhetoric, and it is shown to be detrimental to normal human feeling. Environmental Questions. It is also shown to be an infection that touches such lesser characters as the bombastic braggart soldier Don Adriano de Armado, the members than friends pedant schoolmaster Holofernes, and the clown Costard, all of whom, like the poor curate Nathaniel in the Pageant of the Nine Worthies, prove a little o'erparted.

It is one of the ironies of the play that the studies essay questions four major male characters, who laugh so cruelly at the participants in the pageant, also prove o'erparted in the end. Such are the wages of open coursework, affectation. Affectation of another kind is depicted in a delightful scene from what many regard as Shakespeare's most charming comedy, A Midsummer Night's Dream . As the Athenian courtiers are quick to observe in their critiques of the tragical mirth of Pyramus and Thisby in V.i, the mechanicals who display their dramatic wares at the nuptial feast of Theseus and essay questions Hippolyta are even more fundamentally o'erparted than the hapless supernumeraries of Love's Labor's Lost . But there is something deeply affectionate about Shakespeare's portrayal of the affectations of Bottom and his earnest company of hempen home-spuns, and the simpleness and duty with which they tender their devotion is the playwright's way of reminding us that out of the mouths of babes and fools can sometimes issue a loving wisdom that hath no bottom. Like Bottom's Dream, the playlet brings a refreshingly naive perspective to night the rhone essay, issues addressed more seriously elsewhere. And, by burlesquing the struggles and conflicts through which the lovers in the woods circumvent the environmental essay arbitrariness of their elders, Pyramus and Thisby comments not only upon the fortunes of Demetrius and Helena, Lysander and Hermia, but also upon civil war a american essay, the misfortunes of Romeo and Juliet. After all, both stories derive ultimately from the same source in Ovid's Metamorphoses , and Shakespeare's parallel renderings of the course of true love in Romeo and studies Juliet and A Midsummer Night's Dream are so closely linked in time and treatment that it is tempting to regard the starry over the rhone essay two plays as companion pieces--tragic and comic masks, as it were, for the same phase (1595-1596) of Shakespearean dramaturgy. Studies Essay. Whether or not A Midsummer Night's Dream was commissioned for research papers, a wedding ceremony at Whitehall, as some scholars have speculated, the play is in fact a remarkable welding of disparate materials: the fairy lore of environmental studies, Oberon and Titania and their impish minister Puck, the family classical narrative of Theseus's conquest of the Amazons and their queen Hippolyta, the confused comings and goings of the studies questions young Athenian lovers who must flee to the woods to evade their tyrannical parents, and the rehearsals for a crude craft play by a band of well-meaning peasants.

It is in writing some ways the most original work in the entire Shakespearean canon, and one is anything but surprised that its something of environmental essay questions, great constancy has inspired the buddy nigel essay best efforts of such later artists as composer Felix Mendelssohn, painters Henry Fuseli and William Blake, director Peter Brook, and filmmakers Max Reinhardt and Woody Allen. A Midsummer Night's Dream is in many respects the epitome of festive comedy, an evocation of the folk rituals associated with such occasions as May Day and Midsummer Eve, and its final mood is one of unalloyed romantic fulfillment. Romance is also a key ingredient in questions the concluding arias of Shakespeare's next comedy, The Merchant of buddy hinton, Venice , where Bassanio and Portia, Lorenzo and Jessica, and Gratiano and questions Nerissa celebrate the happy consummation of three love quests and contemplate the was the american revolution music of the spheres from a magical estate known symbolically as Belmont. But the questions sweet harmony the lovers have achieved by the end of The Merchant of Venice has been purchased very dearly, and creative competitions for teenagers it is environmental essay questions, hard for a modern audience to accept the serenity of the rhone essay, Belmont without at least a twinge of guilt over what has happened in far-off Venice to bring it about. Environmental Studies Essay Questions. Whether The Merchant of Venice is best categorized as an anti-Semitic play (capitalizing on prejudices that contemporaries such as Marlowe had catered to american, in plays like The Jew of Malta ) or as a play about the evils of anti-Semitism (as critical of the Christian society that has persecuted the Jew as it is of the vengeance he vents in response), its central trial scene is profoundly disturbing for an audience that has difficulty viewing Shylock's forced conversion as a manifestation of mercy. Questions. Shylock's hath not a Jew eyes speech impels us to see him as a fellow human being--notwithstanding the than essay rapacious demand for justice that all but yields him Antonio's life before Portia's clever manipulations of the essay questions law strip the usurer of his own life's fortune--so that even if we feel that the Jew's punishment is less severe than what strict justice might have meted out to him, his grim exit nevertheless casts a pall over the festivities of the final act in Belmont. By contrast with A Midsummer Night's Dream , a play in which the disparate components of the open coursework action are resolved in a brilliantly satisfying synthesis, The Merchant of Venice remains, for studies essay, many of research papers, us, a prototype of those later Shakespearean works that twentieth-century critics have labeled problem comedies. Environmental Studies Questions. Even its fairy-tale elements, such as the open coursework casket scenes in which three would-be husbands try to divine the will of Portia's father, seem discordant to a modern audience that is asked to admire a heroine who dismisses one of her suitors with a slur on his Moroccan complexion. Though it seems to have been written in late 1596 or early 1597 and, like A Midsummer Night's Dream , was first published in a good quarto in 1600, The Merchant of Venice feels closer in mood to Measure for Measure --which also pivots on a conflict between justice and mercy--than to most of the other romantic comedies of the mid to essay questions, late 1590s. Starry Night. But if The Merchant of Venice strikes us now as a play that looks forward to environmental essay, a later phase of Shakespearean dramaturgy, the plays he worked on next were a return to hinton essay, his beginnings. Possibly as early as 1595, and certainly no later than 1597, Shakespeare began a fresh exploration of the matter of English history with a play focusing on environmental studies questions, the events that precipitated the Wars of the Roses.

It is impossible to say whether Shakespeare knew, when he began composing Richard II , that he would go on to write the creative writing competitions for teenagers two parts of Henry IV and the drama on Henry V that would furnish the link between Richard II and the Henry VI trilogy with which he had begun his career as a playwright. But complete the cycle he did, and the four English history plays Shakespeare wrote between 1595 and 1599 were even more impressive in their epic sweep than the studies four plays he had completed prior to the theatrical hiatus of 1593-1594. Writing. Richard II was, among other things, a major advance in Shakespeare's development as a poetic dramatist. Not only does the play contain the dying John of Gaunt's paean to This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, . Essay. This other Eden, demi-paradise, it also affords us a telling contrast between the laconic bluntness of Henry Bolingbroke, a man of action who is not quick to speak, and the self-indulgent lyricism of Richard II, a man of words who is, finally and fatally, not quick to act. At the beginning of the play Richard's security in sport research papers his presumption that God's deputy is above the law leads him to disregard the principles of environmental studies essay questions, primogeniture that are the basis of the King's own position as head of state. He disregards the counsel of his elders, seizes the open coursework estates of John of Gaunt and other nobles, banishes in Bolingbroke a former ally who has maintained a discreet silence about crimes that would taint the monarch himself, and sets in motion the rebellion that will eventually render his throne untenable. By the climax of the environmental studies essay play Richard is open coursework, forced to surrender his crown in environmental essay a deposition scene that neatly counterpoises the declining King's complicity for his own downfall with the rising King's usurpation of a throne to which he has no legitimate title. And by creative writing the end of the play Richard's pastoral musings in the Tower transform him into a quasi-martyr whose meditations on the death of kings are as deeply moving as anything that Shakespeare had written up to this point in essay his career. As Richard prophesies, his murder at the hands of Henry IV's henchmen releases a tide of bloodshed that will not be stemmed until another legitimate monarch ascends the throne nearly a century in open coursework the future.

When Richard II was published in a good quarto in environmental studies questions 1597 it lacked the crucial deposition scene, owing almost certainly to the censor's awareness that it would seem threatening to the aging Queen Elizabeth. That such apprehensions were justified was borne out open coursework four years later when the play was performed on the eve of the abortive rebellion of the Earl of Essex. The deposition scene's first appearance in print was in the fourth quarto of 1608. As with the earlier English history plays, Richard II and the three Henry plays that followed derived in large measure from the 1587 second edition of Holinshed's Chronicles . Studies. But in all probability, they were also influenced by, and possibly even inspired by, the 1595 publication of Samuel Daniel's Civil Wars . In any event, it seems more likely that within a year of the completion of Richard II Shakespeare began work on its sequel, the first part of Henry IV . Taken together, parts 1 and 2 of open coursework, Henry IV focus our attention on environmental questions, the immediate consequences of Henry Bolingbroke's usurpation of the crown. The first consequence is signaled by the opening lines of the first part, where the research papers new King, shaken and wan with care, announces his desire to lead a crusade to the Holy Land, both as a means of expiating his guilt and as a means of unifying a giddy-minded nation that is studies, now divided into warring factions. Unfortunately, rest is not to be attained by this tainted monarch. Open Coursework. His claim to the throne is environmental studies, immediately challenged by his former allies, the was the war a second american Percies, and thereafter his reign is environmental studies essay, disturbed by one threat after another. Open Coursework. The King does eventually arrive at Jerusalem near the end of Henry IV , part 2, but ironically this destination turns out to be a room in the castle, and studies the setting for his deathbed scene, rather than the city he had hoped to wrest from pagan occupation at nigel hinton essay, the birthplace of Christendom. The price that Henry IV pays for his usurpation turns out to be a nagging consciousness that uneasy lies the head that wears the crown.

And as significant as any other cause of the King's uneasiness is his fear that God has chosen to punish him with a wayward son whose loose behavior will forfeit the environmental studies essay questions throne his father has expended so much anguish to mount and maintain. For all the King and his rivals can tell, the nimble-footed madcap Prince of Wales is squandering his royal inheritance in the dissolute company of that villainous abominable misleader of youth, Falstaff, and a low-life lot of tavern keepers, thieves, and prostitutes. But as we learn early in Henry IV , part 1, Prince Hal is actually redeeming time in ways that surpass the political sagacity of even so Machiavellian a ruler as his father. Hal is acquiring firsthand knowledge of his nation's ordinary citizens, and the benefit he anticipates is that once he is writing competitions for teenagers, King of England he will be able to command all the good lads in Eastcheap. As he prepares himself for the military trials with which he must be tested, moreover, he does so in the awareness that once he throws off the base contagious clouds that smother up his beauty from the world, he will emerge as England's true sun, rather than the flawed monarch he knows his father to be. And so he does. In the battle of Shrewsbury at essay, the end of buddy hinton essay questions, Henry IV , part 1, the valiant Hal defeats the fiery warrior the King would have preferred for a son. By winning Hotspur's honors, Hal finally earns, at least for essay, a moment, the respect and gratitude of a father whose life and kingdom he has saved. But it is not enough for Hal to have demonstrated the courage and prudence required of an heir apparent. In part 2 Shakespeare has him back at the Boar's Head tavern once again, and it is only after he has demonstrated the remaining kingly virtues of temperance and justice--by casting off the influence of Falstaff and claiming as his second surrogate father the Lord Chief Justice--that Hal is finally granted the crown for which he has been so thoroughly educated.

His epic reaches its apogee in Henry V , a play described by its Chorus as a pageant in honor of the mirror of all Christian kings. Whether or not we are to feel that the new King has dismissed some of his humanity in his rejection of the old fat man at was the civil american revolution essay, his coronation, and whether or not we are to environmental essay, regard with suspicion the ambiguous Salic Law that the Bishops invoke to justify the writing for teenagers King's invasion of France, and whether or not we are to see the King as cruel in his threat to allow the environmental studies essay questions maidens and was the second american essay children of Harfleur to be raped and slaughtered if the town refuses to surrender, the essay dominant impression that Henry V has made on most readers and producers is nigel essay questions, one of heroic celebration. The King proves firm and resourceful in battle, mingling with his men in disguise on the eve of the engagement and exhorting them to noble valor in his famous St. Studies Questions. Crispin's Day address. And once his happy few, his band of brothers, have triumphed against open coursework, all odds and won the day, the King gives the glory to God. He thus illustrates those qualities of the nurturing mother pelican--piety, self-sacrifice, humility, and magnanimity--that Christian kings were to display in addition to essay questions, the monarchial attributes that Machiavelli and open coursework other political theorists had long associated with the lion and the fox. And in his wooing of his French bride, Katherine, at the end of the play, the King also exhibits the wit and charm that had endeared the environmental essay historical Henry V to his admiring countrymen. It is possible that the wooden O referred to in the Chorus's opening prologue was the Globe, newly opened on Bankside in 1599, and for teenagers hence that Henry V was one of the first, if not the first, of Shakespeare's plays to be performed in that now-famous playhouse. Be that as it may, the play was probably completed in 1599, a year after Henry IV , part 2, and two years after Henry IV , part 1. All three plays had made their first appearances in print by 1600, the two parts of Henry IV in environmental studies questions good quartos and Henry V in a bad quarto.

The first reliable text of Henry V was that published in the First Folio in 1623. The first good text of a related play, The Merry Wives of Windsor , also appeared in the Folio, but it too was initially published in a bad quarto, this one a memorial reconstruction dated 1602. Just when Merry Wives was written, and why, has been vigorously debated for decades. According to one legend, no doubt apocryphal but not totally lacking in plausibility, Shakespeare was commissioned to write the play because the essay Queen wanted to see Falstaff in love. If so, it seems likely that the play was also produced as an occasional piece in honor of the studies essay award of the Order of the Garter to Lord Hunsdon, the patron of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, on 23 April 1597. There are references to a Garter ceremony at Windsor Castle in over essay act five of The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Leslie Hotson has argued that even though the play may well have been performed later at the Globe, its first presentation was before Queen Elizabeth and Lord Hunsdon at Windsor on environmental questions, St.

George's Day 1597. Was The Civil Second American. The Merry Wives of Windsor is unique among Shakespeare's comedies in having an English town for its setting. Its bourgeois characters have delighted audiences not only in environmental essay questions the playhouse but also on family are more than, the operatic stage, in what many critics consider the environmental studies most successful of sport papers, Verdi's numerous achievements in Shakespearean opera. Despite its obvious charms, however, the environmental studies play has never been a favorite among Shakespeare's readers and literary interpreters. The reason is that the Falstaff we see in members are more The Merry Wives of Windsor is a Falstaff largely lacking in the vitality and appeal of the character we come to love in the first part of Henry IV . Essay Questions. Without Prince Hal and the wit combats afforded by his jokes at Falstaff's expense, the Falstaff of Merry Wives is merely conniving and crude. We may laugh at the comeuppances he receives at the hands of the merry wives he tries to seduce--the buck-basket baptism he gets as his reward for writing for teenagers, the first encounter, the beatings and pinchings he suffers in his later encounters--but we see nothing of the studies essay questions inventiveness that makes Falstaff such a supreme escape artist in part 1 of Henry IV . So attenuated is the Falstaff of The Merry Wives of over the rhone essay, Windsor that many interpreters have argued that it is simply a mistake to approach him as the same character. In any case, we never see him in love. His is a profit motive without honor, and it is much more difficult for us to feel any pity for his plight in Merry Wives than it is in the three Henry plays that depict the pratfalls and decline of the young heir-apparent's genial lord of misrule. The play does have the clever Mistress Ford and Mistress Page. And in the jealous Master Ford and the tyrannical Master Page it also has a pair of comic gulls whose sufferings can be amusing in the theater. But it is doubtful that The Merry Wives of environmental studies essay questions, Windsor will ever be among our favorite Shakespearean comedies, particularly when we examine it alongside such contemporary achievements as Much Ado About Nothing and As You Like It . Much Ado About Nothing and As You Like It were probably written in late 1598 and family members are more important than friends essay 1599, respectively, with the former first published in studies a good quarto in 1600 and the later making its initial appearance in the 1623 First Folio.

Both are mature romantic comedies, and war a american revolution essay both have enjoyed considerable success in the theater. Studies Questions. Nothing is a word of potent ambiguity in Shakespeare (the playwright was later to explore its potential most profoundly in creative for teenagers the nothing will come of nothing that constitutes the essence of environmental questions, King Lear ), and in Much Ado About Nothing its implications include the possibilities inherent in the wordplay on the Elizabethan homonym noting. Through the machinations of the was the civil war a american essay surly Don John, who gulls the superficial Claudio into believing that he notes his betrothed Hero in the act of giving herself to another lover, an innocent girl is rejected at environmental studies, the altar by a young man who believes himself to have been dishonored. Fortunately, Don John and open coursework his companions have themselves been noted by the most incompetent watch who ever policed a city; and, despite their asinine constable, Dogberry, these well-meaning but clownish servants of the Governor of Messina succeed in bringing the environmental studies questions crafty villains to justice. In doing so, they set in nigel questions motion a process whereby Hero's chastity is eventually vindicated and she reappears as if resurrected from the grave. Meanwhile, another pair of notings have been staged by the friends of Benedick and Beatrice, with the result that these two sarcastic enemies to love and to each other are each tricked into believing that the studies questions other is secretly in hinton essay questions love.

At least as much ado is made of Benedick and Beatrice's notings as of the others, and by the time the play ends these acerbic critics of essay questions, amorous folly, grudgingly acknowledging that the world must be peopled, have been brought to the altar with Claudio and Hero for a double wedding that concludes the was the civil second essay play with feasting and merriment. Shakespeare could have drawn from environmental essay questions a number of antecedents for the story of Hero and Claudio, among them cantos from Ariosto's Orlando Furioso and Spenser's Faerie Queene . But the nearest thing to a source for open coursework, Beatrice and environmental questions Benedick may well have been his own The Taming of the open coursework Shrew , whether another pair of unconventional would-be lovers struggle their way to a relationship that is all the environmental questions more vital for open coursework, the aggressive resistance that has to be channeled into harmony to bring it about. In any event, if there is some doubt about where Benedick and Beatrice came from, there is no doubt about the direction in which they point--to such gallant and witty Restoration lovers as Mirabell and Millamant in William Congreve's The Way of the World . With As You Like It Shakespeare achieved what many commentators consider to be the finest exemplar of a mode of romantic comedy based on escape to and return from what Northrop Frye has termed the studies essay questions green world. As in nigel essay A Midsummer Night's Dream (where the young lovers flee to the woods to evade an Athens ruled by the edicts of tyrannical fathers) and questions The Merchant of Venice (where Belmont serves as the antidote to all the venom that threatens life in Venice), in As You Like It the well-disposed characters who find themselves in the Forest of Arden think of it as an environment where even adversity is sweet and open coursework restorative. Duke Senior has been banished from his dukedom by a usurping younger brother, Duke Frederick. As the play opens, Duke Senior and his party are joined by Orlando and his aged servant Adam (who are running away from Orlando's cruel older brother Oliver), and later they in turn are joined by Duke Senior's daughter Rosalind and her cousin Celia (who have come to the forest, disguised as men, because the wicked Duke Frederick can no longer bear to have Rosalind in his daughter's company at environmental studies, court). Open Coursework. The scenes in the forest are punctuated by a number of reflections on studies questions, the relative merits of courtly pomp and pastoral simplicity, with the cynical Touchstone and sport the melancholy Jaques countering any sentimental suggestion that the environmental studies essay Forest of Arden is a golden world of starry over the rhone, Edenic perfection, and her sojourn in questions the forest allows the wise and witty Rosalind to use male disguise as a means of testing the buddy affections of her lovesick wooer Orlando. Eventually Orlando proves a worthy match for essay questions, Rosalind, in large measure because he shows himself to be his brother's keeper.

By driving off a lioness poised to devour the was the war a second revolution sleeping Oliver, Orlando incurs a wound that prevents him from appearing for an appointment with the disguised Rosalind; but his act of unmerited self-sacrifice transforms his brother into a new man who arrives on the scene in Orlando's stead and eventually proves a suitable match for studies essay questions, Celia. Open Coursework. Meanwhile, as the play nears its end, we learn that a visit to the forest has had a similarly regenerative effect on Duke Frederick, who enters a monastery and studies returns the dukedom to over essay, its rightful ruler, Duke Senior. As You Like It derives in large measure from Thomas Lodge's romance Rosalynde or Euphues' Golden Legacy , a prose classic dating from 1590. But in his treatment of the strange events that draw the studies questions play to a conclusion presided over by Hymen, the god of marriage, Shakespeare hints at the kind of miraculous transformation that will be given major emphasis in the late romances. The last of the nigel hinton essay great romantic comedies of Shakespeare's mid career, probably composed and performed in 1601 though not published until the essay questions 1623 First Folio, was Twelfth Night . Possibly based, in part, on an Italian comedy of the 1530s called Gl'Ingannati , Twelfth Night is another play with implicit theological overtones. Competitions. Its title comes from the name traditionally associated with the Feast of Epiphany (6 January, the twelfth day of the Christmas season), and much of its roistering would have seemed appropriate to an occasion when Folly was allowed to reign supreme under the guise of a Feast of Fools presided over by a Lord of Misrule. Studies Essay. In Shakespeare's play, the character who represents Misrule is Sir Toby Belch, the carousing uncle of a humorless countess named Olivia.

Together with such companions as Sir Andrew Aguecheek, the jester Feste, and a clever gentlewoman named Maria, Sir Toby makes life difficult not only for Olivia but also for her puritan steward Malvolio, whose name means bad will and whose function in the play, ultimately, is to open coursework, be ostracized so that good will may prevail. In what many consider to be the most hilarious gulling scene in all of Shakespeare, Malvolio is tricked into thinking that his Lady is in environmental love with him and persuaded to family are more important than friends essay, wear cross-gartered yellow stockings in her presence--attire that he believes will allure her, but attire that persuades her instead that he is studies questions, deranged. Open Coursework. The treatment that follows is environmental questions, a mock exercise in exorcism, and when Malvolio is finally released from his tormentors at the end of the play, he exits vowing revenge on the whole pack of them. As with the dismissal of Shylock in The Merchant of important friends, Venice , the punishment of Malvolio's presumption in essay questions Twelfth Night has seemed too harsh to many modern viewers and readers. But that should not prevent us from seeing that Twelfth Night is also a play about other forms of self-indulgence (Count Orsino's infatuation with the pose of a courtly lover, and Olivia's excessively long period of mourning for her deceased brother) and the means by creative for teenagers which characters sick of self-love or self-deception are eventually restored to mental and emotional sanity. Through the ministrations of the studies essay wise fool, Feste, and the providential Viola, who arrives in Illyria after a shipwreck in which she mistakenly believes her brother Sebastian to have died, we witness a sequence of coincidences and important than friends interventions that seems too nearly miraculous to have been brought about by studies essay questions blind chance. By taking another series of potentially tragic situations and starry night essay turning them to comic ends, Shakespeare reminds us once again that harmony and romantic fulfillment are at the root of what Northrop Frye calls the essay questions argument of comedy.

If Shakespeare's middle years are notable for sophisticated achievements in the genre we now refer to as romantic comedy, they are equally notable for the playwright's unprecedented strides in the development of two other genres: tragedy and sport research papers tragicomedy. In 1599, probably at the Globe, the Lord Chamberlain's Men offered the earliest recorded performance of Julius Caesar (the first of studies essay, three mature tragedies, now grouped as the civil revolution essay Roman Plays, which all saw print for the first time in the 1623 Folio). Two years later, in late 1600 or early 1601, the company probably added to its repertory Hamlet (a play whose immediate and sustained popularity was attested to by its 1603 publication in an unauthorized bad quarto, succeeded a year later by environmental studies a good quarto that most textual scholars still rely upon for all but a few passages, in preference to writing competitions for teenagers, the slightly revised text in the 1623 Folio, which was set principally from a copy of the prompt-book). Then in late 1601 or early 1602--once again drawing on the classical matter that had been the basis for the action of Julius Caesar and for many of the allusions in Hamlet --Shakespeare completed Troilus and Cressida , a play so uncompromisingly intellectual in environmental essay questions its insistence that the audience by indirections find directions out that critics from the seventeenth century to the present have found it all but impossible to classify. If Troilus and Cressida is a comedy, as the epistle prefacing the research 1609 First Quarto would indicate, it is at best a specimen of black humor very different in tone and treatment from Shakespeare's other efforts in tragicomedy. If it is a tragedy, as its equivocal placement (occupying a no-man's-land between the Histories and the Tragedies) in the First Folio has led some scholars to environmental studies essay questions, argue, it is unique to the genre in the way its language and action undercut the starry night the rhone essay dignity of its heroic protagonists. Troilus and Cressida was followed, in environmental studies 1602-1603 and 1604 respectively, by two other plays, again ambiguous in tone, that are also frequently discussed today as problem plays. All's Well That Ends Well and Measure for hinton essay questions, Measure (both of which made their initial appearances in print in the First Folio) are tragicomedies that turn on bed tricks, and in their preoccupation with the studies seamier aspects of sexuality they can be viewed as links between Hamlet , the first of Shakespeare's great tragedies, and Othello , the second (which seems to writing, have been composed in essay questions 1604, when there is a record of was the war a second essay, performance at Court). Julius Caesar --a play that may owe something to sources as seemingly remote as St. Essay. Augustine's City of God and Erasmus's Praise of Folly in addition to such obvious classical antecedents as Plutarch's Lives and Tacitus's Annals --is now regarded as a dramatic work of considerable complexity. On the sport one hand, the play captures with remarkable fidelity the ethos and rhetorical style of late-republican Rome--so much so, indeed, that it may be said that Shakespeare's portraits of Caesar and essay questions his contemporaries have largely formed our own impressions of how the essay ancient Romans thought and talked and conducted their civic affairs.

Recent studies of the play's references to philosophy indicate, moreover, that Shakespeare knew a good deal about Roman Stoicism and perceived it as one of the characterizing traits that differentiated Brutus from Cassius, an Epicurean continually nonplussed by his companion's mental rigidity and emotional aloofness. But if Shakespeare brought to his dramatic art a historical imagination capable of reconstructing a self-consistent Roman world--and one that was distinct in significant ways from his own Elizabethan England--he was also capable of embodying in his representation of that world a perspective that amounted, in effect, to a Renaissance humanist critique of questions, pre-Christian civilization. Nigel Questions. Thus it was quite possible for studies, Shakespeare to over the rhone essay, portray the conspirators and their cause, as it were, sympathetically--so much so, indeed, that a twentieth-century audience, unwittingly misreading the play, finds it almost impossible not to hear in environmental such exclamations as peace, freedom, and liberty! the precursors of America's own founding fathers. At the civil second american essay same time, however, Shakespeare would have known that he could rely on his Elizabethan contemporaries to regard as foredoomed any attempt to achieve social harmony through what they would have seen on the stage as bloody butchery and regicide. By the same token, of course, Shakespeare could encourage his audience to identify with Brutus through participation in his soliloquies, while simultaneously assuming that alert members of that audience would recognize that Brutus's thought processes are often misguided and self-deceptive. Studies Essay. In the late 1930s Mark Van Doren observed that, whatever Brutus's positive qualities as a high-minded patriot, he tends to come across in the play as a self-righteous, almost pharisaical prig, particularly in the quarrel scene with Cassius. Family Are More Important Essay. In recent years a number of scholars have confirmed the validity of Van Doren's perception by showing that it is consistent with the questions hypothesis that in civil second essay his portrayal of Brutus Shakespeare was drawing on a widely held Christian tradition that regarded Stoicism as a philosophy that rendered its adherents hard-hearted, arrogant, and essay questions so assured of their own virtue as to be largely incapable of hinton essay, recognizing or repenting of their faults. If this reading of Brutus is closer to Shakespeare's intention than the studies more sentimental view that approaches everything in the play from the retrospective vantage-point of Mark Antony's eulogy for the noblest Roman of them all, it tends to cast much of than, Julius Caesar in an ironic light--and by studies essay implication to require an audience alert to clues that are not always so self-evident as a twentieth-century reader or viewer might expect. Such an audience seems called for by Hamlet as well, at least if we are going to family, take seriously Hamlet's admonition that the players address their performance to the judicious, to those who are capable of viewing all the action, including that involving the most engaging of studies essay, protagonists, with a critical eye. This is difficult for starry over the rhone, us, because we have long been accustomed to thinking of Hamlet as the sweet prince who epitomizes the environmental essay ideal Renaissance courtier. There is open coursework, no danger, to questions, be sure, that Hamlet will ever lose his appeal as an creative writing competitions articulate and ardent existentialist--as the environmental studies prototype of modern man in spiritual crisis.

But recent critical studies and productions of the play have raised questions about the matter of Hamlet in Elizabethan terms that suggest a somewhat less admirable protagonist than most of open coursework, us would like to believe the play presents. It is no longer universally assumed, for example, that the play within the play, by proving the Ghost honest in his testimony about Claudius's guilt, is sufficient to prove the Ghost honest in Hamlet's more fundamental sense. Enough evidence remains in the play to suggest that the Ghost may yet be a devil intent on abusing the melancholic Hamlet by environmental essay exhorting him to the kind of vengeance that Elizabethan Christians believed to belong only to God or to his deputed magistrates. And Hamlet's disinclination to try the starry night the rhone spirit earlier in the play is but one of questions, many indications in the text that he fails to nigel essay, put to proper use what he elsewhere describes as godlike reason. A close examination of many of Hamlet's reflective speeches, including his celebrated To be nor not to environmental studies questions, be soliloquy, will show that they serve functions similar to those of Brutus in Julius Caesar . By bringing the audience into the protragonist's confidence, they endear him to us and incline us to see everything and everyone else in the action through his eyes. But if we pay careful attention to the nuances of thought in these reflections, we will notice that many of them tend to be irrational--peppered with non sequiturs and essay questions disclosing the kind of emotional stress that renders a man prone to error. A dispassionate scrutiny of the roles of environmental essay, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern will reveal that, however conventionally ambitious these young courtiers may be, they mean Hamlet well and are anything but the adders fanged that Hamlet regards them as having become. The play provides no evidence that they deserve the sudden death, not shriving time allowed that Hamlet gleefully bequeaths them; and it is arguable that Shakespeare expected his audience to feel that they should be near Hamlet's conscience when he assures Horatio that they are not. And near the end of the play, when Hamlet disregards the gaingiving that warns him not to accept the wager proffered by the treacherous Claudius--when he dismisses Horatio's prudence and disdains the buddy nigel hinton questions kind of premonition that would perhaps trouble a woman--he allows himself to be seduced (and in a way that parallels Julius Caesar's being led to the Capitol) into a trap that means certain death. Far from being guided by studies questions providence, as his New Testament allusions would suggest at this point in the action, Hamlet is being lured by pride into an ambush that he might have avoided by heeding his godlike reason.

As Claudius had predicted, Hamlet shows himself to be remiss. None of sport papers, which in any way diminishes the attractiveness of Hamlet's wit and fervor, or suggests that he is not infinitely to be preferred to the mighty opposite whose regicide and usurpation he puts to scourge. No, there is no doubt that Hamlet uncovers and studies essay sets right much that is rotten in the state of Denmark. The only question is whether the play invites us to consider a set of might have beens that would have permitted us to approve of the creative writing protagonist even more unreservedly than we do. If the findings of recent commentators are to be credited, it would seem likely that our identification with Hamlet's cause should be qualified by an awareness that he did not completely find the way rightly to be great. The whole argument is environmental studies questions, a whore and a cuckold. So the night over the rhone essay acid-tongued Thersites sums up the environmental studies questions matter of Troy and the occasion of Troilus and Cressida . We may not wish to research, see our legendary forebears reduced so unceremoniously to the base matter of lust and dishonor, but there is little in the plot or dialogue of Shakespeare's play to cite in refutation. The Trojan War is in fact a conflict over the ravishingly beautiful but thoughtless Helen (the whore whom Paris has stolen away from the cuckold Menelaus), and one would have to search hard to find anything to admire in most of the principals who figure in the inconsequential council scenes, squalid intrigues, and environmental essay interrupted combats that dominate the action. Because what Troilus and buddy essay questions Cressida is largely about is a ludicrously unheroic siege to determine whether the Trojans return Helen to the Greeks or see their city fall in defense of a cause that even the greatest Trojan warrior considers unworthy of their several honors.

As Hector points out, the Trojans can appeal to neither justice nor reason in support of their determination to keep Helen; the questions best that anyone can say of her is that, quite apart from night over what she may be in and of herself, she is a theme of environmental studies, honor and renown,/A spur to valiant and magnanimous deeds. But when we look for such deeds in the play, what we find on both sides are acts of questionable valor at best (as when Hector, having challenged the Greeks to are more important than, find a combatant to uphold their honor as lovers, breaks off a hand-to-hand duel with Ajax on the grounds that they are cousins) and downright cowardice at worst (as when Achilles, having come upon Hector at a moment when he has removed his armor to rest, merely summons his Myrmidons to slaughter the champion of the Trojans). In the meantime we are treated to essay, the voyeurism of Pandarus, an research impotent and diseased bawd whose only pleasure in life is to essay, serve as go-between for Troilus and Cressida, and the homoerotic indulgence of Achilles and Patroclus, who have withdrawn from combat because of a slight the prima donna Achilles thinks he has suffered at the hands of the Greek general, Agamemnon. Small wonder that Ulysses should observe that degree is shak'd. And little wonder that director Jonathan Miller, in his 1982 BBC television production of Troilus and Cressida , hit upon members friends essay, M*A*S*H as the most apt twentieth-century analogue for a satiric seventeenth-century depiction of war as the triumph of unreason, ennui, and environmental questions depravity.

There is, to research papers, be sure, some momentary relief in studies questions the scenes depicting the wooing of open coursework, Troilus and Cressida. And when Cressida is eventually delivered back to the Greek camp at the request of her father, one feels that her surrender to Diomede is more a result of her feminine helplessness in a male-controlled world than a manifestation of some prior proclivity to infidelity. But despite the lyricism of Troilus and Cressida's lovemaking, and the agony both lovers feel upon parting, one emerges from environmental questions this play moved less by the pathos of the love story than by Shakespeare's presentation of what T. S. Eliot, writing three centuries later about another literary work deriving ultimately from was the second revolution essay Homer, praised as a reflection of the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history. It may well be that Troilus and studies questions Cressida seemed just as modern and civil war a american revolution puzzling in the early seventeenth century as Joyce's Ulysses seemed when it appeared in the early twentieth. Modern in another sense may be a good way to describe All's Well That Ends Well . Environmental Essay Questions. After a long history of neglect, this tragicomedy has recently enjoyed a good deal of success in the theater and on television, and war a second american one of the environmental explanations that have been given is that it features a heroine who, refusing to accept a preordained place in hinton essay questions a hierarchical man's world, does what she has to do to win her own way. Orphaned at essay, an early age and reared as a waiting-gentlewoman to the elegant and sensitive Countess of Rossillion, Helena presumes to was the war a second essay, fall in essay love with the Countess's snobbish son Bertram. Using a cure she learned from starry night essay her dead father, who had been a prominent physician, Helena saves the life of the ailing King of France, whereupon she is rewarded with marriage to the man of her choice among all the eligible bachelors in the land. She astonishes Bertram by selecting him. Reluctantly, Bertram consents to matrimony, but before the marriage can be consummated he leaves the country with his disreputable friend Parolles, telling Helena in a note that he will be hers only when she has fulfilled two presumably impossible conditions: won back the ring from his finger and borne a childe to him. Disguised as a pilgrim, Helena follows Bertram to Florence.

There she substitutes herself for a woman named Diana, with whom Bertram has made an assignation, and studies essay questions satisfies the creative competitions for teenagers despicable Bertram's demands. One of the problems that have troubled critics of All's Well That Ends Well is the device of the bed trick. But we now know that Shakespeare had biblical precedent for essay, such a plot (Genesis 35) and that it was associated in the Old Testament with providential intervention. Which may be of some value to us in dealing with the was the civil war a second american essay other major issues: why should Helena want so vain and selfish a man as Bertram in the first place, and how can we accept at face value his reformation at the end? If we suspend our disbelief enough to studies essay, grant the fairy-tale premises of the plot (which derived from a story in Boccaccio's Decameron ,) we should be able to grant as well that in a providentially ordered world, the end may not only justify the members are more than means but sanctify them. And if the environmental essay questions end that Helena has in view is not only to writing competitions, win Bertram but to make him love her dearly ever, ever dearly, we must grant the environmental studies questions playwright the final miracle of a Bertram who can be brought to see his evil ways for what they are and open coursework repent of them. A similar miracle would seem to be the final cause of Measure for Measure . At the beginning of the play, Duke Vincentio, noting that he has been too lenient in his administration of the laws of Venice, appoints as deputy an icy-veined puritan named Angelo, whom he expects to be more severe for a season of much-needed civic discipline.

Almost immediately upon the Duke's departure, Angelo finds himself confronted with a novitiate, Isabella, who, in pleading for the life of a brother condemned for fornification, unwittingly arouses the new deputy's lust. Angelo offers her an exchange: her brother's life for her chastity. Astonished by the deputy's disregard for both God's laws and man's, Isabella refuses. Later, as she tries to prepare Claudio for his execution and discovers that he is environmental questions, less shocked by the deputy's offer than his sister had been, Isabella upbraids him, too, as a reprobate. At this point the Duke, who has been disguised as a friar, persuades Isabella to accept Angelo's offer on the understanding that his former betrothed, Mariana, will sleep with him instead. Once again the bed trick proves effectual and providential.

In the trial that takes place at the entrance to the city upon the Duke's return, Isabella accuses Angelo of having corrupted his office and executed her brother despite an agreement to was the civil second revolution, spare him (an order of the deputy's that, unknown to Isabella, has been forestalled by the friar). But then, in response to Mariana's pleas for her assistance, she decides not to press her claim for justice and instead kneels before the Duke to beg that Angelo's life be spared. The Duke grants her request, and Angelo--illustrating Mariana's statement that best men are molded out of environmental studies essay questions, faults--repents and accepts the buddy questions Duke's mercy. Measure for Measure qualifies as a tragicomedy because the questions it raises are serious (how to balance law and studies essay questions grace, justice and hinton mercy, in human society) and the issue (whether or not Angelo will be executed for his evil intentions with respect to studies essay, Claudio) is in doubt until the moment when, by open coursework kneeling beside Mariana, Isabella prevents what might have been a kind of revenge tragedy. (The Duke tells Mariana, Against all sense you do importune her./Should she kneel down in mercy of essay, this fact,/Her brother's ghost his paved bed would break,/And take her hence in horror.) In Shakespearean comedy, of course, all's well that ends well. Revenge gives way to forgiveness or repentance, and revolution essay characters who might have died in studies self-deception or guilt are given a second chance.

As for Isabella, she too gains insight and sensitivity as a consequence of was the war a second american essay, her trials, and at the conclusion of the play she finds herself the studies essay recipient of a marriage proposal from her previously disguised counselor, the Duke. Whether she accepts it, and if so how, has become one of the chief problems to be solved by open coursework directors and actors in modern productions. After Measure for Measure , so far as we can tell, Shakespeare turned his attention entirely to tragedy for essay, three or four years. By 1604, apparently, he completed Othello , the second of the four major tragedies. By 1605 he seems to night over the rhone essay, have completed King Lear , the third and, in environmental questions the estimation of open coursework, many, the greatest of the studies essay questions tragedies. And by 1606 he had evidently written the night over essay last of the big four, Macbeth . During the next two to three years Shakespeare turned once more to classical sources, completing Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus , respectively, in 1606-1607 and 1607-1608, and abandoning Timon of Athens (if we are correct in thinking that it was left unfinished and unacted) sometime around 1607 or 1608. Only two of environmental studies essay questions, these plays appeared in quarto printings, King Lear in 1608 in what many scholars now regard as a memorial reconstruction of an early version of the play, and Othello in research 1622 in a text of uncertain provenance. Most modern editions of King Lear and Othello follow the First Folio texts as their prime authorities, supplementing those texts where appropriate with readings or passages from the quartos (although, particularly with King Lear , where the two printings of the play are thought by some to derive from discrete and environmental studies self-consistent earlier and later scripts of the play, there is now a school of thought that opposes conflating the Folio and quarto versions). Creative Writing Competitions For Teenagers. The other three tragedies all appeared for the first time in the 1623 Folio. When we come to Othello fresh from a reading of either Hamlet or Measure for Measure , we can see links with the earlier plays in Othello 's treatment of sexual love and in the play's preoccupation with ethical questions that turn, ultimately, on studies questions, revenge versus forgiveness.

For whatever else Othello is, it is night over, a species of studies, revenge tragedy. To the extent that Iago is impelled by something more specific than what Coleridge termed motiveless malignity, he is motivated by a determination to prove Othello egregiously an ass for promoting Michael Cassio rather than Iago to the lieutenancy. And Iago's vengeance extends to Cassio as well as to Othello. But more to the point, once Iago convinces Othello that Desdemona has slept with Cassio, he transforms Othello into the principal tool as well as the prime object of his revenge. Iago's poison is administered in two doses. First he provides enough circumstantial proof to make plausible his insinuation that Desdemona has been unfaithful to Othello.

But second and members are more friends essay far more crucial, he works Othello into such a frenzy that he is environmental, unable to give serious consideration to are more than friends essay, any response to his knowledge other than revenge. Once Othello becomes persuaded that Desdemona is environmental essay, indeed guilty of infidelity, his instinctive reaction is to war a american, exclaim But yet the studies questions pity of it, Iago! O Iago, the pity of it, Iago! To which Iago replies If you are so fond over her iniquity, give her patent to creative for teenagers, offend, for studies essay, if it touch not you, it comes near nobody. Here as elsewhere Iago's method is to get Othello to focus, not on Desdemona, but on himself. Open Coursework. By constantly reiterating such terms as reputation, good name, and honor, Iago plays upon Othello's insecurity as a Moorish alien and implies that his wife's behavior will make him the laughingstock of environmental studies, Venetian society.

It is a mark of his worthiness as a tragic hero that, to the end, Othello retains the free and open nature that made him vulnerable to Iago in the beginning. Iago may manipulate Othello into committing a rash and terrible murder, but he cannot reduce Othello entirely to a blunt instrument of the sport research ensign's vengeance. Before Othello can bring himself to suffocate Desdemona, he must first delude himself into believing that he is an agent of environmental studies, divine justice. And even in that role his innate compassion leads him to offer his wife a moment to prepare her soul for heaven. It is true that Othello becomes angry again when Desdemona fails to sport, confess to a crime that would have been inconceivable to her, but one of the things that makes his act pathetic rather than malicious is the fact that he continues to express his devotion for environmental essay, Desdemona even as he forces himself to writing competitions for teenagers, snuff out her life. In that sense as well as in Iago's more cynical sense, then, Othello becomes an honorable murderer. And no matter how we judge Othello's final speech and bloody period, we have to agree with Cassio's assessment that he was great of heart. With King Lear we come to a tragedy whose pattern is environmental questions, without parallel in the Shakespearean canon. Members Are More Than Friends. In all the other tragedies, despite the beauty of the benedictions that convey the protagonists to their eternal destinies, we are left at the end with a nagging sense of purposes mistook that might have been averted or deflected. Environmental Questions. The basic movement of the starry night over the rhone essay plot has been downward, and we come away feeling that we as audience have perceived something that the essay tragic protagonists themselves have been unable or unwilling to see.

In those tragedies in which the protagonists have committed suicide, we are shown that in so doing they are wittingly or unwittingly admitting failure or surrendering to despair, notwithstanding their best efforts to keep their spirits up and night over essay evade the full consequences of the essay questions choices that have brought them to their present pass. But this is not the pattern we find in King Lear . In this play the spiritual movement (as distinguished from the protagonists' outward fortunes) is essentially upward. To be sure, there are terrible errors and terrifying consequences; in this play, however, we are led to believe that at civil war a, least some of the studies essay questions pain is cathartic. There can be little doubt that both Lear and Gloucester are in some sense better men at essay, the end of their lives than they were at the beginning of the environmental studies action. And if the play is performed in starry the rhone such a way as to environmental essay questions, emphasize the sport degree to which the protagonists have been able to learn and grow through the endurance of tragic suffering, the audience is likely to emerge with a sense of environmental essay questions, uplift rather than with the weight of unmitigated pity and fear. Starry The Rhone. This is not to suggest, of course, that there is any less agony and studies essay questions tragic loss in King Lear than in Shakespeare's other works in the same genre. Buddy Nigel Essay Questions. Indeed, given the play's cosmic resonance--the honored place it now holds in the tradition represented by such theodicies as the Book of studies essay questions, Job-- King Lear has been thought by many to evoke more existential terror than all of hinton essay questions, Shakespeare's other tragedies combined.

Lear eventually comes to the realization that he has been a foolish fond old man. In a parallel recognition the blinded Gloucester acknowledges that he stumbled when [he] saw. But first both fathers must feel the brunt of the savagery their earlier misdeeds have unleashed upon essay, the world. Having abdicated his throne and divided his kingdom, Lear soon discovers that he is powerless to prevent his pelican daughters from joining with Gloucester's bastard son in an all-out effort to devour it--and each other. Lear's faithful Fool wastes away. The loyal Kent and Edgar are reduced to wretches.

And, most insupportable of all, at the end of the play the innocent Cordelia is hanged. Family Members Than Essay. For Lear as he enters cradling his beloved daughter in his arms, this is the ultimate punishment for the arrogance and folly that had led him, at the beginning, to essay, spurn and disinherit her. But as heartrending as this concluding pietà is for any of the essay play's audiences, it can represent a chance which does redeem all sorrows if it is staged in harmony with the psychological and spiritual undulations of Lear's dying moments. Just before he says Pray you undo this button, Lear believes that, as Kent puts it, all's cheerless, dark, and deadly. After he says Thank you, sir, however, Lear utters what can be read as an exclamation that by studies essay questions some miracle Cordelia yet lives: Do you see this? Look on starry night over essay, her! Look, her lips,/Look there, look there! In our time these words have most often been interpreted as expressions of bleak despair.

But a reading that is at least as consistent with the rest of the play is that Lear, like Gloucester, 'Twixt two extremes of passion, joy and grief,/[Bursts] smilingly. We know, of course, that Cordelia is dead as earth. But it seems fitting that as he dies Lear should see her as alive. Environmental Essay Questions. If so, it may be nothing more than a merciful hallucination. It may be a desperate man's last grasp at something to sustain a flicker of faith. Creative Writing For Teenagers. But it may also register an experience comparable to environmental studies essay, that of another long-suffering king, the protagonist in competitions for teenagers Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus . In short, it may be that Lear is here granted a last epiphany that takes him out of this tough world to a glimpse of something better beyond: because by the end of his long pilgrimage, in the words of environmental studies essay, T. S. Eliot's Little Gidding , it would seem that Lear has finally arrived at the true meaning of nothing: a condition of complete simplicity, costing not less than everything. Near the sport end of Macbeth's bloody reign, as he braces for the closing in of his adversaries, he too would like to achieve a kind of simplicity: I gin to be aweary of the sun,/And wish th' estate o' th' world were now undone.

But in Macbeth's case the goal to be obtained is mere oblivion, not the brief but beatific vision of a broken old man for whom at last something has come of nothing. For, unlike Lear's, Macbeth's career has charted a downward course, from the environmental studies essay questions magnificently heroic champion whom Duncan has greeted as valiant cousin! worthy gentleman! to the desperate tyrant whose acts of regicide and wanton slaughter have tied [him] to a stake as the fiend who must be executed to set the time free. Starry Over. As a tragic action, Macbeth is almost the polar opposite of King Lear . Studies. Whereas in Lear we may be inclined to feel that death is swallowed up in creative writing for teenagers victory, in Macbeth we feel that the environmental protagonist's defeat is merely the prelude to final judgment and damnation. Lear's is the kind of fortunate fall that results from a miscalculation born of habitual self-indulgence; it forces the open coursework King to contemplate unaccommodated man in all his vulnerability, and environmental essay it subjects him to research, a refining wheel of fire that purifies him spiritually. Macbeth's, on environmental essay questions, the other hand, is the kind of fall that results from premeditated murder in the service of vaulting ambition. As he himself acknowledges, there are no extenuating circumstances behind which he can shield his crime, and the only change it brings about in Macbeth is temporarily to rob him of sleep and security until, supp'd full with horrors, he eventually loses all capacity for the taste of fears or any other humanizing emotion or sensation. By the final act, life for Macbeth is was the civil second revolution essay, but a walking shadow, a tale/ Told by environmental studies essay an idiot, full of sound and fury,/Signifying nothing. And yet, despite his infamy, we still find it possible to participate in, and was the second american revolution essay even in some fashion to identify with, Macbeth's descent into hell. In part this results from our awareness of his auspicious beginnings--our recollection of that period at the outset when we see Macbeth tempted but nevertheless resisting the promptings of the studies questions Witches and starry night over Lady Macbeth. Because Macbeth himself is aware of the heinousness of the deed he is on the verge of committing, we can sympathize with him as a man like one of us.

And then, once he has taken the fatal plunge, we become parties to questions, his inner turmoil. By means of the soliloquies and meditations that Shakespeare allows us to overhear, we share Macbeth's torment and anxiety, his feverish desire to writing competitions, put out of mind that which he cannot bear to dwell upon. And thus, even though what he and Lady Macbeth do is beyond the pale of thinkable human behavior, we can still bring pity and fear to both their stories--recalling, in the words of a famous prayer, that there, but for the grace of God, go I. Environmental Essay. Moving from Macbeth 's Scotland to the Mediterranean ambience of Antony and Cleopatra is a culture shock so disorienting as almost to creative, make us lose our bearings. Can the same author who gave us Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, two potent personalities who seize power and then degenerate into tremulous tyrants, so soon thereafter have created Antony and Cleopatra, two mercurial rulers who seem, at least in their grandiloquent gestures, to become increasingly engaging as their fortunes wane and environmental questions they almost willfully throw their power away? And how do we graph the movement of the action in a play where at family friends, least part of the problem is to assess the relative merits of a Roman way of looking at things (which judges both lovers as failures because they have declined to elevate civic and military duty above all other human concerns) as opposed to an Egyptian way of looking at things (which is based on the premise that one should be willing, in Dryden's later phrase, to sacrifice all for love)? Is it likely that Shakespeare expected his audience to environmental essay questions, bring a coherent Elizabethan perspective to bear on both ancient cultures? And if so, what would an audience viewing the play from that perspective have thought about Antony and Cleopatra? These are the sport research papers kinds of studies essay questions, question a reading of Antony and Cleopatra elicits, and buddy questions the majority of its interpreters during the last three centuries have answered them in such a way as to place this second Roman play in a category largely its own. Studies Essay Questions. Noting that the Roman characters are bloodless and starry essay coldly calculating--particularly Octavius and questions his sister Octavia, whose hand Octavius gives to Antony in an effort to resolve the political differences he has been having with his slothful counterpart in Egypt--most critics and theater professionals have found them much less appealing than they do the civil war a second revolution two lovers. The consequence has been that readers and viewers have tended to see Antony and Cleopatra as the characters see themselves and thus to regard the studies questions play primarily as a dramatization of what John Donne termed the canonization of love.

The main problem with this interpretation of the action is that it requires us to ignore the many indications, throughout the play, that both lovers are impulsive and escapist. A sentimental approach to Antony and Cleopatra blinds us to clues that the new heaven and new earth to which the lovers direct their suicides is little more than a fantasyland that they have created as a way of palliating their defeat and impending capture. We may be stirred by the magic of Enobarbus's descriptions of Cleopatra's transcendent charms, and we cannot help but admire the eloquence with which Antony and Cleopatra prepare themselves for death. Members Important Than Essay. But we should remember at the same time that it is relatively simple to count the world well lost if through neglect one has already handed it over to studies, one's enemies. An apt Elizabethan gloss on Antony and Cleopatra might well be borrowed from Shakespeare's Sonnet 129: All this the world well knows, yet none knows well/To shun the heaven that leads men to buddy nigel hinton essay questions, this hell. Because of the vividness of its central figures and the exoticism and studies questions luxuriousness of open coursework, its language, Antony and Cleopatra has long been one of Shakespeare's most popular plays. But nothing could be farther from the case with its successor. Coriolanus the third and last of Shakespeare's mature Roman plays, is sparing and harsh in its diction and environmental studies essay spartan in its spectacle.

And only rarely--but usually with distinction--has it been performed, even in members are more friends our own production-rich century. The hero of the studies essay play is one of the writing least endearing of Shakespeare's major characters. Godlike in battle, where his feats of environmental essay, valor and leadership are so extraordinary as to seem Herculean, Coriolanus becomes a veritable beast when called upon to participate in the civic affairs of open coursework, early republican Rome. His contempt for the moblike plebeians is exceeded only by his hatred of the essay tribunes and senators who play the soldier-general and the common people off against one another. Coriolanus refuses to flatter anyone for any reason, and sport he lashes out at essay, the hypocrisy required of him when he is told that he must bare his wounds and beg for the voices of the citizens in order to members are more than friends, be elected tribune, an office he has not sought and a responsibility he makes clear he does not want. Eventually his intransigence makes him so unpopular that he gets himself banished from environmental essay Rome. To which he offers an arch retort that is perfectly in character: I banish you!

Confident that there is a world elsewhere, Coriolanus departs from the city as a lonely dragon. Sport Research Papers. But soon, to the astonishment and terror of his former fellows, he joins forces with Rome's arch-enemies, the Volscians. In the final movement of the play we see him lead an environmental essay army to the gates of Rome that threatens to starry essay, destroy the Empire in its infancy. Environmental Essay. But at this point Coriolanus's mother, Volumnia, intervenes and open coursework pleads with the hero to spare his native city for her sake. Reluctantly, and with a premonition that his decision will prove fatal to him, Coriolanus accedes to environmental studies questions, his mother's request. Then, cunningly provoked to one last intemperate outburst by night the foxlike Volscian general Aufidius, who calls him a boy of tears, Coriolanus brings down upon studies, himself the members are more friends wrathful hordes of the Volscians he has just betrayed. Just what this rough-hewn and inhospitable play is about has been much debated. Studies. But critics as varied as T. S. Eliot and Frank Kermode, and actors as distinguished as Laurence Olivier and was the civil second essay Alan Howard, have shown that it can be a challenging and at times a thrilling dramatic achievement. Essay. In all likelihood it will receive more attention--and admiration--in the future than it has tended to receive in the past. Whether this will be true of Shakespeare's final experiment in tragedy, Timon of Athens is creative writing competitions for teenagers, less certain.

Derived, like the three major Roman plays, primarily from Plutarch's Lives , Timon of Athens is generally regarded as a play that the author left unfinished. There is no record of its having been performed in Shakespeare's lifetime, and it has only appeared sporadically (and seldom notably) in the centuries since. As a character, Timon has affinities with Lear and studies essay questions Coriolanus. Like Lear, he comes to was the second essay, think of himself as a victim of ingratitude, a man more sinned against than sinning. And, like Coriolanus, he responds to his mistreatment by banishing all society from his presence. Unlike either character, however, Timon is incapable of growth or compromise. Once he has spurned the friends who have refused to help him with the creditors his excessive generosity has brought to essay, the door, Timon retreats to a cave and disregards every entreaty to concern himself with his fellow man.

His foil, Alcibiades, can forgive Athens its injustices and return to save the city from ruin. But Timon elects to was the civil second american revolution, spend the rest of his life in solitude, cursing all of humanity with an invective that eventually becomes tedious in the extreme. Critics such as G. Environmental Studies Essay Questions. Wilson Knight and Rolf Soellner have argued valiantly for the poetic and theatrical merits of Timon of Athens . Starry Night The Rhone Essay. But thus far their adherents have proven only environmental essay questions, slightly more numerous than the followers of open coursework, Timon himself. Environmental Studies. Original the play may be; but few have come to praise it as a fully realized work of dramatic art. Nigel Questions. After Coriolanus and environmental essay questions Timon of Athens , Shakespeare seems to have shifted his focus again. Creative. He wrote no more tragedies, so far as we know, and the single history play that appeared was so different from his previous efforts in that genre that it seems to belong to the realm of romance rather than to the world of ordinary political and social interaction. And indeed romance is now the generic term most frequently applied to the mature tragicomedies that critics once referred to somewhat loosely as the Late Plays. If we include Henry VIII in their number, there are six surviving works that qualify as late romances.

One of environmental studies essay questions, them, The Two Noble Kinsmen , we know to have been written by Shakespeare in collaboration with his fellow dramatist John Fletcher. Two others, Pericles and buddy nigel hinton essay Henry VIII , are also regarded by many scholars as likely to environmental essay, have resulted from joint authorship--as was evidently the case, too, with the lost Cardenio , attributed to Shakespeare and open coursework Fletcher in a Stationers' Register entry of environmental, 1753. Which leaves us with three plays-- Cymbeline , The Winter's Tale , and The Tempest --that are unanimously accepted as works entirely by nigel hinton Shakespeare. Since all but one of the environmental questions Late Plays ( Pericles , which seems to have been completed in 1606-1608) appeared after Shakespeare's company added the for teenagers Blackfriars as a venue for performance--and since even that work may have been written with indoor staging in view (we know that Pericles was presented at Court sometime between January 1606 and November 1608)--it seems eminently possible, as Gerald Eades Bentley has suggested, that Shakespeare's modifications in environmental studies questions dramaturigcal style resulted, at least in buddy nigel essay part, from environmental essay changes in emphasis by the King's Men. Night The Rhone Essay. If Shakespeare and his colleagues were easing away from total dependence on the comparatively broad-based audiences they had long attracted to essay questions, the Globe and were beginning to cast their fortunes more confidently with the aristocratic clientele they served at Court or would be able to creative, cultivate at the private Blackfriars theater, they may well have begun to rethink their dramatic repertory.

Under these circumstances, Shakespeare and his fellow shareholders could readily have arrived at environmental studies essay questions, a determination to starry night over, concentrate on offerings such as their more well-to-do audiences had grown accustomed to seeing: masquelike entertainments of the sort that Court patronage encouraged, and studies mythological and fanciful diversions of the open coursework type that the children's companies had made their specialty in environmental studies questions indoor halls like the Blackfriars. In any event, the sequence of dramatic works initiated by Pericles is strikingly different in many respects from the sequence that preceded it. Relying as many of them do on such devices as a choral presenter (Gower in Pericles , or Time in The Winter's Tale ) to narrate background incidents, the romances tend to be rambling and buddy hinton essay questions panoramic by comparison with the earlier plays (the salient exception being The Tempest, which is unusually focused in time, place, and action). Frequently, they contain incidents that are wildly implausible (as when Antigonus exits pursued by environmental essay questions a bear in The Winter's Tale ), and most of revolution, them draw heavily on storms, shipwrecks, and other violently disruptive acts of God to move the action forward. Families are separated at essay, sea, left to buddy nigel hinton essay, wander for studies essay questions, years in adversity, and then miraculously reunited at the close. Symbolically named children (Marina in Pericles , Perdita in creative writing The Winter's Tale , Miranda in The Tempest ) function dramatically as instruments of special grace, restoring faith and vision to parents who have temporarily lost their way. Environmental Essay Questions. Terrible calamities are but narrowly averted, and then only because of family are more friends essay, sudden reversals that depend either upon some character's astonishing change of heart or upon an inexplicable visitation from environmental essay questions above. Rather than conceal their artifice, the romances tend to display it openly, on the one hand reminding the audience that what it is witnessing is only make-believe, on the other hand manipulating viewers' responses so as to prepare the night the rhone essay audience for some climactic wonder toward which the entire sequence has been directed. Studies Questions. The first three acts of Pericles seem so naive dramaturgically that many scholars consider them to be by a playwright other than Shakespeare.

Among the contemporaries whose names have been proposed for the dubious honor of collaborator in accordance with this hypothesis is George Wilkins, whose novel The Painful Adventures of Pericles Prince of Tyre appeared in the same year (1608) as the entry for family important, Pericles in the Stationers' Register. All we know for certain is that the play was first published in 1609 in essay questions a relatively crude quarto that was reprinted several times before Pericles made its initial folio entry when it was added to the second issue of the open coursework Third Folio in 1664. Just why Pericles was not included in environmental studies the First Folio has never been determined. Its omission may have had something to do with the poor condition of the only available text. Or it may have stemmed from the assumption that the play was not completely by Shakespeare. Buddy Hinton. The second of essay questions, these hypotheses would also explain the exclusion of The Two Noble Kinsmen (though of creative for teenagers, course it would not explain the in clusion of Henry VIII if, as many scholars believe, that too was a play that Shakespeare wrote in collaboration with another playwright). Environmental Questions. Whatever the case, Pericles is open coursework, immediately recognizable as a point of departure.

Drawing from environmental studies questions a fifth-century romantic narrative by Apollonius of buddy hinton, Tyre as retold in the Confessio Amantis of the fourteenth-century English poet John Gower, the studies questions play is studiously antique in its apparently unsophisticated presentational style. Old Gower himself is resurrected to serve as the barnacled chorus, and writing competitions the singsong tetrameters that serve as the metrical vehicle for his medieval diction remove the play's events from the studies essay present to a dreamlike past more suited to fairy lore than to realistic fiction. In such an atmosphere the audience is more readily induced to suspend its disbelief--with the consequence that we become vicarious participants in episode after episode as the open coursework hero's adventures convey him from youth (when he solves the riddle of Antiochus and is immediately forced to flee for his life upon disclosing his knowledge of the wicked King's incestuous relationship with his daughter) through old age (when, having been reduced almost to environmental essay questions, despair by decades of wandering and loss, Pericles is miraculously rejoined with his radiant daughter, Marina). As we allow ourselves to be hypnotized into nigel hinton questions accepting the premises of such a providential universe, we fall under the spell of a moldy tale peopled by such characters as a wicked stepmother (Dionyza), a Bawd, and a Governor (Lysimachus) who becomes so enraptured by studies essay questions Marina's innocence that he forswears a life bedimmed by open coursework vice. Pericles' final awakening has often been compared to Lear's reunion with Cordelia. And a lovely lyric (Marina) by T. S. Essay. Eliot is eloquent in its testimony that twentieth-century audiences can still be moved by a beloved child's power to regenerate her father and renew his faith in open coursework life. Until recently Pericles has rarely been performed, but as the environmental magic of its marvels becomes more widely appreciated it may one day find its way to a more secure footing in the repertory.

Such may also be the buddy questions case with Cymbeline . First printed in the 1623 Folio, it probably enjoyed its initial performances in 1609-1610, either at environmental essay questions, Blackfriars or at the Globe (where the physician Dr. Simon Forman saw it, probably in friends 1611). Its historical frame, featuring a pre-Christian monarch from approximately the same era as King Lear, Shakespeare derived primarily from Holinshed's Chronicles . In this portion of the play, wherein Cymbeline at first refuses and then later volunteers Britain's annual tribute to Emperor Augustus Caesar, Shakespeare adumbrates the commingling of British and environmental studies Roman traits that Renaissance Englishmen believed to be at the root of civil war a second revolution essay, their nation's greatness. Shakespeare combined with this theme a number of other romantic motifs, his sources varying from Boccaccio's Decameron to a pair of anonymous plays of the 1580s, The Rare Triumphs of Love and Fortune and Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes . Environmental Studies. The result is a romantic tragicomedy unusually episodic in open coursework structure and so bewildering in the rapidity and environmental studies complexity of its concluding disclosures as to leave an audience wondering how any agency other than providence could possibly have untangled the various strands of the plot. At the heart of the play is Imogen, a woman of exemplary chastity whose foolhardy husband Posthumus allows himself to be tricked into thinking that she has been seduced by a braggart named Iachimo. Like the resourceful heroines in Shakespeare's earlier tragicomedies, Imogen assumes a disguise in her efforts to win her husband back. In time her circumstances bring her to the cave where Cymbeline's long-lost sons, Guiderius and Arviragus, have been reared in rustic exile by an old lord, Belarius, whom the King had unjustly banished. She casts her lot with them and was the war a american revolution becomes a participant in Britain's war against environmental studies, Rome. Members Are More Than Friends. Once the conflict is over, the King and his sons are reunited in the same denouement in which Posthumus recognizes Imogen as his most constant wife. And in essay a reconciliation scene that carries overtones of the Augustan pax Romana under which Christ was born, Cymbeline announces that Pardon's the word to all. Evil has been exorcised (Cymbeline's bad angels, his wicked Queen and her doltish son Cloten, have died), and the way-ward characters who survive have all experienced enlightenment and contrition.

Enlightenment and sport research contrition are prerequisite to environmental essay questions, the happy ending of open coursework, The Winter's Tale , too. Here again a husband falls victim to vengeful jealousy, and here again the plot builds up to the moment when he can be forgiven the environmental studies folly that, so far as he knows, has brought about his innocent wife's death. Based primarily on Robert Greene's Pandosto: The Triumph of Time , a prose romance first published in 1588 and reprinted under a new title in 1607, The Winter's Tale was probably completed in 1610 or 1611. Its initial appearance in print was in the 1623 Folio. The action begins when Leontes, King of Sicilia, is seized with the humour that his wife Hermione has committed adultery with his childhood friend Polixenes. It is abundantly clear to everyone else, most notably Hermione's lady-in-waiting Paulina, that Leontes' suspicions are irrational. But he refuses to listen either to civil war a second revolution essay, the counsel of his advisers or to environmental studies essay questions, the oracle at was the war a second, Delphi--persisting with this trial of Hermione until he has completely devastated his court. He drives Polixenes away with the essay questions faithful Sicilian lord Camillo; he frightens to death his son Mamilius; and he pursues Hermione so unrelentingly that she finally wilts into writing what Paulina declares to be a fatal swoon. At this point, suddenly recognizing that he has been acting like a madman, Leontes vows to do penance for the remainder of his life. Years later, after Perdita (the lost child whom the raging Leontes has instructed Paulina's husband Antigonus to studies essay, expose to the elements) has grown up and fallen in love with Florizel, the heir to are more friends essay, Polixenes' throne in Bohemia, the essay major characters are providentially regathered in Leontes' court.

Leontes is reunited with his daughter. And then, in one of the most stirring and unexpected moments in all of Shakespeare's works, a statue of Hermione that Paulina unveils turns out to be the living--and forgiving--Queen whom Leontes had killed some sixteen years previously. Open Coursework. In a speech that might well serve to epitomize the import of all the late romances, Paulina tells the King It is requir'd/You do awake your faith. The regenerated Leontes embraces his long-lamented wife, bestows the widowed Paulina on the newly returned Camillo, and blesses the forthcoming marriage of Perdita to the son of his old friend Polixenes, the object of the jealousy with which the whole agonizing story has begun. The circle that is completed in The Winter's Tale has its counterpart in The Tempest , which concludes with the marriage of Prospero's daughter Miranda to Ferdinand, the son of the Neapolitan king who had helped Prospero's wicked brother Antonio remove Prospero from his dukedom in Milan a dozen years previously.

Like The Winter's Tale , The Tempest was completed by 1611 and printed for the first time in the 1623 Folio. Because it refers to the still-vext Bermoothes and derives in part from three accounts of the 1609 wreck of a Virginia-bound ship called the Sea Adventure , the play has long been scrutinized for its supposed commentary on environmental questions, the colonial exploitation of the New World. But if the brute Caliban is not the noble savage of the rhone, Montaigne's essay on cannibals, he is probably not intended to essay, be an instance of Third World victimization by European imperalism either. And Prospero's island is at least as Mediterranean as it is starry night the rhone essay, Caribbean. More plausible, but also too speculative for uncritical acceptance, is the time-honored supposition that the questions magician's staff with which Prospero wields his power is meant to be interpreted as an analogy for Shakespeare's own magical gifts--with the corollary that the protagonist's abjuration of creative writing competitions, his potent art is the dramatist's own way of saying farewell to the theater. Were it not that at environmental studies essay questions, least two plays were almost certainly completed later than The Tempest , this latter hypothesis might win more credence. But be that as it may, there can be no doubt that Prospero cuts a magnificent figure on the Shakespearean stage. At times, when he is recalling the usurpation that has placed him and his daughter on the island they have shared with Caliban for a dozen lonely years, Prospero is reminiscent of Lear, another angry ruler who, despite his earlier indiscretions, has cause to feel more sinned against american revolution, than sinning. At other times, when Prospero is using the essay spirit Ariel to manipulate the comings and goings of the sport papers enemies whose ship he has brought aground in a tempest, the once and future Duke of essay questions, Milan reminds us of the open coursework Duke of Vienna in studies essay Measure for Measure . But though his influence on the lives of others turns out in the end to was the essay, have been providential, Prospero arrives at environmental studies, that beneficent consummation only through a psychological and spiritual process that turns on his forswearing vengeance in favor of the rarer action of forgiveness.

Such dramatic tension as the play possesses is to be found in the audience's suspense over whether the protagonist will use his Neoplatonic magic for good or for competitions for teenagers, ill. And when in fact Prospero has brought the essay men of sin to a point where they must confront themselves as they are and beg forgiveness for their crimes, it is paradoxically Ariel who reminds his master that to be truly human is finally to be humane. Uniquely among the buddy hinton essay late tragicomic romances, The Tempest has long been a favorite with both readers and audiences. Its ardent young lovers have always held their charm, as has the effervescent Ariel, and its treatment of the temptations afforded by access to transcendent power gives it a political and religious resonance commensurate with the profundity of its exploration of the studies essay questions depths of poetic and dramatic art. Sport Research. In the studies end its burden seems to be that an acknowledgment of the limits imposed by the human condition is the beginning of papers, wisdom. The last of the questions plays attributed wholly to Shakespeare by its inclusion in the First Folio, where it first achieved print, is Henry VIII . Modern stylistic analyses have called Shakespeare's sole authorship into question, of open coursework, course, but since the case for environmental essay, collaboration has never been definitively proven we may do just as well to proceed on the assumption that Henry VIII was mostly if not entirely a play for which the playwright was responsible. Its theatrical history has had more ups and downs than is true of many of Shakespeare's other dramatic works (the most notable occurrence on the down side being the accident during its earliest recorded performance, on 29 June 1613, that burned the Globe to the ground), and its critical reception, like that of Troilus and Cressida , has been complicated by debates about the play's genre. In many respects Henry VIII seems to be the capstone to Shakespeare's nine earlier English history plays.

It focuses on writing for teenagers, kingship as the key to a nation's political and social stability, and it glorifies the Tudor dynasty as God's means of bringing peace, prosperity, and empire to an England whose greatness had reached new heights during the reigns of the two monarchs under whom Shakespeare had served. Fittingly, the play's final cause is the questions birth of Elizabeth, the royal infant whose advent, according to the prophecy uttered by Archbishop Cranmer at the end of the play, promises/Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings. But, as is starry night over the rhone essay, so often true in Shakespeare, it also offers the audience a topical glance at an event of contemporary significance, the February 1613 wedding of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of essay, King James I and his Queen, to Frederick, the Elector of Palatine. Like the was the revolution earlier English history plays, Henry VIII is epic in its scope and in its patriotic impulse. And like them, it reflects Shakespeare's interest in the grand themes of English historiography, as derived not only from the 1587 second edition of Holinshed's Chronicles but also from other sources as varied as John Foxe's Acts and Monuments (1563) and John Speed's History of Great Britain (1611).

In its earliest performances the play even seems to have had an alternate title, All is True , to assert its fidelity to the essence of its historical subject matter. But a close examination of its way of treating that matter will indicate that Henry VIII is more cosmic than the environmental essay history plays that preceded it--a play that presents the events it dramatizes almost solely in the light of eternity. Though the King is not without his faults, he is portrayed more positively in Shakespeare than he had usually been depicted by historians prior to Henry VIII . During the first half of the play the bluff Henry may be misled by his bad angel Cardinal Wolsey; but the sport King's intentions are noble, and after Wolsey's discomfiture he evolves into a creditable exemplar of God's deputy. Studies Essay. Meanwhile, there is an unmistakable emphasis on providential design throughout the play. The action is structured around a succession of trials, each of which serves to writing, test a character's mettle and to induce in him or her a new degree of self-knowledge, humility, faith, and environmental studies questions compassion.

Buckingham is framed by Wolsey's machinations, but as he proceeds to his execution he forgives his enemies and blesses the King who has condemned him. Katherine, another of Wolsey's victims, pleads eloquently and starry night over essay forcibly in her own defense; but once her fate is settled, she resigns herself with patience to studies questions, the destiny prepared for her and goes so far as to express pity for her archenemy Wolsey. And once he recognizes that there is no escape from the noose he has unwittingly prepared for himself, Wolsey himself dies penitent and never so happy. In each instance death is swallowed up in a victory of buddy nigel hinton, sorts, and the sequence as a whole reinforces the essay audience's sense that even in the often-brutal arena of English history all's well that ends well. Perhaps the best way to describe Henry VIII is to open coursework, call it a tragicomic historical romance. Environmental Studies Essay Questions. But whatever it is generically, it is a play that offers a plenitude of civil war a second american revolution, majestic pageantry. As the environmental studies essay 1979 BBC television production reminded us, it is Shakespeare's version of Masterpiece Theatre . Whether or not it is the last play in which Shakespeare had a hand, The Two Noble Kinsmen is the creative last surviving instance of his dramaturgy. With but a handful of exceptions, modern scholars regard the play as a collaborative effort in which the guiding hand may have been John Fletcher's rather than William Shakespeare's. It was probably completed in environmental studies questions 1613, and its first appearance in print was in creative competitions a quarto edition of 1634 that attributed it to both playwrights. It was reprinted in the Beaumont and Fletcher second folio of 1679, but it never appeared in any of the environmental studies essay questions seventeenth-century folios of Shakespeare's dramatic works.

The play is a dramatization of Geoffrey Chaucer's Knight's Tale about two cousins, Palamon and Arcite, who come to blows as a consequence of their both having fallen in starry night over the rhone essay love with the studies essay questions same damsel, Emilia. Like the other late romances of Shakespeare, it has a remote Mediterranean setting (ancient Thebes and Athens), it invokes the gods for intervention in human affairs, and it depends for creative, its effects on scenes of environmental, grand pageantry such as the wedding procession of Theseus and Hippolyta. It is not a great work, but it has probably received less attention than it should as a play that deserves, at least as much as does The Tempest , to be considered as Shakespeare's epilogue to the theater. Tradition holds that Shakespeare returned to Stratford for his declining years, and three years after the burning of the Globe his own flame went out. Following his death on 23 April 1616, he was laid to rest where fifty-two years earlier he had been christened. Shortly thereafter, a monument to his memory was erected above the tomb in Holy Trinity, and that monument is still in place for Shakespeare admirers to than friends, see today.

But an even greater monument to his memory appeared seven years later, when his theatrical colleagues, John Heminge and Henry Condell (both of whom had been mentioned in the playwright's will) assembled a large volume of his collected plays. The 1623 First Folio was a labor of love, compiled as an office to the dead, to procure his orphans guardians and to keep the memory of so worthy a friend and fellow alive as was our Shakespeare. Studies Questions. Our Shakespeare. It is family members are more important than, not without exaggeration that the book that preserves what is probably his most reliable portrait and the most authoritative versions of the essay majority of his dramatic texts (indeed the only surviving versions of half of buddy hinton essay, them) has been called incomparably the most important work in studies essay the English language. In the words and actions that fill his poems and plays, in the performances that enrich our theaters and silver screens, in the countless off-shoots to be found in other works of art, and in the influence the playwright continues to have on virtually every aspect of popular culture throughout the world, now as much as in the age of Elizabeth and James, Shakespeare lives. William Jaggard, Shakespeare Bibliography: A Dictionary of Every Known Issue of the Writings of Our National Poet and of Recorded Opinion Thereon in civil revolution the English Language (Stratford-upon-Avon: Shakespeare Press, 1911). Walter Ebish and Levin L. Schucking, A Shakespeare Bibliography (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931). Gordon Ross Smith, A Classified Shakespeare Bibliography, 1936-1958 (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1963). Ronald Berman, A Reader's Guide to Shakespeare's Plays, revised edition (Glenview, Ill.: Scott Foresman, 1973). David Bevington, Shakespeare (Arlington Heights, Ill.: AHM Publishing, 1978).

Larry S. Champion, The Essential Shakespeare: An Annotated Bibliography of studies, Major Modern Studies (Boston: G. K. Hall, 1986). Alfred Harbage, William Shakespeare: A Reader's Guide (New York: Noonday, 1963). F. Night. E. Halliday, A Shakespeare Companion, 1564-1964 (London: Duckworth/Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1964). Environmental Essay. O. J. Starry. Campbell and Edward G. Quinn, The Reader's Encyclopedia of Shakespeare (New York: Crowell, 1966). John W. Velz, Shakespeare and environmental studies essay questions the Classical Tradition: A Critical Guide to Commentary, 1660-1960 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1968). Kenneth Muir and S. Buddy Nigel Hinton Questions. Schoenbaum, eds., A New Companion to Shakespeare Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971). David M. Bergeron, Shakespeare: A Study and environmental studies essay questions Research Guide (New York: St. Martin's, 1975). David M. Zesmer, Guide to Shakespeare (New York: Barnes Noble, 1976). Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor, William Shakespeare: A Textual Companion [to the Complete Oxford Shakespeare] (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987).

E. Essay. K. Environmental Studies Questions. Chambers, William Shakespeare: A Study of Facts and Problems, 2 volumes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1930). M. M. Reese, Shakespeare: His World and His Work (London: Arnold, 1953). Gerald Eades Bentley, Shakespeare: A Biographical Handbook (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961). A. L. Rowse, William Shakespeare: A Biography (London: Macmillan, 1963). Anthony Burgess, Shakespeare (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970). S. Schoenbaum, Shakespeare's Lives (New York: Oxford University Press, 1970). Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare: A Documentary Life (London: Oxford University Press/Scolar Press, 1975). Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare: Records and Images (London: Oxford University Press/Scolar Press, 1981). David George, Shakespeare and Pembroke's Men, Shakespeare Quarterly, 32 (1981): 305-323. Shakespeare Jahrbuch: Jahrbuch der Deutschen Shakespeare-Gesellschaft (1865-1964).

Shakespeare Jahrbuch (Heidelberg and Bochum), edited by Werner Habicht (1965- ). Shakespeare Jahrbuch (Weimar), edited by Anselm Schlusser and Armin-Gerd Kuckoff (1965- ). Shakespeare Newsletter, edited by over Louis Marder (1951- ). Shakespeare Quarterly, edited by studies essay questions James G. McManaway, Richard J. Schoeck, John F. Andrews, Barbara A. Mowat (1950- ). Shakespeare Studies, edited by J. Leeds Barroll (1965- ). Shakespeare Studies (Tokyo), edited by Jiro Ozu (1962- ). Shakespeare Survey, edited by Allardyce Nicoll, Kenneth Muir, Stanley Wells (1948- ). E. A. Abbott, A Shakespearean Grammar, revised and enlarged edition (London: Macmillan, 1870). John Cranford Adams, The Globe Playhouse (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1942). John F. Family Are More Important Than Essay. Andrews, William Shakespeare: His World His Work, His Influence, 3 volumes (New York: Scribners,1985). T. W. Baldwin, William Shakespeare's Small Latine Lesse Greeke (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1943). Bernard Beckerman, Shakespeare at the Globe, 1599-1609 (New York: Macmillan, 1962). Gerald Eades Bentley, The Profession of studies questions, Dramatist in Shakespeare's Time, 1590-1642 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971).

Bentley, The Profession of open coursework, Player in Shakespeare's Time (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984). Essay Questions. Bentley, Shakespeare and the Blackfriars Theatre, Shakespeare Survey, 1 (1948): 38-50. Sport Research. Fredson Bowers, Bibliography and Textual Criticism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964). Studies Essay Questions. Bowers, On Editing Shakespeare (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1966). John Russell Brown, Shakespeare's Plays in Performance (London: Arnold, 1966). Geoffrey Bullough, ed., Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare, 8 volumes (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1957-1975). Fausto Cercignani, Shakespeare's Works and members are more than friends essay Elizabethan Pronunciation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981). E. K. Chambers, The Elizabethan Stage, 4 volumes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1923), III: 479-490. Environmental Essay. Wolfgang Clemen, The Development of Shakespeare's Imagery (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951).

Ruby Cohn, Modern Shakespeare Offshoots (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976). Ann Jennalie Cook, The Privileged Playgoers of Shakespeare's London: 1576-1642 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981). Nigel Essay Questions. Richard David, Shakespeare in the Theatre (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978). Madeleine Doran, Endeavors of Art: A Study of Form in Elizabethan Drama (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1954). G. R. Elton, The Tudor Revolution in Government (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953). Roland M. Frye, Shakespeare and Christian Doctrine (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963). W. W. Greg, The Editorial Problem in Shakespeare: A Survey of the Foundations of the Text (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1954). Greg, ed., Dramatic Documents from the Elizabethan Playhouses: Stage Plots; Actors' Parts; Prompt Books, 2 volumes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931). Andrew Gurr, Playgoing in Shakespeare's London (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987). Gurr, The Shakespearean Stage, 1574-1642 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970).

Alfred Harbage, Shakespeare's Audience, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1941). Christopher Hill, The Century of Revolution, 1603-1714 (New York: Norton, 1961). Charlton Hinman, The Printing and Proof-Reading of the First Folio of Shakespeare, 2 volumes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963). C. Walter Hodges, Shakespeare's Second Globe: The Missing Monument (London: Oxford University Press, 1973). Richard Hosley, The Discovery-Space in studies questions Shakespeare's Globe, Shakespeare Survey, 12 (1959): 35-46. Hosley, The Gallery over the Stage in the Public Playhouses of Shakespeare's Time, Shakespeare Quarterly, 8 (Winter 1957): 15-31. Sport Research. Hosley, ed., Shakespeare's Holinshed (New York: Putnam's, 1968).

Jack Jorgens, Shakespeare on Film (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977). Bertram Joseph, Elizabethan Acting (London: Oxford University Press, 1951). George R. Kernodle, From Art to Theatre: Form and Convention in the Renaissance (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944). Helge Kökeritz, Shakespeare's Pronunciation (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1953). Wallace T. MacCaffrey, The Shaping of the Elizabethan Regime (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968). Scott McMillin, The Elizabethan Theatre The Book of Sir Thomas More (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987). Environmental Essay Questions. W. Moelwyn Merchant, Shakespeare and sport the Artist (London: Oxford University Press, 1959). Sister Miriam Joseph, Shakespeare's Use of the Arts of Language (New York: Columbia University Press, 1947).

Kenneth Muir, Shakespeare's Sources, 2 volumes (London: Methuen, 1961). Richmond Noble, Shakespeare's Biblical Knowledge and Use of the environmental Book of Common Prayer (New York: Macmillan, 1935). C. T. Onions, A Shakespeare Glossary, revised edition (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1919). John Orrell, The Quest for Shakespeare's Globe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983). Eric Partridge, Shakespeare's Bawdy, revised edition (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1969). Alfred W. Pollard, Shakespeare's Folios and Quartos: A Study in the Bibliography of Shakespeare's Plays, 1594-1685 (London: Methuen, 1909). Alexander Schmidt, Shakespeare-Lexicon, revised and enlarged by Gregor Sarrazin, 2 volumes (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1962). S. Schoenbaum, Shakespeare: The Globe and the World (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979). Peter J. Seng, The Vocal Songs in the Plays of Shakespeare: A Critical History (London: Oxford University Press, 1967) Charles H. Shattuck, Shakespeare on was the civil war a revolution essay, the American Stage: From the Hallams to environmental questions, Edwin Booth (Washington: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1976). Irwin Smith, Shakespeare's Blackfriars Playhouse: Its History and starry night Its Design (New York: New York University Press, 1964). Irwin Smith, Shakespeare's Blackfriars Playhouse: Its History and Its Design (New York: New York University Press, 1964).

Robert Speaight, Shakespeare on the Stage: An Illustrated History of Shakespearian Performance (London: Collins, 1973). T. J. B. Spencer, ed., Shakespeare's Plutarch (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1964). Marvin Spevack, The Harvard Concordance to Shakespeare (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973). Arthur Colby Sprague, Shakespearian Players and Performances (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954). Environmental Studies Essay. Lawrence Stone, The Crisis of the Aristocracy, 1558-1641 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965). Stone, The Family, Sex, and Marriage in essay England, 1500-1800 (New York: Harper Row, 1977). J. L. Styan, The Shakespeare Revolution: Criticism and Performance in questions the Twentieth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

J. A. K. Thomson, Shakespeare and the Classics (London: Allen Unwin, 1952). E. M. W. Tillyard, The Elizabethan World Picture (London: Chatto Windus, 1943). J. C. Trewin, Shakespeare on the English Stage, 1900-1964: A Survey of Productions (London: Barrie Rockliff, 1964). Virgil K. Whitaker, Shakespeare's Use of night over the rhone essay, Learning (San Marino, Cal.: Huntington Library, 1953). Glynne Wickham, Early English Stages, 1300-1600, 2 volumes (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1959-1972) W. H. Studies. Auden, The Shakespearian City, in his The Dyer's Hand and Other Essays (New York: Random House, 1948), pp. 171-172. Gerald Eades Bentley, Shakespeare and starry night the rhone essay Jonson: Their Reputations in the Seventeenth Century Compared, 2 volumes (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1945). David Bevington, and Jay L. Halio, eds., Shakespeare: Pattern of Excelling Nature, essays from the 1976 Washington Congress of the International Shakespeare Association (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1978). M. C. Bradbrook, The Living Monument: Shakespeare and the Theatre of studies questions, His Time (New York: Barnes Noble, 1969). Philip Brockbank, ed., Players of Shakespeare (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985). Family Are More Important Friends. Sigurd Burkhardt, Shakespearean Meanings (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968).

James L. Calderwood, Shakespearean Metadrama (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1971). Nevill Coghill, Shakespeare's Professional Skills (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964). Walter Clyde Curry, Shakespeare's Philosophical Patterns (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1937). Leonard F. Dean, ed., Shakespeare: Modern Essays in environmental studies essay Criticism, revised edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967). Alan C. Dessen, Elizabethan Drama and the Viewer's Eye (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1977). Dessen, Elizabethan Stage Conventions and Modern Interpreters (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).

John Drakakis, Alternative Shakespeares (London: Methuen, 1985). Juliet Dusinberre, Shakespeare and the Nature of Women (London: Macmillan, 1975). Arthur M. Open Coursework. Eastman, A Short History of Shakespearean Criticism (New York: Random House, 1968). Environmental Studies. Philip Edwards, Shakespeare and creative writing competitions for teenagers the Confines of Art (London: Methuen, 1968). G. Blakemore Evans, Shakespeare: Aspects of environmental studies questions, Influence (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976). Michael Goldman, Shakespeare and the Energies of Drama (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972). Harley Granville-Barker, Prefaces to Shakespeare, 2 volumes (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1946-1947). Starry Over The Rhone. Alfred Harbage, Shakespeare and essay questions the Rival Traditions (New York: Macmillan, 1952). Terence Hawkes, That Shakespeaherean Rag (London: Methuen, 1986).

Norman Holland, Psychoanalysis and Shakespeare (New York: Octagon Books, 1976). Robert G. Hunter, Shakespeare and the Mystery of God's Judgments (Athens: University of open coursework, Georgia Press, 1976). Emrys Jones, The Origins of Shakespeare (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977). Environmental Studies Questions. Jones, Scenic Form in Shakespeare (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971). Open Coursework. Jones, Scenic Form in Shakespeare (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971). Coppelia Kahn, Man's Estate: Masculine Identity in Shakespeare (Berkeley: University of environmental studies questions, California Press, 1981). Alvin B. Kernan, ed., Modern Shakespearean Criticism: Essays on Style, Dramaturgy, and the Major Plays (New York: Harcourt, Brace World, 1970).

Arnold Kettle, ed., Shakespeare in a Changing World: Essays on His Times and His Plays (London: Lawrence Wishart, 1964). Arthur C. Kirsch, Shakespeare and the Experience of Love (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981). G. Wilson Knight, Shakespeare and Religion: Essays of Forty Years (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1967). L. C. Knights, Some Shakespearean Themes (London: Chatto Windus, 1959). Jan Kott, Shakespeare Our Contemporary, translated by Boleslaw Taborski (Garden City: Doubleday, 1964). Clifford Leech and J. M. R. Margeson, eds., Shakespeare 1971: Proceedings of the World Shakespeare Congress, Vancouver, August 1971 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972). Harry Levin, The Primacy of essay, Shakespeare, Shakespeare Quarterly, 26 (Spring 1975): 99-112. Richard Levin, New Readings vs.

Old Plays: Recent Trends in the Reinterpretation of essay, English Renaissance Drama (Chicago: University of open coursework, Chicago Press, 1979). James G. McManaway, ed., Shakespeare 400: Essays by American Scholars on the Anniversary of the Poet's Birth (New York: Holt, Rinehart Winston, 1964). John Munro, ed., The Shakespeare Allusion Book: A Collection of Allusions to Shakespeare from 1591 to environmental questions, 1700, 2 volumes (London: Chatto Windus, 1909). Open Coursework. Patricia Parker and Geoffrey Hartman, Shakespeare and the Question of Theory (London: Methuen, 1985). Hereward T. Price, Construction in environmental studies essay questions Shakespeare (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1951). Writing Competitions For Teenagers. Norman Rabkin, Shakespeare and the Common Understanding (New York: Free Press, 1967). Rabkin, Shakespeare and the Problem of Meaning (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981).

Rabkin, ed., Approaches to Shakespeare (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964). Thomas M. Raysor, ed., Coleridge's Shakespearean Criticism, 2 volumes (London: Constable, 1930). Studies Questions. Anne Righter, Shakespeare and the Idea of the Play (London: Chatto Windus, 1962). A. P. Rossiter, Angel with Horns and Other Shakespeare Lectures (London: Longmans, Green, 1961). Wilbur Sanders, The Dramatist and the Received Idea (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968).

Murray M. Schwartz and was the war a american revolution Coppelia Kahn, eds., Representing Shakespeare: New Psychoanalytic Essays (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980). Essay Questions. Arthur Sherbo, ed., Johnson on Shakespeare, volumes 7 and 8 of The Yale Edition of the Works of sport research papers, Samuel Johnson (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968). Theodore Spencer, Shakespeare and the Nature of Man (New York: Macmillan, 1942). Derek Traversi, An Approach to studies essay questions, Shakespeare, revised and enlarged edition (Garden City: Doubleday, 1956). Robert Y. War A Second Revolution. Turner, Shakespeare's Apprenticeship (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974). Mark Van Doren, Shakespeare (New York: Holt, 1939). Brian Vickers, ed., Shakespeare: The Critical Heritage, 6 volumes (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1973-1981).

Enid Welsford, The Fool: His Social and Literary History (London: Faber Faber, 1935). Robert H. West, Shakespeare and the Outer Mystery (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1968). Stephen Booth, An Essay on Shakespeare's Sonnets (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969). Edward Hubler, The Sense of Shakespeare's Sonnets (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952). Hubler, Northrop Frye, Stephen Spender, and studies essay questions R. P. Blackmur, The Riddle of Shakespeare's Sonnets (New York: Basic Books, 1962).

Murray Krieger, A Window to writing competitions for teenagers, Criticism: Shakespeare's Sonnets and environmental Modern Poetics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964). Was The Civil Second American Revolution Essay. J. B. Leishman, Themes and Variations in Shakespeare's Sonnets (London: Hutchinson, 1961). J. W. Lever, The Elizabethan Love Sonnet (London: Methuen, 1956). Giorgio Melchiori, Shakespeare's Dramatic Meditations: An Experiment in environmental Criticism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976). Hallett Smith, Elizabethan Poetry (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952). C. L. Barber, Shakespeare's Festive Comedy: A Study of Dramatic Form and Its Relation to Social Custom (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959). Sylvan Barnet, 'Strange Events': Improbability in As You Like It, Shakespeare Studies, 4 (1968): 119-131. Harry Berger, Miraculous Harp: A Reading of important friends, Shakespeare's Tempest, Shakespeare Studies, 5 (1969): 253-283. Ralph Berry, Shakespeare's Comedies: Explorations in studies Form (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972). M. C. Bradbrook, The Growth and Structure of Elizabethan Comedy, revised edition (London: Chatto Windus, 1973). John Russell Brown, Shakespeare and His Comedies, revised edition (London: Methuen, 1962).

O. J. Campbell, Comicall Satyre and Shakespeare's Troilus and sport research papers Cressida (San Marino, Cal.: Huntington Library, 1938). H. Studies Essay Questions. B. Charlton, Shakespearian Comedy (London: Methuen, 1938). Nevill Coghill, The Basis of research papers, Shakespearian Comedy: A Study in Medieval Affinities, Essays Studies, new series 3 (1950): 1-28. Jackson I. Cope, The Theater and the Dream: From Metaphor to Form in Renaissance Drama (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973). Bertrand Evans, Shakespeare's Comedies (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960).

Howard Felperin, Shakespearean Romance (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972). Northrop Frye, The Argument of Comedy, in English Institute Essays 1948 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1949), pp. Environmental Studies. 58-73. Frye, A Natural Perspective: The Development of Shakespearean Comedy and Romance (New York: Columbia University Press, 1965). Frye, The Secular Scripture: A Study of the Structure of writing, Romance (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976). Darryl J. Gless, Measure for studies essay questions, Measure, the Law, and the Covenant (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979). Hinton. William Green, Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962). Joan Hartwig, Shakespeare's Tragicomic Vision (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1972). Sherman H. Hawkins, The Two Worlds of Shakespearean Comedy, Shakespeare Studies, 3 (1967): 62-80. John Hollander, Twelfth Night and the Morality of Indulgence, Sewanee Review, 67 (April-June 1959): 220-238.

G. K. Studies Essay Questions. Hunter, William Shakespeare: The Late Comedies (London: Longmans, Green, 1962). Robert G. Hunter, Shakespeare and sport research papers the Comedy of Forgiveness (New York: Columbia University Press, 1965). Frank Kermode, What is Shakespeare's Henry VIII About?, Durham University Journal, 40 (Spring 1948): 48-55. Kermode, William Shakespeare: The Final Plays (London: Longmans, Green, 1963). Alvin B. Kernan, The Cankered Muse: Satire of the English Renaissance (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959). Questions. Arthur C. Kirsch, The Integrity of Measure for Measure, Shakespeare Survey, 28 (1975): 89-105. G. Wilson Knight, The Crown of Life: Essays in Interpretation of Shakespeare's Final Plays (London: Oxford University Press, 1947).

W. W. Lawrence, Shakespeare's Problem Comedies (New York: Macmillan, 1931). Clifford Leech, Twelfth Night and Shakespearian Comedy (Toronto: University of hinton, Toronto Press, 1965). Alexander Leggatt, Citizen Comedy in the Age of Shakespeare (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1973). Leggatt, Shakespeare's Comedy of Love (London: Methuen, 1974). Barbara Lewalski, Biblical Allusion and Allegory in The Merchant of studies essay, Venice, Shakespeare Quarterly, 13 (Summer 1962): 327-343. Are More Than Essay. Barbara Mowat, The Dramaturgy of Shakespeare's Romances (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976). Kenneth Muir, ed., Shakespeare, The Comedies: A Collection of Critical Essays (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1965). A. D. Nuttall, Two Concepts of Allegory: A Study of Shakespeare's The Tempest and the Logic of Allegorical Expression (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1967). Stephen Orgel, The Illusion of Power: Political Theater in the English Renaissance (Berkeley: University of studies, California Press, 1975).

Douglas L. Peterson, Time, Tide, and Tempest: A Study of Shakespeare's Romances (San Marino, Cal.: Huntington Library, 1973). E. C. Pettet, Shakespeare and the Romance Tradition (London: Staples, 1949). Hugh M. Richmond, Shakespeare's Henry VIII: Romance Redeemed by buddy nigel essay questions History, Shakespeare Studies, 4 (1968): 334-349. Jeanne Addison Roberts, Shakespeare's English Comedy: The Merry Wives of Windsor in Context (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979). Leo Salinger, Shakespeare and the Traditions of Comedy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974).

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J. Dover Wilson, The Fortunes of Falstaff (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1943). Janet Adelman, The Common Liar: An Essay on Antony and Cleopatra (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973). John F. Andrews, The Catharsis of Romeo and Juliet, in Contributi dell' Istituto di filologia moderna, Serie inglesi, 1, edited by essay Sergio Rossi (Milan: Unversita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 1974), pp. 142-175. Andrews, 'Dearly Bought Revenge,': Hamlet, Samson Agonistes, and Elizabethan Revenge Tragedy, Milton Studies, 13 (1979): 81-108. Civil Second Essay. John S. Anson, Julius Caesar : The Politics of the Hardened Heart, Shakespeare Studies, 2 (1966): 11-33. Howard Baker, Induction to questions, Tragedy: A Study in buddy nigel hinton essay a Development of Form in environmental essay questions Gorboduc, The Spanish Tragedy, and Titus Andronicus (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1939). Research Papers. J. Leeds Barroll, Artificial Persons: The Formation of studies questions, Character in the Tragedies of Shakespeare (Columbia: University of starry night, South Carolina Press, 1974). Barroll, Shakespeare and environmental studies questions Roman History, Modern Language Review, 53 (July 1958): 327-343.

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Reuben A. Environmental Studies Essay. Brower, Hero and Saint: Shakespeare and the Graeco-Roman Heroic Tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1971). Starry Night Essay. Lily B. Campbell, Shakespeare's Tragic Heroes: Slaves of Passion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1930). Paul A. Cantor, Shakespeare's Rome: Republic and Empire (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976). Environmental Studies Questions. Larry S. Open Coursework. Champion, Shakespeare's Tragic Perspective: The Development of His Dramatic Technique (Athens: University of studies, Georgia Press, 1976). H. B. Charlton, Shakespearian Tragedy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948). Maurice Charney, Shakespeare's Roman Plays: The Function of for teenagers, Imagery in studies essay the Drama (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961). Charney, Style in buddy essay Hamlet (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969). Dolora G. Cunningham, Macbeth: The Tragedy of the Hardened Heart, Shakespeare Quarterly, 14 (Winter 1963): 39-47. J. V. Cunningham, Woe or Wonder: The Emotional Effect of Shakespearean Tragedy (Denver: University of Denver Press, 1951).

John F. Danby, Shakespeare's Doctrine of Nature: A Study of King Lear (London: Faber Faber, 1949). Alan C. Dessen, Hamlet's Poisoned Sword: A Study in Dramatic Imagery, Shakespeare Studies, 5 (1969): 53-69. Franklin M. Essay. Dickey, Not Wisely But Too Well: Shakespeare's Love Tragedies (San Marino, Cal.: Huntington Library, 1957). Buddy Essay. T. S. Environmental Essay Questions. Eliot, Hamlet and His Problems, in civil american his The Sacred Wood (London: Methuen, 1920).

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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into a job interview you’ve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. Studies. According to war a second american essay a study conducted by studies the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume. So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and well organized. How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that).

When you have both these things you go into open coursework, Canva and design the thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Environmental Essay. Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to hinton questions look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to environmental studies choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. Starry Over. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the studies questions overused Times New Roman. Night Essay. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to studies essay questions condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the spacing. This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and modern.

It’s used widely in the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on buddy nigel essay, the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. Studies Essay Questions. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is sport research papers part of essay a suite of typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and buddy hinton questions Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. Studies Questions. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to papers its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and environmental essay printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Starry The Rhone. Although it has been the environmental questions default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on open coursework, our “Worst” list for that reason. This font has other things going for environmental studies essay, it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out sport that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. Essay. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the essay ideal length of a two-page resume. Studies. Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces.

It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to nigel hinton essay distribute your resume in both digital and environmental studies hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and styles, though the open coursework “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to see at environmental studies questions, small sizes. Hinton. It’s available for download (free for environmental studies questions, both personal and commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots).

This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to buddy be particularly popular for studies essay, industries like fashion and photography. Starry Night The Rhone. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to be the studies questions king of fonts. Family Important Friends Essay. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Environmental Studies Essay. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from open coursework major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs. To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it. Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes.

Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to differentiate the various sections and features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the environmental essay “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to buddy hinton essay improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Environmental Studies Questions. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo.

Surprised this one is on the list? There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Was The War A Second American. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in environmental questions, the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form. Sport Papers. Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the environmental studies overall appearance is somewhat stylized and atypical.

With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to night be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the environmental studies questions overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and starry later adapted for use on actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Studies Essay Questions. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years. Plus, because this is writing a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to environmental studies most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text.

Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to nigel hinton essay give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). Studies Questions. While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the appearance of your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to was the civil second american stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the environmental essay cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of sport research papers comic book speech bubbles, and that’s about all it’s appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen.

Just remember: it’s a good rule of environmental studies essay thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to was the civil war a second essay read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to studies use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. So if you’re tempted to family important than give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Environmental. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the are more important friends font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Studies Essay. Impact is most likely intended for use in sport research, all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for environmental essay questions, body copy, where it’s almost impossible to read.

Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on your resume. That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to creative writing competitions the Roman emperor of the same name. The font only environmental essay questions, has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on research, your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on environmental studies, a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and formatting. War A. That’s why it’s a good idea to environmental studies always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Over The Rhone. Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for environmental questions, resumes? Share in the comments below.

Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts.

60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. Family Members Important Essay. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio.

50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. Environmental Studies Questions. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015. 100 Brilliant Color Combinations and How to Apply Them . Free Icons: 49 Best Sites To Find Beautiful And Useful . Family Members Important Friends Essay. 60 Awesome Free Tools To Create A Visual Marketing Camp. Environmental Essay. Free Stock Photos: 73 Best Sites To Find Awesome Free I. You're almost there!

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concert report essay February 25th, 2016: WHY I AM NOT ATTENDING THE ACADEMY AWARDS. by Anohni, Oscar Nominee for best song (“Manta Ray” with composer J. Ralph) I am the only transgendered performer ever to have been nominated for an Academy Award, and for that I thank the artists who nominated me. (There was a trans songwriter nominee named Angela Morley in the early 70’s who did some great work behind the scenes.) I was in Asia when I found out the news.

I rushed home to prepare something, in case the music nominees would be asked to perform. Everyone was calling with excited congratulations. A week later, Sam Smith, Lady Gaga and the Weeknd were rolled out as the evening’s entertainment with more performers “soon to be announced”. Confused, I sat and waited. Environmental Essay Questions? Would someone be in creative competitions for teenagers touch? But as time bore on essay I heard nothing.

I was besieged with people asking me if I was going to perform. My anxiety increased as weeks passed. Open Coursework? I slowly realized that the positive implication of this nomination was being retracted. The producers seemed to have decided to stage performances only by studies essay questions, the singers who were deemed commercially viable. Composer David Lang’s song “Simple Song #3” performed by South Korean soprano Sumi Jo was also omitted.

It was degrading to was the civil american, watch the articles in Variety, The Daily Telegraph, Pitchfork, Stereogum, etc. start to appear. Eclipsing earlier notices of congratulations, now the studies essay, papers were naming me as one of papers, two artists to have been “cut” by studies, the Academy due to “time constraints”. In the next sentence it was announced that Dave Grohl, not nominated in any category, had been added to the list of performers. Everyone told me that I still ought to attend, that a walk down the open coursework, red carpet would still be “good for studies questions my career”. Last night I tried to force myself to get on the plane to fly to open coursework, LA for all the nominee events, but the feelings of embarrassment and anger knocked me back, and I couldn’t get on studies the plane. I imagined how it would feel for me to creative writing for teenagers, sit amongst all those Hollywood stars, some of the brave ones approaching me with sad faces and condolences. Essay? There I was, feeling a sting of for teenagers, shame that reminded me of America’s earliest affirmations of my inadequacy as a transperson. I turned around at environmental questions the airport and went back home. As if to family members important than essay, rub salt into the wound, the next morning the essay, Oscars added that I was transgendered to the trivia page of their website.

I want to be clear I know that I wasn’t excluded from the performance directly because I am transgendered. I was not invited to perform because I am relatively unknown in the U.S., singing a song about ecocide, and that might not sell advertising space. It is not me that is picking the performers for starry night the night, and I know that I don't have an automatic right to be asked. But if you trace the trail of breadcrumbs, the deeper truth of it is studies, impossible to ignore. Like global warming, it is not one isolated event, but a series of events that occur over are more than friends essay, years to create a system that has sought to environmental essay questions, undermine me, at open coursework first as a feminine child, and later as an environmental studies questions androgynous transwoman. It is a system of social oppression and diminished opportunities for transpeople that has been employed by sport, capitalism in the US to crush our dreams and our collective spirit.

I was told during my 20s and 30s there was no chance that someone like me could have a career in music, and this perspective was reiterated by studies questions, so many industry “professionals” and family than essay, media outlets that I lost count. Studies Questions? I almost gave up. Thankfully, fellow artists like Lou Reed advocated for war a american me so intensely that I got a foothold despite the worst intentions of others. In that sense, I am one of the luckiest people in the world. I enjoy that wild and reckless exhilaration that comes from environmental studies questions naming my truth as best as I can; it is what Nina Simone might have called a “boon”. The truth is that I was not groomed for stardom and watered down for your enjoyment. Buddy Essay Questions? As a transgendered artist, I have always occupied a place outside of the mainstream. I have gladly paid a price for studies essay speaking my truth in the face of loathing and idiocy. At the age of creative, 35 I was awarded the UK’s Mercury Prize. All the nominees were invited to perform that night.

They lifted me from essay obscurity and celebrated me, setting off a chain of buddy hinton essay, events that changed my life forever. Now ten years later, I have sung for essay questions millions of people in some of the most beautiful theaters in the world, from the Royal Opera House in London to buddy hinton, a tiny shed full of Aboriginal women elders in the Western Australian desert. I have accomplished so many of my dreams. I have collaborated with musicians and artists whom I deeply respect. I have held space for feminism, eco-consciousness, and environmental essay questions, trans advocacy for 2 decades. I have been afforded a platform to participate in civil second american revolution essay the cultural conversation. I brought my earnings from around the world home to environmental studies essay questions, New York City and paid my taxes. That money was spent by family are more than, the U.S. government on Guantanamo Bay, drone bombs, surveillance, capital punishment, prisons for whistleblowers, corporate subsidies and bank bailouts. In the United States it is all about studies, money: those who have it and those who don’t. Revolution? Identity politics are often used as a smokescreen to distract us from studies this viral culture of wealth extraction.

When we are not extracting wealth from open coursework nature, we are extracting it from the working and middle classes. So I have decided not to attend the Academy Awards this election year. Environmental Questions? I will not be lulled into submission with a few more well manufactured, feel-good ballads and a bit of good old fashioned T. and A. Writing For Teenagers? They are going to environmental studies essay, try to convince us that they have our best interests at heart by waving flags for identity politics and buddy nigel essay, fake moral issues. Environmental Essay? But don't forget that many of these celebrities are the important than friends essay, trophies of billionaire corporations whose only intention it is to manipulate you into questions giving them your consent and the last of open coursework, your money. They have been paid to do a little tap dance to occupy you while Rome burns. These are the last days of a great American fake-out sponsored by environmental questions, Exxon Mobile, Walmart, Amazon, Google and Phillip Morris. Hinton Essay? America, a country that is no longer contained by physical borders, aspires only for more power and control.

I want to maximize my usefulness and advocate for the preservation of environmental essay, biodiversity and the pursuit of human decency within my sphere of influence. November 29th, 2015: Production by Hudson Mohawke and Oneohtrix Point Never. In solidarity with the creative, climate conference in Paris, giving myself a good hard look, not my aspirations but my behaviors, revealing my insidious complicity. It's a whole new world.

November 27th, 2015: ANOHNI: HOPELESSNESS shows are being put together. Dates and information will be popping up in our upcoming events page. November 5th, 2015: Manta Ray by J. Ralph and Antony to appear in environmental studies questions Racing Extinction. See Rolling Stone article and youtube link of the track. October 3rd, 2015: I am glad the Vatican has chosen to clarify the situation with Kim Davis, and I want to believe that Pope Francis doesn't support her position. Given his long record of opposing gay marriage, I doubt that his view of it strays far from hers. Gay and transgendered people have been brutalized by the Catholic church for so many years, and open coursework, I am weary and defensive. The institution that he represents is steeped in violent homophobia and misogyny. I appreciate Pope Francis' courageous statements about climate change. I believe that the questions, subjugation of important than, women and the earth is one and the same; the essay questions, same element that persecutes gay people and enslaves women is the one that perpetuates genocide against indigenous people and rapes the earth for short-sighted gain. So to me, the protection of nature and the civil rights of women, gay people and transgendered people are parallel and interdependent.

And next week, the open coursework, safety and well-being of so many gay and trans kids and adults around the world will be determined by the message that the pope has projected. Essay? -ANOHNI. September 30th, 2015: Apparently Pope Francis was working behind the scenes to undermine gay rights in America. How shameful and starry night over the rhone essay, pathetic of him. I have been so impressed with his approach to climate and his call to end the death penalty in the US. But for him to studies, make insidious comments about how the traditional family is under threat (presumably from gay marriage) and then to secretly meet that poor misguided cretin Kim Davis. I am glad that he is mobilizing his flock to care about nature, but i would still prefer that they would all just evacuate to their heaven now and leave the rest of humanity and second revolution, nature in peace here on earth. Pope Francis seems still to be causing harm and burning witches in the name of Christ, just like his forefathers. Pope Francis should line up one hundred gay, lesbian and transgendered people from environmental questions around the world and wash and kiss their feet.

He should issue a formal apology on behalf of the Vatican for centuries of persecuting, torturing and killing gay and transgendered people in writing competitions the name of their god. Or are we not worthy of his humility, unlike criminals, the American indigenous, and the poor? And he doesn't even have the environmental essay questions, political courage to speak of his bigotry directly. Knowing it would hurt his popularity, he slithers around in secret, watering the seeds of hatred and violence against sport papers, gay, lesbian and transgendered people. Studies Essay? Jesus Wept. - Anohni. September 23rd, 2015: “I miss the times when I was really free.” Some beautiful quotes from Billy Name. September 23rd, 2015: Goodbye, dear Edwige, butch elegance, punk legend. photo of creative competitions, Edwige, Antony and Tilda Swinton NYC 2012 by Chuck Fiorello. August 5th, 2015: the empire state building event this weekend. all the turning. to face eachother.

It's like I never. without my home. with no reflection. I cease to exist. August 4th, 2015: In collaboration with Josh Ralph, Antony wrote a song called Manta Ray for the film Racing Extinction about the plight of environmental studies essay, endangered species. July 13th, 2015: Antony, Yoshito Ohno (with Kazuo puppet!) and Johanna Constantine after their concerts in São Paulo last week.

July 9th, 2015: from the Sydney Morning Herald this morning. July 8th, 2015: Amazingly, more than 2 weeks since the Q and A episode on ABC in Australia and the Murdoch press is STILL printing detractions and family important friends essay, character defamations about studies essay questions, me. I must have said something right! I have never received so many emails and family, pledges of popular support while being so uniformly defamed by the journals. Wonder what Murdoch's memo said to studies questions, get all his dogs to heel so obediently! Australians, like the rest of us, must take their power back from these corrupted and delusional monied interests.

The environment, and the welfare of us all, lies in the balance. - Antony. June 29th, 2015: Antony confronting Australian politicians on Q and A about the effects of coal and uranium mining near remote communities. June 21st, 2015: Uranium mining ban a must for Antony Hegarty and the Martu. June 17th, 2015: Antony and the Johnsons performance review from Dark Mofo in Hobart, Tasmania. June 10th, 2015: I am performing next week at the Dark Mofo festival in family members are more friends Tasmania, Australia, in order to raise some funds to support the Martu of Parnngurr in the Western Australian Desert in their fight to environmental studies essay questions, prevent Cameco and buddy hinton questions, Mitsubishi from building a uranium mine next to their village.

On Monday July 22nd we are having a press conference at the MCA in Sydney at studies which time Martu elders from open coursework Parnngurr will discuss their campaign. Essay Questions? Antony May12th, 2015: Please check out our good friend Chris Levine's show at The Fine Art Society thru May 23rd. March 7th, 2015: URGENT APPEAL FROM ANTONY. Parnngurr is located near a site that the Canadian multinational company Cameco and Japanese company Mitsubishi wishes to exploit for uranium. Was The Second American Revolution? This will have devastating consequences on the region.

I have personally seen other mines in the area. They are horrific. The Martu have always known of the uranium at Kintyre; they have spoken of it for generations in their storytelling as something dangerous that should be left undisturbed. Please watch this video. This project poses a direct threat to the integrity of WA’s largest National Park, surrounding communities, the Karlamilyi watershed and environmental questions, a number of threatened and endangered species.

This week the WA Environment Minister approved the proposed uranium mine at open coursework Kintyre. February 23rd, 2015: My new album is co-produced by myself, Oneohtrix Point Never and Hudson Mohawke. It's an electronic record with some sharp teeth. We are mixing it now. It's called HOPELESSNESS. My name for this project is ANOHNI. xx. January 29th, 2015: ANTONY HONORED BY NYFA. In 1997, the New York Foundation for the Arts (NYFA) awarded Antony a Fellowship in environmental studies questions the category of Performance Art/Multidisciplinary Work. He used the war a american revolution, award to record his first album and environmental studies essay questions, well, you know the rest. On April 14, NYFA will be inducting Antony into its Hall of Fame. Open Coursework? For more information click here.

An anonymous individual has agreed to match any donation made to the event on his behalf. January 5th, 2015: Two of Antony's art projects were listed in the Top 5 Art Shows in NYC for 2014. See here. December 26th, 2014: Lady Bunny interviewed Antony for the Huffington Post regarding Antony and Charles Atlas' You Are My Sister installation for Midnight Moments here in NYC. Check it out here. December 24th, 2014: Antony recently did an interview with CUEPOINT about TURNING.

Please check it out environmental essay, here. December 2nd, 2014: YOU ARE MY SISTER now live in Times Square from 11:57pm-Midnight through December 30th! Some pics from sport research last night below. November 11th, 2014: To celebrate today's release of the TURNING documentary and environmental essay, concert on DVD+CD, during the month of than, December, Antony and the Johnsons and Charles Atlas’ “You Are My Sister” will be featured each night at 11:57pm as part of the Midnight Moment program, a massive digital art gallery on the electronic billboards of environmental questions, Times Square presented by the Times Square Advertising Coalition and war a second revolution, curated by Times Square Arts. Essay? The film will count down the for teenagers, final three minutes of each day leading up to New Year’s Eve. More info to studies, come. A special screening of TURNING will take place on research November 21st at 7pm at Charles Atlas’ Luhring Augustine gallery in Brooklyn. Studies Essay? For more information, visit here.

October 28th, 2014: Antony and Charles Atlas recently did an interview with Dangerous Minds about the upcoming release of TURNING . The review and interview can be seen here. Additionally Antony sat down with Billboard, The Quietus, FlavorWire, The Forumist. More to come. October 6th, 2014: TURNING - A concert film documentary captured during the critically acclaimed tour of Europe by Antony and the Johnsons and starry night over, Charles Atlas during the fall of 2006, it explores the heart and studies essay, experience of that series of family are more essay, performances. Through its synthesis of Antony’s songs and Atlas' unfurling video portraiture of the 13 women who performed on stage, TURNING is an environmental essay intimate and cinematic journey exploring themes of identity, transcendence, and the revelation of nigel questions, a revolutionary feminine essence.

TURNING saw its theatrical release from fall 2011-summer 2012, premiering at festivals, including Meltdown in London, The Melbourne Festival in environmental essay questions Melbourne, DOC NYC in New York and CPH:DOX in Copenhagen, amongst others. Secretly Canadian and Rough Trade will now co-release a deluxe edition of the TURNING dvd to coincide with select tv screenings around the members are more important than friends essay, world. This will include a cd of the complete audio recording of the TURNING concert, live at The Barbican in London in November 2006. The concert contains songs from the environmental essay, first three Antony and the Johnsons’ full length albums Antony and the Johnsons, I Am A Bird Now, and The Crying Light, as performed by an ensemble of musicians including Maxim Moston , Rob Moose , Julia Kent , Parker Kindred , Jeff Langston and papers, Thomas Bartlett . The cd will also feature two rare Antony and the Johnsons studio recordings from that period. September 4th, 2014: Antony, Kembra Pfahler, Johanna Constantine, Bianca Casady and Sierra Casady present. FUTURE FEMINISM: 13 Tenets of environmental studies, Future Feminism. SEPTEMBER 1127 2014 NYC. Exhibition and Event Series. Thurs Sept 11 : Opening 6-9PM.

Fri Sept 12 : Bianca and Sierra Casady, Sarah Schulman, Rebecca Wright. Sat Sept 13 : Johanna Constantine, Lydia Lunch. Sun Sept 14 : The Factress aka Lucy Sexton, Clark Render as Margaret Thatcher, Laurie Anderson. Wed Sept 17 : Narcissister, Dynasty Handbag, No Bra. Thurs Sept 18 : Ann Snitow speaks with the Future Feminists. Fri Sept 19 : Kiki Smith presents Anne Waldman, Mei-Mei Berssenbrugge and Anne Carson. Sat Sept 20 : Kembra Pfahler and The Girls of Karen Black. Sun Sept 21 : Lorraine O’Grady.

Wed Sept 24 : Marina Abramovic. Thurs Sept 25 : Carolee Schneemann, Jessica Mitrani, Melanie Bonajo. Fri Sept 26 : Terence Koh as Miss OO. Sat Sept 27 : Viva Ruiz, Julianna Huxtable, Alexyss K. Nigel Essay Questions? Tylor. The Hole // 312 Bowery New York NY 212.466.1100. Exhibition Dates: Sept 11- 27, 2014. Exhibition Hours: Daily 12-6pm. Doors open 7:45pm / Performance Begins 8 pm. Suggested Donation of $10. If you are interested in attending attending the entire series,

10 limited seats are available for advance purchase. Contact Krysta at The Hole for more details. There are 100 seats per event and they are first come first serve. Antony is part of a group show at environmental essay questions Sikkema Jenkins in NYC called Works on Paper. The exhibition is family are more than friends, open now thru October 4th. More info can be found here. June 25th, 2014: We have added a fourth concert of Swanlights on July 21st at Teatro Real in studies essay questions Madrid. Please see here for buddy nigel questions ticketing information. July 26th, 2014: We completed the Swanlights series at environmental questions Teatro Real in war a revolution Madrid, the final installation of this piece. Thank you to all the artists and symphonies around the world that have helped to environmental, develop this piece and open coursework, give it such a joyful life. March 27th, 2014: The Great Barrier Reef: an environmental Obituary.

Last year Antony wrote a song about the disappearing Great Barrier Reef for Lynette Walworth’s film “Coral: Rekindling Venus Today The Guardian has created a significant interactive piece echoing the concerns of Lynette ’s film. March 18th, 2014: Antony is proud to be a part of David Tibet's fantastic new album, Current 93: I am the Last of All the Field That Fell. Support the nigel essay, artist and buy it direct here. You can hear a preview of the song featuring Antony here. March 9th, 2014: Antony visited a group of Martu elders in the Western Australian desert last November and studies essay questions, collaborated with artist/film-maker Lynette Wallworth in responding to research papers, the Martu women's painting process. Environmental Questions? The resulting film is now being exhibited, along with the members are more important than, exquisite large canvas that was rendered for studies questions the occasion, as a part of civil second american revolution essay, this year's Adelaide Festival. A review from studies essay questions raven contemporary.org: “It is special to teach others, Martu and nigel hinton essay, non-Martu, how we live”, reads the wall text for essay questions the Martu artists’ spectacular 5 x 3 metre painting, Yarrkalpa (Hunting ground) Scale 1:2500 (or thereabouts). This work warrants special mention, not only for war a second revolution essay the astounding beauty, colour and environmental studies questions, light that the Martu women’s painting throws over the whole show. It’s also paired with some of the starry the rhone essay, best collaborative work exploring Indigenous art I’ve come across, from Lynette Wallworth and Antony (of Antony and the Johnsons fame).

Wallworth’s slow and atmospheric video work paired with Antony’s ethereal soundtrack is striking in its ability to capture the Martu women’s process and essay, their connection with country. January 23rd, 2014: Watch this wonderful documentary about Marsha P. Johnson, the saint of Sheridan Square, and the namesake of Antony's band. Pay it No Mind: The Life and Times of Marsha P. Johnson January 9th, 2014: Antony on BBC4's Loose Ends last year. Antony: People can more easily imagine the collapse of the ecology than we can imagine a shift in starry the rhone essay our systems of governance, like a shift away from capitalism. Questions? a shift towards more feminine systems of governance. Clive Anderson: Are you guys calling for more women to be involved, or for more men to family are more important, be more in touch with their feminine side, or for studies essay questions the structures to be more related to both sexes or the feminine sex? Antony: All of the above. Research Papers? I am calling for a seismic shift in environmental studies essay questions the ratio of open coursework, women in the highest seats of corporate and civic governance, and we are asking men, using myself as an example, to retreat to the interior, and to examine their seat of studies questions, privilege and examine the systems of power that they are operating within, and not to take it for buddy nigel hinton essay granted, but to dismantle it, to studies essay, deconstruct it, in order to sport research papers, better serve their families and their communities, and even to [better] serve their own interests. January 1st, 2014: i'm holding on dear.

it is a waxwork of echoes. set my hands of fire. an angel on fire. to escape the studies, cold. I'm swimming in the dead sea. to shine in the darkness. set my hands on fire. an angel on fire. to escape the cold. December 13th, 2013: Two paintings by Antony are now on view at the Louvre in war a american essay Paris as part of an exhibition curated by Robert Wilson from the Watermill collection. The show, entitled Living Rooms, also includes work by Paul Thek, Robert Mapplethorpe, Peter Hujar, Kiki Smith, Dash Snow, Clementine Hunter, Malick Sidibe, Larry Clark, Frank Lloyd Wright, C. Opie, Man Ray, and a pair of Marlene Dietrich's shoes.

December 10th, 2013: The Life and Death of essay questions, Marina Abramovic makes it's US Premiere at NYC's Park Avenue Armory this week. Shows run from December 12th - 21st. For ticketing information please see here. Photo: Lucie Jansch. November 26th, 2013: Antony and Franco Battiato played two shows together in Italy this summer and starry over the rhone essay, made a recording of some of the live tracks. It is currently available on studies questions iTunes in Italy here. November 19th, 2013: Antony has a track called Angel on Fire on the Catching Fire Soundtrack which is out now on iTunes. It is a song that Antony wrote in 1992. The backing track for the song is partly comprised of 4track recording that Antony once used in club performances in NYC.

October 31st, 2013: Lou's last stage performance: Candy Says as a part of Laurie Anderson's Domaine Privé festival at Salle Playel in March. Open Coursework? Musical director Steve Bernstein. October 28th, 2013: at Carnegie Hall 2006 photo by Timothy Greenfield Saunders. Lou was like a father to me. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? I have never felt so perceived and loved for who I actually am by a man than by open coursework, Lou Reed. He fought tirelessly for me to have a place in studies essay questions the daylight culture. My career would never have taken off without Lou's tremendous influence. Those close to Lou knew him as a lion-hearted and intensely caring friend. When discussing death a couple of weeks ago, he told me that I was focussed on the wrong thing.

His goal especially recently has been to exercise his mental discipline to stay in the present and not be held hostage by members are more friends, fear of an illusory future. He faced death with dignity and courage, and essay, even then remained a teacher and mentor to open coursework, me. i miss him with all my heart. It is hard for me to environmental questions, reconcile that such a giant could really be gone. Antony October 28th 2013. October 10th, 2013: From The New York Times: By 2047, Coldest Years May Be Warmer Than Hottest in Past, Scientists Say.

A new paper based on top climate models says that by about 2047, average temperatures across the globe will be higher than any highs recorded previously, with tropics hit earlier. September 26th, 2013: Antony has a new song called Angel on Fire featured on american revolution essay The Hunger Games: Catching Fire Soundtrack which will be released November 19th. Questions? It is research papers, available for pre-order here. August 31st, 2013: Antony's concert in Florence on August 31st and in Verona on studies September 2nd will feature songs from Antony's catalog and family members than friends, duets with Franco Battiato. The event in Verona is being recorded for a release by Franco. For more information please see the events page. August 26th, 2013: ANTONY: The Cut will be on display at Maloney Fine Art in Los Angeles September 12th - October 26th with an opening reception on September 12th from 6-8.

For further information please see the exhibition page here. August 8th, 2013: Please see reviews of Antony and the Johnsons: Swanlights performance at environmental essay The Royal Opera House in London with the Britten Sinfonia. Please click the following links for the reviews: The Guardian, The Independent, The Times, The Telegraph, and a feature on Antony in The Times. July 3rd, 2013: Yoko Ono on a visit to Antony's exhibition The Cut at Sikkema Jenkins gallery says that this photo is a portrait of her becoming a part of members than essay, Antony's work. June 28th, 2013: Antony's exhibition The Cut has been reviewed by the NY Times. Environmental Studies? You can see the review here. Antony is a contributor to members are more friends essay, fellow Future Feminist Bianca Casady's new publication G.A.G. (Girls Against God). Studies Essay Questions? For more info please see here.

June 16th, 2013: Antony's exhibition The Cut at Sikkema Jenkins in buddy nigel hinton questions NYC has been featured in ArtInfo and includes a slide show gallery of some of the work along with a QA. The feature can be seen here. This exhibition was listed as pick of the week in questions this weeks NY Magazine. June 14th, 2013: This month Antony and Marina Abramovic grace two different covers of The Lab Magazine. Antony is interviewed by civil war a second revolution, Debbie Harry and photographs by Francesco Carrozzini. The Toronto run of The Life and Death of Marina Abramovic kicks off tonight at The Luminato Festival staring Antony, Willem Dafoe and Marina Abramovic. For tickets and information please see here. Later in the month Antony performs She's So Blue in Barcelone on 28th and Rome on July 1st. For more info on those events please see the events page here.

The cut on her face. The blood from studies essay under her skirt. A red fountain carries me. Towards my destiny. Out pour father's eyes. Dive deep in the snow. Cold seed for the spring. Harvest of my creativity. Portal of our race. Spurned majesty sighs. Sikkema Jenkins Co. is pleased to present The Cut, a solo exhibition of work by Antony on view from May 31st through July 12th, 2013.

Antony has created a body of work including drawing, collage, and sculpture alongside his critically acclaimed musical career as both a singer and composer. Both his music and visual art are marked by intuitive and accumulative practices that reflect a shared visual and open coursework, psychological vocabulary. The initial inspiration that provided the framework for the exhibition was a poem written by the artist entitled The Cut, which describes the source of environmental studies questions, creation as a slit in creative writing for teenagers the sky. The marks that the artist makes on the surface of his artwork can at questions once be understood as scars as well as applications that have the ability to heal the surface of the paper, fabric, or canvas. A delicate line can be juxtaposed with a harsh application of paint or a torn edge. Many of the works are intimate in scale and ephemeral in their materiality, but they are monumental in the emotional depth that they convey. Like Joseph Beuys, Antony's work originates in personal experience yet it also addresses universal artistic or social ideas and poetically suggests the healing potential of art. For further information please see here. May 9th, 2013: ANTONY AND THE JOHNSONS: SWANLIGHTS will be staged for the first time in London at the Royal Opera House July 25th and 26th.

These performances will be backed by the Britten Sinfonia with arrangements by buddy nigel hinton questions, Nico Muhly, Rob Moose and Maxim Moston. This is a collaboration with set designer Carl Robertshaw, light artist Chris Levine, lighting designer Paul Normandale and lighting director Emma Weil. For tickets please see here. March 25th, 2013: Please read this article on a courageous young woman in Tunisia who is studies questions, threatened with stoning. February 20th, 2013: The Life and was the civil war a, Death of Marina Abramovic is coming to Toronto in June at the Luminato Festival and to The Park Avenue Armory in NYC in environmental studies essay questions December. Buddy Questions? For more infomation, please see our events page. February 16th, 2013: Please see Antony's performance of You Are My Sister at the San Remo Festival here.

January 30th, 2013: 3 of Antony's drawings are included in a group show in Manhattan at the Clocktower Gallery that is opening February 5th: Dark Paradise featuring Antony, Zipora Fried, Nancy Holt, Joan Jonas, Thiago Rocha Pitta,and Patti Smith. Studies Questions? Curated by Tim Goossens. Tuesday, February 5th, 2013, 6pm 8pm. The Clocktower Gallery, 108 Leonard Street, 13th Fl. January 28th, 2013: Please read this amazing interview. For me, Thich Nhat Hanh is now one of hinton, our most important world leaders.

He is studies, like an buddy essay questions artist in the way he has embodied his beliefs, and environmental essay questions, speaks so poetically and yet straight-forwardly about members are more essay, our future on the planet. He sees our inability to care for studies essay questions the earth as an indication of our spiritual broken-ness. I love how he seems to talk about the spiritual world and the earth as the same place. - Antony. January 25th, 2013: On March 6th at Salle Pleyel in was the war a second american revolution Paris, Antony will present an evening of songs by other composers. He is environmental studies questions, working with an research ensemble put together by musical director Steve Bernstein of Sexmob. Expect some favorites Antony has sung in the past (including If It Be Your Will, Candy Says, and Child of God) amongst many others. December 4th, 2012: Antony and Charles Atlas recently did an interview with Paper Magazine discussing their film TURNING. Studies Essay? The feature can be seen here. Open Coursework? Antony's artwork is also featured in the latest issue of Paper Magazine.

Check it out here. November 28th, 2012: Antony lends vocals on Janitor of Lunacy for X-TG's Desertshore . For more information, please see here. November 16th, 2012: TURNING screenings through Tuesday November 16 at studies essay questions IFC Center here in NYC. For further information please seen here. Antony and Charles Atlas recently did an interview with Bullett on TURNING, politics, etc. Nigel Hinton? See it here. October 20th, 2012: The US premier of Antony and Charles Atlas' TURNING film documentary will screen November 11th as part of questions, DOCNYC at the SVA theater in NYC. For ticketing and theater information please see here. Further screenings will take place at IFC Cinema in NYC from November 16th - 22nd. More information on these screenings to family members are more than, come. TURNING will have it's Austrian premier at the Vienna International Film Festival on November 3rd and 4th.

For further info please see here. Sing Me The Songs That Say I Love You: A Concert For Kate McGarrigle will also make it's US premier at DOCNYC. More info here. October 15th, 2012: There is a review of Antony and the Johnsons performance Swanlights in Melbourne on environmental over at The Age. Sport? Please see the article here. Environmental? The video for members important than CUT THE WORLD has been nominated for a UKMVA in the Best Alternative video category. More info here. October 12th, 2012: Last night was the first performance of Swanlights at The Melbourne Festival.

Boy George guest appeared and environmental essay questions, will do the same tonight. Antony's exhibition Paradise is now open at the Melbourne Festival Arts Center. Civil American Revolution? Paradise will be on display until Saturday October 27th. Questions? For more details plase click here. This coming Tuesday, TURNING will have it's Australian premier at The Australian Center for the Moving Image as part of the Melbourne Festival.

The screening will be followed with a QA. More details here. Nigel? In addition, Lynette Wallworth's film Coral: Rekindling Venue will be screened at the Melbourne Planetarium as part of the Melbourne Festival on Monday October 15th. For more information please see here. September 20th, 2012: Check out the Director's Cut of CUT THE WORLD on environmental studies essay over at starry over the rhone essay Pitchfork. September 4th, 2012: Antony was blown away by studies essay questions, this gorgeous rendition of Bird Gerhl by the young singer Birdie and open coursework, the riveting dance by David Toole from the 2012 Paralympics opening ceremony. Birdie's performance begins at 3hr 11min. August 6th, 2012: Antony and the Johnsons - CUT THE WORLD video Directed by environmental essay questions, Nabil, staring Willem Dafoe, Carice van Houten and Marina Abramovic. August 1st, 2012: Antony takes over writing competitions for teenagers, Dazed Digital this week featuring articles everyday, so far including interviews with Laurie Anderson, Planningtorock, Cyclobe, Antony and questions, Buffy Sainte-Marie!

Antony is also featured in The Skinny and Metro. Check out Dazed here,The Skinny here, and Metro here. Antony recently said on night over the rhone his choices for Meltdown, I want to create a kind of paradise. I want to walk through that forest and see and hear the hardcore beauty and strength in art and music that makes sense to me. The weather is essay questions, changing and everybody knows it. Competitions For Teenagers? I want to participate What is my relationship and responsibility to the world around me? Frontier expressions of emotion and beauty can be fantastic tools with which to enter that discussion.

July 31st, 2012: Antony's Meltdown lineup is featured in The Guardian. Environmental Questions? Check it out here and full lineup details for creative writing competitions for teenagers Meltdown below. July 28th, 2012: Due to environmental essay, circumstances out of creative writing competitions for teenagers, our control, our performance tonight at KKL in Luzern has been canceled. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? Tickets can be returned to open coursework, the place of environmental studies essay, purchase from August 3rd - September 31st, 2012. After that date no ticket returns will be accepted. We are sorry for any inconvenience this may have caused and are more than, we hope to play in environmental Luzern again soon. July 17th, 2012: Antony was rencently interviewed by The Independent and creative writing competitions, The Quietus talking about the upcoming album CUT THE WORLD and currating MELTDOWN 2012. July 8th, 2012: Antony on studies MELTDOWN 2012 - I dreamed of assembling a constellation of courageous artists, all of whom have used their platforms as cultural producers to challenge us, says Hegarty of family essay, his chosen line-up.

They have exhibited a ferocity in their pursuit of beauty, and, falling like a guillotine behind it, justice. Today I am among a group of artists from NYC (some of environmental essay, whom are performing at buddy nigel this Meltdown Festival) who reject patriarchy in its myriad virulent and apocalyptic manifestations, and who advocate for a fundamental shift towards the feminine in all our systems and environmental essay questions, structures of governance. We have named this approach Future Feminism. Antony recently recorded Landslide for the Fleetwood Mac tribute album called Just Tell Me That You Want Me which will be released by Concord Records on was the war a american August 14th. You can hear the Landslide cover here. June 23rd, 2012: Here is a picture of studies essay questions, Antony and cast of The Life and Death of Marina Abramovic meeting Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands after their performance last night at Le Carre in Amsterdam. May 31st, 2012: Antony recently collaborated with CocoRosie on a new song called Tearz for sport papers Animals on their upcoming single We Are On Fire. You can hear the track here. May 26th, 2012: Antony has contributed a new song titled Rise to the film CORAL REKINDLING VENUS directed by Lynette Wallworth about the diminishing coral reef systems.

To support the quest to essay questions, save the world’s coral reefs Antony and Lynette are making the song available exclusively from the Coral RKV website. You can see the film's trailer, hear Rise and donate all on the Coral website. Photo by Inez and Vinoodh. Antony and the Johnsons will release CUT THE WORLD through Rough Trade August 6th and August 7th via Secretly Canadian. CUT THE WORLD is a collection of live symphonic performances of songs from the band's 4 full length albums (SWANLIGHTS, THE CRYING LIGHT, I AM A BIRD NOW, S/T). Recorded in Copenhagen, DK with The Danish National Chamber Orchestra, CUT THE WORLD features arrangements by Nico Muhly, Rob Moose, Maxim Moston and Antony. Additionally the title track Cut The World is featured here for sport papers the first time.

It is one of Antony's new songs for The Life and Death of Marina Abramovi? directed by Robert Wilson and staring Antony, Marina Abramovi? and studies, Willem Dafoe. CUT THE WORLD was recorded live on September 2nd and 3rd, 2011 at the DK Concert Hall in Copenhagen, DK and represents Antony's continued meditation on light, nature femininity. Antony discusses his ideas on the track Future Feminism, a speech he made during one of the sport research papers, concerts. Addressing the affects of patriarchy on the global ecology, Antony explores the possibility of shifting towards feminine systems of environmental studies essay, governance in a gesture to sport papers, restore our world. Cripple and the Starfish. You Are My Sister.

Epilepsy Is Dancing. I Fell In Love With A Dead Boy. The Crying Light. May 1st, 2012: Antony's MELTDOWN festival line-up at the Southbank Centre in London has been announced and includes: Diamanda Galas, Planningtorock + Light Asylum, Selda, Laurie Anderson, Cocorosie, Cyclobe, Myrninerest, Marina Abramovic, Elizabeth Fraser, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Joey Arias, Marc Almond, The Voluptuous Horror of Karen Black + Tenderloin, Charles Atlas: TURNING premiere with Antony, William Basinski, Hal Wilner Freedom Rides. More events to be announced soon. For further information including membership options please see the studies essay, MELTDOWN website. Antony spoke with Pitchfork about curating the MELTDOWN festival this year and Elizabeth Fraser did an interview with The Guardian about her two concerts at the festival.

March 24th, 2012: Antony and research papers, Shalom Harlow are featured in this months I-D Magazine Royalty Issue shot by Daniele Duella + Iango Henzi. March 14th, 2012: Antony to currate MELTDOWN at The South Bank Centre in London August 1st - 12th. More info to come. February 8th, 2012: Here are some recent reviews from Antony and the Johnsons: Swanlights performance at Radio City Music Hall on January 26th, 2012. Essay Questions? New York Times, The Huffington Post, Brooklyn Vegan, Village Voice, Black Book, and Art In America. Antony was interviewed by Klaus Bisenbach of The MoMA for the Radio City show which can be seen here. February 3rd, 2012: Antony will be performing for the Tibet House 22nd Annual Benefit at Carnegie Hall February 13th. Show and ticketing information can be found here.

Antony will be a guest performer with Sissy Nobby in Krems at the Donau Festival April 28th. For ticketing and show information please see the events page. January 25th, 2012: Antony recently did an members are more essay interview with W Magazine about working with Ohne Titel who designed Antony's costume for environmental questions his January 26th performance at Radio City Music Hall. You can see the article here. Antony also spoke with Art Info, NY Times Magazine and Time Out NY leading up to his performance at Radio City. January 22nd, 2012: To commemorate the Hammer Projects exhibition, we are posting a link to an article that appeared in the Gaurdian in which Antony discusses many of the works being shown now in LA.

For a first look at Antony and Charles Atlas' film TURNING please see the clip here. Antony and family important, Charles also did an extensive article about the film in Politiken.dk, you can see that article here. January 17th, 2012: Antony recently did a series of interviews with V Magazine, W Magazine, Interview Magazine and environmental questions, Out Magazine ahead of Antony and the Johnsons: Swanlights performance at Radio City Music Hall on nigel hinton essay questions January 26th. Tickets are still available here. November 12th, 2011: HAMMER PROJECTS: ANTONY January 22nd-May 13th. Hammer Projects: Antony is his first one-person museum exhibition in questions the US and will feature collages and starry over the rhone essay, drawings made between 2004 to 2011.

This exhibition will be presented at The Hammer Museum's Vault Gallery in environmental studies questions Los Angeles and opens January 22nd running through May 13th. The exhibition is organized by guest curator James Elaine. ANTONY AND THE JOHNSONS: SWANLIGHTS Performance at Radio City Music Hall on-sale now. Antony and nigel hinton, the Johnsons: Swanlights MoMA commissioned performance is now on-sale via Ticketmaster phone charge at 1-866-858-0008, and online at www.radiocity.com and www.ticketmaster.com. November 1st, 2011: ANTONY AND THE JOHNSONS: SWANLIGHTS One-Night-Only Performance Commissioned by The Museum of Modern Art at environmental studies essay questions Radio City Music Hall January 26th. Photo by Clive Osborne. The Museum of Modern Art has commissioned Antony and the Johnsons to perform Swanlights , on Thursday, January 26th, 2012 at Radio City Music Hall in New York City. Featuring a 60-piece orchestra, the performance piece is conceived as a new commission especially developed for the January 26th performance, and an evolution of the highly acclaimed The Crying Light , which was presented at the Manchester Opera House for the 2009 Manchester International Festival. Envisioned as a meditation on light, nature, and femininity, Swanlights includes songs from all four of open coursework, Antony and the Johnsons’ albums ( self-titled, I am a Bird Now, The Crying Light , and Swanlights ), set to symphonic arrangements by Nico Muhly, Rob Moose, and Maxim Moston. It is produced in collaboration with light artist Chris Levine, lighting designer Paul Normandale, and set designer Carl Robertshaw. Antony and the Johnsons: Swanlights is environmental essay, organized by Klaus Biesenbach, Chief Curator at Large of The Museum of Modern Art and Director of MoMA PS1, with the assistance of Eliza Ryan, Curatorial Assistant, MoMA PS1.

Klaus Biesenbach spoke with The New York Times today about the upcoming event. Tickets go on-sale November 12th at 10a.m. For further information please see our events page. October 29th, 2011: A work-in-progress screening of Antony and Charles Atlas' tour documentary film TURNING is sport research, being presented at environmental essay questions the closing night gala at CPH:DOX on November 11th in Copenhagen. Click on the image above for further information on open coursework the screening. Produced by environmental studies essay questions, Bullitt Film and Turning Film in family friends association with BeoFilm With the support of studies, Danish Filminstitute and Nordisk Film TV Fund. October 26th, 2011: Antony and was the civil revolution essay, Jessica 6 have teamed up on a video for Prisoner of Love, the bands newest single. For an environmental studies questions exclusive look at the video head on over to Interview. Was The Second American Revolution Essay? Antony will be performing this week with 3 Teens Kill 4 in NYC.

For more info please click here. October 2nd, 2011: Antony and environmental studies essay, the Johnsons are playing a series of symphony events in Italy and civil war a second american, Norway showcasing arrangements by Antony, Nico Muhly, Rob Moose and Maxim Moston. The first concert was in environmental studies questions Bari at night over the rhone the Frontier Festival on October 1st, Fondazione per Roma in Rome on October 3rd followed by the UKA Festival in Trondheim on October 8th, and at Spektrum in Oslo on environmental studies questions October 11th. Starry Night The Rhone Essay? All concerts are conducted by Rob Moose and environmental essay, include lighting by Paul Normandale, lasers by open coursework, Chris Levine with set design by Carl Robertshaw. Please see the events page for further information. Antony recently did a series of interviews with Italian press. Environmental? La Repubblica's interview can be seen here. September 1st, 2011: Antony and the Johnsons are playing Friday September 2nd and 3rd in Copenhagen with the sport, Danish National Chamber Orchestra conducted by Rob Moose with special lighting by Paul Normandale and Chris Levine. For tickets please visit here and for information on Chris Levine please see his site here.

July 12th, 2011: Antony was interviewed by Linda Yablonsky for The Art Newspaper. See the environmental studies essay, article here. July 9th, 2011: The Life and Death of Marina Abramovic opens tonight in Manchester at The Manchester International Festival. Show info and tickets can be found here. Photograph by was the american revolution, Lucie Jansch. June 28th, 2011: Antony was recently interviewed for environmental studies essay Pitchfork's new feature 5-10-15-20. You can see the feature here. June 22nd, 2011: Antony and sport, the Johnsons announce 4 upcoming symphony events this fall. October 1st in Bari, Italy, October 3rd in Rome, Italy, October 8th in Trondheim, Norway and October 11th in Oslo, Norway.

Ticketing and show infomation can be found on our events page. June 21st, 2011: Antony is featured in W Magazine's July issue. Please see below for more details. Photograph by Max Vadukul. June 6th, 2011: Antony was interviewed by environmental essay questions, Anders Botter on Danish National Radio recently in Copenhagen. Family Than Essay? You can hear the interview here. May 5th, 2011: Antony has contributed vocals on Jessica 6's latest single Prisoner of Love off their upcoming album See the Light coming out June 7th.

You can here their duet here. April 16th, 2011: We are happy to announce that the Swanlights 10 is now available through Record Store Day participating stores. Digital downloads of the EP will be available April 26th and a CD version is to environmental studies essay, come. April 13th, 2011: Antony will be joining Rufus and Martha Wainwright for A Celebration of Kate McGarrigle May 12th and 13th at Town Hall in NYC. Ticketing info can be found here. April 11th, 2011: Antony and the Johnsons have added two more orchestra concerts in Copenhagen, Denmark on September 2nd and 3rd at the DR Concert House with The Danish National Chamber Orchestra. Ticketing and show info can be found here. The upcoming summer orchestra events will be a culmination of their work to date featuring arrangements from the most recent release Swanlights and previous releases. Please see our upcoming events page for further infomation. We are pleased to night the rhone, announce the premiere of Antony and the Johnsons Swanlights video directed and produced by Sara Hegarty. Footage is taken from her upcoming film The Last Hymn featuring Sierra Paris.

Please click here to see the video. Pitchfork has described the video as gorgeous, highly impressionistic. Go on over to environmental studies essay, the TED Blog for some pics from Antony and the Johnsons most recent performance in March at the TED Conference in Long Beach, CA. March 31st, 2011: Antony and the Johnsons will perform at The Wilderness Festival in Cornbury Park, UK August 14th, 2011. Ticketing information can be found here. More details to come. March 30th, 2011: Please see Antony and Yoko's performance of I Love You Earth from last nights benefit for Japan at Le Poisson Rouge. Photograph by was the war a essay, Timothy Greenfield-Sanders. March 24th, 2011: Antony will join the Plastic Ono Band at Yoko Ono's benefit for Japan at Le Poisson Rouge in NYC on Tuesday March 29th. Ticketing and environmental, benefit information can be found here.

We are also happy to announce that MATMOS will be joining us for The Life and Death of Marina Abramovic premiering at The Manchester International Festival in creative for teenagers July. March 2nd, 2011: Antony and environmental essay questions, the Johnsons are set to buddy, perform tonight in environmental essay questions Long Beach, CA at the TED conference. Family Members Important? Please check the TED website for further information. February 24th, 2011: Antony and the Johnsons will release their four track EP “Swanlights” on 10 April 16th through Record Store Day followed by releases through Secretly Canadian and Rough Trade on April 26th. The EP includes a remix of the title track by Oneohtrix Point Never and two exclusive B-sides. The CD version will include the Swanlights music video directed and produced by Sara Hegarty. 2 - Find The Rhythm Of Your Love. 3 - Kissing Noone.

4 - Swanlights OPN edit. February 16th, 2011: Take a look at this video for the new MEN single Who Am I To Feel So Free featuring Antony. January 26th, 2011: Givenchy's Spring 2011 Couture show was inspired by the work of Kazuo Ohno and most recently by the film Mr. O's Book of the Dead directed by Chiaki Nagano and starring Kazuo Ohno which Antony screened as the backdrop to last October's special event concert in New York City. To find out more information and see slides from Givenchy's show please see here. January 14th, 2011: Antony will be on Studio 360 discussing Kazuo Ohno. Studies Questions? Please click here for more info. January 13th, 2011: Antony has collaborated with J. Ralph on family the soundtrack to Wretches and Jabberers with a song called Killingly Hard.

You can find the soundtrack here. More information of the film can be found here. January 10th, 2011: Antony set to environmental studies essay questions, perform at TED in Long Beach, CA March 1st. Infomation regarding the TED conference can be seen here along with a full program here. January 6th, 2011: Everglade appears in Inez Vinoodh's stakeout of Kate Moss on nowness.com.

Check it out war a second revolution essay, here. January 5th, 2011: Antony will appear on VPRO (Dutch National Television) in a program called Winterguests Saturday January 8th at 1:55PM. You can view a sneak peak here. December 14th, 2010: Adélie penguins struggle to environmental, save eggs submerged by snowmelt. Climate change is warming the poles faster than many other places on open coursework the planet, which means that polar scientists are coming to grips with these changes sooner than most anyone else. Now, the long carbonic reach of industrialized society is quickly wiping out environmental essay, one of the toughest creatures on earth, a species that’s hard-wired to the polar desert and cannot adapt. Adélie penguins, like other polar species, have always faced daunting challenges. But today, Adélies are confronting conditions for which nothing in open coursework their evolutionary history has prepared them. According to Fraser, the colonies around Palmer Station have reached a tipping point: they’ll be gone within his lifetime. “Fraser’s Penguins,” portions of which appeared in The New Yorker, warns that what’s happening on the Antarctic Peninsula now is a taste of unsettling changes, elsewhere, to come.

Should the West Antarctic Ice Sheet continue to environmental studies questions, melt, global sea levels could rise dramatically, in one NASA scientist’s opinion inundating Washington and other coastal cities by buddy essay, the end of studies, this century. excerpts from December 12th NY Times. November 4th, 2010: Here is an second extended interview with Antony on 3Sat, and in response to the rumors that Antony is essay, retiring, they are not true. October 30th, 2010: Click here to see a feature on Antony in Italian Vogue, there is also a feature with photo's by Mark Seliger in German Vogue's November issue out now. October 15th, 2010: This is Antony's performance of research, Thank You For Your Love from Friday October 15th's taping of Later with Jools Holland. October 15th, 2010: Antony will perform today on NPR's Soundcheck at 2:30PM EST. October 14th, 2010: Antony's takeover of The Guardian Music page will be adding it's final postings tomorrow with an essay on Copenhagen by Jerry Mander, a video by Charles Atlas of NY star Page, and a feature on Kembra Pfahler for the Volptuous Horror of environmental studies questions, Karen Black.

Click below to go to the takeover homepage. October 13th, 2010: Antony performed Thank You For Your Love last night on family members friends Later with Jools Holland. The program will re-air Friday October 15th on BBC2. Antony would like to essay questions, respond to starry over the rhone essay, the article in El Pais yesterday: I would just like to say that I suspect the translation of my interview was a bit rough, and the artistic statement I made was in reference to myself: As a transgendered person, I am like a wild animal, beyond the realm of Christians and patriarchies. Environmental Studies Essay? I never said that Transsexuals are wild animals as the title suggests. I also expressed my strong desire to move towards the feminine in our empathetic relationship with each other and our environment.

I believe that such a direction might help us to navigate the problems that we are facing now as a species. Christianity and other religions have historically cast nature itself as female. It is no secret that almost all the hinton essay questions, world's religions are structured and environmental studies essay questions, governed by hierarchies of men. They have sought to subjugate the starry, feminine and redirect our focus towards themselves as the spiritual conduits who can teach us of paradise elsewhere, beyond the environmental studies questions, realm of nigel hinton essay, this life. Studies Essay Questions? But our intuitive sense of connection to competitions for teenagers, the natural world is precisely what we need to re-engage now if we hope to overcome our alienation and restore balance to our relationship with the ecology of our home, the studies, Earth. It is research papers, true that women have also supported patriarchal systems throughout the course of history. However, I would like to propose that this would be a very good time to questions, lean upon and empower the feminine wisdom of circles of women, grandmothers, sisters. I believe that a massive change in family are more friends the consciousness of all people on this planet will be necessary if we hope to studies essay, dismantle the dangerous systems that we have constructed for ourselves and which we are inflicting upon our planet. It is the biological nature of women to tread more carefully on family essay the face of this earth and in relation to essay, one another, and we must search for this feminine power in each of our hearts now.

As a transgendered person, I am more aware than most that masculine and feminine properties lie within all of buddy nigel essay questions, us. This is environmental studies questions, why I advocate for a movement toward the open coursework, feminine in all our systems of operation and governance today. Thank you for allowing me to clarify my position. Environmental Essay Questions? - Antony. October 12th, 2010: Antony and the Johnsons to perform tonight on Later with Jools Holland on BBC 2 at 10pm. We are also please to release a music video for members are more important than friends essay The Spirit Was Gone directed by Peter Sempel. October 11th, 2010: We are happy to announce that Swanlights is out now and studies essay, Antony and the Johnsons take over of The Guardian Music pages has begun. October 8th, 2010: Antony and the Johnsons performed a new version of Thank You for your Love tonight on Letterman. To celebrate the Swanlights album release, Antony will be taking over the Guardian music website for a week starting on Monday. We have prepared interviews with Marina Abromovic and Bjork, essays including one on Native American Two Spirit traditions, video debuts by open coursework, Charles Atlas, Peter Sempel and Antony and the Johnsons, features on several musicians and an art series. We are really excited about environmental essay, it! Check in throughout the week for daily updates.

Antony will be performing next week on competitions Jools Holland in the UK, check back for air date. October 5th, 2010: Antony writes about the SAVOY track Shoot Yer Load for Altered Zones. He also writes a feature in October's WIRE about his favorite record cover, Marc and the Mambas' Torment 12. October 4th, 2010: Have a first listen to Antony and the Johnsons newest release Swanlights one week before it's released on environmental studies The Guardian website along with a slide show of personal shots from Antony's daily life in open coursework a feature called My Week In Pictures. October 1st, 2010: Antony is collaborating with performance artist Marina Abramovic and director Robert Wilson on a play about Marina's art and life called The Life and Death of questions, Marina Abramovic. For more infomation please see The Manchester International Festival site. Photo by Antony Crook.

September 8th, 2010: Antony and the Johnsons are excited to announce their upcoming concert at Alice Tully Hall on October 30th in New York City as part of the White Light festival. The concert will be performed with the essay questions, Orchestra of St. Environmental Studies Questions? Luke's and conducted by for teenagers, Rob Moose. The program will feature director Chiaki Nagano's work Mr. Environmental Essay? O's Book of the Dead staring Kazuo Ohno.

For further infomation please see our upcoming events page. August 20th, 2010: Please see our video for Thank You For Your Love comprised of Super 8 footage Antony shot upon members are more important than essay his arrival in New York City as a teenager in the early 1990's. Edited by David Boatman. August 9th, 2010: Antony and Oneohtrix Point Never have teamed up on reworking the title track Returnal from environmental essay OPN's latest album. The 7 version is out August 31st thru Editions Megu. You can hear Antony's version here. August 5th, 2010:

Antony and the Johnsons will release their five track EP “Thank You For Your Love” on August 24th via Secretly Canadian. The title-track is the lead single from the forthcoming album “Swanlights” also being released by Rough Trade on October 11th and Secretly Canadian on war a second american revolution October 12. The album is studies questions, now available for pre-order including bundles consisting of the full length CD and EP, vinyl LP and EP, and book with CD and EP will be available for sale on August 4th. Those who purchase the bundles will instantly receive an advance download of the EP. The pre-order is up here.

Artwork for the EP features photographs Antony took when he first arrived in NYC as a teenager in the early 90’s. 1 - Thank You For Your Love. 2 - You Are The Treasure. 3 - My Lord My Love. June 30th, 2010: Antony and the Johnsons will release their new album, “Swanlights”, on night over the rhone essay October 11th in the UK EUR via Rough Trade and October 12th in environmental North America via Secretly Canadian. Abrams Image will simultaneously release a special edition of research, “Swanlights” which will include the CD inside a 144-page hard cover book containing Antony’s paintings, collages, photography and writing. The album only version of “Swanlights” on Secretly Canadian Rough Trade will include the song “Flétta”, a duet with Björk. Environmental Studies Essay? The album and book are a continuation of Antony’s work exploring his connection to the natural world.

1 - Everything Is New. 2 - The Great White Ocean. 7 - The Spirit Was Gone. 8 - Thank You For Your Love. 10 - Salt Silver Oxygen. 11 - Christina's Farm. June 28th, 2010: Antony is open coursework, participating in Jerome Sans It's Not Only Rock and Roll Baby! exhibition at the Triennale Bovisa in Milan.

The exhibition features works by Patti Smith, Devendra Banhart, Alan Vega and others. Questions? Open until September 26th, you can also see images of the installation here. Antony appears on are more important than essay Laurie Anderson's new album, Homeland, released this month via Nonesuch. And there is a list of things Antony is looking forward to this summer in Out magazine. June 24th, 2010: OPN: Antony | Fennesz Returnal Antony collaborates with Oneohtrix Point Never for a recording of Returnal released as a 7 vinyl on 30th August 2010 via Editions Mego. Remixed by Fennesz, with artwork by Stephen O'Malley. June 21st, 2010: Antony has participated in studies essay an article about artists' perceptions of Cocorosie published on Stereogum today. June 8th, 2010: Antony wrote an article memorializing the passing of Kazuo Ohno, which has been printed in the Guardian today. Kazuo Ohno obituary. Tender and ethereal interpreter of the modern Japanese dance form butoh.

Monday 7 June 2010. Ohno performing in 1977. The image was later used on creative competitions for teenagers the cover of the 2009 album The Crying Light by Antony and the Johnsons. Environmental Studies? Photograph: Naoya Ikegami. Kazuo Ohno, who has died aged 103, was one of the pioneers of butoh, Japan's striking contribution to night over, contemporary dance. Questions? Butoh, which incorporated elements of existentialism, surrealism, German expressionism, kabuki theatre and eastern spiritual thought, was a reaction in part to nigel hinton essay, the horrors of the environmental studies essay, second world war. In 1938, Ohno had been drafted into the Japanese army as an intelligence officer. He spent nine years in China and New Guinea, and was held for research papers two years as a prisoner of studies essay, war. Ohno presented his first solo performance, Jellyfish Dance, in Tokyo in 1949. The performance was thought to open coursework, be a meditation on the burials at studies sea that he had observed on board a vessel bearing captives to be repatriated to Japan.

The young artist Tatsumi Hijikata was hypnotised by Ohno's performance that night, and research, their destinies became entwined. With Ohno as his muse, Hijikata spent the environmental, next several years developing Ankoku Butoh-ha the dance of utter darkness. Using memories of maternal love and the archetype of the divine child as the basis for much of his tender expression, Ohno frequently reduced his audience to tears. Traversing the stage in sport research a hypnotic reverie, he would gesture skyward with his long, curling hands. Environmental Essay Questions? He was a masterful and exacting improviser, and performed in schools, gardens and hospitals, as well as avant-garde institutions around the world. Ohno was born in Hakodate, Hokkaido; his father was a fisherman and his mother a musician. Starry Essay? A gifted athlete, he attended Japan Athletic College, in Tokyo. His life changed in 1926 when, while still a student, he attended a performance by the Argentinian flamenco dancer Antonia Mercé, known as the Queen of the Castanets. Soon after, he began to study with the modern-dance pioneers Baku Ishii and essay questions, Takaya Eguchi. Upon completion of war a second revolution essay, his studies, Ohno began teaching physical education in a private Christian school in Yokohama.

Under the influence of the school's headteacher, he converted to the Baptist faith in essay 1930. Its influence would later become apparent in his work. He married Chie Nakagawa in 1933; they would have two sons, Yoshito and war a second american essay, Yukito. From 1960 onwards, Hijikata directed a host of environmental questions, solo performances featuring Ohno. The first, Divine, was a tribute to the dying transvestite prostitute from sport papers Jean Genet's subversive 1943 novel Our Lady of the Flowers. From the beginning, Ohno was yin to essay, Hijikata's yang.

While some butoh dancers later came to embody an almost impenetrable stoicism, and creative for teenagers, others grotesque horror, Ohno expressed something more ethereal, feminine and ecstatic in environmental his reveries. Ohno shed all social constructs in pursuit of members important than friends essay, essence, believing that form comes by itself wherever there is spiritual presence. His revelations of questions, love, pain and ghostly innocence were conveyed with the open coursework, intuition of a great elder. His first piece to gain international attention was Admiring La Argentina in 1977, directed by Hijikata, in essay which he paid a dreamlike homage to Mercé. The production won the Dance Critics' Circle award in Japan. Ohno frequently danced with his son Yoshito, and they performed together in works such as My Mother, Water Lilies and open coursework, The Dead Sea.

As a teenager in 1987, I stumbled across an image of Ohno on a peeling poster in the streets of Angers in studies essay questions north-west France. Captivated by was the second american, this mysterious portrait, I placed the environmental essay questions, picture above my bed, where it has remained to this day. As I discovered more about the writing competitions, artist and his work, Ohno's dance and philosophy became a source of studies questions, great inspiration to me. In 2009, I featured a portrait of him on the cover of was the second american revolution, my album The Crying Light. Earlier this year, I visited the Kazuo Ohno dance studio in Yokohama, established some 60 years ago, and collaborated with Yoshito on a performance celebrating his father's life and work. At Ohno's bedside, I witnessed a surprising vitality and sensed an almost invisible movement reverberating through his elderly frame. As he lay there, his window open to reveal a cherry blossom tree and a view of environmental essay questions, Mount Fuji, I realised that Ohno had developed a creative process that was a byproduct of his spiritual practice.

Yoshito told me during my visit to members are more important friends, the studio that they aspired to environmental studies essay, total freedom in their dance, and that it emerged from buddy nigel hinton questions a place of environmental studies questions, universal love. Kazuo's last international performance was Requiem for the 20th Century, at the Japan Society in New York in 1999. His 101st birthday was marked by sport research, the Japan Society with a butoh festival including performances by Yoshito and an array of younger dancers. Ohno's appearances grew less frequent as he became increasingly immobile, although he continued to make gestures from his wheelchair, interacting with some invisible spirit with his hands. Once hospitalised, he continued to dance with his eyes and, at environmental studies essay the last, with his breath. Even upon taking leave of my flesh and bones, he wrote in the book Workshop Words, I want to continue dancing as a ghost. He is survived by Yoshito and Yukito, and by his brother and two sisters. Chie died in 1997.

•Kazuo Ohno, dancer, born 27 October 1906; died 1 June 2010. June 1st, 2010: I want to express my sorrow at the passing of Kazuo Ohno, who died today in a hospital in Yokohama at the age of 103. He was my hero and my teacher. I feel so honored to have had the opportunity to meet him and get a little closer to his family and his work earlier this year when we visited the Kazuo Ohno Dance Studio in Japan. I thank him for awakening a sense of a child inside me. I will dream of him forever, and I will search for his footsteps in the dust of life before me. I wish only for his flourishing joy. Nigel Questions? Antony.

May 21st, 2010: On Creation Of A Bacterial Cell Controlled By A Chemically Synthesized Genome By Venter Et Al. Seven generation sustainability is an studies questions ecological concept that urges the buddy nigel hinton essay questions, current generation of humans to live sustainably and work for the benefit of the environmental studies essay questions, seventh generation into the future. In every deliberation, we must consider the impact on the seventh generation. Starry Night Over The Rhone? Great Law of the Iroquois. The Seventh Generation originated with the Iroquois when they thought it was appropriate to think seven generations ahead (a couple hundred years into environmental the future) and decide whether the decisions they make today would benefit their children seven generations into the future. In every deliberation, we must consider the impact on the seventh generation. even if it requires having skin as thick as the writing for teenagers, bark of environmental studies essay, a pine. Research? What about the seventh generation? Where are you taking them? What will they have? Lyons O (1980) An Iroquois Perspective. Pp.

171-174 in American Indian Environments: Ecological Issues in Native American History. Vecsey C, Venables RW (Editors). Syracuse University Press, New York (Lyons 1980, p. 174) May 20th, 2010: Gays Jailed in Malawi. Here's 2 young people from Malawi who went to environmental questions, jail yesterday for up to 14 years in a hard labour work camp convicted of unnatural acts and gross indecency. Family Are More Important Friends Essay? One is environmental studies essay, 20 yrs old, the was the civil war a essay, other is 26. That one on the right especially looks like some kind of angel. Across Africa it seems the environmental studies essay, right wing are seeking to important, kill, jail and discriminate gay and transgender people. They are calling for the execution of gay people in Uganda. The right wing in the US has done the same thing; the environmental questions, Republicans often glide into office on a manipulative platform rallying against gays and reproductive rights, only then to turn their influence to serve the corporations once they are in important than essay power. A friend of environmental, mine from the Ivory Coast wrote this to me today:

THESE 2 ARE REAL HEROS.THEY HAVE DECIDED TO DARE THEIR GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY. THEY NEVER COMPROMISED AND REMAINED CALM AND DIGNIFIED DURING THE WHOLE TRIAL. (AND) THIS IS A COUNTRY WHERE MADONNA INJECTS MILLIONS AND MILLIONS OF DOLLARS WHERE SHE CAN BYPASS THE ADOPTION LAWS TO GET WHAT SHE WANTS. May 3rd, 2010: From last years archives. March 1st, 2010: David Tibet of Current 93 is staging 2 major concerts in celebration of night over the rhone, his 50th Birthday in London this may. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? See details here. See Antony's recent interview in Sydney with Arts journalist Fenella Kernebone below. February 24th, 2010: Please see the article on Stereogum about collaborating with The Kazuo Ohno Dance Studio from our recent shows in Tokyo. January 31st, 2010: Antony performed 2 sold out symphony concerts at the Sydney Opera House with Rob Moose conducting, with guests William Basinski and Johanna Constantine.

After stoping in Perth to do 2 more shows, Antony heads to Tokyo, Japan with Billy, Johanna and Rob to open coursework, do a pair of concerts with Yoshito Ohno and the Kazuo Ohno Dance Studio. An image of Kazuo Ohno was featured on the cover of The Crying Light and so there couldn't be a more perfect way to commemorate the final dates of the Crying Light tour. Excerpts from the film Mr. Environmental Studies? Ohno's Book of the was the civil war a second revolution essay, Dead will also be screened. It's an honor to be on stage with Yoshito Ohno for our first concerts in Japan. January 1st, 2010: Check out Antony's performance of Here Comes The Sun filmed for Live At Abbey Road here. December 7th, 2009: Hi all, i spent last night writing letters to my government representatives asking them to fight hard for success at the Copenhagen Climate Change Summit.

Coverage of this is better in essay questions Europe than in the US media because of the open coursework, powerful oil lobby. I just hope they are building space ships big enough for all of us. I for one have no interest in human life without Nature. I am tied to the mast of environmental studies essay, this place. The Casa do Menor campaign against child abuse which features Antony's cover of Current 93's song Soft Black Stars has won a silver Epica Advertising Award. Watch the advertisement here. November 24th, 2009: Swedish Singer Ane Brune has performed a cover of Another World along with Benny Andersson (ABBA) as the anthem for the No More Lullabies concert in Sweden this past Oct. 24th.. November 18th, 2009: Elisa Toffoli's new album is starry over essay, out in Italy and features a duet with Antony called Forgiveness. November 3rd, 2009: We recently added a video entitled FEMININE to the front page of our site; It was made by Joie Iacono and features Dr. Julia Yasuda, Ph.D.

October 19th, 2009: You can hear Antony's recording of Nessun Dorma with the Roma Sinfonietta Orchestra for Lavazza here. It's a great idea to sign Prince Charles' Rainforest petition and it just takes a few moments. October 14th, 2009: Our friend Uman Warsame recently sent us a Sphinx-like portrait of Antony; more of her paintings, as well as her great blog, can be seen on studies questions her website. September 28th, 2009: We have updated our video page to include all high resolution streaming versions of the music videos, collaborations with designers and animations, check them out here. Are More Than Friends? There is also an online preview of studies essay questions, Antony's artwork entitled Epilepsy is Dancing in SOME/THINGS magazine.

September 25th, 2009: On October 4th Antony will be performing at New York City's legendary Carnegie Hall as part of 'Hal Willner Presents An Evening With Gavin Friday and Friends. Along with Antony, other performers inculde Laurie Anderson, Bono, Scarlett Johansson, Courtney Love, Lydia Lunch, Martha Wainright, Rufus Wainright and many more. A portion of of the proceeds goes directly to the Global Fund. Writing Competitions For Teenagers? Tickets can be purchased here. Pitchhfork.tv has two live clips of Antony's duets with Yoko Ono accompanied by Sean Lennon from this year's Meltdown Festival in London. Watch the clips here. September 13th, 2009: : from Antony: I want to environmental, post this shocking news excerpt that I read in the Guardian today, reporting the militia style torture and starry night over, execution of gay people in Iraq. ALLAH TREASURES HIS GAY AND TRANSGENDERED CHILDREN. JESUS ADORES THESE GAY CHILDREN AND RESERVES A SACRED PLACE FOR THEM IN THE FOLDS OF HIS CLOTHES.

IT IS A SIN TO HURT A GAY OR TRANSGENDERED PERSON. YOU HURT ALLAH WHEN YOU HURT ONE OF THESE MEN OR WOMEN, BOYS OR GIRLS. August 27th, 2009: Antony and environmental essay, the Johnsons now have an Official Facebook Page. You can add the page to your Facebook profile here. In other news, Antony's rendition of 'Knockin' On Heaven's Door' closed Valentino's Fall/Winter 2010 Haute Couture show during Paris Couture Week. You can view the show here. August 25th, 2009: A message from Antony: The Summer Symphony tour in Europe and the United Kingdom has drawn to a close.

Working with the nigel essay questions, orchestras in Europe has been an interesting adventure; each group seemed to environmental studies essay, have its own approach to the songs. The biggest cheer was always for the local musicians who were making most of the research papers, the music. Thank you to everyone who came to see us and to everyone in front of and behind the scenes who helped to make it happen. I am in the studio mixing a new release for the Spring. Julia Kent has been working on her new album and is set to launch back to Italy for a solo tour in the fall. Rob Moose is off with Beth Orton. Max has been producing a new album for Baby Dee.Thomas is traveling the world doing concertinas. Johanna Constantine is essay questions, dreaming intensely and chasing blind cats through the back streets of buddy essay, Philadelphia. In world events, we are weeks away from creating the environmental studies questions, first life forms out of the wedlock of the evolutionary chain.

I think this is a mistake. And sacred Cree representatives from the First People of was the civil second american, Canada are joining protests in the UK against companies including British Petroleum and the Royal Bank of Scotland who are investing in the devastating tar sands projects, which are destroying Cree homelands and contributing to global warming. August 17th, 2009: Last January The UK Sun published an insightful article about The Crying Light. Read it here. August 4th, 2009: Check out environmental studies, our new video for Crazy In Love directed by war a american, Joie Iacono with footage of Pink Lady by James Elaine. The video was also premiered on studies questions Pitchfork TV. August 4th, 2009: Today marks the release of the writing, Aeon CD single and studies essay, 7 featuring a cover of Beyonce's Crazy In Love. To coincide with the new CD single, Pitchfork has released a new feature on Antony. In this in-depth profile, we examine the life and career of Antony Hegarty, one of today's most compelling musical artists. Was The American Revolution? Read more here.

July 27th, 2009: Leah Nash won first place in essay questions the Music Moment Photography contest presented by open coursework, Photo District News and Billboard. Her prize winning photo is of Antony performing live at the Time Based Art festival in Portland, Oregon last September. Leah Nash's prize winning photo of Antony. July 23rd, 2009: Spin Magazine called The Crying Light one of the 20 best albums of 2009 so far. Read more here.

Antony on stage at the Manchester Opera House. July 20th, 2009: The Crying Light production at the Manchester Opera House was an incredible experience; the studies questions, BBC rated it 11 our of research papers, 10 stars on their website! Listen to the review here. Antony wore the tiger Givenchy haute couture ballgown on stage in Paris. While in Montreux, Antony was spotted sprawled out in a rented paddling boat in the middle of Lake Geneva at noon. The Montreux Jazz festival orchestra were a lot of studies essay, fun to be with for the two concerts in Switzerland. The band will perform at the Grand Theatre Romain in research papers Lyon tomorrow night. It's an ancient Roman amphitheater, full of wild spirits. Then the group is off to environmental studies, Rome where they will perform at the Parco della Musica with the Roma Sinfonietta. Important Than Friends Essay? Meanwhile an exhibition of environmental, Antony's prints has opened in writing competitions for teenagers Turin.

Givenchy Haute Couture by Riccardo Tisci. June 23rd, 2009: A portion of environmental studies essay, Antony and the Johnsons performance at Le Carre Theatre in Amsterdam can be seen here. June 17th, 2009: We have now completed our European tour and will soon embark on the start of our Summer Symphony Tour with dates in Europe and UK and two band shows in Madrid on night essay July 7th and Paris on July 9th. Essay? The tour includes an unusual visual staging of The Crying Light for the Manchester International Festival on July 3rd and 4th which was designed in collaboration with Paul Normandale, Chris Levine and Carl Robertshaw. Antony also recently collaborated with Givenchy designer Riccardo Tisci on sport research papers the creation of costume which Antony will wear during his concert in Paris during Paris Couture Week. An exhibition of Antony’s artwork will be at studies essay questions the Accademia Albertina on July 6th in starry night essay Turin, Italy as part of the Traffic Music Festival. Much of the artwork from the recent releases along with other material can also be seen in environmental the Summer Issue of Francis Ford Coppola’s Zoetrope Magazine of which Antony was the Guest Designer.. We are also releasing a new single which includes ‘Aeon’ and Antony’s cover of Beyonce’s ‘Crazy In Love’ on August 3rd in research papers Europe and environmental studies, August 4th in the US. The single will be released on CD and 7” vinyl. Check out the latest article about Antony in Flaunt magazine and in addition there are new features in sport S Magazine, Dazed Confused and L'Uomo Vogue. Antony in Givenchy photographed by Nacho Alegre for L'Uomo Vogue.

May 19th, 2009: Antony will be performing with Yoko Ono in Yoko's Plastic Ono Band at The Southbank Center - Royal Festival Hall in London on June 14th. Guests include Sean Lennon, Cornelius, Yuka Honda and others. For ticketing and show infomation please click here. April 24th, 2009: Antony and environmental essay questions, the Johnsons will be on The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson Wednesday April 29th performing Another World. Craig Ferguson aires on CBS at 12:35am EST/PST.

April 23rd, 2009: Antony is starry night over essay, featured in questions the current issue of BlackBook Magazine speaking about work done for current art projects and open coursework, exhibitions including Six Eyes at Galerie du Jour in Paris. Environmental Studies Questions? Also please see articles in French Vogue and Stiletto Magazine. April 14th, 2009: Antony and the Johnsons performed last friday on the Dutch TV program Mooi! Weer de Leeuw, their performance of One Dove can be viewed here. April 3rd, 2009: Antony and the Johnsons performed Kiss My Name on Jonathan Ross last night. Please view their performance here. April 2nd, 2009: Please see Antony and the Johnsons performance on NPR's World Cafe where they perform Her Eyes Are Underneath The Ground, Epilepsy Is Dancing and Another World here.

April 1st, 2009: Friday, 22:35 on BBC One Jonathan Ross continues his current series. Guests include Academy Award-winning force of nature Whoopi Goldberg; Harry Potter star Jason Isaacs; and Priscilla, Queen of the Desert star, Jason Donovan. Plus Antony and the Johnsons perform their new single Kiss My Name live in the studio. March 23rd, 2009: Antony and the Johnsons Announce Summer Symphony Events, Collaboration With Matthew Herbert for Coachella,

Six Eyes art show at Agnes B gallery in Paris. Ghost photograph by Don Felix Cervantes. SUMMER SYMPHONY CONCERTS : Antony and the Johnsons will play a series of unique concerts in creative for teenagers collaboration with symphonies across Europe this summer. Presenting a wide array of material including songs from “The Crying Light”, the concerts will feature large format orchestras (36-52 players) presenting arrangements developed by Antony and Nico Muhly and conducted by Rob Moose. Premiering at essay the Manchester Festival, Antony has also been commissioned to was the war a second american, create a stage environment for “The Crying Light” inspired by Bauhaus stage lighting design and considering the dreams of crystals inside mountains. Events listed below with more concerts to be added in the coming weeks: June 21 22 - Amsterdam , Holland - Holland Festival at environmental essay questions Royal Theatre Carré with the Metropole Orchestra. July 3 4 - Manchester , UK - Manchester International Festival at the Opera House with the Manchester Camerata.

July 21 Lyon, France - Les Nuits de Fourviere with the Opera de Lyon Orchestra. July 28 - Rome , Italy - Cavea at Il Parco della Musica with the was the civil second revolution, Rome Sinfonietta. August 9 - Oslo, Norway - Oslo Jazz Festival (for the essay, inauguration of the open coursework, open air venue of the studies, Opera House) with the Oslo Opera House Orchestra. August 14 - Gothenburg, Sweden - Way Out West Festival with the Gothenburg Symphonic Orchestra. EPILEPSY IS DANCING SINGLE : Secretly Canadian and Rough Trade will release the open coursework, “Epilepsy Is Dancing” single in Europe April 6/US April 7. The single will be released in studies questions CD and open coursework, 7” vinyl formats and environmental, includes live favorite “Where Is My Power?” Check out the striking video for the single produced by AFAS and directed by the Wachowski Brothers (THE MATRIX, V for competitions VENDETTA) which can be viewed here and on studies essay questions Pitchfork here. ANTONY AND MATTHEW HERBERT AT SUMMER FESTIVALS : Antony and the Johnsons will play the Coachella Music and buddy hinton essay, Arts Festival on Sunday April 19th. Antony has collaborated with avant-garde composer and environmental essay questions, electronics wiz Matthew Herbert. The duo will present stark electronic re-imaginings of was the civil war a revolution, songs from Antony and the Johnsons' new album The Crying Light. SIX EYES AT AGNES B'S GALLERY IN PARIS : Antony has been invited by designer and gallerist Agnes B to essay questions, curate an over the rhone art show at Gallery Du Jour in Paris, opening on April 11th.

Entitled Six Eyes the exhibition will feature work by Peter Hujar, Kiki Smith, Alice O'Mally, William Basinski and James Elaine, Antony and Barbara Cummard. March 16th, 2009: Munich Show Update : Please note that we have had to studies essay, make a date and venue change for the upcoming Munich show. This event was to take place on April 23rd at Postpalast but for unforseen circumstances we've had to move the venue location to Circus Krone on April 26th. People holding tickets for the April 23rd concert at Postpalast will be accepted at Circus Krone on open coursework the 26th. Please see the events page for essay questions further info. March 11th, 2009: During Paris Fashion Week Shake That Devil was heard on the catwalk of Anne Valérie Hash and sport, then at Kris Van Assche..check out the article here. March 8th, 2009: In the environmental studies, coming weeks we will be announcing many summer orchestra concerts all over Europe and the UK. More info to come via the writing, events page.

We have also added a new show in Antwerp on March 23rd at environmental studies questions the Koningin Elisabethzaal. Please see the events page for details. March 5th, 2009: Hear Antony and over the rhone, the Johnsons' recent concert in studies Washington DC on NPR's All Songs Considered with Bob Boilen. Starry Essay? Watch excerpts from the concert on environmental essay questions pitchfork.tv or song by song on family friends essay pitchforkmedia.com. Thank you everyone for a North American tour that we will never forget. We all had such a good time, we felt free up there so often! It was the first time we have played in the South; thanks to the folks in Knoxville and Atlanta for environmental studies questions giving us such a heartwarming welcome. Are More Than Friends Essay? San Francisco, we will never forget you! Vancouver, you break my heart! New York, you keep killing me softly. - Antony.

There were a fair ton of reviews which you can track down via justonestar.com if you are so possessed. Antony and the Johnsons are playing as part of a very special triple bill with Florence and the Machine and environmental studies essay, V V Brown on Tuesday March 24th at the Royal Albert Hall to benefit the Teenaged Cancer Trust. Get yer tickets here. The concert at the Holland Festival on June 22nd with the Metropole Orchestra at La Carre just sold out in half an hour! We are going to inquire about adding another one. There is also a possibility of an added show in Belgium this month; stay tuned for more details. March 2nd, 2009: Antony talks about his experience helping Lou bring the album to the stage, the origins of the pair's friendship and musical bond and his love for the music of research papers, “ Berlin”. Watch the interview here. February 19th, 2009 : Antony and the Johnsons performed Aeon last night on The Late Show with David Letterman. You can see their performance here. Also please see The NY Times piece on Antony that hit the stands today.

February 18th, 2009 : Antony and the Johnsons will be performing tonight on The Late Show with David Letterman on CBS 11:30PM EST PST. February 17th, 2009 : Please see Antony's interview and essay, performance on Germany's Titel Thesen Temperamente . February 13th, 2009 : Antony and the Johnsons have been added to this years Teenage Cancer Trust charity concert at London's Royal Albert Hall on March 24th, 2009. The event is co-headlined with Florence and the Machine. For information on the Teenage Cancer Trust, ticketing and show information please see: www.teenagecancertrust.org. February 9th, 2009 : Antony's performance and interview on Spinning on Air with David Garland on WNYC airs this week. Please check here for details. February 7th, 2009 : Another review in, click here and open coursework, some nice pictures from the environmental studies essay, Washington DC show, click here.

February 4th, 2009 : First reviews from the US show in Spin, Columbus Dispatch and Washington Post. Photo by Michael Alan Goldberg. Antony will be on NPR's Day to Day today from 5pm - 6pm. February 1st, 2009 : A message from Ground control: I am plainly shocked that the record has been number one in Europe this week, and I want to pause and writing competitions, thank all the questions, people around the world that made that happen, and who have supported me with so much heart over the last few years, and come to my shows, and collected up all the press from around the world on the justonestar website, and wished me well, and shared some time with me at live shows. Open Coursework? Thank you for urging me forward through a glorious dream, the likes of which is more your creation than mine. Antony x January 29th, 2009 : ANTONY Makes Spinning On Air And Fresh Air Appearances Next Week.

On the heels of releasing the critically acclaimed The Crying Light, ANTONY will make two public radio appearances next week to discuss his haunting, touching art. Early next week, the great David Garland will feature an interview and performance from questions Antony on his left-of-center and out-music WNYC radio program Spinning on Air. During his visit with Garland, Antony performed the songs Another World and Epilepsy Is Dancing from The Crying Light. Once the show airs, it will be available for streaming at the Spinning on Air site HERE. Then, on Tuesday, Feb. 3rd, Antony will appear on National Public Radio's Fresh Air program for an in-depth interview with host Terry Gross. Listeners may stream the show on the day of its broadcast by visiting the Fresh Air site HERE. Antony and the Johnsons have been confirmed for Coachella Sunday April 19th.

Tickets are on sale HERE. The Crying Light currently is number 1 in the Billboard European Top 100 Album charts for research it's first week of release. January 27th, 2009 : Youtube has removed the Epilepsy is Dancing video because it is supposedly indecent! You can still see it here. Hope noone at Youtube goes to a dance performance in the near future. God forbid they might see someone in studies essay a leotard! Also we did a performance on the UK show The Culture Show. Please see the performance of Epilepsy Is Dancing and Another World here. January 20th, 2009 : THE CRYING LIGHT IN STORES NOW WORLD WIDE and creative writing competitions, we are proud to present a video for our next single Epilepsy Is Dancing Directed by environmental essay questions, AFAS.

Antony asked his friends the Wachowski Brothers to work with him on a video for his new single Epilepsy is Dancing. They in sport research papers turn invited painters Tino Rodriguez and Virgo Paraiso to create costumes and a mystical environment and choreographer Sean Dorsey and his dancers to bring the studies questions, dream sequence to life. Antony's artistic partner Johanna Constantine stars as herself in the role of Deer Monster. The video was lit and shot by the up-and-coming directors of photography, Chris Blasingame and Banker White, and produced by Jim Jerome. The production team collectively named themselves AFAS. Please enjoy the fruits of their San Francisco art party.

Click below to see the video. January 6th, 2009 : A message from Antony: I want to apologize to Sean Penn for appearing disrespectful in my recent comments in New York Magazine. Creative Writing Competitions For Teenagers? It is not with him, or his virtues as an actor, or his embrace of gay causes, with which I take issue. Rather it is studies essay, a Hollywood industry that has not yet evolved to a point where it can allow gay and was the civil war a american revolution, transgendered actors to studies, represent themselves and their historic icons on screen. What a sense of pride this would instill in the minds of gay and transgendered children everywhere, to know that there are dignified roles for them in the acting profession and in the world. January 6th, 2009 : In 2009, seahorses will circles our minds. THE CRYING LIGHT AVAILABLE NOW. Starting today you can pre-order The Crying Light through this site and receive the album mp3s TODAY, plus a bonus track My Lord My Love. You will also be among the war a revolution essay, first to receive the cd on the day of its release, January 19th. Antony spoke extensively about The Crying Light with FACE CULTURE in Holland.

See the interviews here. December 30th, 2008 : From the press release: Isis Gallery presents The Creek (January 17th - February 28th 2009) mountains and environmental essay, the sea, 2008. Isis Gallery is proud to present The Creek - the first exhibition in the UK of artworks by open coursework, the renown singer Antony. His artworks open up dream landscapes: often fragmentary in appearance, these images map his dreams and liminal states; polymorphic realms give way to indicated spirits; pen marks and scratches conjure archetypes and invite conscious and unconscious visions to emerge. The primary elements go through many stages - drawn on, burned, soaked in the rain, thrown away and reclaimed, drawn on again, stained or dried over a fire. These are then arranged and photographed. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? The intimacy of this unique gallery space then heightens the focus and clarity of these private spells. Open Coursework? Recalling the notebooks of William S. Burroughs and Antonin Artaud, Antony's works describe the arc of a dream atlas in which each diverse aspect is unified through the desire for healing. For his work in this exhibition, Antony has collaborated with performance artist Johanna Constantine, model Dr. Julia Yasuda Ph.D, photographer Don Felix Cervantes, and artistic advisor Joie Iacono. Isis Gallery 20 Hanway St.

London W1T 1UG, Tuesday to essay, Saturday, 10am-6pm In other news, 2 more magazine features in Europe, one in the German culture magazine Spex, featuring photos of Antony by Wolfgang Tillmans and the other an Italian Music monthly Rumore, featuring photos by Don Felix Cervantes. December 17th, 2008 : Antony and are more important than, the Johnsons have announced plans for an extensive tour of Europe in Spring 09 in essay questions support of their upcoming album release, The Crying Light. Dates are posted on the events page. December 11th, 2008 : Antony and the Johnsons have revealed the cover art and track listing for the forthcoming full-length, The Crying Light. Civil Second? Following a natural progression from the Another World EP, the album art features a 1977 portrait of studies essay questions, renowned Butoh dancer, Kazuo Ohno, taken by than essay, Naoya Ikegami in essay Tokyo. Ohno is shown reaching towards light, his striking visage and reclined posture simultaneously invoking the cradle, the grave, and competitions for teenagers, transcendence. Antony says, The Crying Light is dedicated to studies essay, the great dancer Kazuo Ohno. In performance I watched him cast a circle of light upon open coursework the stage, and step into that circle, and reveal the dreams and reveries of environmental essay questions, his heart. He seemed to dance in the eye of something mysterious and creative; with every gesture he embodied the child and the feminine divine.

He's kind of like my art parent. 1. Her Eyes Are Underneath The Ground. 2.Epilepsy is Dancing. 5. The Crying Light. 6. Another World. 7.,Daylight and the Sun. 9. Dust and Water.

We are happy to announce that The Crying Light will be released by Secretly Canadian in the US on January 20th, Rough Trade in night the rhone The UK and environmental, Europe on January 19th, Spunk Records in buddy nigel hinton essay questions Australia on January 17th and P-Vine in essay questions Japan on January 20th. Following the album release we will embark on a world tour starting in the US on February 2nd. Please see the Events Page for details. Please sign up for our new Email List to be invited to participate in a special offer in the near future. And here's a couple more magazines coming out now, in Norway and buddy essay, the UK: December 2nd, 2008 : A feature article in Wire is out now, along with a article / pod cast in studies essay questions The Guardian and the Another World EP is listed in Entertainment Weekly's must have section for the week of Nov. 30th! November 10th, 2008: We played two concerts last week in London at The Barbican Center with The London Symphony Orchestra. Reviews: NME | The Evening Standard | The Guardian | The Times UK.

September 30th 2008 : Full length video for Another World directed by Colin Whitaker taken from Antony and the Johnsons upcoming Another World EP out on October 7th. Hinton Essay Questions? The video can be viewed here. September 27th 2008 : We made a video for an excerpt of Another World using one of essay, Colin Whitaker's Night Flower films. September 15th 2008 : Bjork's new video for Dull Flame of Desire with Antony on guest vocals can be seen here. Björk and Antony performed against civil second essay, green screen in New York. Environmental Essay Questions? The Innocence video project runners-up Christoph Jantos (Berlin) Masahiro Mogari (Tokyo) and Marçal Cuberta Junca (Girona) were each given their own sections of the film, to develop how they wished. September 12th 2008 : The Portand Concert and Milan concerts went well, see reviews here and here. PRADA launched their new animation yesterday in the US, a 4 minute animation entitled Fallen Shadows scored by Antony with a new song called The Great White Ocean. The video is was the civil revolution essay, available for viewing here.

August 26th 2008 : On October 7th, Antony and the Johnsons will release Another World EP on cd and vinyl. Below is the press release: Antony and the Johnsons emerged onto the international stage in 2005 with their breakthrough I Am A Bird Now . Environmental? The group were awarded the Mercury Prize in the UK and toured the world. Since then Antony has participated on tracks with Bjork on open coursework her latest album Volta, appeared in the Leonard Cohen documentary I'm Your Man, featured as vocalist with disco act Hercules and studies essay questions, Love Affair, recorded for the Todd Haynes bio epic of Bob Dylan I'm Not There, and collaborated with Charles Atlas on a European tour of their stage spectacle TURNING. The cover features a portrait of Japanese Butoh co-founder Kazuo Ohno, taken by Pierre-Olivier Deschamps in 1984. Another World track listing:

03 Shake That Devil. 05 Hope Mountain The only confirmed concerts occuring in 2008 are listed in the events section. August 8th 2008: Antony and the Johnsons will release a new 5 song EP, entitled Another World, available in shops on October 7th. To celebrate, Antony and the Johnsons will present 2 special events accompanied by a 20 piece orchestra playing scores co-arranged with Nico Muhly. Was The War A Second American Revolution Essay? On October 14th the band will play at the Walt Disney Hall in Los Angeles, and on October 16th they will be resident at environmental studies the Apollo theater in Harlem. Please see the events page for starry night over essay details and tickets sales. Björk releases the new single ‘The Dull Flame of Desire’ on September 29th 2008 through One Little Indian Records.

Flooded with melancholic passion and restrained hope, ‘The Dull Flame of studies, Desire’ sees Björk accompanied on vocals by Antony. Antony collaborated last year with designer Hussein Chalayan and photographer Nick Knight on a soundtrack for a film featuring Hussein's interesting collection. See the film here. June 1st 2008: Antony is participating in a group show of visual work at Palais Des Beaux-Arts in open coursework Brussels titled It's Not Only Rock 'n' Roll, Baby!. Antony is collaborating with Don Felix Cervantes, Johanna Constantine, Julia Yasuda, and Joie Iacono on his presentation, entitled Leaves. The exhibition opens on June 19th. In anticipation of a new single to be released in mid-October, several concert events are scheduled for Autumn '08. The first 5 are listed below. For ticket and event information please see the events page: a concert in environmental studies Portland with The Oregon Symphony for PICA on September 5th.

a concert with The Milan Symphony on September 10th. a second concert at writing the Expo Zaragoza in environmental studies Zaragosa, Spain with The Milan Symphony on September 12th. two concerts at the Barbican with The London Symphony Orchestra on October 30th and 31st. Antony is one of the artists represented by John Marchant's Isis Gallery in London, and will be presenting a solo exhibition towards the was the civil war a american, end of the year. Antony returned from London after a series of shows with Bjork on April 14th, 17th 20th at the Hammersmith Apollo, and a special concert with Current 93 at the Queen Elizabeth Hall on April 21st. March 4th 2008: The Hercules album and the single Blind is released this week in Europe. Antony sings half the environmental, tracks on was the american revolution the album (Blind, Time Will, Easy, Raise Me Up, and environmental studies essay questions, duetting with Nomi on You Belong). Creative Writing Competitions For Teenagers? Antony is also featured on the Hercules club track Roar. Antony's voice was heard on several fashion runways this season (Knocking on Heaven's Door and Blind), including those of essay questions, Gucci, Fendi, Versace and Chanel. Antony will not be touring with Hercules and open coursework, Love Affair. HALA live features the stunning Nomi front and center, as well as Kim Ann Foxxman.

Feb 15th 2008: The charity auction for studies essay the dress that Antony designed has finished, thanks to all who participated. Research? Hercules and Love Affair have been getting some positive reviews in the Observer and the Guardian. Antony did a radio show with Domino Records' Morgan Lebus this week. An interesting video presentation by studies questions, the chairman of the IPCC outlining the projections for hinton essay questions climate change in the near future can be seen here. Feb 9th 2008: On March 18th a group of NYC artists and producers have collaborated to stage the event PEACE IN IRAQ AND JUSTICE AT HOME. Performers include Scissor Sisters, Norah Jones, Damian Rice, Blonde Red Head, Bill T Jones, Laurie Anderson, Lou Reed and Antony, as well as a plethora of speakers with their own insights on these issues. This event will take place at environmental questions 8pm at research St Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn. Tickets go on sale on Wednesday at $65 and environmental studies essay questions, $125. Proceeds benefit UNITED FOR PEACE AND JUSTICE and IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN VETERANS AGAINST THE WAR. Family Members Than Essay? A limited number of lower priced tickets will be made available to artists and essay questions, students in the days to war a second essay, come. Antony will be one of many guests making a special appearance with Current 93 at the Queen Elizabeth Hall on April 21st.

He will also sing Dull Fame of Desire with Bjork at her concerts in London on the 14th, 17th and 20th of April. January 26th 2008: Antony and the Johnsons' recording The Crying Light will be released in Autumn 2008, at which time a schedule of new perfomance events will be announced. Hercules and Love Affair's single featuring Antony will be released on March 3rd in the UK; the rest of the album (which includes five tracks with Antony, as well as vocalists Nomi and environmental, Kim Ann Foxman) will be out later that month. See the video for blind here. Hear Hercules tracks including Blind on the Hercules myspace page. Antony has designed a single white silk dress as part of a new venture with online boutique Yoox.com. Are More Than? The dress will be auctioned on studies questions eBay on Valentine’s Day 08 with the proceeds going to creative writing for teenagers, the Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP), the US rights organisation for people to self-determine gender identity and expression regardless of income or race, and without facing harassment, discrimination or violence. see yoox.com in the coming days for more info. December 5th 2007: Antony wrote an article about Peter Hujar in environmental questions last weekend's Guardian weekend magazine in anticipation of the Peter Hujar retrospective at the ICA in London. Antony's new album will be called THE CRYING LIGHT. Antony did an interview about his process so far with Harp magazine this month.

November 24th 2007: The new bio film Pete Seeger: The Power of war a revolution, Song is environmental, incredibly inspiring; we recommend everyone see it if they get a chance. Also take a moment to civil second revolution, read the sythesis report that was released last week by environmental studies questions, the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change if you havent done so already. August 28th 2007: We all went to creative competitions for teenagers, Allaire Recording studio for a week and did a lot more work on the new album. I am spending my days editing and mulling over different versions of each song, trying to figure out what goes where. Studies Essay? But the record is mostly tracked now. Open Coursework? There are just a couple of remaining things to do before we begin mixing. I did a cover of Bob Dylan's Knocking on Heaven's Door with Kevin Barker for it. Studies Essay? We did it slow and sport research papers, minor. Environmental? I had started singing it by myself when i was in sport Australia at the end of the studies, tour in Jan 2006. Rob Moose was teaching me guitar and we bought a book of Dylan songs to learn, but then one day I guess i was just feeling really exhausted and deathy because I just started singing that song over and over, and open coursework, I did it that night at the show. Charlie and essay questions, me are working on editing the TURNING film.

It looks great. The interviews with the models are poignant. TURNING was so magic. That was my favorite thing I have ever been a part of. Me and Charlie are doing an interview for BLENDER tomorrow for that project. I got a nice new piano. I am giving my old one away. The piano we used a few weeks ago at 2nd Story Recording Studio has the long lost old Sorcerer piano in it, the one I recorded Dead Boy and certain songs from the last album on a few years ago.

I was so happy to see it again. It seemed different. I tried to civil, pretend that I recognized it. But it reminded me of the cat that changed color when it got a new owner. Norah Jones recorded her first record on that piano too. Studies? Anyway it sounded great. I saw Beyonce live last week. She was incredible and night over essay, cried real tears during Flaws and All. She was just the best.

I am listening to Zeki Muren, the environmental, 2 new Dave Ruffin Motown collections and Strawberry Jams by Animal Collective. July 25th 2007: The tour is buddy questions, finished. Questions? Istanbul was wild, the audience in Moscow was great. The Grec in Barcelona was so beautiful. June 6th 2007: The tour resumes. June 28th 2007: Riga is now cancelled. The concert in Moscow is rescheduled for the 6th. Hopefully things will be in order then. Thanks for your patience. June 26th 2007: Antony's is recovering.

The doctor said it will take about 10 days for Antony to get better. Over The Rhone Essay? Unfortunately this means that Rouen, Lyon, and Belfort are definitely cancelled. Hopefully the rest of the tour will go ahead as planned. Sorry for any disruption this may cause people. June 25th 2007: Unfortunately, Antony's vocal condition persists. Studies Essay Questions? The concert tomorrow in Poland is definitely cancelled. Nothing has been confirmed yet, and we are awaiting a final doctor's exam and recommendation on Tuesday, at open coursework which time all revisions of the tour will be announced. June 23rd 2007: Antony was regretfully unable to perform at Glastonbury last night with Bjork because he has injured his voice.

We are hoping that the environmental, tour will continue forward. Buddy Nigel Essay? More in studies essay the days to come. June 15th 2007: The band are getting ready to starry over essay, play a series of concerts in Europe in between recording stints. Essay? The first one will be in Cork on starry night the rhone essay the 21st. Antony joined Bjork at studies questions Radio City Music Hall and the Apollo last month, and plans to starry the rhone essay, appear with her at environmental Glastonbury on June 22nd. Then it is creative writing for teenagers, off to France, Spain, Italy, Poland, Lavia, Moscow and environmental studies, Istanbul for a month of writing competitions, concerts. The band has grown a little; 2 additional string players (Suzy Pearlman and Alissa Smith) are joining the core ensemble (Rob Moose, Julia Kent, Maxim Moston, Jeff Langston, Parker Kindred, Doug Wieselman and environmental studies essay, Thomas Bartlett) as well as the accordianist Wil Holshouser. Family Members Important Than Friends Essay? Expect songs from previous and studies, upcoming albums as well as an array of songs by others, including Millie Jackson and maybe even Beyonce! The shows in Scandinavia last week were a blast, and we look forward to seeing many of writing competitions for teenagers, you this summer! And yes, Antony has been working on the new record for questions much of the spring.

As things progress we will let you know. Antony's collaboration with William Basinski has been installed at the Belsay Manor in Northumberland, UK. We hope you get a chance to see it; it's quite an adventurous soundtrack for the cellars underneath the research papers, manor, a 20 minute piece full of environmental studies essay questions, twists and turns. A part of the manor's annual installation, the exhibition is open to the public for creative competitions this summer. Antony and the Johnsons will also present 2 events in Brazil at environmental questions the end of October (Sao Paolo and Rio).

April 12th 2007: There have been some changes made to the touring schedule: the concert in Spello is in question at this time and therefore removed from the schedule, and the concert in Barcelona is starry over the rhone essay, awaiting confirmation at environmental studies essay questions a different venue than previously posted. Please pardon these changes and check back soon for updates, thanks. April 9th 2007: Antony is singing with Bjork tonight in family members are more Reykjavik for the first concert of her new tour. The show is incredible, with a band that includes Mark Bell and a 10 piece Icelandic girls' horn ensemble. The duet Dull Flame of Desire is on Bjork's new record VOLTA. Antony will be occasionally popping in on environmental studies essay questions the tour along the way.

April 2nd 2007: The spring/summer tour schedule is now announced. March 19th 2007: The show at BAM was a special event. thanks to everyone for coming out. Antony also did a concert last week for family members are more important than essay Marina Abromovich's 60th birthday party at the Guggenheim. Antony returns today from Poland where he did a concert with Julia, Rob and Doug in environmental questions Wroclaw. The band will be in the studio for the next few months recording, except for competitions for teenagers 2 short bursts of touring in May and June/July in select destinations in Europe, including Istanbul and Moscow! The schedule will be posted shortly. Here are 2 pictures from Marina's birthday party: antony and bjork/ antony and marina. February 1st 2007: A belated happy new year to everyone! Time for an extended update. Charles Atlas and Antony have begun the process of editing the film of TURNING, having filmed both the London performances in November in addition to shooting over sixty hours of studies questions, touring and interview footage. (See The Guardian's review of TURNING here.)

Antony is preparing for his March 9th concert at the Brooklyn Academy of Music with the open coursework, Brooklyn Philharmonic Orchestra, in collaboration with composer Nico Muhly. Expect a mixture of environmental studies essay, favorites from over the rhone Antony's first two albums plus a foreshadowing of things to come. Antony sang a duet with Björk for her upcoming record, which is due out this Spring. Antony sings all the vocals on the new mini-album by Michael Cashmore of Current 93. The Snow Abides comprises of five thematically linked songs, two of which are instrumental and three of which are sung by Antony. All song texts are written by David Tibet. The cd is available by mail order through Jnana Records.

There are some murmurs of a few Antony and the Johnsons concerts in studies essay Europe this Spring. stay tuned for more information. Last week, Antony returned from civil second american revolution essay Lou Reed's Berlin concerts in questions Sydney, Australia. Antony sang Candy Says with Lou during the encores each night. Open Coursework? Julian Schnabel is now producing a Berlin film of the NYC performances. Antony and Nico Muhly have composed a score for one of Shakespeare's sonnets under the essay, direction of Gavin Bryars to papers, be performed by the singers and musicians of Opera North in association with the Royal Shakespeare Company. There are 2 concerts at the Courtyard Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon on the 24th and 25th of February, 2007. Antony is composing a sound installation in collaboration with William Basinski that will be featured as one of many interesting installations at the Belsay Manor this Summer. Songs by Antony and the Johnsons are featured in two new Italian films: Alessandro Angelini's L'Aria Salata and Paolo Sorrentino's L'Amico di Famiglia. And finally, we are delighted by the reception of Joan As Police Woman's new album, which has been getting great reviews throughout Europe. December 31th 2006: Hal Willner's Production Rogue's Gallery, a double album of sea shanties, is available in stores now. Antony is featured on songs with Bryan Ferry and Lou Reed.

December 19th 2006: We have added to environmental studies essay questions, the Rebis Music mailorder shop the TURNING t-shirts and the few remaining commemorative programs and picture discs from the recent tour. November 13th, 2006 : The tour of TURNING left us all speechless. Thankyou to the crowds that came out to see us all. It was a shared dream that none of us will forget. Antony will be performing with Lou Reed in his staging of the classic album BERLIN in December at St. Ann's Warehouse and in sport research January in Sydney. Antony will be presenting a concert of his songs at environmental essay questions the Brooklyn Academy of Music on Friday March 9th, 2007 accompanied by the Brooklyn Philharmonic Orchestra. Adam Shecter's book, Like Ghosts, has just been co-published by Printed Matter Inc. in New York and Imschoot Uitvegers in research Belgium. This wordless, technicolor-style book contains images and notions reimagined from Shecter's animations of the past 6 years, including elements from Antony's Hope there's someone, The Lake, and Mysteries of Love. It is studies questions, available online via printedmatter.org.

September 28th, 2006 : 2 more TURNING dates have been added in Madrid and Braga. Please see the events section for details. Antony will also be making an appearance at Hal Willner's Leonard Cohen tribute at The Point in Dublin on research papers October 4th and 5th. August 18th, 2006: The Leonard Cohen I'm Your Man motion picture soundtrack from Verve Forecast, which includes Antony's rendition of questions, If it Be Your Will, has been released this week. Nick Knight has posted a captivating video collage that he has put together as the final installment of the photo shoot he did with Antony for ID magazine earlier this year. August 1st 2006: Antony and the Johnsons will collaborate with film-maker Charles Atlas and 13 Beauties from NYC on a concert/live video installation to be be staged in London, Rome and Paris this Autumn. Sport Papers? During TURNING, Antony and the Johnsons present a concert while Charles Atlas creates live video portraits of each of models. TURNING was first presented as a part of the environmental questions, 2004 Whitney biennial in NYC. Was The Second Revolution Essay? See the events page for more details.

July 31st 2006: The benefit was a great success, and thanks to environmental questions, all who attended and participated, we made over creative competitions for teenagers, $10,000 for the Ali Forney Center. Questions? They are delighted and so are we. Antony and the Johnsons will be performing a series of creative competitions for teenagers, European concerts at the end of August and the beginning of studies questions, September. see the events page for details. They are also gearing up to present a major production this fall in sport research papers Rome, Paris and environmental studies questions, London, a concert/film collaboration with Charles Atlas called TURNING. Family Members Are More Important Friends Essay? Stay tuned for details. July 18th 2006: Antony has organized a benefit for the Ali Forney Center, a NYC organization that provides shelter for homeless GLBT youth. The lineup is CocoRosie, Antony and environmental essay, the Johnsons, and all the way from San Francisco, MATMOS. Family Are More Important Friends? The event will take place on July 26th at environmental essay questions Warsaw in Brooklyn. It's going to be a great night. see you there! Unfortunately, the concert in Palermo Sicily has been cancelled because of problems from the municipality. To accomodate this shifting schedule, the concert in Udine has also been replaced by one in open coursework Verona.

May 27th 2006: A MESSAGE FROM ANTONY: It's been a long while since there has been a heroic gesture made in the American political landscape, and Al Gore has made one with his new film An Incovenient Truth. The content is simple, and familiar to many of us, but the call to arms, especially for people in the United States, is unprecedented. Please see this film and encourage your friends and family to do the same. May 5th 2006: Collaborating with Nico Muhly, Antony will be performing 5 songs with the London Sinfonietta Orchestra next week as a part of the environmental questions, Fuse Leeds festival. Sport Papers? Antony and studies essay questions, the Johnnsons will be performing at the end of June in Poland (on a great bill with Animal Collective, Devendra Banhart and Cocorosie) and in Athens on July 2nd. Antony and the Johnsons will also be appearing at the Latitude Festival in the UK in mid July. April 3rd 2006: The great new Wachowski Brothers film V for Vendetta features Antony and research, the Johnsons song Bird Gerhl in the love scene between V and Natalie Portman. In other news, Hope There's Someone is featured in Isabel Coixet's new film 'La Vida Secreta de las Palabras' (the secret life of studies, words).

You can see the trailer here. Hal Willner's tribute concert to Leonard Cohen has been made into members important a documentary called I'm Your Man and features Antony among many others. Studies Essay? The film opens at the Film Forum in NY on hinton questions June 21st, and in LA on June 30th. March 15th 2006: There are features on Antony and the Johnsons in April's Paper Magazine and in environmental essay questions the new edition of Fantastic Man, with photos by Inez Van Lambsweerd and Vinoodh Matadin. Open Coursework? Antony will perform a song accompanied by Charles Atlas and his video projections at essay questions the Paper party on March 30th at the Maritime in NYC. Antony will be performing a short acoustic set with Julia Kent and Rob Moose at nigel essay questions the Royal Albert Hall between the 2 main acts (the final one of studies questions, which is Goldfrappe) on March 28th as a part of Roger Daltrey's benefit for the Teenage Cancer Trust. We have repressed the long out of print I Fell in Love with a Dead Boy EP for your listening pleasure. Richard Soldier has also placed the Johnsons t-shirts up for sale online at Rebis Music.

February 18th 2006: See video excerpts from a recent performance of Antony and the Johnsons at a reception for members friends essay Wolfgang Tillmans in London last September. February 9th 2006: There is a great photo series by Nick Knight featuring Antony in ID Magazine this month. Environmental Studies? Also on the racks is A Magazine, which features stills from the Hope There's Someone video by Glen Fogel and members are more than friends, illustrations by questions, Antony. Antony will be performing at the Tibet House Benefit organized by buddy hinton, Phillip Glass at Carnegie Hall on March 1st. January 13th 2006: I am a Bird Now has been nominated for the New Pantheon Award. Essay Questions? Antony has been also nominated in the category of british male solo vocalist for the BRITS. Gadzooks!

January 8th 2006: Happy New Year everyone. Buddy Questions? David Tibet has compiled an epic compilation to benefit the organization Doctors without Frontiers. The 4 cd set features just about every luminary in alternative/experimental music today. For more information visit the Jnana Records website. November 27th 2005: You can view Charles Atlas' new video for You Are My Sister here. Studies Questions? The single is out now. Antony and the johnsons appeared on the UK's Jonathan Ross last night singing You Are My Sister with guest Boy George.

They also performed a concert at Saint Luke's Church in London with special guest Marc Almond which will be broadcast on BBC4 on buddy hinton essay December 16th. Antony makes an appearance in essay questions Devendra Banhart's new video as the Mother of the World. November 7th 2005: Antony and his cohorts are deep into their European tour. travelling with Antony is Maxim Moston, Julia Kent, Jeff Langston, Rob Moose, Parker Kindred on drums and night over the rhone essay, Kevin Barker of Currituck Co. on guitar, as well as playing an studies opening set. October 11th 2005: A film celebrating Leonard Cohen called I'm Your Man is soon to be released, and features a performance by Antony from Hal Willner's Came So Far For Beauty at the Sydney Opera House in February. NPR will be featuring an interview with Antony on October 13th. Antony and the Johnsons will also perform on David Letterman on the 18th. Adam Shecter has created a new animation for Hope There's Someone to round off his trilogy of collaborations with Antony and the Johnsons. Open Coursework? Over the last two years, Adam has also created animations for The Lake and Mysteries of Love.

October 3rd 2005: The band continue to tour the midwest before returning home for their debut at Carnegie Hall. The evening will begin with a set by New York’s own hard-driving Pentecostal brass band, McCollough Sons of Thunder. Then Antony and environmental questions, the Johnsons will perform, with a very special guest, the legendary Little Jimmy Scott. September 21st 2005: Antony appears in Laurie Anderson's new film Hidden Inside Mountains as well as on the soundtrack for it. Originally commissioned for the 2005 World Exposition in sport papers Aichi, Japan, this art film was shown last week at the International Film Festival of Toronto. A comprehensive fansite for environmental studies essay questions Antony and the Johnsons can be found at writing competitions for teenagers www.birdantony.altervista.org. Another interesting source of news about Antony and co. on the web is www.antonyandthejohnsons.info. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? A chat forum about Antony and the Johnsons can be accessed here. September 14th 2005: Tickets for was the second revolution Antony and the Johnsons' concert at Carnegie Hall on questions October 13th are now on research papers sale and can be purchased online. September 10th 2005: Antony and the Johnsons won the studies essay questions, 2005 Mercury Award Album of the Year for I Am a Bird Now.

Also, Antony and Boy George are participating in the Warchild online album, for which they recorded a duet of John Lennon's War is Over. September 3rd 2005: There is an in-depth article about Antony in today's New York Times Sunday Magazine written by family are more important essay, John Hodgeman. September 2st 2005: Antony, Julia Kent and Rob Moose will be performing at the Mercury Awards program in London next week. While in London, Antony will also be performing at Wolfgang Tillman's opening. September 1st 2005: We have added some more details to the European tour and the Dublin show has been moved.

August 9th 2005: We have just posted dates for the upcoming North American and European fall tours in environmental studies questions the events section. A few of these dates may be subject to change, but the general itinerary is outlined. Stay tuned particularly for additional dates in the US. Cocorosie will be opening for Antony and the Johnsons in North America. Kevin Barker of american revolution, Currituck County will be opening for much of the European tour. The dates in studies essay France are all a part of for teenagers, Les Inrocktibles festival, in which Antony and the Johnsons share the bill with Devendra Banhart. Antony and Boy George finished filming the music video for the upcoming single You Are My Sister, which is set to be released as a 4 song EP this fall. The other tracks will be Forest of Love, Poorest Ear and Paddy's Gone.

The video is being directed by Charles Atlas, the environmental questions, esteemed director of Hail The New Puritan and over the rhone essay, Because We Must. Antony and the Johnsons will be performing as one of the environmental essay, nominees on the UK's Mercury Award program for night over Channel 4 in September. A few links from streaming videos and recordings made during the spring/summer European tour: see a comprehensive series of interviews with Antony on Italian MTV here. And view a 4 song acoustic set of Antony on piano in a different Italian tv studio here. Antony's London X-FM session with Bernard Butler can be listened to here. The Dutch VPRO documentary can be viewed here. Antony duets with Cocorosie on environmental questions their beautiful new record Noah's Ark, appearing on the track Beautiful Boys. Antony will also be doing some recording with Marc Almond this month. July 24th 2005: The European summer tour wrapped up in the gorgeous Basque region of Spain. Antony had to play Roberta Flack's piano! He was overwhelmed.

The band head home for a date at Town Hall in NYC of the 28th. July 19th 2005: Antony and the Johnsons' I Am a Bird Now has been nominated for sport research the Mercury Award in the UK. Read more about it here. July 13th 2005: Now heading to studies questions, Italy after a brilliant trip to was the civil, Iceland, Antony and the Johnsons are on their final leg of the studies, Summer tour in Europe, finishing off with a couple of festivals in Spain. July 1st 2005: Antony and the Johnsons will be performing at Town Hall in New York City on July 28th. Cocorosie will be supporting. Tickets are available through Ticketmaster or from the nigel, Town Hall box office (212) 840 2824.

See the Hope There's Someone video here. June 23rd 2005: Antony and questions, Co. head to London today; Antony will be performing at Patti Smith's Meltdown Brecht tribute at Royal Festival Hall. The following night Antony and the Johnsons will perform at buddy hinton questions Queen Elizabeth Hall. Joining them as an opening act in London and also for both shows in Scotland is the wonderful Pantaleimon. June 7th 2005: Tonight Antony, Julia and Rob are being filmed for Jools Holland in the UK, which will be broadcast on June 17th. Then they resume they will be joined by the rest of the band (Maxim Moston, Jeff Langston and environmental questions, accordianist Uri Sharlin) in Holland for the second leg of the European tour. May 19th 2005: Antony and the Johnsons are three weeks into their European tour.

They played to sold-out audiences in Italy, Belgium, and Scandanavia. They are now starting to tour in France. Check Upcoming Events for more details. Hope there's Someone was single of the week on Radio 1 in the UK last week. Sport? Antony and the Johnsons were featued on The Culture Show on essay BBC 2 last night. They will also be participating in open coursework Patti Smith's Meltdown Festival in London's Royal Festival Hall in June. Hope there's Someone is being released as a CD single and a 10 vinyl by studies essay questions, Secretly Canadian and Rough Trade. This release includes 2 new songs: Frankenstein and Just One Star. The CD single also contains Glen Fogel's brilliant video for Hope there's Someone, which features New York legend Joey Gabriel.

April 24th 2005: Antony and company have returned from Seattle where they performed 2 concerts at On the Boards with Devendra Banhart, Cocorosie and William Basinski. The show at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in family important than London last week went well. The undisputed highlight of the evening was Marc Almond's heroic delivery of River of Sorrow. Joining Rob Moose and Julia Kent for the European tour are Max Moston on violin and studies, Jeff Langston on bass. Was The Civil War A Second? Kevin Barker, who has been accompanying Antony on guitar quite a bit recently, is now heading off on environmental essay tour with his own band, Currituck County. April 3rd 2005: Antony just returned from 2 small solo concerts in open coursework Europe -- one for Radio 3 in Madrid and studies questions, the other in Budapest, Hungary.

Antony and the Johnsons will be touring all spring in Europe, kicking off in Rotterdam on April 15th and at sport research Queen Elizabeth Hall in London on environmental essay the 16th. Many of the dates are posted on the events page ; parts of the schedule are still being finalized at this time. NPR in the US reviewed the new album; you can listen to it here. March 13th 2005: There are articles about Antony and the Johnsons in this weeks' NME, Timeout London, ID, and Nylon. March 8th 2005: The North American tour wrapped up last night in Vancouver. The Rhone Essay? Thanks to everyone who came out in environmental support. Antony, Julia and Rob had an great time. Thankyou also to Currituck Co., Shivaree and Cocorosie for sharing the bill. Antony has a solo show on March 26th in Budapest. please check the events page for the rhone details. There is also concert on April 15th in Rotterdam and on environmental questions the 16th at Queen Elizabeth Hall in London.

In May, June and July, Antony will be doing a more extensive tour throughout Europe with band. We will post more details of this in the coming weeks. Antony is also performing in Toronto as a part of a festival curated by writing competitions for teenagers, David Michael of Current 93 on studies June 2nd and June 4th. Please see the event page for more information about this special event. The April edition of Mojo has an article about Antony by David Frick, as well as a review of I am a Bird Now. February 3rd 2005: T he audiences at family are more important friends essay the Sydney Opera House were amazing.

Antony sung The Guests, If It Be Your Will and other songs with Nick Cave, Beth Orton , and studies essay, Rufus and Martha Wainwright. The new record is out. Writing For Teenagers? You can get it from Other Music. There is a great review of I am a Bird Now in this week's Rolling Stone. There are also articles in The Fader, Out Magazine, New York Magazine, and even Entertainment Weekly. Also check out this week's Blow Up in studies essay Italy and Inrockuptibles in France. National Public Radio stations in Belgium, Germany and open coursework, Holland have added tracks from the new album to their playlists. I am a Bird Now has been licensed by Rough Trade in environmental essay questions the UK and Scandinavia. Jon Whitney at Brainwashed.com has put together a comprehensive discography for Antony and the Johnsons. January 22nd 2005: Antony will be doing a couple of solo shows in Australia, joining Joan Wasser for a double bill at the Vanguard in Sydney on sport papers January 31st, and then doing a solo show in Melbourne on February 1st at the Manchester Lane. The final dates for the North American tour have been added in Cleveland, Bloomington and Vancouver.

9 more days until the album is released! A few reviews have already started popping up. there are links to some of them on the press page. Environmental Studies Essay Questions? There is an article in this month's Out Magazine about Antony. In France, Les Inrockuptibles has also been brooching the subject. January 13th 2005: Antony will be performing at the Opera House in was the civil war a essay Sydney, Australia on January 28th, 29th and 30th as part of Hal Willner's presentation of the Songs of Leonard Cohen. Other artists on the bill include Beth Orton, Rufus Wainwright and Nick Cave. The outline of the environmental studies essay, North American tour is starry night the rhone, almost complete as it stands on studies essay questions the events page of this site; we are still finalizing dates in Cleveland OH, Vancouver BC and Bloomington IN. January 5th 2005: The Joe's Pub show on Sunday the 9th is sold out. Tickets are on sale at www.ticketweb.com for than essay Antony and essay, the Johnsons' I Am a Bird Now album release concert at Bowery Ballroom in New York City on February 24th. This event will feature Cocorosie, Antony and the Johnsons, and other guests. January 2nd 2005: NPR affiliate American Public Media review a song from Antony and the Johnsons' upcoming album that you can hear by visiting this link and scrolling down to Music Picks.

December 11th 2004: Some updates: Antony and the Johnsons' new album I Am a Bird Now will be released around the world on February 1st 2005. We are now finalizing a schedule for Antony and the Johnsons' US tour in February/March 2005. We have added a new piano/voice demo of an unreleased track called Frankenstein to the downloads page . Antony performed at a benefit for creative for teenagers Saint Ann's Warehouse with Lou Reed, Laurie Anderson, Debbie Harry and environmental studies, the Jazz Passengers earlier this week. Next Tuesday he is collaborating with Laurie Anderson, Phillip Glass and Nico Muhly at a benefit for the Buddhist magazine,Tricycle. November 30th 2004: The European tour with Cocorosie was a great experience for Antony. Thanks to the rhone, everyone who came out to see them.

October 27th 2004: The Lake 3 song ep is being released by Secretly Canadian on cd and a limited run of 12 vinyl, and features an incredible unpublished 1974 photograph of CANDY DARLING by Peter Hujar. Studies Questions? You can order it here. October 11th 2004: Antony has a show with Julia Kent this Wednesday Oct 13th at Coral Room NYC as a part of night essay, Secretly Canadian's showcase. The November shows in the UK and environmental, Europe will be Antony solo accompanying himself on keyboard. September 11th 2004: Antony has a solo show coming up at Tonic on Wednesday October 6th with guests Kevin Barker of Currituck Co., The Girls of Karen Black and Among Natives. August 26th 2004: Antony is performing solo at Bloomingtonfest in Indiana this Saturday. Open Coursework? He will have a couple of studies essay questions, shows in NYC in October; check back here for details in the next few days.

He is also planning a solo tour of Europe with Cocorosie for this November. The 3 song EP will be released at the beginning of November. July 14th 2004: Antony and civil american revolution, Julia enjoyed taking part in environmental the festival is the rhone essay, Jesi, Italy. Special thanks to COIL, Massimo and Pierce, and all who attended this starlit event. June 11th 2004: Antony has signed with Secretly Canadian, an essay independent label based in Indiana. Secretly Canadian are reissuing Antony and the Johnsons' debut album in July. Antony is planning tours of Europe and the US. Lou Reed's live album Animal Serenade which includes Antony singing Candy Says has been released by SIRE/REPRISE. * May 16th 2004: We have added some photos from TURNING, the recent concert events at Saint Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn, NY. * May 6th 2004: The show tomorrow at the Whitney will be at 7pm in the film/video gallery.

Antony will perform with Julia Kent and Nathan Salsburg. Come early as space is quite limited. * May 2004: Download a new track by Antony and the Johnsons, 'Find the family members important friends, Rhythm of your Love', featured here as a part of the Bonn Biennale. * April 19th 2004: The shows at Saint Ann's were a great experience for Antony, Charles Atlas, the musicians, and essay, the cast. Was The Civil War A Second American Revolution Essay? The party at environmental studies essay questions Participant was fun thanks to Lia Gangitano and Craig Hensala from Downtown Arts. Thanks to everyone who helped make these events such a success. * March 2004: Antony and the Johnsons are playing their debut concert in starry essay Germany on June 15th as part of the Biennale Bonn 2004. Questions? Special guest William Basinski will be joining them and presenting some of his beautiful ambient music. Buddy Nigel Questions? Antony and the Johnsons also contributed a theme song for the festival of New York music and questions, theater that is taking place in open coursework Bonn that week. * February 27th: Devendra Banhart did some beautiful vocals for the record; everything he touches is gold in our books.

Antony has also been collaborating on recordings with Cocorosie and lovely Bianca Casady. * February 8th: Antony has recorded duets with Boy George and Lou Reed for the upcoming album. * February 3rd: I Fell in Love With a Dead Boy, Rebis Music's premiere release, is now exclusively available here. * January 25th: Work continues on environmental studies the new album. Antony is spending next week in Woodstock recording new piano songs. * November 1st: Antony has been selected to participate in the Whitney Biennial next Spring. * September 26th: In response to queries, we do not have a recording available of Candy Says as performed by Antony in Lou Reed's concert.

However, the creative writing, track will be included on the soon-to-be-released live album of environmental essay questions, Lou's recent tour entitled Animal Serenade. * September 23rd: Antony's tour with Lou Reed in was the war a essay 2003 drew to a close in essay questions Tokyo last weekend. Over the last 5 months, Antony performed with Lou in family essay 70 concerts throughout Europe, North America, Australia and studies essay, Japan. Starry Over The Rhone Essay? Antony has returned to New York City and now resumes work on his new album I am a Bird Now. * September 1st: The alternative arts website Get Underground streams Nicolas Jenkin's Product video feature on Antony and the Johnsons. * July 2003: CANDY SAYS ON AOL: If you have access to AOL and environmental essay questions, have a broadband high speed connection, you can view a selection of songs from Lou Reed's recent concert at the Warfield in San Francisco, including Antony's performance of Candy Says. Log onto AOL and enter Lou Reed as the keyword.

* Adam Shecter has created a beautiful new streaming animation for Antony's The Lake. * June 2003: Lou Reed interviews Antony for the June/July issue of Index Magazine, with photos by Timothy Greenfield-Saunders. * Brainwashed features a 27 minute Quicktime streaming video of antony in buddy nigel essay questions interview and in solo performance at Boston's Oni Gallery. View it here. * May 2003: Listen to this delightful NPR interview with Laurie Anderson, in which she includes Antony and the Johnsons' CDs on a list of things she would bring to environmental studies essay questions, a desert island.

* I Fell in buddy hinton Love with a Dead Boy is being featured in the new independent film The Event, which is currently being screened at numerous international film festivals.

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