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On the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory - Jstor

Identity thesis philosophy

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Key Terms in Philosophy of Mind

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The Mind/Brain Identity Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

nsf cover letter NSF 16-1 January 25, 2016. Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions. Each proposing organization that is new to NSF or has not had an active NSF assistance award within the previous five years should be prepared to submit basic organization and management information and certifications, when requested, to the applicable award-making division within the Office of Budget, Finance Award Management (BFA). Identity Thesis Philosophy? The requisite information is described in the NSF Prospective New Awardee Guide.

The information contained in this Guide will assist the essay organization in preparing documents which NSF requires to conduct administrative and identity thesis, financial reviews of the organization. This Guide also serves as a means of highlighting the free business accountability requirements associated with Federal awards. To facilitate proposal preparation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding proposal preparation and submission are available on the NSF website. 8. Proposers should also be aware of identity philosophy core strategies that are essential to the fulfillment of NSF’s mission, as articulated in Investing in Science, Engineering, and Education for the Nation’s Future: NSF Strategic Plan, 2014-2018 . These strategies are integrated in the program planning and implementation process, of which proposal review is one part. NSF’s mission is particularly well-implemented through the integration of research and education and broadening participation in NSF programs, projects, and essay, activities. One of the strategic objectives in support of identity thesis NSF’s mission is to essays, foster integration of research and education through the identity programs, projects, and activities it supports at NSF awardee organizations. These organizations recruit, train, and prepare a diverse science, technology, engineering, and free software, mathematics (STEM) workforce to advance the frontiers of science and participate in the US technology-based economy. NSF’s contribution to identity philosophy, the national innovation ecosystem is to provide cutting-edge research under the guidance of the Nation’s most creative scientists and engineers. NSF also supports development of a strong STEM workforce by investing in building the knowledge that informs improvements in STEM teaching and essays, learning. NSF’s mission calls for philosophy, the broadening of opportunities and expanding participation of groups, organizations, and geographic regions that are underrepresented in STEM disciplines, which is essential to life essay, the health and vitality of science and engineering.

NSF is committed to identity philosophy, this principle of diversity and deems it central to the programs, projects, and activities it considers and epenthesis, supports. A. Conformance with Instructions for thesis philosophy, Proposal Preparation. It is important that all proposals conform to the instructions provided in the GPG or NSF Grants.gov Application Guide. Conformance is required and will be strictly enforced unless an authorization to on evolution, deviate from standard proposal preparation requirements has been approved. Identity? NSF will not accept or will return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. NSF authorization to deviate from these instructions must be received prior to proposal submission. Deviations may be authorized in one of two ways: 1. through specification of different requirements in an NSF program solicitation; or. 2. by the written approval of the cognizant NSF Assistant Director/Office Head or designee.

These approvals to essays, deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions may cover a particular program or programs or, in rare instances, an identity philosophy individual deviation for a particular proposal. Proposers may deviate from these instructions only to ucsf thesis, the extent authorized. Proposals must include an authorization to deviate from standard NSF proposal preparation instructions in one of the following ways, as appropriate: (a) by identifying the solicitation number that authorized the identity thesis deviation in the appropriate block on the Cover Sheet; or (b) for individual deviations, by essay act 1 identifying the name, date and title of the identity thesis NSF official authorizing the deviation. B. Format of the respect life essay Proposal. Prior to submission, it is strongly recommended that proposers conduct an identity thesis administrative review to ensure that proposals comply with the proposal preparation guidelines established in life essay the GPG or the thesis NSF Grants.gov Application Guide. The Proposal Preparation Checklist (GPG Exhibit II-1) may be used to assist in landscape painting essay this review. The checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines.

It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the philosophy proposal is prepared. Upon entering the proposal preparation module, the PI will be prompted to select information describing the nature and type of proposal being developed. A collaborative proposal from one organization (see GPG Chapter II.D.5.a); A collaborative proposal from multiple organizations (see GPG Chapter II.D.5.b); or. The type of essay questions for macbeth proposal being developed: Facility/Center (see relevant funding opportunity); or. The requested proposal information noted above will be used to determine the applicable proposal preparation business rules that must be followed. Thesis Philosophy? Proposers are strongly advised to review the applicable sections of the GPG pertinent to landscape painting essay, the type of proposal being developed PRIOR to submission.

1. Proposal Pagination Instructions. Proposers are advised that FastLane does not automatically paginate a proposal. Each section of the proposal that is uploaded as a file should be individually paginated prior to being uploaded to the electronic system. 2. Proposal Margin and Spacing Requirements. The proposal must conform to the following requirements: a. Use one of the following typefaces identified below: Arial 9 , Courier New, or Palatino Linotype at a font size of identity 10 points or larger; Times New Roman at a font size of 11 points or larger; or Computer Modern family of fonts at a font size of 11 points or larger.

A font size of less than 10 points may be used for essay, mathematical formulas or equations, figures, table or diagram captions and when using a Symbol font to insert Greek letters or special characters. PIs are cautioned, however, that the thesis philosophy text must still be readable. b. No more than six lines of free download text within a vertical space of one inch. c. Thesis? Margins, in epenthesis all directions, must be at least an inch. These requirements apply to all uploaded sections of a proposal, including supplementary documentation. 3. Identity Thesis Philosophy? Page Formatting. Proposers are strongly encouraged to use only a standard, single-column format for the text. The guidelines specified above establish the minimum type size requirements; however, PIs are advised that readability is of paramount importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font for essay for macbeth act 1, use in the proposal. Small type size makes it difficult for reviewers to read the proposal; consequently, the use of small type not in compliance with the thesis philosophy above guidelines may be grounds for NSF to epenthesis, return the thesis proposal without review. Adherence to type size and line spacing requirements also is necessary to ensure that no proposer will have an unfair advantage, by using smaller type or line spacing to provide more text in the proposal.

C. Proposal Contents. 1. Single-Copy Documents. Certain categories of information that are submitted in conjunction with a proposal are for NSF Use Only. As such, the information is not provided to reviewers for use in the review of the proposal. With the exception of proposal certifications (which are submitted via the Authorized Organizational Representative function 10 ), these documents should be submitted via the Proposal Preparation Module.

A summary of essay for macbeth each of these categories follows: a. Identity Philosophy? Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable) Instructions for obtaining authorization to deviate from landscape essay, NSF proposal preparation instructions are provided in GPG Chapter II.A. b. List of Suggested Reviewers or Reviewers Not to identity thesis, Include (optional) Proposers may include a list of essays on evolution suggested reviewers (including email address and thesis, institutional affiliation) who they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal. Proposers also may designate persons they would prefer not review the proposal, indicating why.

These suggestions are optional. GPG Exhibit II-2 contains information on conflicts of interest that may be useful in act 1 preparation of thesis philosophy this list. The cognizant Program Officer handling the proposal considers the suggestions and may contact the essays on evolution proposer for further information. The decision whether or not to use the suggestions, however, remains with the Program Officer. c. Proprietary or Privileged Information (if applicable) Instructions for submission of proprietary or privileged information are provided in GPG Chapter I.D.3. d. Proposal Certifications. With the exception of the Disclosure of identity philosophy Lobbying Activities (SF LLL) identified below, the procedures for respect life essay, submission of the philosophy proposal certifications differ from those used with other single-copy documents. The AOR must use the Authorized Organizational Representative function in FastLane to sign and submit the proposal, including the proposal certifications.

It is the ucsf thesis proposing organization's responsibility to assure that only properly authorized individuals perform this function. 11. The required proposal certifications are as follows: Certification for Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) or Individual Proposer: The AOR is required to complete certifications regarding the accuracy and completeness of statements contained in the proposal, as well as to certify that the organization (or individual) agrees to accept the obligation to comply with award terms and conditions. Certification Regarding Conflict of Interest: The AOR is required to thesis, complete certifications stating that the organization has implemented and is enforcing a written policy on conflicts of interest (COI), consistent with the provisions of AAG Chapter IV.A: that, to the best of his/her knowledge, all financial disclosures required by the conflict of essays on evolution interest policy were made; and that conflicts of interest, if any, were, or prior to the organization’s expenditure of any funds under the award, will be, satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated in accordance with the organization’s conflict of interest policy. Conflicts that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated, and identity, research that proceeds without the imposition of conditions or restrictions when a conflict of interest exists, must be disclosed to act 1, NSF via use of NSF’s electronic systems.

Drug-Free Workplace: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding the Drug-Free Workplace Act. See GPG Exhibit II-2 for the full text of the Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Debarment and Suspension: The AOR is required to philosophy, complete a certification regarding Debarment and Suspension. See GPG Exhibit II-3 for the full text of the Debarment and Suspension Certification. Certification Regarding Lobbying: When the proposal exceeds $100,000, the AOR is required to complete a certification regarding lobbying restrictions. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen as well as in GPG Exhibit II-5. The box for Disclosure of Lobbying Activities must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet only if, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the certification, submission of the download business plan software SF LLL is required.

12. Certification Regarding Nondiscrimination: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding compliance with NSF nondiscrimination regulations and policies. See GPG Exhibit II-5 for the full text of the Nondiscrimination Certification. This certification sets forth the nondiscrimination obligations with which all grantees must comply. These obligations also apply to subrecipients or contractors under the award. The proposer, therefore, shall obtain the NSF Nondiscrimination Certification from each organization that applies to identity thesis, be, or serves as a subrecipient or contractor under the award (for other than the provision of commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services) prior to entering into the subaward or contract arrangement. Certification Regarding Flood Hazard Insurance: Two sections of the essays on evolution National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 USC § 4012a and thesis philosophy, § 4106) bar Federal agencies from giving financial assistance for painting essay, acquisition or construction purposes in any area identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as having special flood hazards unless the: (1) community in which that area is located participates in the national flood insurance program; and. (2) building (and any related equipment) is covered by adequate flood insurance. By signing the proposal certification pages, AORs for prospective grantees located in FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas are certifying that adequate flood insurance has been or will be obtained in the following situations: (1) for NSF grants for the construction of a building or facility, regardless of the dollar amount of the grant; and. (2) for other NSF grants when more than $25,000 has been budgeted in the proposal for repair, alteration or improvement (construction) of a building or facility. Prospective grantees should contact their local government or a federally-insured financial institution to determine what areas are identified as having special flood hazards and the availability of flood insurance in their community.

Certification Regarding Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) 13 : The AOR is identity, required to ucsf thesis, complete a certification that the institution has a plan to provide appropriate training and oversight in the responsible and ethical conduct of research to undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers who will be supported by NSF to conduct research. Additional information on NSF’s RCR policy is available in philosophy the AAG Chapter IV.B. While training plans are not required to berber schwa, be included in proposals submitted to NSF, institutions are advised that they are subject to review upon request. Certification Regarding Organizational Support : The AOR is required to identity, complete a certification that there is organizational support for the proposal as required by berber schwa Section 526 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 . This support extends to the portion of the thesis philosophy proposal developed to satisfy the broader impacts review criterion as well as the intellectual merit review criterion, and any additional review criteria specified in the solicitation. Organizational support will be made available, as described in questions the proposal, in order to address the identity thesis broader impacts and essay, intellectual merit activities to be undertaken. Certification Regarding Federal Tax Obligations : When the philosophy proposal exceeds $5,000,000, the AOR is required to for macbeth act 1, complete a certification regarding Federal tax obligations. By signing the certification pages, the AOR certifies that, to the best of his/her knowledge and identity, belief, the proposing organization: (1) has filed all Federal tax returns required during the schwa epenthesis three years preceding this certification; (2) has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the Internal Revenue Code of identity 1986; and. (3) has not, more than 90 days prior to this certification, been notified of any unpaid Federal tax assessment for which the liability remains unsatisfied, unless the assessment is the subject of an installment agreement or offer in compromise that has been approved by the Internal Revenue Service and is not in respect default, or the assessment is the subject of philosophy a non-frivolous administrative or judicial proceeding.

Certification Regarding Unpaid Federal Tax Liability : If the berber schwa proposer is a corporation, the AOR (or equivalent) is required to complete a certification that the corporation has no unpaid Federal tax liability that has been assessed, for which all judicial and administrative remedies have been exhausted or lapsed, and that is not being paid in a timely manner pursuant to thesis, an agreement with the landscape essay authority responsible for collecting the tax liability. Certification Regarding Criminal Convictions : If the proposer is a corporation, the AOR (or equivalent) is required to complete a certification that the corporation has not been convicted of philosophy a felony criminal violation under any Federal law within the 24 months preceding the respect essay date on which the certification is signed. Certification Regarding Dual Use Research of Concern : The AOR is required to identity philosophy, complete a certification that the organization will be or is in compliance with all aspects of the United States Government Policy for on evolution, Institutional Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern . e. Collaborators Other Affiliations Information. The following information regarding collaborators and other affiliations must be separately provided for each individual identified as senior project personnel: Collaborators and co-Editors. A list of thesis philosophy all persons in alphabetical order (including their current organizational affiliations) who are currently, or who have been collaborators or co-authors with the individual on a project, book, article, report, abstract or paper during the 48 months preceding the epenthesis submission of the proposal. Also include those individuals who are currently or have been co-editors of a journal, compendium, or conference proceedings during the 24 months preceding the submission of the proposal. If there are no collaborators or co-editors to report, this should be so indicated. Graduate Advisors and Postdoctoral Sponsors. A list of the names of the individual’s own graduate advisor(s) and principal postdoctoral sponsor(s), and their current organizational affiliations, if known. Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor.

A list of all persons (including their organizational affiliations, if known), with whom the individual has had an association as thesis advisor. In addition, a list of all persons with whom the individual has had an association within the last five years as a postgraduate-scholar sponsor. The information is thesis philosophy, used to help identify potential conflicts or bias in the selection of berber reviewers. See GPG Exhibit II-2 for identity, additional information on potential reviewer conflicts. 2. Sections of the Proposal. The sections described below represent the body of a research proposal submitted to NSF. Failure to submit the schwa epenthesis required sections will result in the proposal not being accepted 14 , or being returned without review. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information.

A full research proposal submitted must contain the identity thesis following sections. Note that the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide may use different naming conventions, and sections may appear in a different order than in FastLane, however, the content is the essays on evolution same: b. Project Summary. c. Table of Contents. d. Project Description. e. References Cited. f. Biographical Sketch(es) g. Identity? Budget and Budget Justification. h. Current and Pending Support. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. j. Respect Essay? Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Data Management Plan Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable)

Proposal preparation instructions for RAPID, EAGER, Ideas Lab, collaborative, equipment, conference, international travel, center, and major research equipment and identity, facility projects may deviate from the above content requirements. On Evolution? Program solicitations also may deviate from the above content requirements. All proposals to NSF will be reviewed using the two NSB-approved merit review criteria described in greater length in GPG Chapter III. There are four major components of the Cover Sheet. A number of the boxes contained on the Cover Sheet are pre-filled as part of the FastLane login process. The information requested on the Cover Sheet is as follows: (1) Awardee Project/Performance Site Primary Location. The information on the Awardee Organization is pre-filled on the Cover Sheet based on the login information entered. (2) Program Description/Announcement/Solicitation Number. Proposers are required to select the philosophy applicable program description, announcement, or solicitation. Schwa Epenthesis? If the proposal is not submitted in identity response to a specific program description, announcement, or solicitation, proposers should select Grant Proposal Guide.

Proposers are advised to select No Closing Date when the proposal is not submitted in response to for macbeth, any relevant NSF funding opportunity (which includes program descriptions, announcements, or solicitations). (3) NSF Unit of Consideration. Proposers must follow instructions for selection of an identity thesis philosophy applicable NSF Division/Office and Program(s) to which the proposal should be directed. (4) Remainder of the Cover Sheet. (a) Title of Proposed Project. The title of the project must be brief, scientifically or technically valid, and suitable for use in the public press. Essays? NSF may edit the title of a project prior to identity, making an essays award. (b) Budget and Duration Information. The proposed duration for identity thesis philosophy, which support is ucsf thesis, requested should be consistent with the nature and identity, complexity of the proposed activity. The Foundation encourages proposers to landscape painting, request funding for durations of three to five years when such durations are necessary for completion of the proposed work and are technically and managerially advantageous.

The requested start date should allow at least six months for NSF review, processing and decision. The PI should consult his/her organization’s Sponsored Projects Office for unusual situations (e.g., a long lead time for procurement) that create problems regarding the proposed start date. Specification of a desired start date for identity philosophy, the project is important and helpful to business software, NSF staff; however, requests for specific start dates may not be met. (c) PI Information and co-PI Information. Information (including address information) regarding the PI is derived from login information and is not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet. Identity Thesis? The proposal also may identify up to four additional co-PIs. Each individual's name and either NSF ID or primary registered e-mail address, must be entered in the boxes provided. (d) Previous NSF Award. If the proposal is a renewal proposal, or an accomplishment-based renewal proposal, the applicable box must be checked.

If yes, the proposer will be requested to select the applicable previous award number. Some NSF program solicitations require submission of both a preliminary and full proposal as part of the proposal process. In such cases, the following instructions apply: (i) During the preliminary proposal stage, the proposing organization should identify the submission as a preliminary proposal by ucsf thesis checking the block entitled, Preliminary Proposal on the proposal Cover Sheet; (ii) During the full proposal submission stage, the proposing organization should identify in philosophy the block entitled, Show Related Preliminary Proposal Number, the schwa epenthesis related preliminary proposal number assigned by NSF. (e) Other Federal Agencies. If the proposal is being submitted for consideration by another Federal agency, the abbreviated name(s) of the identity philosophy Federal agency(ies) must be identified in the spaces provided. (f) Awardee Organization Information.

The awardee organization name, address, DUNS number and Employer Identification Number/Taxpayer Identification Number are derived from the profile information provided by the organization or pulled by NSF from the respect life SAM database and are not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet. Profit-making organizations must identify their status by checking the appropriate boxes on the Cover Sheet, using the following guidelines: A small business must be organized for profit, independently owned and identity philosophy, operated (not a subsidiary of or controlled by another firm), have no more than 500 employees, and not be dominant in its field. A minority business must be: (i) at least 51 percent owned by respect life essay one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals or, in the case of a publicly owned business, have at least 51 percent of the voting stock owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals; and (ii) one whose management and identity, daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. A woman-owned business must be at least 51 percent owned by a woman or women, who also control and ucsf thesis, operate it. Control in this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. Operate in this context means being actively involved in identity thesis philosophy the day-to-day management. (g) Project/Performance Site Primary Location. If the project will be performed at the awardee organization, check the designated box.

If the essays project, however, will be performed at a location other than the awardee, provide the following information (where applicable): Organization Name (identify the organization name of the primary site where the identity thesis philosophy work will be performed, if different than the awardee); Street; City; State; Country; and 9-digit Zip Code. For projects that support research infrastructure and tools, such as vessels, facilities, and telescopes, the project/performance site should correspond to the physical location of the ucsf thesis research asset. Identity Thesis Philosophy? For research assets or projects that are geographically distributed, the proposer should report information for the primary site, as defined by painting the proposer. For example, proposals for the operations and maintenance of research vessels may list the project/performance site as the vessel’s home port. (h) Other Information. Should any of the following items on the proposal Cover Sheet apply to philosophy, a proposal, the applicable box(es) must be checked. Beginning Investigator (See GPG I.G.2) (Note: this box is applicable only to proposals submitted to the Biological Sciences Directorate.) Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (See GPG II.C.1.e) Proprietary or Privileged Information (See GPG I.D.3 II.C.1.d) Historic Places (See GPG II.C.2.j) Vertebrate Animals 15 (See GPG II.D.7) Human Subjects 16 (See GPG II.D.8) International Activities Country Name(s) (See GPG II.C.2.j) - For each proposal that describes an international activity, proposers should list the primary countries involved. A maximum of five countries may be listed. An international activity is defined as research, training, and/or education carried out in cooperation with foreign counterparts either overseas or in the US using virtual technologies.

Proposers also should enter the country/countries with which project participants will engage and/or travel to attend international conferences. If the specific location of the on evolution international conference is not known at the time of the proposal submission, proposers should enter Worldwide. (See GPG II.C.2.j). b. Project Summary. Each proposal must contain a summary of the proposed project not more than one page in length. The Project Summary consists of an overview, a statement on the intellectual merit of the proposed activity, and a statement on the broader impacts of the proposed activity. The overview includes a description of the activity that would result if the identity thesis proposal were funded and a statement of objectives and methods to schwa epenthesis, be employed.

The statement on intellectual merit should describe the potential of the proposed activity to advance knowledge. Thesis? The statement on broader impacts should describe the potential of the proposed activity to benefit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired societal outcomes. The Project Summary should be written in the third person, informative to ucsf thesis, other persons working in the same or related fields, and, insofar as possible, understandable to a scientifically or technically literate lay reader. It should not be an abstract of the proposal. The Project Summary may ONLY be uploaded as a Supplementary Document if use of special characters is necessary. Identity Philosophy? Such Project Summaries must be formatted with separate headings for Overview, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts. Failure to include these headings will result in the proposal being returned without review. c. Table of Contents.

A Table of essays Contents is automatically generated for identity thesis, the proposal. The proposer cannot edit this form. d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support) The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the work to be undertaken and must include the essays on evolution objectives for the period of the identity philosophy proposed work and expected significance; the relationship of this work to the present state of knowledge in the field, as well as to work in progress by berber schwa the PI under other support. The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the philosophy broad design of painting activities to thesis, be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of experimental methods and procedures.

Proposers should address what they want to do, why they want to do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. The project activities may be based on previously established and/or innovative methods and approaches, but in either case must be well justified. These issues apply to both the technical aspects of the proposal and the way in which the on evolution project may make broader contributions. The Project Description must contain, as a separate section within the narrative, a section labeled Broader Impacts . This section should provide a discussion of the broader impacts of the proposed activities. Broader impacts may be accomplished through the philosophy research itself, through the activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to the project. NSF values the essay questions advancement of identity philosophy scientific knowledge and activities that contribute to the achievement of societally relevant outcomes. Such outcomes include, but are not limited to: full participation of women, persons with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); improved STEM education and educator development at respect life any level; increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology; improved well-being of individuals in identity philosophy society; development of ucsf thesis a diverse, globally competitive STEM workforce; increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others; improved national security; increased economic competitiveness of the US; and enhanced infrastructure for research and education. Plans for data management and sharing of the products of research, including preservation, documentation, and sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and other related research and education products should be described in the Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for additional instructions for preparation of this section). (ii) Page Limitations and Inclusion of Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) within the Project Description.

Brevity will assist reviewers and identity thesis philosophy, Foundation staff in respect dealing effectively with proposals. Therefore, the identity Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support, which is limited to five pages) may not exceed 15 pages . Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, photographs and other pictorial presentations are included in the 15-page limitation. PIs are cautioned that the Project Description must be self-contained and free business plan, that URLs must not be used because: 1) the information could circumvent page limitations; 2) the reviewers are under no obligation to view the sites; and 3) the sites could be altered or deleted between the time of submission and the time of thesis philosophy review. Conformance to the 15-page limit will be strictly enforced and free download business plan software, may not be exceeded unless a deviation has been specifically authorized. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on philosophy, deviations.) (iii) Results from Prior NSF Support. If any PI or co-PI identified on the proposal has received NSF funding with a start date 17 in the past five years (including any current funding and no cost extensions), information on the award is required for each PI and co-PI, regardless of whether the support was directly related to download business plan, the proposal or not. In cases where the PI or co-PI has received more than one award (excluding amendments to existing awards), they need only report on the one award most closely related to the proposal. Funding includes not just salary support, but any funding awarded by NSF. NSF awards such as standard or continuing grants, Graduate Research Fellowship, Major Research Instrumentation, travel, conference, and center awards, etc., are subject to this requirement. The following information must be provided: (a) the NSF award number, amount and thesis philosophy, period of support; (b) the title of the berber project; (c) a summary of the results of the identity thesis completed work, including accomplishments, supported by the award.

The results must be separately described under two distinct headings, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts; (d) a listing of the publications resulting from the NSF award (a complete bibliographic citation for each publication must be provided either in this section or in the References Cited section of the proposal); if none, state No publications were produced under this award. (e) evidence of research products and their availability, including, but not limited to: data, publications, samples, physical collections, software, and models, as described in any Data Management Plan; and. (f) if the proposal is for renewed support, a description of the relation of the landscape painting completed work to the proposed work. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal. Note that the proposal may contain up to five pages to describe the identity thesis results.

Results may be summarized in fewer than five pages, which would give the respect essay balance of the identity thesis philosophy 15 pages for the Project Description. (iv) Unfunded Collaborations. Any substantial collaboration with individuals not included in the budget should be described in business plan the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.i) and documented in a letter of identity collaboration from each collaborator. Such letters should be provided in the supplementary documentation section of the FastLane Proposal Preparation Module and follow the format instructions specified in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j. Collaborative activities that are identified in the budget should follow the instructions in GPG Chapter II.D. NSF encourages submission of for macbeth act 1 proposals by groups of investigators; often these are submitted to identity, carry out essays interdisciplinary projects. Unless stipulated in a specific program solicitation, however, such proposals will be subject to the 15-page Project Description limitation established in Section (ii) above. PIs who wish to thesis philosophy, exceed the respect essay established page limitations for the Project Description must request and receive a deviation in thesis advance of proposal submission. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (vi) Proposals for Renewed Support. See GPG Chapter V for guidance on preparation of renewal proposals. e. References Cited.

Reference information is required. Ucsf Thesis? Each reference must include the names of all authors (in the same sequence in which they appear in the publication), the article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. Philosophy? (See also GPG Chapter II.C.2.d.(iii)(d)) If the proposer has a website address readily available, that information should be included in the citation. It is not NSF's intent, however, to act 1, place an undue burden on proposers to search for the URL of every referenced publication. Therefore, inclusion of a website address is philosophy, optional. A proposal that includes reference citation(s) that do not specify a URL is download business, not considered to be in violation of NSF proposal preparation guidelines and the proposal will still be reviewed. Proposers must be especially careful to follow accepted scholarly practices in providing citations for identity philosophy, source materials relied upon when preparing any section of the proposal. While there is no established page limitation for the references, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to free download business, provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page Project Description. f. Biographical Sketch(es) (i) Senior Personnel. A biographical sketch (limited to two pages) is identity, required for each individual identified as senior personnel. (See GPG Exhibit II-7 for the definitions of Senior Personnel.) Proposers may elect to use third-party solutions, such as NIH’s SciENcv to schwa, develop and maintain their biographical sketch. Thesis? However, proposers are advised that they are still responsible for ensuring that biographical sketches created using third-party solutions are compliant with NSF proposal preparation requirements. Do not submit any personal information in the biographical sketch.

This includes items such as: home address; home telephone, fax, or cell phone numbers; home e-mail address; drivers’ license numbers; marital status; personal hobbies; and life essay, the like. Such personal information is not appropriate for the biographical sketch and is not relevant to identity philosophy, the merits of the proposal. NSF is on evolution, not responsible or in identity thesis any way liable for essays on evolution, the release of identity thesis philosophy such material. (See also GPG Chapter III.H). (a) Professional Preparation. A list of the individual’s undergraduate and graduate education and postdoctoral training (including location) as indicated below: Inclusive Dates (years) A list, in reverse chronological order, of all the individual's academic/professional appointments beginning with the current appointment. A list of: (i) up to five products most closely related to the proposed project; and epenthesis, (ii) up to five other significant products, whether or not related to the proposed project. Acceptable products must be citable and accessible including but not limited to publications, data sets, software, patents, and copyrights. Unacceptable products are unpublished documents not yet submitted for publication, invited lectures, and thesis philosophy, additional lists of products.

Only the list of ucsf thesis ten will be used in the review of the proposal. Each product must include full citation information including (where applicable and thesis, practicable) names of all authors, date of publication or release, title, title of enclosing work such as journal or book, volume, issue, pages, website and URL or other Persistent Identifier. If only publications are included, the free plan heading Publications may be used for this section of the Biographical Sketch. (d) Synergistic Activities. A list of identity up to five examples that demonstrate the broader impact of the individual’s professional and scholarly activities that focuses on the integration and transfer of ucsf thesis knowledge as well as its creation. Examples could include, among others: innovations in philosophy teaching and training (e.g., development of curricular materials and pedagogical methods); contributions to essay, the science of learning; development and/or refinement of research tools; computation methodologies, and algorithms for problem-solving; development of databases to support research and education; broadening the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM; and service to the scientific and engineering community outside of the individual’s immediate organization. In FastLane, biographical sketches for senior personnel may no longer be grouped together and uploaded in thesis philosophy a single PDF file associated with the PI. Each individual’s biographical sketch must be uploaded as a single PDF file or inserted as text associated with that individual. (ii) Other Personnel. For the personnel categories listed below, the proposal also may include information on exceptional qualifications that merit consideration in the evaluation of the proposal.

Such information should be clearly identified as Other Personnel biographical information and life, uploaded as a single PDF file in identity thesis philosophy the Other Supplementary Documents section of the proposal. (a) Postdoctoral associates. (b) Other professionals. (c) Students (research assistants) (iii) Equipment Proposals. For equipment proposals, the following must be provided for each auxiliary user: (a) Short biographical sketch; and.

(b) List of up to five publications most closely related to the proposed acquisition. Such information should be clearly identified as Equipment Proposal biographical information and for macbeth act 1, uploaded as a single PDF file in the Other Supplementary Documents section of the proposal. g. Thesis? Budget and life, Budget Justification. Each proposal must contain a budget for each year of support requested. The budget justification must be no more than three pages per proposal. The amounts for each budget line item requested must be documented and justified in the budget justification as specified below. For proposals that contain a subaward(s), each subaward must include a separate budget justification of no more than three pages. The proposal may request funds under any of the categories listed so long as the item and amount are considered necessary, reasonable, allocable, and allowable under 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E, NSF policy, and/or the program solicitation. For-profit entities are subject to the cost principles contained in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, Part 31.

Amounts and expenses budgeted also must be consistent with the proposing organization's policies and procedures and cost accounting practices used in accumulating and reporting costs. (i) Salaries and philosophy, Wages (Lines A and B on landscape painting, the Proposal Budget) (a) Senior Personnel Salaries Wages Policy. NSF regards research as one of the normal functions of faculty members at identity institutions of higher education. Compensation for time normally spent on research within the term of appointment is deemed to be included within the faculty member’s regular organizational salary. As a general policy, NSF limits the berber epenthesis salary compensation requested in the proposal budget for thesis philosophy, senior personnel to no more than two months of their regular salary in any one year. This limit includes salary compensation received from all NSF-funded grants.

This effort must be documented in accordance with 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E. If anticipated, any compensation for essays on evolution, such personnel in excess of two months must be disclosed in the proposal budget, justified in thesis philosophy the budget justification, and must be specifically approved by free download business NSF in the award notice budget. 18 Under normal rebudgeting authority, as described in AAG Chapters II and V, an awardee can internally approve an increase or decrease in person months devoted to the project after an award is identity thesis, made, even if doing so results in salary support for senior personnel exceeding the two month salary policy. Essays On Evolution? No prior approval from NSF is necessary as long as that change would not cause the objectives or scope of the identity philosophy project to change. NSF prior approval is necessary if the objectives or scope of the project changes. These same general principles apply to other types of landscape painting non-academic organizations. (b) Administrative and Clerical Salaries Wages Policy. In accordance with 2 CFR § 200.413, the salaries of administrative and identity, clerical staff should normally be treated as indirect (FA) costs. Direct charging of these costs may be appropriate only if all the conditions identified below are met: (i) Administrative or clerical services are integral to a project or activity; (ii) Individuals involved can be specifically identified with the project or activity; (iii) Such costs are explicitly included in landscape painting the approved budget or have the prior written approval of the cognizant NSF Grants Officer; and. (iv) The costs are not also recovered as indirect costs. Conditions (i) and (iv) above are particularly relevant for thesis, consideration at the budget preparation stage. The names of the PI(s), faculty, and other senior personnel and the estimated number of full-time-equivalent person-months for which NSF funding is requested, and the total amount of salaries requested per year, must be listed.

For consistency with the NSF cost sharing policy, if person months will be requested for senior personnel, a corresponding salary amount must be entered on the budget. If no person months and no salary are being requested for senior personnel, they should be removed from Section A of the budget. Their name(s) will remain on the Cover Sheet and the individual(s) role on the project should be described in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal. For postdoctoral associates and other professionals, the total number of persons for each position must be listed, with the number of full-time-equivalent person-months and total amount of salaries requested per year. For graduate and undergraduate students, secretarial, clerical, technical, etc., whose time will be charged directly to the project, only the total number of persons and total amount of berber epenthesis salaries requested per year in each category is required. Thesis Philosophy? Compensation classified as salary payments must be requested in essays on evolution the salaries and wages category. Salaries requested must be consistent with the organization’s regular practices. The budget justification should detail the rates of pay by individual for senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, and other professionals. (d) Confidential Budgetary Information.

The proposing organization may request that salary data on senior personnel not be released to persons outside the identity Government during the review process. In such cases, the item for senior personnel salaries in the proposal may appear as a single figure and the person-months represented by that amount omitted. If this option is exercised, senior personnel salaries and ucsf thesis, person-months must be itemized in a separate statement, and forwarded to NSF in accordance with the instructions specified in GPG Chapter I.D.3. This statement must include all of the identity philosophy information requested on the proposal budget for each person involved. NSF will not forward the detailed information to reviewers and will hold it privileged to the extent permitted by law. The information on painting, senior personnel salaries will be used as the basis for determining the salary amounts shown in the budget. Identity Thesis Philosophy? The box for business, Proprietary or Privileged Information must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet when the proposal contains confidential budgetary information. Thesis Philosophy? 19. (ii) Fringe Benefits (Line C on the Proposal Budget) If the proposer’s usual accounting practices provide that its contributions to employee benefits (leave, employee insurance, social security, retirement, other payroll-related taxes, etc.) be treated as direct costs, NSF grant funds may be requested to fund fringe benefits as a direct cost. Landscape? These are typically determined by philosophy application of ucsf thesis a calculated fringe benefit rate for a particular class of employee (full time or part-time) applied to the salaries and wages requested.

They also may be paid based on actual costs for individual employees, if that institutional policy has been approved by the cognizant federal agency. See 2 CFR § 200.431 for the definition and allowability of inclusion of fringe benefits on identity, a proposal budget. (iii) Equipment (Line D on the Proposal Budget) Equipment is defined as tangible personal property (including information technology systems) having a useful life of more than one year and a per-unit acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the schwa lesser of the capitalization level established by the proposer for financial statement purposes, or $5,000. It is important to note that the identity acquisition cost of equipment includes modifications, attachments, and accessories necessary to make the property usable for the purpose for which it will be purchased. Items of needed equipment must be adequately justified, listed individually by description and on evolution, estimated cost. Allowable items ordinarily will be limited to research equipment and apparatus not already available for thesis philosophy, the conduct of the work. General purpose equipment such as office equipment and furnishings, and information technology equipment and systems are typically not eligible for direct cost support. Special purpose or scientific use computers or associated hardware and act 1, software, however, may be requested as items of thesis philosophy equipment when necessary to accomplish the project objectives and not otherwise reasonably available. Any request to respect, support such items must be clearly disclosed in the proposal budget, justified in the budget justification, and be included in the NSF award budget.

(iv) Travel (Line E on the Proposal Budget) Travel and philosophy, its relation to the proposed activities must be specified, itemized and justified by destination and cost. Funds may be requested for field work, attendance at meetings and conferences, and other travel associated with the proposed work, including subsistence. In order to qualify for free business plan, support, however, attendance at meetings or conferences must be necessary to accomplish proposal objectives, or disseminate its results. Travel support for dependents of key project personnel may be requested only when the travel is for identity, a duration of six months or more either by inclusion in respect life essay the approved budget or with the prior written approval of the cognizant NSF Grants and Agreements Officer. Temporary dependent care costs above and beyond regular dependent care that directly result from travel to conferences are allowable costs provided that the conditions established in 2 CFR § 200.474 are met. Allowance for air travel normally will not exceed the cost of round-trip, economy airfares. Persons traveling under NSF grants must travel by US-Flag Air carriers, if available. (b) Domestic Travel. Domestic travel includes travel within and between the US, its territories and possessions. Philosophy? 20.

(c) Foreign Travel. Travel outside the areas specified above is considered foreign travel. The proposal must include relevant information, including countries to be visited (also enter names of countries on the proposal budget), dates of visit, if known. (v) Participant Support (Line F on the Proposal Budget) This budget category refers to direct costs for items such as stipends or subsistence allowances, travel allowances, and registration fees paid to or on behalf of participants or trainees (but not employees) in connection with NSF-sponsored conferences or training projects. Any additional categories of participant support costs other than those described in 2 CFR § 200.75 (such as incentives, gifts, souvenirs, t-shirts and memorabilia), must be justified in the budget justification, and epenthesis, such costs will be closely scrutinized by NSF. (See GPG Chapter II.D.9). For some educational projects conducted at local school districts, however, the participants being trained are employees. In such cases, the costs must be classified as participant support if payment is thesis philosophy, made through a stipend or training allowance method. The school district must have an accounting mechanism in place (i.e., sub-account code) to differentiate between regular salary and stipend payments. To help defray the respect costs of participating in a conference or training activity, funds may be proposed for identity thesis, payment of stipends, per diem or subsistence allowances, based on the type and schwa epenthesis, duration of the activity. Such allowances must be reasonable, in conformance with the policy of the thesis proposing organization and limited to for macbeth, the days of attendance at the conference plus the actual travel time required to reach the thesis conference location.

Where meals or lodgings are furnished without charge or at schwa a nominal cost (e.g., as part of the registration fee), the per diem or subsistence allowance should be correspondingly reduced. Although local participants may participate in conference meals and coffee breaks, funds may not be proposed to pay per identity thesis philosophy, diem or similar expenses for local participants in the conference. Funds may be requested for the travel costs of participants. If so, the restrictions regarding class of accommodations and use of US-Flag air carriers are applicable. 21 In training activities that involve field trips, costs of transportation of epenthesis participants are allowable.

The number of identity thesis participants to be supported must be entered in the parentheses on the proposal budget. Participant support costs must be specified, itemized and justified in the budget justification section of the proposal. Questions? Indirect costs (FA) are not allowed on participant support costs. Participant support costs must be accounted for separately should an award be made. (vi) Other Direct Costs (Lines G1 through G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any costs proposed to an NSF grant must be allowable, reasonable and directly allocable to the supported activity. The budget must identify and itemize other anticipated direct costs not included under the headings above, including materials and supplies, publication costs, computer services and consultant services. Examples include aircraft rental, space rental at research establishments away from the grantee organization, minor building alterations, payments to human subjects, and service charges. Reference books and periodicals may be charged to the grant only if they are specifically allocable to the project being supported by NSF.

(a) Materials and Supplies (including Costs of Computing Devices) (Line G1 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget justification should indicate the general types of philosophy expendable materials and supplies required. Supplies are defined as all tangible personal property other than those described in landscape paragraph (d)(iii) above. A computing device is philosophy, considered a supply if the acquisition cost is less than the lesser of the capitalization level established by the proposer or $5,000, regardless of the length of essay its useful life. Thesis? In the specific case of computing devices, charging as a direct cost is questions for macbeth act 1, allowable for devices that are essential and allocable, but not solely dedicated, to philosophy, the performance of the NSF award. Cost estimates must be included for items that represent a substantial amount of the proposed line item cost. (b) Publication/Documentation/Dissemination (Line G2 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request funds for download plan software, the costs of documenting, preparing, publishing or otherwise making available to others the findings and products of the work conducted under the grant. Identity Philosophy? This generally includes the respect life essay following types of identity philosophy activities: reports, reprints, page charges or other journal costs (except costs for prior or early publication); necessary illustrations; cleanup, documentation, storage and indexing of data and landscape painting essay, databases; development, documentation and debugging of software; and storage, preservation, documentation, indexing, etc., of physical specimens, collections or fabricated items.

(c) Consultant Services (also referred to as Professional Service Costs) (Line G3 on identity philosophy, the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request costs for professional and consultant services. Professional and consultant services are services rendered by free business plan persons who are members of identity a particular profession or possess a special skill, and who are not officers or employees of the proposing organization. Costs of professional and consultant services are allowable when reasonable in relation to essay, the services rendered and when not contingent upon recovery of costs from the Federal government. Anticipated services must be justified and information furnished on each individual’s expertise, primary organizational affiliation, normal daily compensation rate, and number of days of expected service. Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. Identity Thesis? If requested, the proposer must be able to essay act 1, justify that the proposed rate of pay is reasonable. Identity Philosophy? Additional information on the allowability of consultant or professional service costs is available in 2 CFR § 200.459. In addition to other provisions required by the proposing organization, all contracts made under the respect life essay NSF award must contain the applicable provisions identified in identity thesis 2 CFR § 200 Appendix II. (d) Computer Services (Line G4 on questions, the Proposal Budget) he cost of computer services, including computer-based retrieval of scientific, technical and identity philosophy, educational information, may be requested only where it is institutional policy to charge such costs as direct charges.

A justification based on the established computer service rates at the proposing organization must be included. Free Plan Software? The proposal budget also may request costs for leasing of computer equipment. As noted in identity thesis philosophy GPG Chapter II.C.2.g(iii), general purpose (such as word processing, spreadsheets, communication) computer equipment should not be requested. Note: See paragraph (a) above for guidance on free business plan software, acquisition of computing devices. (e) Subawards 22 (Line G5 on identity, the Proposal Budget) Except for the purchase of materials and landscape painting, supplies, equipment or general support services allowable under the grant, no portion of the identity proposed activity may be subawarded, transferred, or contracted out to another organization without written prior NSF authorization. Such authorization must be provided either through inclusion of the for macbeth subaward(s) on an NSF award budget or by receiving written prior approval from the cognizant NSF Grants and Agreements Officer. If known at the time of proposal submission, the intent to identity, enter into such arrangements must be disclosed in the proposal.

A separate budget and a budget justification of no more than three pages, must be provided for each subrecipient, if already identified, along with a description of the work to be performed. All proposing organizations are required to make a case-by-case determination regarding the questions for macbeth role of a subrecipient versus contractor for each agreement it makes. 2 CFR § 200.330 provides characteristics of each type of arrangement to assist proposing organizations in making that determination. However, inclusion of identity thesis a subaward or contract in the proposal budget or submission of a request after issuance of an NSF award to ucsf thesis, add a subaward or contract will document the organizational determination required. It is NSF’s expectation that, consistent with 2 CFR § 200.414, NSF awardees will use the domestic subrecipient’s applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s). If no such rate exists, the NSF awardee may either negotiate a rate or will fund the subrecipient using the de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of 10% of modified total direct costs. It is also NSF’s expectation that NSF awardees will use the foreign subrecipient’s applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s). However, if no such rate exists, the NSF awardee will fund the foreign subrecipient using the de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of identity thesis philosophy 10% of modified total direct costs. (f) Other (Line G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any other direct costs not specified in Lines G1 through G5 must be identified on Line G6. Business Plan Software? Such costs must be itemized and detailed in the budget justification.

(vii) Total Direct Costs (Line H on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct costs requested in the budget, to philosophy, include Lines A through G, must be entered on Line H. (viii) Indirect Costs (also known as Facilities and essays on evolution, Administrative Costs (FA) for Colleges and Universities) (Line I on the Proposal Budget) Except where specifically identified in identity an NSF program solicitation, the applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) must be used in computing indirect costs (FA) for a proposal. The amount for indirect costs should be calculated by act 1 applying the current negotiated indirect cost rate(s) to the approved base(s). Indirect cost recovery for colleges, universities, and identity thesis philosophy, other organizations of higher education are additionally restricted by 2 CFR § 200, Appendix III, paragraph C.7. which specifies Federal agencies are required to use the negotiated FA rate that is in effect at essay the time of the initial award throughout the life of the sponsored agreement. Additional information on the charging of indirect costs to an NSF award is available in AAG Chapter V.D. Domestic proposing organizations that do not have a current negotiated rate agreement with a cognizant Federal agency, and who are requesting more than a de minimis 10% recovery of modified total direct costs should prepare an indirect cost proposal based on expenditures for identity thesis philosophy, its most recently ended fiscal year.

Based on respect, the information provided in the indirect cost proposal, NSF may negotiate an award-specific rate to be used only on the award currently being considered for funding. No supporting documentation is required for proposed rates of 10% or less of modified total direct costs. Thesis Philosophy? The contents and essay questions for macbeth, financial data included in identity indirect cost proposals vary according to life, the make-up of the proposing organization. Instructions for preparing an indirect cost rate proposal can be found at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/caar/docs/idcsubmissions.pdf. NSF formally negotiates indirect cost rates for the organizations for which NSF has rate cognizance. NSF does not negotiate rates for organizations that are not direct recipients of identity thesis philosophy NSF funding (e.g., subrecipients).

The prime recipient is responsible for ensuring that proposed subrecipient costs, including indirect costs, are reasonable and appropriate. Foreign organizations that do not have a current US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) are limited to a de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of 10% of modified total direct costs. Foreign grantees that have a US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) may recover indirect costs at the current negotiated rate. (ix) Total Direct and Indirect Costs (FA) (Line J on landscape, the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct and indirect costs (FA) (sum of Lines H and I) must be entered on Line J. (x) Amount of This Request (Line L on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of funds requested by the proposer should be the identity thesis same as the amount entered on Line J. (xi) Cost Sharing (Line M on the Proposal Budget) The National Science Board issued a report entitled “Investing in epenthesis the Future: NSF Cost Sharing Policies for a Robust Federal Research Enterprise”(NSB 09-20, August 3, 2009), which contained eight recommendations for NSF regarding cost sharing. In implementation of the Board’s recommendation, NSF’s guidance 23 is as follows: Voluntary Committed and Uncommitted Cost Sharing. Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited and Line M on the proposal budget will not be available for identity thesis philosophy, use by ucsf thesis the proposer.

While not required by NSF, awardee organizations may, at their own discretion, continue to contribute voluntary uncommitted cost sharing to NSF-sponsored projects. These resources are not auditable by NSF and should not be included in identity thesis the proposal budget or budget justification. In order for NSF, and its reviewers, to berber, assess the scope of identity thesis a proposed project, all organizational resources necessary for, and available to, a project must be described in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.i for further information). NSF Program Officers are not authorized to impose or encourage cost sharing unless such requirements are explicitly included in the program solicitation. Mandatory Cost Sharing. Mandatory cost sharing will only be required for essays on evolution, NSF programs when explicitly authorized by the NSF Director, the philosophy National Science Board, or legislation. A complete listing of NSF programs that require cost sharing is available on the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/. In those rare instances, cost sharing requirements will be clearly identified in the solicitation and must be included on Line M of the proposed budget. Life Essay? For purposes of budget preparation, the cumulative cost sharing amount must be entered on Line M of the first year’s budget. Should an award be made, the organization’s cost sharing commitment, as specified on the first year’s approved budget, must be met prior to the award end date. Such cost sharing will be an eligibility, rather than a review criterion.

Proposers are advised not to exceed the mandatory cost sharing level or amount specified in philosophy the solicitation. 24. When mandatory cost sharing is free download plan software, included on Line M, and accepted by the Foundation, the commitment of funds becomes legally binding and is subject to audit. When applicable, the estimated value of identity any in-kind contributions also should be included on Line M. Landscape Essay? An explanation of the source, nature, amount and availability of any proposed cost sharing must be provided in philosophy the budget justification 25 . It should be noted that contributions derived from other Federal funds or counted as cost sharing toward projects of another Federal agency must not be counted towards meeting the specific cost sharing requirements of the NSF award. Failure to on evolution, provide the level of cost sharing required by identity thesis the NSF solicitation and reflected in the NSF award budget may result in software termination of the NSF award, disallowance of award costs and/or refund of award funds to NSF by philosophy the awardee.

(xii) Allowable and Unallowable Costs. 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E provides comprehensive information regarding costs allowable under Federal awards. The following categories of unallowable costs are highlighted because of their sensitivity: Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities, and any costs directly associated with such activities (such as tickets to shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and gratuities) are unallowable. Travel, meal and hotel expenses of grantee employees who are not on travel status are unallowable. Costs of employees on travel status are limited to those specifically authorized by 2 CFR § 200.474. (b) Meals and Coffee Breaks. No funds may be requested for meals or coffee breaks for landscape painting, intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers. Identity Philosophy? )See 2 CFR 200.432, for additional information on the charging of certain types of costs generally associated with conferences supported by essay questions NSF.) (c) Alcoholic Beverages.

No NSF funds may be spent on identity thesis philosophy, alcoholic beverages. h. Current and respect essay, Pending Support. This section of the proposal calls for required information on all current and thesis, pending support for ongoing projects and proposals, including this project , and any subsequent funding in the case of continuing grants. All current project support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations, or internal funds allocated toward specific projects) must be listed. The proposed project and plan, all other projects or activities requiring a portion of time of the philosophy PI and ucsf thesis, other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the project(s).

The total award amount for the entire award period covered (including indirect costs) must be shown as well as the number of person-months per year to be devoted to the project, regardless of source of support. Similar information must be provided for all proposals already submitted or submitted concurrently to other possible sponsors, including NSF. Concurrent submission of a proposal to other organizations will not prejudice its review by NSF. The Biological Sciences Directorate exception to this policy is thesis, delineated in GPG Chapter I.G.2. If the project now being submitted has been funded previously by a source other than NSF, the information requested in the paragraph above must be furnished for the last period of funding. In FastLane, current and pending support for free download business plan software, all senior personnel may no longer be grouped together and uploaded in a single PDF file associated with the PI. Each individual’s current and thesis, pending support must be uploaded as a single PDF file or inserted as text associated with that individual. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources.

This section of the proposal is used to assess the adequacy of the resources available to perform the effort proposed to satisfy both the Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts review criteria. Proposers should describe only those resources that are directly applicable. Proposers should include an aggregated description of the internal and external resources (both physical and life essay, personnel) that the organization and its collaborators will provide to the project, should it be funded. Such information must be provided in this section, in lieu of other parts of the proposal (e.g., budget justification, project description). The description should be narrative in nature and must not include any quantifiable financial information. Reviewers will evaluate the information during the merit review process and the cognizant NSF Program Officer will review it for thesis philosophy, programmatic and technical sufficiency. Although these resources are not considered cost sharing as defined in 2 CFR § 200.306, the Foundation does expect that the resources identified in the Facilities, Equipment, and Other Resources section will be provided, or made available, should the download business software proposal be funded. AAG Chapter II.B.1 specifies procedures for use by the awardee when there are postaward changes to objectives, scope or methods/procedures. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Except as specified below, special information and supplementary documentation must be included as part of the Project Description (or part of the budget justification), if it is relevant to determining the quality of the proposed work. Identity Thesis? Information submitted in the following areas is essays on evolution, not considered part of the 15-page Project Description limitation.

This Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section also is not considered an thesis philosophy appendix. Specific guidance on the need for additional documentation may be obtained from the for macbeth organization’s sponsored projects office or in the references cited below. Postdoctoral Researcher Mentoring Plan. Identity Thesis? Each proposal 26 that requests funding to support postdoctoral researchers 27 must include, as a supplementary document, a description of the mentoring activities that will be provided for such individuals. Essay Questions? In no more than one page, the mentoring plan must describe the mentoring that will be provided to all postdoctoral researchers supported by the project, regardless of philosophy whether they reside at the submitting organization, any subrecipient organization, or at any organization participating in a simultaneously submitted collaborative project.

Proposers are advised that the mentoring plan must not be used to circumvent the 15-page Project Description limitation. See GPG Chapter II.D.5 for additional information on collaborative proposals. Free Plan? Mentoring activities provided to postdoctoral researchers supported on the project will be evaluated under the Broader Impacts review criterion. Examples of identity thesis mentoring activities include, but are not limited to: career counseling; training in preparation of grant proposals, publications and presentations; guidance on ways to for macbeth, improve teaching and mentoring skills; guidance on how to effectively collaborate with researchers from diverse backgrounds and disciplinary areas; and training in responsible professional practices. Plans for data management and sharing of the products of research. Proposals must include a supplementary document of philosophy no more than two pages labeled Data Management Plan. Respect Life? This supplementary document should describe how the proposal will conform to NSF policy on the dissemination and sharing of research results (see AAG Chapter VI.D.4), and may include: the types of data, samples, physical collections, software, curriculum materials, and other materials to be produced in the course of the project; the standards to be used for data and metadata format and content (where existing standards are absent or deemed inadequate, this should be documented along with any proposed solutions or remedies); policies for access and sharing including provisions for thesis, appropriate protection of privacy, confidentiality, security, intellectual property, or other rights or requirements; policies and questions act 1, provisions for re-use, re-distribution, and the production of derivatives; and. plans for archiving data, samples, and identity thesis philosophy, other research products, and for preservation of access to them. Data management requirements and plans specific to the Directorate, Office, Division, Program, or other NSF unit, relevant to a proposal are available at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/dmp.jsp. If guidance specific to the program is not available, then the requirements established in this section apply. Simultaneously submitted collaborative proposals and proposals that include subawards are a single unified project and should include only one supplemental combined Data Management Plan, regardless of the number of non-lead collaborative proposals or subawards included.

A valid Data Management Plan may include only the statement that no detailed plan is needed, as long as the statement is accompanied by schwa a clear justification. Proposers who feel that the identity philosophy plan cannot fit within the limit of two pages may use part of the 15-page Project Description for additional data management information. Proposers are advised that the Data Management Plan must not be used to circumvent the 15-page Project Description limitation. Questions For Macbeth Act 1? The Data Management Plan will be reviewed as an integral part of the proposal, considered under Intellectual Merit or Broader Impacts or both, as appropriate for identity thesis philosophy, the scientific community of relevance. Rationale for performance of ucsf thesis all or part of the project off-campus or away from organizational headquarters. Documentation of collaborative arrangements of significance to the proposal through letters of collaboration. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.d(iv)). Letters of collaboration should be limited to stating the intent to thesis philosophy, collaborate and should not contain endorsements or evaluation of the proposed project. The recommended format for letters of collaboration is as follows:

If the proposal submitted by Dr. [insert the schwa epenthesis full name of the Principal Investigator] entitled [insert the proposal title] is selected for identity philosophy, funding by NSF, it is my intent to collaborate and/or commit resources as detailed in the Project Description or the painting essay Facilities, Equipment or Other Resources section of the proposal. While letters of thesis philosophy collaboration are permitted, unless required by a specific program solicitation, letters of support should not be submitted as they are not a standard component of an NSF proposal. Letters of support are typically from a key stakeholder such as an organization, collaborator or Congressional Representative, and are used to download business software, convey a sense of enthusiasm for identity thesis, the project and/or to highlight the qualifications of the PI or co-PI. Download Business Software? Letters of support submitted in response to a program solicitation requirement must be unique to the specific proposal submitted and cannot be altered without the author’s explicit prior approval. In order for NSF to comply with federal environmental statutes (including, but not limited to, the National Environmental Policy Act [42 U.S.C. §§ 4321, et seq .], the National Historic Preservation Act [16 U.S.C. § 470, et seq .], and the Endangered Species Act [16 U.S.C. Thesis Philosophy? §§ 1531, et seq .], the life proposer may be requested to submit supplemental post-proposal submission information to NSF in order that a reasonable and accurate assessment of philosophy environmental impacts by NSF may be made. International Research/Education/Training Activities. For each proposal that describes an painting international activity, PIs should list the primary countries involved on the Cover Sheet.

An international activity is defined as research, training, and/or education carried out in cooperation with foreign counterparts either overseas or in the US using virtual technologies. International Conferences. Identity Philosophy? Proposers also should enter on the Cover Sheet the country/countries with which project participants will engage and/or travel to attend international conferences. If the specific location of the international conference is on evolution, not known at the time of the proposal submission, proposers should enter Worldwide on the Cover Sheet. Work in identity thesis philosophy foreign countries. Some governments require nonresidents to obtain official approval to carry out investigations within their borders and coastal waters under their jurisdiction. PIs are responsible for obtaining the required authorizations. Advance coordination should minimize disruption of the research. Berber Schwa? (See AAG Chapter VI.B.4.) Antarctic proposals to any NSF program require operational worksheets by the first Wednesday of June in the year before any proposed fieldwork. See proposals with fieldwork in identity thesis Chapter V.A of Antarctic Research. Special budget considerations also apply. Schwa Epenthesis? (See also Chapter V.B of Antarctic Research.)

Research in identity philosophy a location designated, or eligible to be designated, a registered historic place. (See AAG Chapter VI.K). Where applicable, the essays box for identity thesis philosophy, Historic Places must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet. Research involving field experiments with genetically engineered organisms. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.2) Documentation regarding research involving the use of human subjects, hazardous materials, vertebrate animals, or endangered species. (See AAG Chapter VI.B. and GPG Chapter II.D.7 and ucsf thesis, II.D.8). Projects that involve technology utilization/transfer activities, that require a management plan, or that involve special reports or final products. Please note that some program solicitations provide specific guidance on philosophy, preparation and inclusion of berber schwa management plans in proposals submitted to thesis, NSF. Special components in new proposals or in requests for supplements, such as Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED), Research Opportunity Awards (ROAs), Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs), or Facilitating Research at Primarily Undergraduate Institutions (RUIs and ROAs). (See GPG Chapter II.D.4 for life, information on FASED, and for identity thesis philosophy, the other programs identified, consult the relevant program solicitation.) In addition, the supplementary documentation section should alert NSF officials to unusual circumstances that require special handling, including, for landscape painting, example, proprietary or other privileged information in the proposal, matters affecting individual privacy, required intergovernmental review under E.O. 12372 (Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs) for activities that directly affect State or local governments, or possible national security implications.

All information necessary for the review of a proposal must be contained in Sections A through I of the proposal. Appendices may not be included unless a deviation has been authorized . GPG Chapter II.A contains further information. D. Special Guidelines. 1. Rapid Response Research (RAPID) Proposals. The RAPID funding mechanism is used for proposals having a severe urgency with regard to availability of, or access to, data, facilities or specialized equipment, including quick-response research on natural or anthropogenic disasters and identity thesis, similar unanticipated events. PI(s) must contact the NSF program officer(s) whose expertise is most germane to the proposal topic before submitting a RAPID proposal. This will facilitate determining whether the proposed work is appropriate for RAPID funding. The Project Description is expected to be brief and must be no more than five pages. It must include clear statements as to essay, why the proposed research is thesis, of an urgent nature and download plan software, why a RAPID award would be the most appropriate mechanism for supporting the proposed work. Note this proposal preparation instruction deviates from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide; RAPID proposals must otherwise be compliant with the GPG. The RAPID proposal type must be selected in the proposal preparation module in FastLane.

Only internal merit review is required for RAPID proposals. Under rare circumstances, program officers may elect to identity thesis, obtain external reviews to inform their decision. If external review is to be obtained, then the on evolution PI will be informed in the interest of maintaining the identity thesis philosophy transparency of the review and recommendation process. The two standard NSB-approved merit review criteria will apply. Requests may be for up to $200K and of one year duration.

The award size, however, will be consistent with the project scope and of a size comparable to epenthesis, grants in similar areas. No-cost extensions and requests for supplemental funding will be processed in accordance with standard NSF policies and procedures. Renewed funding of RAPID awards may be requested only through submission of a proposal that will be subject to full external merit review. Such proposals would be designated as RAPID renewals. 2. EArly-concept Grants for Exploratory Research (EAGER) Proposals.

The EAGER funding mechanism may be used to support exploratory work in its early stages on untested, but potentially transformative, research ideas or approaches. Identity? This work may be considered especially high risk-high payoff in respect essay the sense that it, for example, involves radically different approaches, applies new expertise, or engages novel disciplinary or interdisciplinary perspectives. Thesis? These exploratory proposals also may be submitted directly to an NSF program, but the EAGER mechanism should not be used for projects that are appropriate for submission as regular (i.e., non-EAGER) NSF proposals. PI(s) must contact the NSF program officer(s) whose expertise is most germane to the proposal topic prior to essay, submission of an EAGER proposal. This will aid in determining the appropriateness of the work for consideration under the EAGER mechanism; this suitability must be assessed early in the process. The Project Description is expected to be brief and must be no more than eight pages. It must include clear statements as to identity philosophy, why this project is appropriate for essay, EAGER funding, including why it does not fit into existing programs and identity thesis philosophy, why it is a good fit for EAGER. Note this proposal preparation instruction deviates from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide; EAGER proposals must otherwise be compliant with the GPG. The EAGER proposal type must be selected in the proposal preparation module in FastLane.

Only internal merit review is required for EAGER proposals. Under rare circumstances, program officers may elect to obtain external reviews to inform their decision. Essay Questions For Macbeth Act 1? If external review is to be obtained, then the PI will be informed in the interest of maintaining the thesis philosophy transparency of the review and recommendation process. Free Download Business Software? The two standard NSB-approved merit review criteria will apply. Requests may be for up to identity philosophy, $300K and of up to two years duration. The award size, however, will be consistent with the project scope and of a size comparable to grants in similar areas. No-cost extensions and requests for supplemental funding will be processed in accordance with standard NSF policies and procedures.

Renewed funding of EAGER awards may be requested only through submission of a proposal that will be subject to essay, full external merit review. Such proposals would be designated as EAGER renewals. The Ideas Lab is a funding mechanism designed to support the development and implementation of creative and innovative project ideas that have the potential to transform research paradigms and/or solve intractable problems. Identity Thesis Philosophy? An Ideas Lab may be run independently, or in parallel, with the issuance of an NSF funding opportunity on the same topic. These project ideas typically will be high-risk/high-impact, as they represent new and unproven ideas, approaches and/or technologies. This mechanism was developed collaboratively within NSF, modeled on the sandpit workshops that are a key component of the United Kingdom Research Council’s IDEAs Factory program. The implementation of the Ideas Lab mechanism is a four-stage process as described below: a. Stage 1: Selection of Panelists. There are two separate panels convened for an Ideas Lab: a selection panel and essays on evolution, an Ideas Lab panel. The role of the selection panel is to identity thesis, provide advice on the selection of participants. Epenthesis? The role of the Ideas Lab panel is to provide an assessment of the project ideas developed there.

The individuals selected to participate in each of these panels are subject matter experts for identity thesis, the specific topic of the Ideas Lab. All panelists are barred from receiving any research funding through, or in any other way collaborating on, the particular Ideas Lab in which they are involved. b. Stage 2: Selection of Participants. A call for participants solicitation that describes the specific focus of the Ideas Lab will be issued. Painting Essay? The solicitation will specify the content and submission instructions for such applications. The project description is limited to two pages and should include information regarding the applicant’s specific expertise and interest in the topic area, as well as about philosophy certain personal attributes that enhance the schwa epenthesis success of the philosophy Ideas Lab workshop mechanism (e.g., experience and interest in working in teams, communication skills, level of creativity, willingness to take risks). Applicants also must include a Biographical Sketch and Current and Pending Support information (both of which must be prepared in accordance with standard NSF formatting guidelines). All other elements of schwa epenthesis a full proposal are waived (i.e., Project Summary, References Cited, Budget and philosophy, Budget Justification, Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources).

The application must be submitted as a preliminary proposal in essay questions act 1 FastLane. No appendices or supplementary documents may be submitted. Applicants are notified electronically of NSF’s decision regarding whether they are invited or not invited to identity thesis, participate in the Ideas Lab. Applicants will be informed about the context of the review and the criteria that were used to ucsf thesis, assess the applications in identity thesis the form of essay act 1 a panel summary, but will not receive individual reviews or other review-related feedback. c. Stage 3: Ideas Lab.

The agenda and duration 28 of the Ideas Lab are communicated to meeting participants by philosophy the cognizant NSF Program Officer. Anonymous real-time peer review involving the participants and landscape, the Ideas Lab panel is incorporated into the workshop format, providing iterative constructive feedback during the development of project ideas. The Ideas Lab concept incorporates a guided creativity process, thus the use of a facilitator(s) is identity thesis, included, both to guide the creation of interdisciplinary teams and the creative development of ideas, and to ensure that the workshop progresses in a productive manner. Berber Schwa Epenthesis? At the identity end of the Ideas Lab, the Ideas Lab panel will provide a consensus report summarizing their evaluation of each project idea. The recommendations of the Ideas Lab panel are advisory to NSF. Within seven to fourteen days following the Ideas Lab, the NSF Program Officers will determine which project ideas are meritorious and should be invited as full proposals. At the NSF Program Officers’ discretion (subject to Division Director concurrence), they may invite none, some, or all of the project ideas as full proposals, with the final funding decision to occur after the business software full proposals have been received and identity, reviewed.

Invited full proposals (which are prepared in accordance with standard research proposal formatting guidelines) must be submitted within two months of receiving NSF notification after the Ideas Lab. d. Stage 4: Review and recommendation of full proposals. Invited proposals will be reviewed internally by the cognizant NSF Program Officers, the Ideas Lab panelists, and other external reviewers, as appropriate. Resulting awards will be administered in ucsf thesis accordance with standard NSF policies and thesis philosophy, procedures, including no-cost extensions and supplemental funding requests. Renewed funding of an Ideas Lab award may be requested only through submission of schwa a full proposal that will be subject to external merit review.

Such proposals would be designated as an Ideas Lab renewal. 4. Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) As part of its effort to promote full utilization of highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers, and to develop scientific and technical talent, the Foundation has the following goals: to reduce or remove barriers to participation in research and training by persons with physical disabilities by providing special equipment and assistance under awards made by NSF; and. to encourage persons with disabilities to identity thesis philosophy, pursue careers in berber science and engineering by thesis philosophy stimulating the development and demonstration of special equipment that facilitates their work performance. Persons with disabilities eligible for facilitation awards include PIs, other senior personnel, and graduate and undergraduate students. The cognizant NSF Program Officer will make decisions regarding what constitutes appropriate support on a case-by-case basis. The specific nature, purpose, and ucsf thesis, need for equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the proposal to permit evaluation by knowledgeable reviewers. There is no separate program for funding of special equipment or assistance. Requests are made in conjunction with regular competitive proposals, or as a supplemental funding request to an existing NSF award.

Specific instructions for each type of identity thesis philosophy request are provided below. a. Requests as part of a competitive proposal submission. Funds may be requested to purchase special equipment, modify equipment or provide services required specifically for the work to be undertaken. Requests for funds for equipment or assistance that compensate in a general way for the disabling condition are not permitted. For example, funds may be requested to provide: prosthetic devices to manipulate a particular apparatus; equipment to convert sound to visual signals, or vice versa, for landscape painting, a particular experiment; access to a special site or to a mode of transportation (except as defined below); a reader or interpreter with special technical competence related to the project; or other special-purpose equipment or assistance needed to conduct a particular project. Items, however, such as standard wheel chairs, prosthetics, hearing aids, TDD/text-phones, or general readers for the blind would not be supported because the need for them is not specific to thesis, the proposed project. Similarly, ramps, elevators, or other structural modifications of research facilities are not eligible for direct support under this program. No maximum funding amount has been established for such requests.

It is expected, however, that the cost (including equipment adaptation and installation) will not be a major component of the total proposed budget for the project. Requests for funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate the participation of individuals with disabilities should be included in the proposed budget for the project and documented in the budget justification. The specific nature, purpose and need for such equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the Project Description to ucsf thesis, permit evaluation of the request by knowledgeable reviewers. b. Supplemental funding requests to existing NSF grants. Supplemental funds for thesis philosophy, special equipment or assistance to facilitate participation in painting essay NSF-supported projects by persons with disabilities may be provided under existing NSF grants. Identity? Normally, title is vested in essay questions for macbeth the grantee organization for equipment purchased in identity thesis philosophy conjunction with NSF-supported activities. In accordance with the applicable grant terms and conditions, the grantee organization guarantees use of the equipment for epenthesis, the specific project during the period of work funded by the Foundation, and assures its use in identity thesis an appropriate manner after project completion. In instances involving special equipment for persons with disabilities, the need for such may be unique to the individual. Free Business Plan Software? In such cases, the grantee organization may elect to transfer title to the individual to assure appropriate use after project completion. Supplemental funding requests should be submitted by using the ”Supplemental Funding Request” function in FastLane and should include a brief description of the request, a budget and thesis philosophy, a budget justification. Requests must be submitted at least two months before funds are needed.

Funding decisions will be made on schwa, the basis of the justification and availability of program funds with any resultant funding provided through a formal amendment of the existing NSF grant. 5. Collaborative Proposal. A collaborative proposal is one in which investigators from two or more organizations wish to collaborate on a unified research project. Collaborative proposals may be submitted to philosophy, NSF in one of two methods: as a single proposal, in which a single award is being requested (with subawards administered by the lead organization); or by simultaneous submission of proposals from different organizations, with each organization requesting a separate award. In either case, the essay act 1 lead organization’s proposal must contain all of the requisite sections as a single package to identity thesis philosophy, be provided to reviewers (that will happen automatically when procedures below are followed).

All collaborative proposals must clearly describe the roles to be played by download business plan software the other organizations, specify the managerial arrangements, and thesis, explain the advantages of the free download plan multi-organizational effort within the Project Description. PIs are strongly encouraged to contact the cognizant NSF Program Officer prior to identity, submission of a collaborative proposal. a. Submission of a collaborative proposal from one organization. The single proposal method allows investigators from free software, two or more organizations who have developed an integrated research project to submit a single, focused proposal. A single investigator bears primary responsibility for the administration of the grant and discussions with NSF, and, at identity philosophy the discretion of the organizations involved, investigators from any of the life participating organizations may be designated as co-PIs. Note, however, that if awarded, a single award would be made to the submitting organization, with any collaborators listed as subawards. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g(vi)(e) for thesis, additional instructions on on evolution, preparation of this type of identity thesis proposal.)

If a proposed subaward includes funding to support postdoctoral researchers, the mentoring activities to be provided for such individuals must be incorporated in free plan software the supplemental mentoring plan outlined in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j. b. Submission of identity a collaborative proposal from multiple organizations. Simultaneous submission of proposals allows multiple organizations to submit a unified set of life essay certain proposal sections, as well as information unique to each organization as specified below. All collaborative proposals arranged as separate submissions from multiple organizations must be submitted via FastLane. For these proposals, the project title must begin with the words Collaborative Research:” If funded, each organization bears responsibility for a separate award. Required sections of the thesis proposal differ based on the organization’s role. The following sections are required for a collaborative proposal submitted by: Table of Contents (automatically generated) Table of landscape painting Contents (automatically generated) Budget and Budget Justification. Current and thesis philosophy, Pending Support.

Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. Budget and Budget Justification. Current and Pending Support. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. Data Management Plan. Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable) See GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for additional guidance on mentoring and data management plan requirements for collaborative proposals. NSF will combine the proposal submission for printing or electronic viewing. To submit the collaborative proposal, the following process must be completed: 29.

(i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN. This proposal PIN and the temporary proposal ID generated by FastLane when the non-lead proposal is created must be provided to the lead organization before the lead organization submits its proposal to NSF. (ii) The lead organization must then enter each non-lead organization(s) proposal PIN and temporary proposal ID into the FastLane lead proposal by using the Link Collaborative Proposals option found on the FastLane Form Preparation screen. Free Plan? Given that such separately submitted proposals constitute a single proposal submission to NSF, it is imperative that the proposals be submitted within a reasonable timeframe to one another. (iii) All components of the collaborative proposal must meet any established deadline date and time 30 , and failure to do so may result in the entire collaborative proposal being returned without review. (iv) If funded, both lead and identity thesis philosophy, non-lead organizations are required to essays on evolution, submit separate annual and final project reports.

These reports should reference the work of the collaborative, while focusing on the distinct work conducted at each funded organization. 6. Thesis? Equipment Proposals. Proposals for schwa epenthesis, specialized equipment may be submitted by an organization for: individual investigators; groups of investigators within the same department; several departments; organization(s) participating in identity a collaborative or joint arrangement; any components of an organization; or a region. One individual must be designated as PI. Investigators may be working in closely related areas or their research may be multidisciplinary. An equipment proposal must contain all of the following proposal sections: Project Summary: GPG Chapter II.C.2.b should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. Project Description (not to exceed 15 pages) that includes: a. an overall acquisition plan which discusses arrangements for acquisition, maintenance and operation. Equipment to on evolution, be purchased, modified or constructed must be described in sufficient detail to allow comparison of its capabilities with the identity needs of the proposed activities; b. a description, from essays, each potential major user, of the project(s) for which the equipment will be used.

This description must be succinct, not necessarily as detailed as in a full research proposal, and must emphasize the intrinsic merit of the activity and the importance of the equipment to it. A brief summary will suffice for auxiliary users; and. c. Identity Philosophy? a description of comparable equipment already at the proposing organization(s), if applicable, and landscape essay, an explanation of why it cannot be used. This includes comparable government-owned equipment that is on-site. Biographical Sketch(es) of the person(s) who will have overall responsibility for maintenance and operation and a brief statement of qualifications (GPG Chapter II.C.2.f should be consulted to prepare this portion of the identity proposal; also see GPG II.C.2.f(iii)). Proposal Budget and Budget Justification: An annual budget and budget justification for the operation, maintenance and administration of the proposed equipment, (GPG Chapter II.C.2.g should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal).

Current and Pending Support: GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the ucsf thesis proposal. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources that includes a description of the physical facility, including floor plans or other appropriate information, where the equipment will be located; a narrative description of the source of funds available for operation and maintenance of the proposed equipment; a brief description of other support services available, and a statement of thesis philosophy why the equipment is severable or non-severable from the physical facility (GPG Chapter II.C.2.i should be consulted to on evolution, prepare this portion of the identity philosophy proposal). Data Management Plan: GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable): GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the berber proposal. These proposals normally compete with proposals for research or education projects. 31. 7. Proposals Involving Vertebrate Animals. a. Any project proposing use of vertebrate animals for research or education shall comply with the identity thesis Animal Welfare Act [7 U.S.C.

2131, et seq.] and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Secretary of ucsf thesis Agriculture [9 CFR 1.1-4.11] pertaining to thesis philosophy, the humane care, handling, and treatment of vertebrate animals held or used for essays, research, teaching or other activities supported by Federal awards. In accordance with these requirements, proposed projects involving use of identity thesis philosophy any vertebrate animal for research or education must be approved by the submitting organization's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) before an award can be made. For this approval to be accepted by NSF, the organization must have a current Public Health Service (PHS) Approved Assurance. In the case of research involving the study of wildlife in landscape essay the field or in the laboratory, for the provision in the PHS Assurance for Institutional Commitment (Section II) that requires the organization to establish and maintain a program for activities involving animals in accordance with the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Guide), the organization has established and will maintain a program for activities involving animals according to identity thesis philosophy, the Guide. The organization will follow recommendations specified in the Guide for details involving laboratory animals, and taxon-specific guidelines approved by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, the American Society of Mammalogists, and the Ornithological Council, as is appropriate for the taxon to essays, be studied. Thesis? 32. b. Ucsf Thesis? Sufficient information must be provided within the 15-page Project Description to enable reviewers to evaluate the: (i) rationale for involving animals; (ii) choice of thesis philosophy species and respect, number of animals to be used; (iii) description of the proposed use of the thesis animals; (iv) exposure of animals to discomfort, pain, or injury; and. (v) description of schwa epenthesis any euthanasia methods to be used. c. Research facilities subject to identity thesis philosophy, the Animal Welfare Act using or intending to epenthesis, use live animals in research and who receive Federal funding are required to philosophy, register the facility with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), US Department of Agriculture.

A current listing of licensed animal dealers also may be obtained from APHIS. The location of the nearest APHIS Regional Office, as well as information concerning this and on evolution, other APHIS activities, may be obtained at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/. d. Projects involving the care or use of vertebrate animals at a foreign organization or foreign field site also require approval of research protocols by the US grantee’s IACUC. If the project is to be funded through an award to a foreign organization or through an individual fellowship award that will support activities at a foreign organization, NSF will require a statement explicitly listing the proposer’s name and referencing the title of the award to identity thesis, confirm that the activities will be conducted in accordance with all applicable laws in the foreign country and that the International Guiding Principles for software, Biomedical Research Involving Animals (see http://www.cioms.ch/) will be followed. e. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to utilize vertebrate animals as part of the project should be provided on the Cover Sheet: (i) The box for Vertebrate Animals must be checked on the Cover Sheet if use of vertebrate animals is envisioned. (ii) The date of identity thesis philosophy IACUC approval of the animal-use protocol covering the proposed work (if obtained) must be identified in respect essay the space provided.

(iii) The PHS Approved Animal Welfare Assurance Number must be entered in the space provided. If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to identity thesis, submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. If a decision is made to berber, fund the proposal, the organization must provide a signed copy of the official IACUC approval letter to the cognizant NSF Program Officer before an award can be issued. Identity Thesis Philosophy? The approval letter must affirm that an essay animal-use protocol covering the philosophy proposed activities has been approved, and should explicitly list the questions for macbeth act 1 proposer’s name, the title and number of the thesis philosophy NSF proposal, and berber schwa, the date of IACUC approval. f. For fellowship proposals submitted by individuals that involve use of vertebrate animals, a copy of the thesis philosophy approval letter from the IACUC (including Assurance Number and essay, organizational signature) should be included in the Supplementary Documentation section of the thesis proposal or sent directly to the cognizant NSF Program Officer. The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities. If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. If a decision is made to fund the proposal, the on evolution organization must provide a signed copy of the identity philosophy official IACUC approval letter to free business plan, the cognizant program. The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities, explicitly listing the identity philosophy proposer’s name and referencing the landscape title of the NSF proposal, and must be submitted prior to an award being issued. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.3 for thesis, additional information on business plan software, the administration of awards that utilize vertebrate animals.

Note that for identity, some types of vertebrate animals (e.g., non-human primates), additional review may be required. 8. Proposals Involving Human Subjects. a. Free Business? Projects involving research with human subjects must ensure that subjects are protected from research risks in conformance with the relevant federal policy known as the identity Common Rule ( Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects , 45 CFR 690). All projects involving human subjects must either (1) have approval from the organization's Institutional Review Board (IRB) before issuance of an NSF award or, (2) must affirm that the IRB has declared the research exempt from free, IRB review, in identity accordance with the applicable subsection, as established in section 101(b) of the Common Rule. If certification of exemption is provided after submission of the ucsf thesis proposal and before the award is issued, the exemption number corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories also must be included in the documentation provided to NSF. The only acceptable IRB approval documents are those that approve a human subjects research protocol; approvals in concept are not acceptable. Identity Thesis? NSF also cannot accept any IRB document that qualifies conditions that must be met before human subjects work can be carried out. If IRB approval cannot be obtained at the time of the award action because the development of a human subjects research protocol requires preliminary or other conceptual work to take place, the PI should notify the cognizant NSF Program Officer assigned to the proposal. In such a case, NSF may add conditions to the award that prevent any research involving human subjects from being carried out, and otherwise restrict the drawing down of funds, until IRB approval has been obtained.

If the project involves human subjects and is to be performed outside of the US, evidence of IRB approval also is required. If there is essay questions, no IRB approval provided, and the foreign country is not included in identity thesis the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP), International Compilation of Human Research Standards (http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/international/intlcompilation/intlcompilation.html), nor is an Assurance on file with OHRP (http://ohrp.cit.nih.gov/search/search.aspx?styp=bsc), NSF may decline to support the project. b. The following information regarding the respect life organization’s intention to use human subjects as part of the identity thesis philosophy project should be provided on the Cover Sheet: (i) The box for questions for macbeth act 1, Human Subjects must be checked on the Cover Sheet if use of human subjects is identity philosophy, envisioned. (ii) If human subject activities are exempt from schwa, IRB review, provide the exemption number(s) corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories. Identity? The six categories of research that qualify for exemption from coverage by the regulations are defined in the Common Rule for Protection of Human Subjects. (iii) If the research is not designated as exempt, the IRB approval date should be identified in the space provided. This date, at minimum, should cover the period at which the project is free software, initiated. Identity? If IRB approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in berber schwa epenthesis the space provided for thesis philosophy, the approval date. If a decision is made to fund the proposal, the business plan organization must provide a signed copy of the IRB approval letter to the cognizant program.

The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities and must be submitted prior to identity, an award being issued. (iv) The Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) Number that the proposer has on file with OHRP should be entered, if available. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.1 for additional information on the administration of awards that use human subjects. 9. Conference Proposals 33. NSF supports conferences in special areas of science and respect essay, engineering that bring experts together to identity philosophy, discuss recent research or education findings or to expose other researchers or students to new research and education techniques. NSF encourages the convening in the US of on evolution major international conferences. Identity? Conferences will be supported only if equivalent results cannot be obtained at regular meetings of professional societies. Although requests for support of conferences ordinarily originate with educational institutions or scientific and engineering societies, they also may come from other groups.

Shared support by essays on evolution several Federal agencies, States or private organizations is encouraged. Because proceedings of thesis philosophy such conferences normally should be published in professional journals, requests for support may include publication costs. Proposals for conferences should generally be submitted at least a year in respect life advance of the scheduled date. Identity? Conferences, including the facilities in which they are held, funded in whole or in part with NSF funds, must be accessible to essays on evolution, participants with disabilities. NSF funds are not to be spent for meals and coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers, as a direct cost. A conference proposal must contain the identity thesis elements identified below: Project Summary (GPG Chapter II.C.2.b should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal) Project Description (not to exceed 15 pages) that includes: a. A statement of the need for such a gathering and a list of topics; b. A listing of recent meetings on ucsf thesis, the same subject, including dates and locations; c. The names of the thesis chairperson and members of organizing committees and respect life, their organizational affiliations; d. Information on the location and probable date(s) of the meeting and the method of announcement or invitation; e. A statement of identity thesis philosophy how the painting meeting will be organized and conducted, how the results of the meeting will be disseminated and how the meeting will contribute to the enhancement and improvement of thesis philosophy scientific, engineering and/or educational activities; Proposal Budget and Budget Justification: A budget, and budget justification for the conference that is prepared in accordance with GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.

The following provides a listing of the types of life costs that may be included on a conference budget. Such costs may be included only if they are specifically and clearly identified in the proposed scope of work and budget. Note that registration fees under NSF-supported conferences are considered program income. For additional information on identity thesis, program income associated with conferences, see AAG Chapter III.D.4. a. Conference Facilities. Rental of facilities and necessary equipment. b. Supplies. Expendable materials and supplies necessary for the meeting.

c. Conference Services. Costs of translation services, audio visual, webcast, and computer services for recording, transmitting and transcribing the landscape painting proceedings. d. Publication Costs. Costs of publishing the identity thesis philosophy proceedings. e. Salaries. Ucsf Thesis? Salaries of professional personnel, editorial and clerical assistants and identity, other staff members in proportion to the time or effort devoted to the preparation and conduct of the conference and summarizing its results. f. Consultant Services and Speaker Fees. Reasonable fees and travel allowances and per essay questions, diem (or meals provided in thesis philosophy lieu of per diem). Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. Ucsf Thesis? If requested, the proposer must be able to justify that the proposed rate of identity philosophy pay is reasonable. Additional information on the allowability of download plan software consultant or professional service costs is thesis philosophy, available in 2 CFR § 200.459.

In addition to other provisions required by the proposing organization, all contracts made under the NSF award must contain the applicable provisions identified in 2 CFR § 200 Appendix II. g. Meals and Coffee Breaks. Meals that are an free business software integral and identity, necessary part of a conference (e.g., working meals where business is transacted). Funds may be included for furnishing a reasonable amount of hot beverages or soft drinks to conference participants and attendees during periodic coffee breaks. The following provides a listing of the types of costs that are not allowable for inclusion on a conference budget. a. Meals and Coffee Breaks for Intramural Meetings. NSF funds may not be included or spent for meals or coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers, as a direct cost. b. Ucsf Thesis? Entertainment. Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and identity, social activities (such as tickets to business plan software, shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and gratuities) are unallowable and thesis philosophy, may not be requested. Essays On Evolution? Travel, meal, and hotel expenses of awardee employees who are not on travel status also are not permitted. Costs of employees on travel status are limited to those specifically authorized by 2 CFR § 200.474.

c. Alcoholic Beverages. NSF funds may not be proposed for alcoholic beverages. Current and identity thesis philosophy, Pending Support: The support requested or available from other Federal agencies and landscape, other sources. GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. If included, these resources will not be auditable and must not be included in the proposal budget or budget justification. A description of such support should be included in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.(xi) for further information.)

Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources: If there will be support from other sources for identity thesis, the conference, such information should be included in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal. The description should be narrative in nature and must not include any quantifiable financial information. GPG Chapter II.C.2.i should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. Data Management Plan: Plans for management and sharing of ucsf thesis any data products resulting from the activity. GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. 10.

International Travel Proposals. Proposals for identity thesis philosophy, travel support for US participation in international scientific and ucsf thesis, engineering meetings held abroad are handled by the NSF organizational unit with program responsibility for identity, the area of interest. Group travel awards are encouraged as the painting primary means of identity thesis support for download business software, international travel. A university, professional society or other non-profit organization may apply for funds to thesis philosophy, enable it to coordinate and support US participation in one or more international scientific meeting(s) abroad. Questions Act 1? Proposals submitted for this purpose should address the same items as those indicated for conferences (see Section 9 above), with particular attention to plans for composition and recruitment of the travel group. Identity? Information on planned speakers should be provided where available from the conference organizer. Similar to proposals for conferences, symposia, or workshops, if any section is not required, insert text or upload a document in that section of the proposal that states, Not Applicable. Group travel proposals may request support only for the international travel costs of the proposed activity. Business Plan? Group travel grantees are required to retain supporting documentation that funds were spent in accordance with the identity original intent of the proposal.

Such documentation may be required in final reports and is subject to audit. 11. Support for Development of NSF Centers. NSF provides support for a variety of individual Centers and essays on evolution, Centers programs that contribute to the Foundation's vision as outlined in identity thesis the NSF Strategic Plan. Centers exploit opportunities in science, engineering and technology in which the complexity of the research problem(s) or the resources needed to solve the(se) problem(s) require the ucsf thesis advantages of scope, scale, change, duration, equipment, facilities, and students that can only be provided by an academic research center. They focus on investigations at the frontiers of knowledge not normally attainable through individual investigations, at the interfaces of thesis philosophy disciplines and/or by ucsf thesis incorporating fresh approaches to the core of disciplines. Centers focus on integrative learning and discovery and demonstrate leadership in identity broadening participation through focused investments in a diverse set of partner organizations and individuals. In doing so, they draw upon, and contribute to, the development of the landscape painting essay Nation's full intellectual talent. Most Center awards are limited to a maximum duration of ten years and are often subject to mid-course external merit review.

Proposers interested in thesis philosophy learning more about current or future NSF Centers are encouraged to contact the appropriate disciplinary NSF Program Officer. 12. Ucsf Thesis? Support for Development of Major Research Equipment and Facilities. As an integral part of thesis its responsibility for strengthening the essays science and engineering infrastructure of the country, NSF provides support for the construction and operation of identity major research equipment and facilities. NSF depends on the research communities to provide the on evolution justification, planning, development, and implementation of facility projects.

This normally occurs through National Academies studies, workshop reports, professional society activities, and other community-based mechanisms, including engineering studies and research projects related to the development of new technologies. Many of these mechanisms are funded by interested NSF Programs on identity thesis, the basis of painting merit-reviewed proposals. Identity Philosophy? The construction funding mechanism depends on the scale of the proposed facility. For large facilities construction, the Major Research Equipment and ucsf thesis, Facilities Construction (MREFC) account is one option. Proposers are strongly encouraged to thesis, contact the appropriate NSF Program to discuss the availability of funding and the appropriate funding mechanisms in ucsf thesis advance of identity proposal submission. 13.

Projects Requiring High-Performance Computing Resources, Large Amounts of Data Storage, or Advanced Visualization Resources. Many research projects require access to computational, data storage or visualization resources in order to complete the life essay work proposed. For those projects that require such resources at a scale that is thesis philosophy, beyond that typically available locally, NSF supports a number of resources. For the most computationally intensive projects, the Blue Waters system at University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, is the most suitable. Ucsf Thesis? Blue Waters is designed to support a small number ( 50) of research teams involved with projects requiring the most advanced computational and data resources. Thesis Philosophy? Currently, the allocation process for that resource is done directly via proposal submission to the cognizant Program Officer in the Division of respect essay Advanced CyberInfrastructure within the NSF Directorate for Computer Information Science Engineering.

Proposals are reviewed for identity thesis, both their scientific and painting essay, computational needs. The Blue Waters supercomputer provides sustained performance of 1 petaflop on a range of real-world science and engineering applications. It is one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world. Those interested should visit the Blue Waters portal (https://bluewaters.ncsa.illinois.edu/) for more details of the system's hardware and identity philosophy, capabilities. Yellowstone, which is free plan, part of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, is a significant resource, 1.5 petaflop peak speed, but one that is designed to meet the needs of the atmospheric and related-sciences communities. Yellowstone operates its own allocations process and those interested in identity philosophy obtaining time and/or storage should consult the cognizant program director in the Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences within the Geosciences Directorate. The most general set of computational and data resources funded by free download business plan the NSF are accessible through the XSEDE project. XSEDE provides the philosophy integrating fabric for a collection of very powerful supercomputers, a high-throughput computing environment, high-volume data storage facilities, advanced visualization services, connected by a high-bandwidth private network, a training education and outreach program in ucsf thesis how to use its services and identity thesis, an extended collaborative support program to landscape painting essay, assist researchers in using the advanced computational resources. The physical resources themselves are provided by Service Providers (SP) via separate awards from the NSF. Allocations of those resources for large projects are determined by the XSEDE Resource Advisory Committee, which meets quarterly, using an external set of experts.

Smaller requests do not require a proposal or review and a simple on-line process may be used to request such an allocation. NSF encourages prospective users to seek more information at https://www.xsede.org, where they can also register for identity thesis philosophy, a portal account. 14. Dual Use Research of essay questions act 1 Concern (DURC) This section applies to identity thesis, all research, for which NSF grant funds may be used, that potentially falls within the scope of the US Government Policy for painting essay, Institutional Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern as published in September, 2014, hereafter referred to as the Policy. NSF is committed to preserving the identity thesis philosophy benefits of life sciences research while minimizing the risk of misuse of the knowledge, information, products, or technologies provided by such research. The purpose of NSF’s implementation of the Policy is to clarify proposer expectations about NSF-funded research with certain high-consequence pathogens and toxins with potential to be considered dual use research of concern.

Proposing organizations are responsible for berber schwa, identifying NSF-funded life sciences proposals that could potentially be considered dual use research of concern as defined in the US Government Policy for Institutional Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern and for compliance with the requirements established in that Policy. (See also AAG Chapter VI.B.5 for additional information.) Exhibit II-1: Proposal Preparation Checklist. It is imperative that all proposals conform to the proposal preparation and identity thesis, submission instructions specified in the Grant Proposal Guide . Conformance with all preparation and submission instructions is essays on evolution, required and will be strictly enforced unless a deviation has been approved in advance of proposal submission. Note that some NSF program solicitations modify the thesis philosophy general provisions of the GPG, and in such cases, the guidelines provided in the solicitation must be followed. FastLane uses the rules specified for each type of proposal, (e.g., RAPID, EAGER, Ideas Lab, Equipment, Conference, and ucsf thesis, International Travel) to check for compliance prior to thesis philosophy, submission to NSF. Proposers are strongly advised to review the applicable sections of the GPG pertinent to the type of proposal being developed PRIOR to ucsf thesis, submission. NSF will not accept 34 or will return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. Prior to submission, it is strongly recommended that an administrative review be conducted to ensure that proposals comply with the instructions, in the format specified. This checklist is not intended to identity, be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. Business Software? It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. [ ] The proposal is identity, responsive to and compliant with the provisions in berber the program description, announcement, or solicitation. [ ] If the proposal has been previously declined and is being resubmitted, the proposal has been revised to take into account the thesis major comments from the prior NSF review. [ ] The proposed work is appropriate for funding by NSF, and is not a duplicate of, or substantially similar to, a proposal already under consideration by NSF from the same submitter. [ ] The proposal will be submitted by download business plan 5 p.m. submitter's local time on the established deadline date.

[ ] Single Copy Documents: [ ] Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable). [ ] List of Suggested Reviewers, or Reviewers Not To Include has been provided (if applicable). [ ] Collaborators and other Affiliation information has been provided for each individual identified as senior project personnel. [ ] For interdisciplinary proposals, ensure all relevant programs are identified. [ ] For renewal proposals, previous award numbers have been entered. [ ] Related preliminary proposal number has been entered (if applicable). [ ] Appropriate box(es) have been checked, and requisite information has been provided. [ ] The Project Summary may ONLY be uploaded as a Supplementary Document if use of special characters is necessary. Such Project Summaries must be formatted with separate headings for Overview, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts.

[ ] Project Description does not exceed the page limitations specified in the GPG or solicitation. [ ] Project Description contains, as a separate section within the identity thesis philosophy narrative, a section labeled Broader Impacts. [ ] Results from Prior NSF Support have been provided for PIs and co-PIs who have received NSF support within the landscape essay last five years. Results related to identity philosophy, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts are described under two separate, distinct headings. [ ] This section includes bibliographic citations only and does not provide parenthetical information outside of the essay 15-page Project Description. [ ] Each reference is in identity thesis the specified format.

[ ] The content described is in ucsf thesis accordance with the instructions, and does not contain additional information beyond that specified. [ ] Each budget line item is documented and justified in the budget justification. [ ] Unless required by an NSF program solicitation, voluntary committed cost sharing has not been included. Note that voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited and Line M on the proposal budget will not be available for use by identity thesis the proposer. Berber Schwa Epenthesis? While not required by NSF, proposing organizations may, at their own discretion, continue to contribute voluntary uncommitted cost sharing to NSF-sponsored projects. Philosophy? These resources are not auditable by NSF and should not be included in the proposal budget or budget justification. [ ] Current and Pending Support : [ ] All current and pending support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations, or internal funds allocated toward specific projects) must be listed. The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of free download business plan time of the PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the identity philosophy project(s).

[ ] Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources: [ ] An aggregated description of the internal and external resources (both physical and personnel) that the organization and its collaborators will provide to the project, should it be funded, has been included. [ ] No quantifiable financial information has been provided. [ ] If there are no facilities, equipment or other resources identified, a statement to that effect has been included in this section of the proposal and uploaded into FastLane. [ ] Special Information and Supplementary Documentation: [ ] The types of information identified in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j have been included, as appropriate. [ ] Any additional items specified in a relevant program solicitation have been included. Exhibit II-2: Potentially Disqualifying Conflicts of Interest. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a reviewer cannot review a proposal if: the reviewer, the reviewer’s spouse, minor child, or business partner; the organization where the reviewer is employed, has an arrangement for berber, future employment or is negotiating for employment; or. the organization where the reviewer is an officer, director, trustee, or partner, has a financial interest in identity thesis the outcome of the download business proposal. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a potential reviewer also may be barred from reviewing a proposal, if it involves individuals with whom he/she has a personal relationship, such as a close relative, current or former collaborator, or former thesis student/advisor. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a disqualifying conflict may exist, if a proposal involves an organization or other entity with which the potential reviewer has a connection. Such potentially disqualifying connections include: a reviewer’s recent former employer; an organization in which the reviewer is an active participant; an institution at identity thesis which the reviewer is currently enrolled as a student, or at berber schwa which he/she serves as a visiting committee member; or.

an entity with which the reviewer has or seeks some other business or financial relationship (including receipt of an honorarium.) Exhibit II-3: Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Instructions for Certification. By signing the NSF Cover Sheet and submitting this proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative is providing the certifications set out below. The certification set out below is a material representation of thesis philosophy fact upon which reliance was placed when the agency determined to award the grant. If it is later determined that the grantee knowingly rendered a false certification, or otherwise violates the free download plan requirements of the identity thesis Drug-Free Workplace Act, the agency, in addition to any other remedies available to the Federal Government, may take action authorized under the Drug-Free Workplace Act. For grantees other than individuals, Alternate I applies. For grantees who are individuals, Alternate II applies. Certification Regarding Drug-Free Workplace Requirements. Alternate I (Grantees Other Than Individuals)

The grantee certifies that it will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by: (a) Publishing a statement notifying employees that the essays on evolution unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the grantee’s workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against identity thesis, employees for violation of such prohibition; (b) Establishing an free download ongoing drug-free awareness program to inform employees about -- (1) The dangers of drug abuse in the workplace; (2) The grantee’s policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace; (3) Any available drug counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance programs; and. (4) The penalties that may be imposed upon thesis philosophy employees for drug abuse violations occurring in the workplace; (c) Making it a requirement that each employee to ucsf thesis, be engaged in the performance of the grant be given a copy of the statement required by paragraph (a); (d) Notifying the employee in identity thesis the statement required by paragraph (a) that, as a condition of painting essay employment under the grant, the identity employee will -- (1) Abide by the terms of the statement; and. (2) Notify the business plan employer in writing of his or her conviction for a violation of a criminal drug statute occurring in the workplace, no later than five calendar days after such conviction; (e) Notifying the agency in writing, within 10 calendar days after receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2) from an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction. Employers of convicted employees must provide notice, including position title, to every grant officer or other designee on whose grant activity the convicted employee was working, unless the Federal agency has designated a central point for thesis, the receipt of such notices. Notice shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant; (f) Taking one of the following actions, within 30 calendar days of receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2), with respect to any employee who is on evolution, so convicted-- (1) Taking appropriate personnel action against such an employee, up to and including termination, consistent with the thesis requirements of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; or. (2) Requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by landscape a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement, or other appropriate agency; (g) Making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a drug-free workplace through implementation of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f). Alternate II (Grantees Who Are Individuals) (a) The grantee certifies that, as a condition of the identity thesis philosophy grant, he or she will not engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of painting essay a controlled substance in conducting any activity with the grant. (b) If convicted of a criminal drug offense resulting from identity, a violation occurring during the conduct of business plan software any grant activity, he or she will report the thesis conviction, in writing, within 10 calendar days of the conviction, to every grant officer or other designee, unless the Federal agency designates a central point for the receipt of such notices. When notice is made to such a central point, it shall include the identification number(s) of each affected grant. For NSF, grantee notification should be made to the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch, Division of Institution Award Support, NSF, Arlington, VA 22230. Exhibit II-4: Debarment and on evolution, Suspension Certification.

Instruction on Certification Regarding Debarment and Suspension. By signing and submitting this proposal, the prospective primary participant is providing the certification set out below. The inability of a person to provide the certification required below will not necessarily result in identity thesis denial of participation in this covered transaction. The prospective participant shall submit an explanation of why it cannot provide the certification set out below. The certification or explanation will be considered in connection with the department or agency's determination whether to enter into this transaction. However, failure of the prospective primary participant to furnish a certification or an explanation shall disqualify such person from participation in this transaction.

The certification in essay this clause is any material representation of fact upon identity thesis which reliance was placed when the department or agency determined to enter into this transaction. If it is later determined that the prospective primary participant knowingly rendered an erroneous certification, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. The prospective primary participant shall provide immediate written notice to the department or agency to whom this proposal is submitted if at any time the prospective primary participant learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. The terms covered transaction, debarred, suspended, ineligible, lower tier covered transaction, participant, person, primary covered transaction, principal, proposal, and voluntarily excluded, as used in essays on evolution this clause, have the meanings set out in the Definitions and Coverage sections of the rules implementing Executive Order 12549. You may contact the department or agency to which this proposal is being submitted for assistance in obtaining a copy of those regulations. The prospective primary participant agrees by submitting this proposal that, should the thesis philosophy proposed covered transaction be entered into, it shall not knowingly enter into essay, any lower tier covered transaction with a person who is thesis philosophy, debarred, suspended, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this covered transaction, unless authorized by free download the department or agency entering into this transaction. The prospective primary participant further agrees by thesis philosophy submitting this proposal that it will include the epenthesis clause titled Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, Ineligibility and Voluntary Exclusion - Lower Tier Covered Transaction, provided by the department or agency entering into this covered transaction, without modification, in all lower tier covered transactions.

A participant in thesis a covered transaction may rely upon a certification of a prospective participant in a lower tier covered transaction that it is not debarred, suspended, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from the covered transaction, unless it knows that the certification is erroneous. A participant may decide the method and ucsf thesis, frequency by which it determines the identity thesis eligibility of its principals. Each participant may, but is not required to, check the Nonprocurement List. Nothing contained in essay the foregoing shall be construed to require establishment of a system of thesis records in order to render in good faith the certification required by this clause. The knowledge and ucsf thesis, information of a participant is not required to philosophy, exceed that which is normally possessed by a prudent person in the ordinary course of business dealings. Except for transactions authorized under paragraph 6 of these instructions, if a participant in a covered transaction knowingly enters into a lower tier covered transaction with a person who is suspended, debarred, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this transaction, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for berber epenthesis, cause or default. (1) The prospective primary participant certifies to thesis philosophy, the best of its knowledge and essays, belief, that it and its principals: (a) Are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from thesis philosophy, a covered transaction by any Federal department or agency; (b) Have not within a three-year period preceding this proposal been convicted of or had a civil judgment rendered against them for commission of on evolution fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a public (Federal, State or local) transaction or contract under a public transaction; violation of identity thesis Federal or State antitrust statutes or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, or receiving stolen property; (c) Are not presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (Federal, State or local) with commission of any of the ucsf thesis offenses enumerated in paragraph (1)(b) of this certification; and (d) Have not within a three-year period preceding this application/proposal had one or more public transactions (Federal, State or local) terminated for cause or default. (2) Where the prospective primary participant is thesis philosophy, unable to certify to any of the statements in this certification, such prospective participant shall include an explanation with this proposal. Exhibit II-5: Lobbying Certification. Instructions on Certification Regarding Lobbying.

This certification is required for software, an award of a Federal contract, grant or cooperative agreement exceeding $100,000 and for an award of a Federal loan or a commitment providing for the United States to thesis philosophy, insure or guarantee a loan exceeding $150,000. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and respect essay, Cooperative Agreements also is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen. Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and identity, Cooperative Agreements. The undersigned certifies, to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, that: (1) No Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by or on behalf of the undersigned, to berber schwa, any person for influencing or attempting to philosophy, influence an essay questions act 1 officer or employee of philosophy any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of ucsf thesis Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with the awarding of any federal contract, the making of any Federal grant, the making of any Federal loan, the entering into identity thesis philosophy, of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of any Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement. (2) If any funds other than Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person for influencing or attempting to epenthesis, influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of identity thesis Congress, or an employee of a Member of Congress in connection with this Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the undersigned shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The undersigned shall require that the language of this certification be included in painting essay the award documents for all subawards at identity thesis philosophy all tiers including subcontracts, subgrants, and contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements and that all subrecipients shall certify and disclose accordingly.

This certification is a material representation of essay for macbeth act 1 fact upon which reliance was placed when this transaction was made or entered into. Submission of this certification is a prerequisite for making or entering into this transaction imposed by Section 1352, Title 31, US Code. Any person who fails to thesis, file the required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 and not more than $100,000 for each such failure. Exhibit II-6: Nondiscrimination Certification. Instructions for Nondiscrimination Certification. In accordance with NSF policy, by questions signing the proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative is providing the requisite Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. This Certification sets forth the nondiscrimination obligations with which all awardees must comply. Thesis Philosophy? These obligations also apply to respect essay, subrecipients, subgrantees, and subcontractors under the award.

The proposer therefore, shall obtain the NSF Nondiscrimination Certification from each organization that applies to identity philosophy, be, or serves as a subrecipient, subgrantee or subcontractor under the award (for other than the provision of commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services) prior to business plan, entering into identity philosophy, the subaward arrangement. The proposer shall provide immediate notice to the Foundation if at berber schwa epenthesis any time the philosophy proposer learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted, or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. By signing the proposal, the respect essay Authorized Organizational Representative hereby certifies that the identity thesis philosophy organization will comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of essay for macbeth 1964 (42 USC § 2000d), Title IX of the thesis philosophy Education Amendments of 1972 (20 USC §§ 1681 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of for macbeth act 1 1973 (29 USC § 794), the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 USC §§ 6101 et seq.) and all regulations and policies issued by NSF pursuant to these statutes. To that end, in philosophy accordance with the epenthesis above-referenced nondiscrimination statutes, and NSF’s implementing regulations and thesis philosophy, policies, no person in ucsf thesis the United States shall, on the ground of thesis philosophy race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age, be excluded from participation in, be denied the business benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to thesis, discrimination under any program or activity for which the Proposer receives Federal financial assistance from the Foundation; and HEREBY CERTIFIES THAT it will immediately take any measures necessary to effectuate this agreement. If any real property or structure thereon is free business plan, provided or improved with the aid of Federal financial assistance extended to the Proposer by the Foundation, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer, or in the case of philosophy any transfer of ucsf thesis such property, the transferee, for the period during which the real property or structure is used for a purpose for which the Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of similar services or benefits.

If any personal property is so provided, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the property. In all other cases, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which the Federal financial assistance is extended to thesis philosophy, it by the Foundation. THIS CERTIFICATION is given in consideration of and for the purpose of obtaining any and all Federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, contracts, property, discounts or other Federal financial assistance extended after the date hereof to the Proposer by the Foundation, including installment payments after such date on account of applications for Federal financial assistance which were approved before such date. The Proposer recognizes and agrees that such Federal financial assistance will be extended in reliance on on evolution, the representations and agreements made in this Certification, and that the United States shall have the right to seek judicial enforcement of identity philosophy this Certification. Essays On Evolution? This Certification is binding on the Proposer, its successors, transferees, and assignees. Exhibit II-7: Definitions of Categories of Personnel. The personnel categories listed on parts A and philosophy, B of the Proposal Budget are defined as follows:

A. Senior Personnel. 1. (co) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT DIRECTOR (PI/PD) means the individual(s) designated by the proposer, and approved by NSF, who will be responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project. NSF does not infer any distinction in scientific stature among multiple PIs, whether referred to schwa epenthesis, as PI or co-PI. If more than one, the first one listed will serve as the contact PI, with whom all communications between NSF program officials and the project relating to the scientific, technical, and budgetary aspects of the project should take place. The PI and any identified co-PIs, however, will be jointly responsible for submission of the requisite project reports. Identity? The term Principal Investigator generally is used in research projects, while the term Project Director generally is used in centers, large facilities, and other projects. For purposes of this Guide, PI/co-PI is interchangeable with PD/co-PD. 2. Faculty Associate (faculty member) -- an individual other than the Principal Investigator(s) considered by the performing institution to be a member of its faculty or who holds an appointment as a faculty member at another institution, and who will participate in the project being supported. B. Other Personnel. 1. Postdoctoral (Scholar, Fellow, or Other Postdoctoral Position) -- An individual who has received a doctoral degree (or equivalent) and is engaged in a temporary and landscape painting essay, defined period of mentored advanced training to enhance the professional skills and research independence needed to thesis philosophy, pursue his or her chosen career path. Postdoctoral scholars not identified under Senior Personnel above should be listed as Other Personnel.

2. Other Professional -- a person who may or may not hold a doctoral degree or its equivalent, who is considered a professional and is not reported as a Principal Investigator, faculty associate, postdoctoral scholar or student. Examples of persons included in this category are doctoral associates not reported under B1, professional technicians, physicians, veterinarians, system experts, computer programmers and design engineers. 3. On Evolution? Graduate Student (research assistant) -- a part-time or full-time student working on identity, the project in a research capacity who holds at least a bachelor’s degree and respect life essay, is enrolled in a degree program leading to an advanced degree. 4. Undergraduate Student -- a student who is enrolled in a degree program (part-time or full-time) leading to a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. 5. 6. These categories include persons working on identity philosophy, the project in essay questions for macbeth a non-research capacity, such as secretaries, clerk-typists, draftsmen, animal caretakers, electricians and custodial personnel regardless of whether they hold a degree or are involved in degree work.

Any personnel category for which NSF funds are requested must indicate, in the parentheses provided on the Proposal Budget, the number of persons expected to receive some support from thesis philosophy, those funds. 9 Macintosh users also may use Helvetica and essay, Palatino typefaces.Back to Text. 10 Further instructions for this process are available in FastLane. Thesis? Back to Text. 11 Detailed instructions for completion of respect essay this process are available in FastLane. Back to Text. 12 Detailed instructions submission of the SF LLL are available in FastLane. Back to Text. 13 A wide array of information exists to help inform development of an identity philosophy institution’s RCR training plan.

For example, many professional societies as well as governmental licensing authorities for professional scientists and engineers have adopted policies or best practices that might be usefully considered. In addition, research is illuminating existing practices surrounding ethical issues, and essay questions for macbeth, providing an evaluation of pedagogical innovations in ethics education. NSF has funded two beta sites (NSF Award 0936857 and NSF Award 0936865) to begin to identity thesis, provide an interactive community online resource on ethics education in essays science and engineering. Back to Text. 14 Proposal Not Accepted is identity thesis, defined as FastLane will not permit submission of the proposal. Back to Text. 15 If the ucsf thesis proposal includes use of identity thesis philosophy vertebrate animals, supplemental information is required. Questions? See for additional information.Back to Text. 16 If the proposal includes GPG Chapter II.D.7 use of human subjects, supplemental information is required. Identity? See GPG Chapter II.D.8 for additional information. Epenthesis? Back to Text.

17 Previously referred to as the effective date. Back to Text. 18 NSF awardees remain subject to the provisions of OMB M-01-06, Clarification of OMB A-21 Treatment of Voluntary Uncommitted Cost Sharing and Tuition Remission Costs , regarding requirements for committing and tracking some level of faculty (or senior researcher) effort as part of the organized research base.Back to Text. 19 Detailed instructions for submission of confidential budgetary information are available in FastLane. Back to Text. 20 According to the IRS, US territories and identity thesis, possessions are as follows: Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the landscape painting essay Commonwealth of the thesis philosophy Northern Mariana Islands, Midway Island, Wake Island, Palmyra Island, Howland Island, Johnston Island, Baker Island, Kingman Reef, Jarvis Island, and other US islands, cays, and reefs that are not part of any of the fifty states. See also: http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Persons-Employed-In-U.S.-Possessions.Back to Text. 21 See AAG Chapter VI.F and Grant General Conditions (GC-1) Article 10 for additional information on travel restrictions.Back to Text. 22 A subaward may be provided through any form of legal agreement, including an agreement that the proposing organization considers a contract.

The substance of the relationship is more important than the form of the agreement.Back to berber schwa epenthesis, Text. 23 See NSF’s Revised Cost Sharing Policy Statement for philosophy, the Foundation’s overarching policies on cost sharing. Back to Text. 24 For further information on procedures for inclusion of painting essay programmatic cost sharing in an NSF solicitation, see http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/csdocs/principles.pdf. Back to Text.

25 2 CFR § 200.306 describes criteria and procedures for the allowability of identity cash and in-kind contributions in satisfying cost sharing and ucsf thesis, matching requirements. Thesis? Back to Text. 26 For purposes of free download business meeting the mentoring requirement, simultaneously submitted collaborative proposals, and identity thesis, collaborative proposals that include subawards, constitute a single unified project. Therefore, only one mentoring plan may be submitted for the entire project. Back to Text.

27 In situations where a postdoctoral researcher is listed in Section A of the NSF Budget, and is functioning in a Senior Personnel capacity (i.e., responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project), a mentoring plan is not required. Back to Text. 28 Ideas Labs are generally one to five days in duration. Back to ucsf thesis, Text. 29 Detailed instructions for the preparation and submission of collaborative proposals are available in identity philosophy FastLane. Landscape Painting? Back to Text. 30 5 p.m., submitter’s local timeBack to Text.

31 See AAG Chapter IV.D for additional information on thesis, the administration of berber equipment awards. Back to identity thesis philosophy, Text. 33 This coverage also applies to symposia and workshop proposals. Back to Text. 34 Proposal Not Accepted is defined as FastLane will not permit submission of the proposal.

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On the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory - Jstor

35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the philosophy job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. Essays. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and thesis philosophy, the pool of ucsf thesis, candidates for any given career is far-reaching. Identity Philosophy. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on ucsf thesis, their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of identity philosophy, past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and life, relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said.

While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for identity thesis philosophy staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to ucsf thesis, see concrete examples of those skills in action. Philosophy. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in questions your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of philosophy, work for epenthesis an extended period of time. For these professionals, the task of identity thesis, proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ucsf Thesis. Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and identity, author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the life candidate brings to the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them.

Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and identity thesis philosophy, discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to respect life essay, highlight customer service and relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in thesis philosophy a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Ucsf Thesis. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the identity ones that will help you succeed.

Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and on evolution, arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and identity thesis philosophy, unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on painting essay, paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. Thesis Philosophy. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the ucsf thesis team and identity, the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results. Social media is one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in a variety of fields.

Socially active organizations are more likely to questions act 1, attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Identity Philosophy. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. Even for landscape painting nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the identity thesis brand#39;s community; creates and ucsf thesis, executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and thesis philosophy, Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in berber schwa epenthesis the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily.

Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in identity thesis Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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On the Psycho-Physical Identity Theory - Jstor

explicative essay An explication of a student essay in critical analysis. Here we will be doing (a particular kind of) critical examination of an expository/argumentative essay. Identity Philosophy? That essay itself is doing a critical analysis of a piece of fictional narrative. (The writer of the epenthesis essay has asked to remain anonymous, so we'll refer to identity thesis, her here as Mary.) [Keep in mind that criticism, in the sense in which we are using the term, is not synonymous with fault-finding. See the general discussion of critical analysis.] In the left-hand column below you will see how Mary notices what some of the moves are by which Katherine Mansfield went about setting up the ucsf thesis situation we are confronted with in her story “Miss Brill.” In particular, she is watching how the thesis philosophy author’s moves work to get the reader to make certain moves. In the course of her calling attention to the features of the story that “work” to produce certain effects, she has occasion as well to call attention to the conventions the author takes for granted that readers will be working under if they are to produce these effects (infer these meanings, have these reactions) on the basis of the facts she chooses and arranges to construct what the narrator explicitly conveys. In the for macbeth act 1 right-hand column you will see me doing a particular kind of critical analysis (in the most general sense of the term) of Mary’s essay. In particular, I am doing the kind of running commentary that constitutes what we call an “explication.” Notice that the order of my points there is dictated by the order in which the features commented upon identity thesis, unfold in the essay that is their subject. This is the mark of explication.

Its organization is passively determined by something outside it – the already-existing order of points in life essay, its subject. In writing an explication we don’t have to confront the problems of organization that “higher forms” of exposition must solve: I just took over (followed) the organization that was already embodied in Mary’s essay. Identity Thesis Philosophy? We could say that the organization of my explication is parasitic upon the organization of what it discusses. This is not the case with Mary’s essay itself. She is not doing running commentary on the narrator’s story in “Miss Brill.” She is schwa showing how the point of view by identity philosophy which the story is disclosed to the reader contributes to the overall theme of the piece. This confronts her with three basic tasks. She has to essays, produce (and clarify and demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the point of view is. She has to identity thesis, commit herself to a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the story’s theme is (or at least about what some essential part of it is).

This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didn’t have when she sat down to start writing. And she has to shape the particular way in schwa, which she develops each of these theses in such a way that we can see how the features of point of view that she’s calling attention to make possible the features of the theme she’s calling attention to. The logical relationships among these three sub-tasks are what determine the organizational strategy of thesis, her essay, as a whole and within its respective modules. What does not determine the organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfield’s story. Hence her essay exhibits a “logical” rather than a “chronological” structure. This structure is on evolution something she herself had to fashion, in identity philosophy, response to the logical properties of the task at hand. She had to assume the responsibility for actively making it. Before getting into the detailed explication provided below, read the essay itself all at one go. Ask yourself if you can detect what its thesis is and what the distinct lines of development are by download which Mary clarifies and earns it. When you are done, return here, and work through the frames carefully.

Always read all the identity philosophy way through a box on essay, the left-hand side before proceeding to the corresponding. comments in the right-hand column. When you turn your attention to the right-hand column, you'll make best use of the comments if you don't read them all at once, but instead work carefully back and forth, refreshing your sense of exactly what each comment points to thesis philosophy, before thinking your way through it. When you come to the comment following the essays first paragraph, you'll need to have a fresh sense of what was said both in the original paragraph and in the comments upon it. Consult the thesis philosophy original paragraph again after you've worked through the long summary comment following it. This is rather dense stuff, so you may want to take a rest from time to essay questions for macbeth act 1, time. When you’ve finished writing your essay, give some careful thought to fashioning an appropriate title.

It should reflect something particular about your particular angle on your specific subject. Just one example: “Inside an Outsider: The Pathos of Loneliness in Mansfield’s ‘Miss Brill’”. This short story is identity narrated in the third person from the point of view of the limited omniscient narrator who primarily acts as the voice of the story’s protagonist , Miss Brill. Life Essay? By telling the story through the eyes of the protagonist, Mansfield is able to convey to thesis philosophy, the reader the protagonist’s loneliness and the lack of self-awareness. She offers no explanation as to the Miss Brill’s past, leaving it to the readers to draw their own conclusions. At the same time the author provides XX illuminating insights into the protagonist’s character and lifestyle that effectively communicate to essays on evolution, the reader the theme of this short story . The central theme of “Miss Brill” is the pain of loneliness, and inadvertent attempts to experience life through the experiences of identity philosophy, total strangers. Right on. You get right to the point, and you are accurate about free download business plan software, both the identity thesis concept and the story in question. Now you’ve turned your opening insight to account by on evolution posing answering the identity question “So what?” The answer is logically eligible to serve as a thesis within the framework of the download assigned topic.

You point out how the author’s adoption of these means to that end affects the activities the reader is called upon to identity thesis philosophy, undertake – i.e, how it defines the reader’s task. That is: you show how it establishes a certain kind of game for the reader to play. (In effect, this indicates the kinds of business plan, moves we can expect you to be undertaking, in the body of your essay, as you unpack and back up your thesis.) See how your point would be more accurate if you were to insert here a phrase like details from which the reader can derive or specific facts about thesis, Miss Brill’s mental experience the reader can use to infer ? At the climax of your introduction you sharpen your thesis still further. We have an exact idea of what you will be driving at through the body of your essay. Here you give a restatement of your thesis, but you do it in a way that advances it beyond mere repetition. “Starving for warmth and companionship” is a particular mode in which one might be lonely. You then back this up with an example. And, in fact, the one you feature at just this juncture is a gesture on Miss B’s part that speaks especially to the “warmth” idea (“fur”) in connection with the respect essay companionship idea (“pet”), intensifying each in identity philosophy, that the “pet” is not only not a real person but dead, an effigy. You proceed to give an additional example. This one requires to be developed in steps, and you undertake each. You promise something more and anchor it in a specific fact.

Then you provide a citation to anchor that characterization in turn. Then you explain, in two parts (“Despite….But….”), how this detail establishes the point you promised. Now you set out to give still a third example. This one requires still a different strategy of development than either of the first two. Moreover, your move into it flows smoothly from what you’ve just nailed home in respect of the second example. It’s only at the end that we realize you’ve taken us to a third supporting line of evidence. Your second sentence in this section ups the ante, since it raises the anxiety in us that you may be wandering from the painting point (or that we may not be getting your drift). This drives us forward to look for identity thesis philosophy clues as to how this might be on-point after all. First, though, following the colon, you slip us 3 particular details that back up the point you’ve just made. Essays On Evolution? And then you serve up the confirmation we’ve been looking for . You show us what ties all these together (a disposition to feel envy). And then you show how this (envy) in identity philosophy, turn can be turned to download plan software, account on behalf of the thesis you started out the paragraph with.

When we think back over identity thesis philosophy, the paragraph as a whole, three things stand out: It is unified . There is ucsf thesis nothing there that does not serve the identity philosophy topic sentence (which in turn is a specific twist the essay’s thesis overall) It is richly developed . Mary didn’t produce a piece of confirmation and then move on to another point. Act 1? She showed how to thesis, get to the same point from essay two additional other sorts of starting points (the last of which, in fact, is a “staging area” she gets to from three distinct particular points in turn) It is coherent . Identity Thesis? We don’t lose our way in the trees as we go through the forest. The one place the berber schwa writer toys with our doubt she exploits as a kind of “dramatic question:” (Will she pull it off? Or will she drive over the cliff?”) This suspense she then proceeds directly to resolve in a way that provides us the satisfaction of reassurance as an underlining of the philosophy point she makes that recoups the venture. Part of ucsf thesis, what serves this coherence is a pleasing overall strategy of deployment of the evidence that she has discovered she is thesis able to give. We notice that she begins with the shortest subtask to get through, then takes up the next longest, and concludes with the one that takes the most elaboration to pull off. This has the effect of painting, communicating the identity philosophy thoroughness of her thesis’ grounding in the facts of the story: we appreciate that it not only runs close to the surface but also runs more widely and deeply through (behind) the explicit facts of Miss Brill’s consciousness that the narrator directly acquaints us with.

The fact that we can confirm the notions we start with suspecting only by going deeper into the texture of the facts’ implications connects with the berber epenthesis fact that the point of view of the story is so contrived as to afford us a double vision: we get to participate “directly” in Miss Brill’s consciousness of the scene; and, on reflection, we are enabled to understand some aspects of philosophy, what that signifies that Miss Brill herself is screening out of that experience, because they are too painful — namely the intensity of the pain of loneliness that is driving her to free download business plan, these delightful attempts to “connect.” We are thus invited to thesis, become aware of an irony: what motivates (and thus explains) her conscious experience is something that is not a part of this conscious experience, something that that experience excludes (until the ucsf thesis epiphany at the story’s end). (Note, by identity the way, that there are some points here that Mary could have explicitly incorporated into her analysis.) Mary's organizational strategy is thus not only pleasing (from small to big, from the essay easier to pull off to the harder to pull off) but implicitly supports in a subtle way the overall thesis of identity thesis philosophy, her essay , about how the point of view serves the epenthesis story’s theme. We might ask ourselves: was Mary really consciously aware of identity thesis, all this while she was writing? She may well have been. Essay? This is a pretty deft piece of writing, and there's no reason we shouldn't suppose that the author of it was not deliberately working with these factors in mind.

But it is also possible that she was acting on thesis philosophy, the kind of tacit feel that we develop with experience. The organizational strategy works for any reader who is landscape painting responding to the overall structure of the paragraph as a whole, and it's hard to imagine a writer being able to craft a paragraph like this without working from identity a sense of free download, how the entire paragraph unrolls. Identity Thesis Philosophy? Such a reader doesn't need to reflectively say to himself the points I made in the paragraph before last. The feel of the paragraph can communicate those ideas to us tacitly. But it is crucial that we be the kind of reader that can register such a progression (small to large, obvious to subtle) in the deployment of successive pieces of evidence on behalf of a claim. If we are the kind of reader who can only attend to one thing at a time, we are not yet ready even to register structure. Until we are, we can't appreciate the organizational merits of a well-written piece. Worse yet, we can't design rational and effective organizational structures for our own discourse. On Evolution? We won't be able to gradually shape our initial drafts into something cogent and insightful. We'll always end up with more or less the same jumble of claims with which we began.

More on identity philosophy, this later on. At this point in the story the ucsf thesis reader still does not know much about the protagonist, except that she is a lonely voyeur. Then one of identity, her observations about the “odd, silent, nearly all old people, and from the respect way they stared they looked as though they’d just come from identity thesis dark little rooms or even – even cupboards! (p.51)” whom she sees every Sunday at free download the park hints to the reader that she might be one of those people. The pieces of the puzzle, of course, fall into place at thesis philosophy the end of the story, when the protagonist’s room is described as “the little dark room-her room like a cupboard (p.52).” This is the conclusion of the story, when Miss Brill is able to ucsf thesis, see herself and her surroundings in identity thesis, the new light. Her new self-awareness is brought about by disparaging remarks of the business young lovers who refer to Miss Brill as “that stupid old thing (p.52),” and to her precious fur as “a fried whiting (p.52).” This is Miss Brill’s moment of epiphany. She is as old as the other park-goers, her fur is a pitiful necklet, and she foregoes her usual Sunday slice of honeycake. In spite of her newly found self-awareness, Miss Brill still denies some of identity thesis philosophy, her own emotions when “she thought she heard something crying (p.52)” at the very end of the story. The tears are obviously her own. This turns out to be an effective transition. It summarizes the understanding we’ve so far arrived at while promising something beyond it, which it does not immediately deliver. It tells us what sort of thing to free download business plan software, be on the look-out for, and thus shapes our attention in a relevant way for what’s down the pike. [Here the opening claim of the paragraph is usefully assigned a function other than stating the topic of the paragraph itself.

Instead it sets up the line of development that will eventually culminate in the statement of that comprehensive point and does so in a way that reminds us how where we’re going relates to where we’ve been.] Fine job of making connections (here, between the facts of one moment, seen from the protagonist’s initial point of view, and the facts of another moment, seen from the protagonist’s changed point of view). And in each node (between which the connection runs) the identity philosophy writer provides the plan software concrete details that establish her specific point. Finally , the particular connection you’she's decided to mention here is relevant to her overall concerns. Now the thesis writer shifts gears to a different line of development of her point — from “what shows this?” to “how did it come to be?” (What, in the plot, makes this changed vision plausible for the character? That’s a concern we have since we’re playing under the rules of “realism..” Mary's raising it indicates the fact that she's operating under the appropriate assumptions about the kinds of conventions at work in a story like this, which aims to present a convincing portrait of a character with some presumed claim on our attention.) [Minor point of mechanics: when giving a parenthetic page reference for textual citation presented in questions act 1, quotation marks, the parenthetical material goes outside the terminal quotation mark.] The writer now shifts to still another line of development: you spell out thesis philosophy, specific implications of what you have established. (She began by spelling out specific facts that made for landscape painting essay that point itself.) That is: she now asks “So what?” She concludes her characterization of Miss Brill’s final state of awareness by noting its limitations –– a point of identity thesis philosophy, connection with, a hold-over from, where the protagonist was at the beginning.

· Mary is thus striving both for precision in capturing the state of affairs itself and for relationship to ucsf thesis, what it developed out of. · And she shapes the presentation of this point in such a way as to philosophy, make it serve the purposes of her overall thesis, about how the author’s choice of point of view serves the particular effect the author is essays driving at. Here: once again, the reader is philosophy able both to share Miss Brill’s experience , and to life, go beyond it to thesis, an understanding of it that is not a part of it . In other words, even after the protagonist’s epiphany, our insight is more comprehensive than her own. · [Note, by the way, that the thrust of this sentence might be made clearer at the outset if Mary were to insert something line “And yet” at the beginning.] · Another thing Mary's final sentence accomplishes: in essays, a different (and more sharply focused) way than at the outset of this paragraph, the reader is shown how where we’ve just arrived relates to where we’d been before. Mansfield, Katherine. “Miss Brill.” An Introduction to Fiction.

Ed. Identity Thesis Philosophy? X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. 7 th ed. New York: Longman, 1999. 50-52. [Don’t forget the period at the end of the page references.] My comments on berber schwa, Mary's essay should drive home the point that critical attention in our sense of the term is not a matter of looking for flaws. It is rather a matter of picking out what features of something are responsible for its working the way it does. (If something is not working well, we come to notice that, too, of course.

But it is critical examination that is called for if we are to appreciate a job well done. By appreciate here I mean something more than just experience a feeling of approval. I mean to thesis, have a clear rational understanding of why something works .) Let's finish up by essays using what we've seen here to drive home some important distinctions. The term critical analysis is often used to refer to the common denominator between what Mary has done in her essay and what I have been doing upon identity thesis philosophy, it. In both case the writer is picking out what works in some way and explaining why it works that way and why its doing so is important. But among ourselves we will foster clarity on an important point if we reserve the berber epenthesis term critical analysis to identity philosophy, refer to landscape painting essay, the sort of identity thesis philosophy, thing that Mary has been up to, and use some other term to refer to on evolution, the kind of thing you have just seen me do. For what I've been doing, the term explication comes to mind, and we'll use it for that purpose. When we want to refer to thesis, the common denominator, we'll use the term critical examination or critical attention or simply criticism. But there is more than one distinction between what I've been doing and what Mary has been doing.

Which one am I proposing to use the critical analysis/explication terminology to mark? A difference otherwise worth noting but not the one I'm suggesting we use this terminological practice to highlight has to do with the ucsf thesis object subjected to thesis, critical examination. In the one case, what was analyzed was a piece of narration (it happened to be fictional). In the other, what was under commentary happened to be an essay. Questions? These differences are important, but they are like the difference between bringing critical attention to bear on philosophy, a political decision and bringing it to bear upon a rat's brain, or a painting, or a marketing strategy. In each case the things it makes sense to notice -- to select for attention -- and the kinds of functions one wants to landscape painting essay, explain are obviously different. Identity Philosophy? (That's why we need some experience in each domain if we are to do competent critical thinking about the objects in those domains. [At the download business plan software same time, the more experience we have doing either explication or critical analysis of football or poems, the more quickly we'll get the hang of doing critical thinking in regard to essays in philosophy or anthropology or in business.]) The distinction I'm proposing we use explication and critical analysis in this particular way to keep ourselves clear upon identity thesis, has rather to landscape painting, do with the kind of overall organizational strategy at work . Notice that Mary is not doing running commentary on the narrator’s story in “Miss Brill.” In accordance with the assignment, s he is showing how the point of view by which the story is disclosed to the reader contributes to the overall theme of the identity thesis piece . This confronts her with three basic tasks. She has to essays, produce (and clarify and identity philosophy demonstrate) a sub-thesis that states what precisely the essays point of thesis, view is. She has to commit herself to a statement (another sub-thesis) about what the story’s theme is (or at least about what some essential part of it is).

This means discovering, formulating, unpacking, and proving some insight that she didn’t have when she sat down to start writing. And she has to shape the particular way in which she develops each of these theses in epenthesis, such a way that we can see how the identity philosophy features of point of epenthesis, view that she’s calling attention to thesis, make possible the features of the theme she’s calling attention to. It is the logical relationships among these three sub-tasks that determine the organizational strategy of Mary's essay, both as a whole and within its respective modules. What does not determine the organizational strategy is the plot of Mansfield’s story. Hence her essay exhibits a “logical” rather than a “chronological” structure. This structure is something she herself had to fashion, in response to the logical properties of the task at essays hand. She had to assume the thesis philosophy responsibility for actively making it. In contrast, though my comments do exhibit logical structure individually and essays internally, nevertheless the order by which one comment follows another is given not by any comprehensive hierarchy of identity philosophy, tasks of my own, but by epenthesis the order in which Mary ’s moves happened to emerge, as determined by identity the necessities under which they were governed. My overall structure thus has no inherent logic of its own. Internally, it is “accidental,” because it is parasitical, passively received from something external.

If Mary had done the equivalent, she would have organized her points strictly according to the order in berber schwa, which the details with which they are associated happen to emerge in Mansfield’s story. But that would not have been a proper means to adopt for the end in view. She would have been compelled either to ignore the assigned topic altogether, or continually to be at cross-purposes with it. She would be trying to cut boards with a hammer (or to drive nails with a saw). Am I then doing the wrong thing in providing an explication instead of an essay in critical analysis? No, because my purposes here are different from Mary’s. Thesis Philosophy? My job here is a particular sort of coach’s job. I want to help students to berber schwa epenthesis, come to read expository/argumentative prose with a critical eye, noticing what needs to be noticed as it unfolds . Why is that? What has that got to thesis, do with why you are reading this, which is to download software, learn something about writing?

Well, if we learn to appreciate what makes cogent exposition and identity argument work, then we can register when something isn’t “coming together” in a satisfying way. We can trouble-shoot any emerging draft we are writing so as to figure out how to make it work better — to bring it to the next stage, to tinker it into a superior draft. The key point here is essays this: composition is identity thesis philosophy not a process of expressing clearly an idea that we have already arrived at by some prior (and mysterious) process of creative inspiration. Painting? Writing is a process by which we arrive for ourselves (and thus for identity others) at some clear and pertinent insight that we did not have when we started out to write. Think how weird this sounds: the goal in improving our writing is ucsf thesis not to learn how to express our ideas clearly! I am denying here what most people think writing courses are all about. Instead, I'm proposing that the goal in improving our writing is to learn how to identity, arrive at clear ideas.

But isn't that the job of subject-matter courses? Of course it is, and ucsf thesis that's why these courses, if they are really intellectually serious, will be requiring writing of students! (The fact that even higher-level university courses -- to identity, say nothing of ucsf thesis, large-enrollment lower-level courses -- try to dispense with requiring essay writing from identity students only means that society as a whole is not willing to free business plan software, provide the resources it would take to identity, offer students a real education. Out of senior professors it [understandably] wants research, and with large lecture classes it wants to ucsf thesis, proceed on the cheap. By issuing credit without backing it up with affording students the requisite experience, it does the intellectual equivalent of printing money to thesis philosophy, pay its debts: it says it does what accreditation as an institution of learning should require; but it doesn't. [Somewhat like the U.S. in landscape, Vietnam, it declares a victory and gets out.) Why do we have to set aside the idea that good writing is clear expression of thesis, our ideas, and on evolution take on instead the idea that writing is a process of arriving, by stages, at clear ideas?

Let's first get a little clearer about what this latter idea contains. In the beginning we have a confused welter of partial insights and apparent insights, some inconsistent with each other, all more or less in a fragmentary state, and many of identity thesis philosophy, them vague and confused in their own right. We begin, that is, with a muddle. The art of writing is the art of landscape painting essay, getting from the initial muddle to something that we are properly satisfied with finding ourselves thinking. And this means: the art of writing boils down to skill in revising. Revising — good news! – is something that we can learn. In fact anyone can learn it. In fact, anyone who has this skill came by it only by learning: it is not a “genius” that some are born with and others not. Philosophy? That’s encouraging, because it means there is hope. Everyone starts with muddle.

The difference between those who end up with a muddle and those who end up with a clear and cogent piece of writing in support of an interesting idea relevant to some purpose is not that some people have a mysterious capacity to download software, conceive bright ideas and also the knack for finding the words to say them. The difference is more mundane: some simply have learned how to revise — how to get, incrementally, from a draft that won’t work yet to one that works better. The paradox is that insight — we can call it “vision” — comes out of revision. We fix something in our previous vision that we’ve noticed is not-yet-working. But for this to work, we have already to be bringing to bear certain expectations about what happens when writing does work. That is, before we can revise our own drafts, we have to be able to philosophy, read with discerning appreciation argumentative prose that does work. Explication of effective writing is painting well-suited to helping others see what makes a working piece work because it demonstrates in action the mind of a reader who is making the sorts of moves you have to make in order to identity thesis, do that . That is: just as you can watch Mary make some moves that work, you can watch me go about tuning into questions act 1 them. And that means you can rip off not only Mary’s moves, but mine.

To do this, you have only to be curious, sooner or later, about where I must have been coming from in order to notice these things. What sort of “standing curiosities” must I always be bringing to identity thesis, bear? What sort of “demands” am I making on the prose I read, and what seems to be the point of those demands? When you figure this out, you will realize that it’s not “the teacher’s demands” that you are being compelled, externally, to satisfy (on pain of getting a grade you don’t want). It is the download business demands of your own logical equipment. That means at least two things: The way is open to see why writing can be powerfully gratifying, rather than simply frustrating and dispiriting. (There will be frustrations aplenty, but they won’t be dispiriting!) Arriving at a good final draft is identity philosophy actually a process of satisfying some of the deepest demands of your own human nature, your inborn rational equipment, and the pleasure we take in discovery of truth through the trial and error recognition and rectification of error.

If you ever enjoyed playing with tinker-toys, you’ve already been indulging this side of your constitution. You realize you have with you, always, a reliable guide (your own wits), so you don’t have to be casting about for respect some external authority prevent you from persisting in error. Thesis? Sooner or later, you can figure it out yourself. Suggestions are welcome. Please send your comments to lyman@ksu.edu . Contents copyright © 2000 by Lyman A. Baker.

Permission is granted for on evolution non-commercial educational use; all other rights reserved.