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Essay on computers and technology

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att essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. Essay On Computers And Technology? These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. In this competitive business environment, organizations have to devise effective strategies to adapt in essay look longer, the dynamic business environment in order to achieve competitive advantage and market growth. In addition, it is imperative for an organization to stand out in its industry; this is possible through exploiting unique resources and capabilities or devising strategies that are less likely to be imitated by competitors. ATT is one of the companies that have managed to emerge on top in the telecommunication industry, which can be attributed to a number of critical success factors, which include a strong organizational culture, outstanding customer service, technology, innovation, brand name, and restructuring and downsizing. Despite this critical success factors, there are a number of and technology areas that need improvement in computer changed the world essay, ATT, which include strategic planning and essay on computers and technology performance, in the sense that the company should emphasize on hiring strategic employees to help the management find and decide on the way forward about the to write main issues facing the company and the industry.

Another area that requires improvement is with respect to its brand name, wherein, the essay firm can rebrand its operations in green technologies, which caters for issues such as climate change, environmental protection and energy efficiency. In addition, ATT should invest strategically in the internet-based RD to to make your look, come up with affordable and timely technologies. Some of the critical success areas with respect to technology include virtualization, green data center and cloud computing. In this competitive business environment, organizations have to devise effective strategies to adapt in the dynamic business environment in order to achieve competitive advantage and market growth (Goldsmith Hu-Chan, 2003). The business-level and corporate strategies adopted by on computers and technology, any organization should be able to respond effectively to the changes taking place in their environments. In addition, it is imperative for an organization to Research Paper, stand out in its industry; this is possible through exploiting unique resources and capabilities or devising strategies that are less likely to be imitated by competitors. One of the companies that have managed to and technology, deploy effective strategies is ATT, which is an an essay, American based multinational telecommunication company headquartered in downtown Dallas, Texas. It was formerly known as, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. On Computers And Technology? The foundation of the corporation that would become ATT was established by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. ATT is a Fortune 500 company and one of the 30 stocks that amount to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. As of January 2013, the company had 240,000 employees.

It operates in how the changed the world essay, four segments: Wire line, Advertising Solutions, Wireless and Other. On Computers? ATT#8217;s other unit includes customer information services (operator services) and corporate operations. As of June 2012, ATT offered both fixed and mobile telephony in the US. The company also provided broadband subscription services television services. During the same year, it was the 13th largest non-oil company in the world, and the best essays 2004 the 17th largest company globally in terms of market share.

In 2012, the company reported consolidated revenue of $126.7 billion under the leadership of the chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Randall Stephenson. Essay? As of June 2013, ATT was the largest telecommunication holding company in the world in terms of revenue. Paper Proposal? As of essay and technology May 2013, ATT reported a market capital of $200.06 billion (Forbes, 2013). Its subsidiaries include ATT mobility, ATT Corp., and ATT Teleholdings. This report identifies the key success factors at ATT, the factors that need improvement, and make recommendations for ATT to increase its market share and Paper Proposal growth. ATT Key Success Factors. Strong Organizational Culture. Organizational culture refers to all aspects that uniquely identify an essay on computers, organization.

This includes the values, policies mission, vision, ethics, brand and beliefs (Mckeown, 2012). ATT is engaged in a very volatile and dynamic industry. The ATT code of Research Proposal conduct states that ATT is a global telecommunication company that connects people with their world, everywhere they work and live, and does this better than any other organization. This mission statement unifies and provides direction for essay and technology the company. ATT’s mission also provides a framework for all the stakeholders to protect the company’s long-lasting reputation as a reliable, honest and ethical business. These aspects propel its brand name to greater heights in the telecommunication industry. The goal of the company is to the best american, enrich its customers’ lives and make the business more successful by providing useful communication services and build the shareholders’ value in the process (ATT, 2013). ATT’s Code of Business Ethics outlines certain fundamental commitments the company makes to its customers, shareholders and to all who play a role in ATT success (ATT, 2013). Essay On Computers? The Code of Business Conduct provides rules that cover most challenges or situations. It serves as the guide to the company’s commitment and lead it to ethical decisions that eventually benefit all ATT’s stakeholders.

By maintaining those commitments and making those critical decisions, the company safeguards its solid reputation (ATT, 2013). ATT reputation enables it to deliver on its mission with integrity and honest customers expect. The Code of Business Ethics also ensures that unlawful harassment; for example, sexual harassment and discrimination in a city at night essay, employment is not tolerated. This aspect is based on the fact that actions that may make others feel offended lose dignity or to feel intimidated ails the whole company in terms of performance or productivity. Motivated employees put more effort on their individual and group tasks, which results in higher overall productivity. High efficiency and essay performance is also subject to a high employee turnover and steps lower absenteeism. Essay And Technology? ATT encourages success based on individual performance and abilities regardless of the color, national origin, religion, race, age, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, disability and Research Proposal citizenship status (Whitacre Cauley, 2013).

The company strongly supports and essay adheres to laws that prohibit discrimination in all aspects of its operations. According to Whitacre Cauley (2013), ATT’s success is based on that fact that the ways look longer company supports a work environment that is diverse and inclusive. The company respects and embraces the diversity in cultural traditions and social customs. It also creates a secure and safe place to work. The importance of essay a safe working environment is part of ATT’s organizational culture. How The Changed The World? ATT promotes safety to protect both its customers and workforce.

This is evident by the reasonable precautions the company has taken to safeguard the public (Hill Cronk, 2010). Outstanding Customer Service. ATT has a reputation of providing a superior customer experience to essay and technology, its customers when compared to its competitors in the telecommunication industry. Because of its commitment to offer high quality services, ATT consumer communication services received a quality honor in 2013. ATT also employs a hybrid of differentiation and Paper Proposal cost effective strategies in its market. Product differentiation has also contributed to its success for the past decade. The company also has a language line service which gives its customers access to effective and professional interpreters in over 250 dialects and languages instantly.

When a customer needs an interpreter, the language line is usually on within a minute given that it request is set up. This language line is customer-oriented and essay on computers accommodates special requests. According to ATT (2013), the ATT Language Line scores high marks from computer changed essay customers as a user-friendly, customer focused and on computers and technology fast service. An Essay? Its outstanding customer service gives it a competitive advantage in on computers and technology, the telecommunication industry. The other factor driving ATT’s success is the fact that the company runs its business with business partners, third parties and suppliers that enhance its level of customer service and provide products of better-quality. It is in the culture ATT to seek suppliers that share its commitments to human rights, for how the computer changed example, the labor rights. It also carries engages suppliers that embrace diversity, ethical and essay on computers sustainable business practices.

ATT also emphasizes that its customers always know that they are valued. The company fairly represents its products and services to at night essay, customers or consumers (ATT, 2013). The CEO pointed out the success is associated with the fact that they listen to customers, and essay and technology challenge themselves to steps to write an essay, find new and feasible ways to essay, provide solutions of high quality available to help them communicate efficiently, safely and sustainably (ATT, 2013). Whitacre Cauley (2013) also noted that the company has earned and preserved customers’ trust by treating them with integrity and honesty as well as in a professional and computer courteous manner. Given that customers are at the core of an organization’s success, ATT strives to deliver what it promises. Essay On Computers And Technology? In scenarios where the ATT’s customers are its suppliers and the best 2004 competitors as well, the and technology company serves them in the same professional manner it would extend to any customer. In today’s dynamic market, technology plays a critical role in the success of a business (Hirschey, 2010).

This is subject to the fact that technology propels all the steps to write an essay management functions including planning, controlling, organizing, staffing and on computers and technology directing. Some of the steps aspects of technology include the use of on computers and technology computers, mobile devices and the internet. According to Maddock, Uriarte, Flaim, Miller (2011), technology is a Critical Success Factor (CSF) for any organization since it can be incorporated in almost all organizational processes to increase efficiency. For example, the use of the internet based services has enabled the how the computer essay company to sustain successful relations with customers and local suppliers (ATT, 2013). Technology has enhanced speedy response and essay and technology communication both internally and Research the external environments. The extensive implementation of up-to-date technologies has enabled the company to increase its competitiveness versus its competitors.

Online marketing and advertisement has also enabled ATT to attract new customers (ATT, 2013). The use of social platforms such as Twitter and essay on computers and technology Facebook has also directed traffic to its website. ATT’s website is case answers, customer oriented and offers a high customer experience because it is user-friendly and light (ATT, 2013). ATT has also a centralized Information Technology strategy for its telecommunication services sourcing. This has assisted the company to streamline and simplify its contracting process (ATT, 2013).

The centralized IT strategy is essay on computers and technology, based on the best american essays the logic that the essay corporation has distributed locations in the US and other regions. For example, ATT has an how the computer the world, Asian regional headquarter in Hong Kong. The centralized IT strategy involves the development of common practices or templates for qualifying vendors in the process of submitting proposals, weighting and defining provider selection criteria. It also involves the creation of essay scorecards or metrics to use in vendor management (Whitacre Cauley, 2013). By sharing a common a foundation line of sourcing policies and changed essay templates regardless of the organizational structure in distributed locations, ATT has managed to essay and technology, reduce the administrative tasks and resources essential for managing each phase of the acquisition cycle. This approach has also resulted to the best essays, better contracts, potentially faster and easier contracting, and improved vendor management and contract governance.

The company was also awarded 2013 Corporate Excellence Honor for Cyber Security Leadership by essay on computers, National Association of Counties (ATT, 2013). Communication at ATT takes many forms, including the ways your essay look longer social media like blogs and Wikis are appropriate, professional, and respectful (Forbes, 2013). At ATT, the communications systems in place are primarily for business use. Employees occasionally use the on computers and technology systems for personal e-mail or Internet access. However, the company does not allow this application to be disruptive to the stipulated needs of the business. The company also maintains its reputations by deterring the use of its communication systems distribute or access obscene or offensive media. ATT has differentiated its products on the basis the quality of the network and computer changed the world essay customer service. Essay And Technology? According to the 2012 ATT annual report, the company continues to set and quickly break records within its industry. The Leitchman Research Group 2012 survey notes indicates that ATT has recorded an increased number of calls handled by its network as well as the number of its broadband internet subscribers. At the end of 2011, the company had 16,472, 000 broadband subscribers (LRG, 2012) whereas its closest competitor, Verizon, had 8,670,000 subscribers. ATT also had approximately 21,200, 000 residential phone lines, followed by Verizon and Comcast with 12,626,000 and 9, 342,000 residential phone lines respectively (LRG, 2012)y.

The use of technology has enabled ATT’s network to be more resourceful to its customers every day. Some of the ways to make essay longer improved features include dial-up video conferencing and internet access. In the current global landscape, innovation is and technology, inevitable and has been enshrined in Paper Proposal, ATT’s organizational culture. Essay And Technology? Innovation gives the Research Proposal company a competitive and sustainable advantage in the industry. Furthermore, innovation is the company’s distinctive core competency that keeps it growing. ATT’s organizational culture values creativity and encourages different perspectives in assessing risks for essay on computers and technology new opportunities. In 2012, the company won CIO 100 award for the fifth year because of its innovation (ATT, 2013). According to ATT (2013), customers visiting the ATT’s retail stores in the United States reported an enhanced experience and fast service, which was made possible by ATT’s innovative use of technology. ATT invests heavily in hesi case study schizophrenia, Research and Development. Its laboratory constantly seeks new ways of making technology more useful to its customers and employees. ATT is one of the most popular brands globally (Whitacre Cauley, 2013).

According to Forbes (2013), ATT’s brand name is essay on computers, number 21 in the world’s most recognized brands. ATT managed to reach the global standard recognition because of quality products and services and high advertising budgets. According to Maddock, Uriarte, Flaim, Miller (2011), consumers apparently are willing to pay more for popular brands than unknown products. Effective branding process conveys the brand message vibrantly, create and maintain customer loyalty, persuade the potential customers for the product, and develop an essay, emotional linkage with the customers. ATT’s branding efforts generally forms the potential customers’ perceptions about its products and services. It should raise customer expectations about the product. The main reason behind creating branding in a volatile industry is to create differentiation.

ATT’s strong global brands reduce customers’ perceived social, safety and monetary, risks in on computers, buying products or service. The potential customers can easily link with the intangible goods with the help of a strong brand name. For instance, customers may subscribe to the broadband services because of the strong brand ATT enjoys globally. Furthermore, the strong brand corporation has high market share. Maddock, Uriarte, Flaim, Miller (2011), pointed out how the computer essay, that ATT gives its brand a good worldwide support and that is why it has been able to sustain itself for a long time. They also highlighted that the and technology company has developed brand equity through brand management over a period of time.

Brand management has helped ATT to building a strong corporate image. This has been achieved through the professional brand managers who oversee ATT’s overall brand performance. Case Study Schizophrenia Answers? ATT is a successful brand because the on computers brand management system is competent. The modern globalized economy, technology driven markets have created new challenges to branding. Customers or consumers have gained more access to a company’s and product information than ever before. The internet has become central framework through which product information propagate raising expectation level for companies (Maddock, Uriarte, Flaim, Miller, 2011). ATT has responded to this challenge by an essay, managing the way it operates its marketing campaigns, by exploring new platforms or media to showcase its products and and technology services. For instance, the company sponsors teams, events and involvement with a social cause. ATT is a corporate sponsor of the Boston marathon.

The company also embraces the social media platforms to market its brand and sustain its market share. This includes Facebook and twitter. ATT considered its brand to be important not only for the company, but also for consumers or potential customers. For the potential customers or consumers, the how the the world brand indicates a commitment towards quality from ATT hence reducing the time taken in arriving at a purchase decision. For ATT, the brand indicates a sort of point of reference in terms of essay and technology product quality as well as the to write an essay customer expectation. To summarize, ATT’s brand acts as a point of differentiation from its rivals and and technology a steady source of profit. Restructuring and Downsizing. Hesi Case Study Schizophrenia? The modern business landscape is on computers and technology, characterized by rapid transformations brought about essays 2004 because of technological, social, political and economic changes.

Change has become inevitable in the modern globalised economy. Moreover, the rate of market transformation is extremely rapid and the degree of damage or losses in businesses that resist change is brutal that the only option out for most firms is to embrace change or risk failing. Based on this observation, it is very critical that businesses establish the capabilities to adjust and drive change to their advantage (Whitacre Cauley, 2013; Hill Cronk, 2010). Given that telecommunication industry has a very turbulent external environmental pressure, the company restructured itself by buying SPRINT, MCI, QWEST and essay on computers Bell Atlantic (ATT, 2013). For ATT to become the low cost provider without compromising its profit margins within the industry, it has to restructure and computer changed the world discontinue expensive marketing promotions. Some of the external factors include government regulatory policies and competition from its competitors. Stiff competition threatened the loss of the main revenue obtained from long distance services. Such pressures made the company to strategically downsize and restructure with profit margins in focus (Whitacre Cauley, 2013). For example, the company reduced its skilled and capable workforce by 13 percent. The argument was that, the employment levels chosen represented a number of people needed to and technology, achieve the company’s mission in the increasingly cost-sensitive and competitive set of businesses. In addition, the lay-offs were not simply because of the economic recession.

In this situation, downsizing was attributed to the long time effort of restructuring the company to minimize its operational costs. A City Essay? As much as most employees were bewildered by the approach, the change on essay on computers the environment was justified by to write, the increased profit margins. According to Mckeown (2012), business transformation is critical for on computers and technology ensuring sustainability in turbulent marketplace. ATT’s survival and american success is attributed to the fact that it is strategically flexible. It underwent restructuring and downsizing because profit and survival were the main concern. Despite the process of restructuring being costly, disruptive and threatening at first, change has to be embraced when necessary to achieve a desired state. ATT’s Chairman and CEO, Randall Stephenson, clearly defined the and technology need to embrace change when necessary. The messages were conveyed in the annual reports and steps an essay the Code of essay and technology Business Ethics (ATT, 2013). This approach was aimed at the best, building trust and clarifying the on computers mission. Randall Stephenson took a dramatic approach to streamline spending. Some of the savings were registered on telemarketing and direct mails to customers.

He also focused on targeted customer segments. The strategy resulted in reduced administrative expenses across business units (Whitacre Cauley, 2013). The reduction in support and corporate staff, as well as the consolidation of functions lowered the marketing and sales costs. ATT’s new CEO Randall Stephenson’s cost reduction strategy of outsourcing allowed the company to obtain greater sales at describe a city essay, a minimal cost. ATT was structured into three independent companies: Lucent Technologies, ATT Communications and NCR Corporation. Decentralized decision making replaced centralized decision making.

The move distribute operations with a reduced permanent core employees reduced the essay and technology human capital cost. The company also relied on ways to make your look its core employees to work efficiently and effectively by encouraging participatory leadership practices. This empowered them to on computers, take part in decision making thereby providing satisfactory customer experience and essays support to customers. Overall, the organizational culture at ATT had to essay and technology, be transformed because of the external environmental factors. The change ensured survival and increased profit margins. Therefore, downsizing and restructuring are some of the key factors linked to the success of the company since the company managed to retain its share value and markets. Factors that Need Improvement at ATT. Ways To Make Essay Look? Innovation and Technology. To survive in essay, the telecommunications industry in a city, the future, ATT must totally embrace the revolutionary impact of Internet technology on businesses. This will be an essay, avenue to provide a wide range of telecommunication services beyond 4G LTE to add monetary value of maintaining its customers. In the current globalised economy, technology underpins communication and the way business is ways your, conducted (Forbes, 2013).

There is a compelling need to on computers and technology, transmit huge amounts of data safely and at an affordable cost. Internet telephony is also emerging as a substitute of the traditional cable lines. ATT should invest strategically in the internet-based RD to come up with affordable and timely technologies. Some of the steps critical success areas with respect to technology include virtualization, green data center and cloud computing (Maddock, Uriarte, Flaim, Miller, 2011). The company should also make innovation and RD a higher priority than focusing on its local market because it one of the strategic critical growth areas in the telecommunications industry. In spite of ATT being one of the most recognized brands in the world, the company should come up with new ways to sustain the brand in the current market threatened with new entrants, high consumer bargaining power and threat of substitutes at the global landscape (Whitacre Cauley, 2013).

The firm can rebrand its operations in green technologies, which caters for issues such as climate change, environmental protection and energy efficiency. These measures will promote ATT’s brand name to be more global and win the global recognition, especially with regard to on computers, the emerging ethical consumerism, wherein consumers’ buying decisions are influenced by the firm’s commitment towards factors such as environmental conservation. The company not only needs to build on its achievements, but also to identify and implement innovative approaches to win and serve its customers’ needs more effectively. Describe? This can be achieved through consolidation of RD and extensive marketing (Mckeown, 2012; Capon, 2008). Through this, the company will be employing its rare resources and distinctive capabilities to the optimum. Consequently, the company will build a strong brand name and a distinctive advantage crucial for its presence in the competitive industry (Alkhafaji, 2003). Strategic Planning and Performance Management. Effective strategic planning will help the corporation to improve its performance in the future. ATT should emphasize on hiring strategic employees to help the management find and decide on the way forward about the main issues facing the company and the industry (Whitacre Cauley, 2013). ATT’s success is about creating value for the key stakeholders of the business. Strategic planning and thinking will enable the essay and technology company to focus on this value creation and not on the management practices or tools (Peng, 2008).

Investing in strategic leadership will improve long-term performance of the hesi schizophrenia answers company at low risks. In addition, ATT must also engage commitment to the long-term strategic objectives for on computers and technology the company’s success (Duane Hoskisson, 2008). Furthermore, the company’s chosen strategies after an evaluation must be monitored and implemented against the long-term objectives. For example, a restructuring or acquisition approach should be evaluated and implemented in reference to the company’s desired state. Steps? Productivity can be optimized by evaluating and measuring employees’ performance (Mckeown, 2012). Essay On Computers And Technology? ATT should take steps to computer essay, successfully address the negative view of performance management. This can be achieved by implementing innovative solutions or procedures that ensure real results are delivered to improve performance. An automated performance management system is recommended to implement best practices across ATT. such a system would create documentation to reduce disputes and support decisions. It would also establish focus for skill development, especially in technology, and to logically develop learning activity choices. And Technology? Additionally, ATT should align individual employee’s daily activity with the strategic business objectives to a city at night essay, optimize productivity.

Conclusion and recommendations. ATT is a global company; therefore, it needs to continue making tremendous efforts in building a strong brand by focusing on the quality of products, enhancing innovation capacity, providing the best support or service and essay and technology embrace a strong sense of corporate social responsibility. ATT can rebrand its operations in green technologies, which caters to such issues as climate change, environmental protection and energy efficiency. The company should also continue providing high-speed differentiated products so that it can adjust the prices in the market accordingly. How The Computer The World Essay? This is subject to the fact that high-speed internet access services enables its online based customers to operate online rather than using the traditional lines for calls. The internet business is also justified by the fact that online distant learning and online careers are fast-growing trends.

Most women are also seen to work online or learn about careers and career advancements. Almost all businesses have websites or intranets which needs reliable and fast internet services. This highlights the justification for investment in internet technology RD or innovation. The global market will benefit from an unprecedented array of global products, which translates into development and growth of their operations at essay on computers and technology, an affordable cost. ATT should also invest in the diffusing industry of mobile devices or smart phones which connect most of the users to hesi study, the internet without accessing computers. This will benefit its mobile customers. ATT’s corporate strategies must be formulated to accommodate the response to the market trends and the long term goals of the corporation. Besides the decision regarding where ATT is headed to, the company must ensure that the means of achieving its goals are rare, unique and not imitable. Essay? On the strategy level, the company needs to engage in networking strategy. This can be implemented through networking market and networking enterprise. Networking strategy is characterized by describe a city, scale-free supply chain, large-scale customization, leaderless management, borderless enterprise and localization.

Localization involves design, production and distribution of products according to user’s needs. By recruiting local management, ATT will benefit from the linkage to essay and technology, local markets these team servers. ATT should also focus more on the customer experience, support, application of your essay longer state of the art technology and innovation. To summarize, ATT can utilize big events such as the Olympics, Boston Marathon and Champions League Football tournament to put its products on the global spotlight. On Computers? Alkhafaji, A. (2003). Strategic management: formulation, implementation, and control in a dynamic environment. Steps? London: Routledge. ATT. (2013).

ATT Company Information . Essay On Computers And Technology? Retrieved June 2, 2013, from ATT: http://www.att.com/gen/investor-relations?pid=5711. ATT. (2013, April 10). At Night? News Release Archives . Retrieved June 2, 2013, from essay on computers ATT: http://www.att.com/gen/press-room?pid=24050cdvn=newsnewsarticleid=36309mapcode=govt_solutions. Capon, C. (2008). Understanding Strategic Management (2 ed.). New York: FT Prentice Hall. Duane, I., Hoskisson, R. (2008).

Understanding Business Strategy: Concepts and Cases. New York: Cengage Learning. Forbes. (2013, May). Describe? ATT . Retrieved June 2, 2013, from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/companies/att/ Goldsmith, M., Hu-Chan, M. (2003). Global leadership: the on computers and technology next generation. New York: Pearson education Inc Prentice hall. Hill, C., Cronk, T. (2010). Global Business. New York: McGraw Hill/Irwin. Hirschey, M. (2010).

Fundamentals of Managerial Economics. New York: Cengage Learning. LRG. 2004? (2012). Research. Retrieved June 2, 2013, from Leichtman Research Group: www.leichtmanresearch.com/research/notes04_2012.pdf. Maddock, G. M., Uriarte, L. C., Flaim, J., Miller, B. S. (2011). Brand new : Solving the innovation paradoxhow great brands invent and launch new products, services, and and technology business models. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Mckeown, M. ( 2012). Hesi Case Answers? The Strategy Book.

Financial Times Prentice Hall. Peng, M. (2008). Global strategy. On Computers And Technology? New York: Cengage Learning. Whitacre, E. Hesi Study Schizophrenia? E., Cauley, L. (2013).

American turnaround : Reinventing ATT and GM and on computers and technology the way we do business in the USA. New York: Business Plus.

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Examining The Importance Of Computer Technology - UK Essays

Grammar and Style in British English: The modern essay is a fairly short piece of work of between 500 and 3,000 words, written on a well-defined subject intended for reading in a. single session. Essay On Computers. Shorter works are known as vignettes while longer ones are called extended essays or dissertations. A doctoral thesis can. reach100,000 words, after which the work becomes book size. Like all scripts, essays draw from the your look longer two principal styles of writing, narrative and exposition. Essay. To summarise I n short, narrative is artistic writing and exposition is academic writing. This is not to say that these two forms of writing never converge.

On the contrary, the works of journalists, travel writers and biographers often draw. heavily upon the techniques of both, b ut exposition and narrative remain recognisably different styles, and how the changed essay, essays, for the most part, are written in. one or the and technology other. The narrative and expository essay each has a close relation. The descriptive essay is an offshoot of the narrative essay, and the argumentative. essay, an offshoot of the expository.

Four kinds of essay are thus discussed here, followed by a few tips on drafting the expository essay (analysing, defining or explaining) Narrative is storytelling, the chronological relation of events. It is the most natural way of writing because it is the ways essay look longer most natural way of essay on computers and technology speaking ( first I. did this and then I did that ) which is to write, why it is the most deceptively simple of styles. Consider, for example, how one person can relate an anecdote. about her children and essay, have us in fits of laughter while another does the same and steps to write an essay, bores us to distraction. Some people are skilled narrators while. What goes for speech, goes for writing. To write narrative well is on computers and technology, difficult; to write it badly in the belief that it has been written well is unfortunately all. too easy. A probable reason for this self-deception is the virtual universality of literacy.

Few among us can paint a picture or play a musical instrument, so we easily recognise the Paper skills of those who can. But everybody ‘writes’. Little wonder, then, that far more people say they are going to write a book. one day than say they are going to master the on computers violin, while they are as ill-equipped to at night essay, do the one as do the other. Essay And Technology. Many useful learn-to-write books are. available, and one of a city essay their most frequent pieces of advice is worth repeating: If you suspect it’s rubbish, it is . Writing narrative writing to entertain people might be the and technology most difficult kind of prose to write, but we have all probably attempted it. Hesi Case Study Schizophrenia Answers. The most. rudimentary examples are the time-honoured titles we tackled in primary school: 'A Rainy Day'; 'How I Spent my Summer Holidays'. More. sophisticated examples range from the short stories of such masters as Saki and O. Henry to modern novels, the consummate form of narrative. Narrative essays, in fact, usually appear in the form of short stories or biographical anecdotes, and the author, just like the novelist, needs to appeal.

to the reader's emotions and draw him into on computers, a world of the steps to write an essay author's creation. How this is achieved, of course, is more easily said than done, yet there. are several devices that can be recognised in the works of successful authors. Narrative essays and on computers and technology, short stories are often written in the first person ( I ). This lends them authenticity and allows the reader more easily to identify. with the hesi study character experiencing the events. The drawback is that the first person constrains the writer to one point of view, allowing nothing to occur. in the script that the central character does not himself or herself directly experience. There can be no he thought and essay, she thought , only I thought . While it is important in all essays to win the reader’s attention quickly, nowhere is this more important than in narrative. With an hesi study answers, expository essay, as.

we shall see, the reader is looking for information or explanation. Essay. Entertainment is a bonus. With the narrative essay, on the best american essays, the other hand, entertainment. is expected. On Computers And Technology. This initial interest can be achieved by means of the narrative hook, whereby the first few sentences capture the reader’s attention. The.

hook can be dramatic, funny, thought-provoking, mysterious or controversial, just as long as it motivates the reader to turn the crucial first few pages.. Narrative almost always focuses on some form of conflict: a conflict between people, between a person and the elements or between one person’s. desires and at night essay, conscience. A lack of conflict is essay, one of the main reasons readers give up on scripts and say that ‘nothing was happening’. Conflict also. helps to create tension and suspense, and the writer needs to learn the a city essay skill of revealing information partially and essay on computers, slowly.

The denouement (plot. resolution) finally resolves the conflict or tension and creates that sense of satisfaction that readers of narrative expect. Writers of good narrative follow the how the changed essay much-proffered advice for all story writing: Don’t tell! Show! In other words, readers should be allowed to see. characters in on computers action rather than have those actions described for them. My partner, John, had taken a new teaching post at Paper Proposal, St. Giles’, a tough. new comprehensive school, but after only a month it became obvious. that the job was wearing him down. He came home from essay, work one.

evening, looking dreadful and clearly very upset, and a city at night, announced that. I sighed as the essay on computers front door slammed again with unnecessary force. Just. four weeks at steps to write an essay, St. Giles’ Comprehensive and John was turning into essay and technology, a man. I neither knew nor liked. Hesi Schizophrenia Answers. He walked into the living room and sank into the. settee. That facial muscle had begun to twitch again as he stared at nothing.

at all. On Computers. Then he looked at me, as if surprised to find himself at home. In the same way, characters’ moods and feelings should be revealed rather than described, an end achieved by using nouns and verbs more than. adjectives and adverbs. Adverbs, in particular, are often apologies for poor narrative Samantha stared worriedly out of the window. (Describing) Samantha stared out of the window, gnawing her lower lip. (Revealing)

Sometimes, the adverbs can simply be deleted Readers want to infer the moods and feelings of characters for themselves, not be led by the nose. T he writer should also minimise the uses of he said and she said . But where necessary, it is hesi study, wiser to keep to said rather than employ the on computers and technology so-called. ‘elegant variation’ that is characteristic of the amateur: she exclaimed , he retorted . In contrast to expository essays, opinions need not be supported by how the, evidence. Feelings more than reasoned arguments are what interest the reader. Narrative enjoys considerable grammatical licence in order to represent the ways in which people speak and think. The fused sentence is never. advisable, but sentence fragments, the on computers and technology one-word ‘sentence’ and sentences that begin with conjunctions are all effective devices for emulating. thought, as if the character were actually thinking aloud How dare he talk to me like that! And in front of Katy, too.

I said. nothing. Just watched him strut off to the kitchen in his socks. Then. he cried out and swore as he stubbed his toe against the leg of the. Finally, short narratives (in distinction to Proposal, longer works such as novels) often follow one or more of the ‘unity’ principles: unity of person, place and. time. Unity of person keeps the reader in one person’s mind; unity of place keeps him in and technology the same location, rather like a scene from a play or a film; and unity of ways essay time keeps him moving in real time; there are no jumps forward ( The following day, ) and essay on computers, certainly no flashbacks.

Everything unfolds in. an unbroken duration. Although by no means rules, these principles of to write unity often make for excellent narrative . 1. Descriptive essays as such are rarely encountered outside creative-writing courses. Their nearest approximations elsewhere are passages or entire. chapters from larger works, such as novels, where the plot is temporarily suspended in order to linger on something of interest. But the description. must be graphic, not encyclopaedic. An essay describing quantum theory or describing how a bill goes through Parliament would be an expository, not a descriptive, essay.

A descriptive essay creates a vivid and colourful picture of something, along with a central mood or impression, and the. writing is sensuous, appealing to as many of the five senses as possible; at and technology, appropriate times, the a city at night writer will describe not just sight and sound, but. also touch, taste and and technology, smell. The subject of description might be almost anything: a room, a valley, a person, a storm, an erotic experience. The important thing is that the reader. feels he is changed the world, vicariously experiencing something rather than simply reading about it It was near midnight, and ever since dusk I had been tramping the naked. moors, in the teeth of as vicious a nor’-wester as ever drenched a man to. the skin, and essay on computers, then blew the cold home to his marrow. My clothes were. sodden; my coat-tails flapped with a noise like pistol shots; my boots.

squeaked as I went. Overhead, the October moon was in her last quarter, and might have been a slice of finger-nail for all the Paper Proposal light she afforded. Two-thirds of the time the wrack blotted her out altogether; and I, with. my stick clipped tight under my armpit, eyes puckered up, and head bent. aslant, had to keep my wits alive to distinguish the road from the black. heath to right and essay on computers, left. Ways Your Look Longer. For three hours I had met neither man nor man’s. dwelling, and (for all I knew) was desperately lost. On Computers And Technology. Indeed, at the cross- roads two miles back, there had been nothing for me but to choose the. way that kept the wind on describe at night essay, my face, and it gnawed me like a dog. (Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders’) 2.

Expository and essay on computers and technology, argumentative essays are the ones most commonly encountered in academia, and are much more formal compositions than those. described above. Exposition means ‘explaining’, ‘analysing’ or ‘defining’, and steps to write an essay, the subject of an expository essay is anything so exposed: the meaning. of a poem, a political doctrine, a philosophical idea, the causes of on computers a war, an economic development and computer the world essay, so forth. The exposition, moreover, is. precise. Essay On Computers. A philosophy essay, for example, will need scrupulously to define its central concepts, a task that requires a fastidiousness of thought for.

which the computer changed impressionistic language of narrative is wholly unsuited. In some cases (explained below), elements of narrative might be permissible, but. this shifts the essay on computers and technology essay closer to the journalistic article, a move of which some academics might disapprove. As we might remember from school, the expository essay comprises three sections: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The introduction typically consists of about ten per cent of the essay and normally includes a thesis statement: usually one or two sentences that. explain the purpose of the essay. The thesis statement is to the best american essays 2004, the essay what the topic sentence is to the paragraph: a brief outline of what is to.

follow. On Computers And Technology. Its length and position, however, will be determined by the nature of the Paper material and by the reader’s requirements, although it should not. normally appear later than the second paragraph. In the most intellectually demanding of essays, the entire introduction might be a virtual thesis statement, forming, so to speak, the writer’s briefing. to her readers before taking them on a journey. That journey is likely to be difficult, so her readers will need a map. They will need to know their. destination and what the main stopping places are to on computers, be along the way.

And while there might be a few relevant diversions en route , there will be no. radical change of essay direction from that plotted in the introduction (which is why the essay on computers and technology introduction is often the last part of the essay to be written). In this. way, the introduction becomes an encapsulation of the entire essay, including the conclusion To examine the concept of 2004 justice in Plato’s Republic , we need first to. distinguish the several ways in which that concept can be understood.

Having outlined the four principal meanings of the word, we shall. proceed to investigate which (or which combination) of them the. Platonic Socrates most likely has in mind in his dialogues, first with. Glaucon and and technology, then Thrasymachus. We shall conclude that the.

preponderant concept is steps to write an essay, distributive justice, with possible connotations. of remedial justice, and that, given Socrates’ paradoxical belief that ‘no. one does wrong willingly’, retributive justice does not figure at essay on computers and technology, all. Assuming the describe at night essay reader to be familiar with Plato’s Republic , he now has a fairly good idea of what to expect from the essay. And Technology. He knows from the hesi study opening.

clause that the purpose is to examine Platonic justice, while the rest of the paragraph (and there might be two or three) brings the thesis more sharply. into focus for him. An introduction such as this might also include an explanation of any unfamiliar or stipulated terms to be used in the essay ( We. shall understand procedural justice to mean ), but it is arguably wiser to deal with them as they occur in the body of the essay where they are likely. to be better remembered. In expository essays of a less intellectually rigorous nature, the essay and technology thesis statements will be correspondingly shorter The subject of inquiry is how AIDS is Paper Proposal, being combated in developing. The problem to essay, be addressed is why, in spite of the government’s ban. on hand guns, there has been a dramatic rise in armed crime since the.

What do we mean by at night, ‘freedom of the essay press’? This is the a city at night question we. shall attempt to answer. The evidence will be considered both for and against the claim that. David Copperfield was Dickens’s clandestine autobiography. Jazz is arguably America’s greatest contribution to world culture. Here. we will examine its three main early influences: ragtime, gospel and the. Note the specificity of the statements and that the ‘statements’ can actually be questions. A thesis statement that proposes to discuss ‘the problem. of AIDS’ or ‘the problem of armed crime’ could be considered rather too general.

The most natural place for the thesis statement is at the beginning. As the opening sentence or sentences, the statement immediately informs the. reader of what the essay is to be about before he settles down to read it. This is probably the wisest course if the essay on computers essay is being written for an. exclusively academic readership (e.g. a college tutor). If, on the other hand, the essay is to appeal to the wider readership of, say, a magazine, the.

writer might wish to build up some interest before coming to Research Proposal, the thesis statement. This technique, called funnelling, feeds the and technology reader a little. anecdotal information that gradually tapers to the thesis statement, usually at the end of the how the computer changed essay first paragraph. Suppose, for example, that the topic is to be the surprise result of the and technology 1992 British general election. If the work is an undergraduate politics essay, the writer would be wise to Research Proposal, open with the essay and technology thesis statement The topic of investigation is why, in the run up to the general election of.

April 1992, the opinion polls so spectacularly failed to predict a Conservative. If, instead, the a city work is to appear in on computers a journal or magazine, the how the writer might choose to funnel it with an introduction such as this On the morning of essay on computers 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Labour. Party since 1983, was in to write an essay buoyant mood. He had good reason to be. Under.

the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession since. the 1930s, and the devaluation crisis of ‘Black Wednesday’ was still. painfully fresh in people’s minds. Essay And Technology. He sensed victory, and the opinion polls. encouraged him.

Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to walk back. through the 2004 door of Number Ten to lead his party in and technology its fourth consecutive. term of office. Why, then, did the opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Here, the writer has included an describe at night essay, element of narrative in her exposition in order to generate interest in readers who, unlike college tutors, are under no. obligation to read the script.

Assuming all the research has been completed, the writer now has to organise her information into a coherent body of paragraphs, each setting out. one or more points that develop the and technology thesis statement. Research. This can be done in a number of on computers and technology ways, but it is worth noting that readers tend to remember the. beginning and the end of the body more than the hesi case study schizophrenia middle. The recommended technique, therefore, is to arrange the material into a hierarchy of. arguments from the most to the least important and then to essay, present them accordingly. To continue with our election example, this might be achieved.

In her notes, suppose, the writer has randomly listed six explanations of a city essay why the polls were so wide of the mark 1. So-called ‘floating voters’ are notoriously fickle and apt to change. their minds even in the polling booth. campaign against the Labour Party in the last few days before the. 3. Although John Major presented a softer image than Margaret. Thatcher, the essay and technology latter’s ‘uncaring’ legacy was such that many.

Conservative supporters were afraid of being perceived as immoral. by revealing their party allegiance to the opinion pollsters. 4. Opinion pollsters need quick, unambiguous answers, and Conservative. supporters are traditionally more circumspect about case schizophrenia, their voting. intentions than their Labour counterparts. 5. Opinion pollsters are almost always racing against the clock, and among. their temptations is to avoid knocking the doors of houses with long. drives, the more likely dwellings of Conservative supporters. 6. The Labour Party seemed to be celebrating victory prematurely, and. many of their potential voters resented this ‘arrogance’.

These six points will comprise the body of the essay and the writer now has to arrange them in order of importance. The first thing she spots is that only three of these points specifically address the essay on computers 1992 election as opposed to elections in case answers general, namely 2, 3. and 6. These, then, are the most important topics and will somehow be arranged to appear at on computers, the beginning and essay, the end of the body. Of these, the on computers writer might now decide that the press campaign (2) has the essay greatest explanatory value. For while the Tories’ uncaring image (3) and. Labour’s premature celebrations (6) were contributory factors, they were nothing like as decisive in thwarting the and technology opinion polls as the final press. onslaught on Labour’s taxation policy led by The Sun . Point 2, then, will be the last to be made and will be given full paragraph status. Next, she. decides that point 6 is more important than point 3, so 6 will come somewhere in the first paragraph and 3 in the penultimate.

So far, then, the arrangement of the describe essay six-point body is Of the remaining points, those most likely to provide new and on computers, interesting information to the reader are probably the problems and practices of opinion. pollsters (4 and 5), while the the best american 2004 prevarication of floating voters (1) is fairly common knowledge. In fact, our writer decides that 1 has the essay on computers least explanatory. value and computer the world, might as well be got quickly out of the way in a dependent clause as a point of small consequence Here, then, is the completed body with the introductory paragraph again On the morning of 9 April, 1992, Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Labour. Party since 1983, was in buoyant mood. Essay. He had good reason to be. Under the Conservatives, Britain was going through its worst recession. since the 1930s and the devaluation crisis of ways to make longer ‘Black Wednesday’ was. still painfully fresh in essay people’s minds.

He sensed victory, and the opinion. polls encouraged him. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. Thirty-six hours later, notwithstanding 39 Tory losses and 42 Labour. Gains, it was clear that John Major would be the man to walk back. through the door of Number Ten to the best american 2004, lead his party in its fourth consecutive. term of office. Why, then, did the opinion polls so spectacularly fail? Apart from the notoriously fickle behaviour of floating voters, who have. been known to prevaricate even with the pencil in their hands (1) , the. Labour machine was celebrating victory early.

No one admires pessimism. in politics, but this flamboyant optimism - the almost indecent haste of. moving the essay on computers and technology Kinnock furniture into Number Ten before the count had. properly begun - was perceived as rather un-British. This would almost. certainly have been enough to tip the scales to the Tories for potentially. first-time Labour supporters (6) . A second reason is the considerable difficulty opinion polls encounter in. acquiring truly representative samples. Pollsters require neat unambiguous. answers, and Labour supporters are traditionally more forthcoming in steps this.

respect than their Conservative counterparts (4) . To exacerbate the essay problem, they are almost always racing against the clock, and among their temptations. is to avoid knocking the doors of houses with long drives, the more likely. dwellings of Conservative supporters (5) . Odd though it might seem, another factor that contributed to the inaccurate. predictions was embarrassment. For thirteen years, the changed the world essay image of essay on computers the. Conservative Party had inexorably been hardening.

During Margaret. Thatcher’s premiership, it came to ways essay longer, be seen, rightly or wrongly, as the party. of naked capitalism, a capitalism no longer tempered by essay, the noblesse oblige. of gentleman Tories such as Edward Heath and Lord Carrington. Both by. her rhetoric and her deeds, the Iron Lady seemed to have revived the.

nineteenth-century belief that it is a necessary condition of progress that the. weak go to the wall. That John Major might have presented a softer image. could make no impact on the legacy of how the computer the world successive governments that were. clandestinely privatising the health service and binding the and technology hands of trade. unions with legal tape.

Little wonder, then, that many of its supporters were. reluctant to stand and be counted (3) . No one, however, was prepared for the unprecedented onslaught against the. Labour Party led by The Sun . In just a few days, the paper managed to turn. the tide to the Tories’ advantage by raising the 2004 spectre of Labour’s taxation. policy (‘Will the last person to leave Britain please turns off the lights’).

Notwithstanding that many of those frightened by essay and technology, the tax Bogey Man were the. low waged who stood materially to benefit by Labour’s progressive income tax, the campaign succeeded, sealing Labour’s fate and causing some red faces. among the professional pollsters (2) . Different and better constructions of the body might be possible, but the principle remains: priority is best given to the beginning and the end. One of the weaknesses of conclusions sometimes is that they exist at all. Having produced a reasonably good essay, the the best american essays writer will often feel. constrained to write ‘a conclusion’ because this is and technology, what she has been told she should do, not realising that she might already have concluded it. well. To Write An Essay. What, for example, could fruitfully be added to our sample essay on the 1992 election? If we accept that the main purpose of a conclusion is.

to confirm that the essay has fulfilled its thesis statement, then there is really nothing more to say. At 500 words, on the other hand, our sample. essay is very short. In longer essays, with a correspondingly greater number of paragraphs in support of the thesis statement, the case for a formal. conclusion would be stronger. What, then, should a conclusion look like? Firstly, it should not merely be a summary of the essay; it must have. something original to essay on computers, say. Secondly, any questions set in the introduction or essay title should be explicitly answered.

The evidence will have been. provided in the body and now is the time to formulate it into answers. These answers might be preceded by a summary of the the best essays 2004 arguments that. appeared in essay on computers the body, but only if those arguments have been sufficiently great in case schizophrenia number or sufficiently complex to warrant one. A summing up in our. short essay above would be unnecessary and appear amateurish. Thirdly, the conclusion might be an inference drawn from the evidence of the body. Had it run to 2,000 words, say, the conclusion of our essay on the 1992 election might look like this Predicting human behaviour, then, is perhaps an art more than a science.

However much the opinion pollsters agonise over their ‘blunder’ of 1992, it is inescapably the case that the factors influencing human conduct are. ones that are not easily amenable to scientific study. Lastly, the conclusion could draw the reader’s attention to the wider implications of the thesis statement, indicating that there are other important. questions which can be raised. It will be beyond the scope of the essay on computers and technology present essay to answer these questions, but they can be posed in order to. stimulate interest and how the computer the world, further research. For example, should polling organisations consider how they might achieve more representative samples?

Should the apparent power of the essay and technology press be a cause for ways essay look, concern? In order to investigate the essay on computers and technology relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, I first interviewed five people from the best american essays 2004, social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, I interviewed five people from. the same grades who consistently voted Conservative.

This way of writing is probably the one that comes most naturally to us all, and the way an uninstructed first-year might produce her first expository. essay. The passage is clear and grammatically correct, but the use of the essay on computers and technology first person I is inappropriate. To make matters worse, the ways to make essay longer writer is using the first person to describe what she is doing rather than what she is thinking. The reader does not need. to be told who carried out the research since the essay on computers author’s name will be on the document. In the text, the writer should concern herself only with what. was done and what was discovered, not with the 2004 fact that it was she who did or discovered it. On Computers And Technology. As we shall see, the first person is sometimes justified.

in the argumentative essay to express the writer’s opinions, but mere exposition should be completely impersonal. One method by which this impersonality might be achieved (and the method sometimes recommended) is to use the more detached third person In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, the author first interviewed five people from social. grades C2 and D who consistently voted Labour. Next, she interviewed five. people from the same grades who consistently voted Conservative. But this merely adds affectation to to make essay look longer, the problem. The writer is still drawing attention to herself by on computers, explaining what she did, succeeding only in. compounding the issue by ways to make longer, the inauthentic and archaic practice of essay on computers and technology referring to herself as if she were someone else.

A better technique is to avoid reference to herself altogether In order to investigate the relationship between working-class occupations. and voting behaviour, five people were interviewed from at night essay, social grades C2. and D who consistently voted Labour. On Computers And Technology. Next, five people from the same. grades were interviewed who consistently voted Conservative. The writer is now well out of sight. That the people in the survey were interviewed by her is ways to make look, understood but unsaid. The writer has maintained. authorial invisibility by using passive rather than active sentences. But the drawback with a series of passive sentences is that they can make. for rather dull reading.

One way around this problem is for the author to combine passive sentences with active ones in which he survey, or its. results, are the subject rather than she herself The results of the essay on computers survey show that (active with a third-person subject) Another of the writer’s options is to use the first-person plural we as the subject of active clauses and sentences. It is straying a little into informal. territory, but it is established academic practice and has the advantage of engaging the describe reader by creating the impression that he is sitting side- by-side with the author As can be seen from the diagram (passive and formal) As we can see from the diagram (active, engaging and formally acceptable) What conclusions can be drawn from essay and technology, this? What conclusions can we draw from this?

Two things need to be clarified We need to be clear about two things In expository essays, then, the writer is best advised to keep her head down by using a combination of • active sentences in an essay which the subject is the research method. (the survey, interview, questionnaire, experiment, etc.) (the author and her readers) In a sense, all academic essays are argumentative. The explanations and definitions of expository essays can always be challenged, so that even.

they have a necessarily persuasive element. But argumentative or persuasive essays, per on computers se, are much more explicitly prescriptive compositions. and are generally encountered at and above the undergraduate rung of the academic ladder. Such essays (called papers if they are published or read to learned societies) might ostensibly appear as expository essays that purport merely. to explain something, but the original, radical or controversial nature of that explanation transforms them into look, argumentative essays. Sir Isaiah. Berlin’s essay, ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’, 3 for example, sets out ‘to examine’ two kinds of freedom, but it rapidly becomes clear that the on computers and technology definitions.

are not ones with which everyone will agree. The essay thus becomes argumentative by virtue of the opposition it sets out to the best american essays, attract. But argumentative does not mean ‘belligerent’ (although academics can be as churlish and vindictive as anyone else). There is a world of difference. between persuading someone of something and merely winning an essay on computers, argument. The polemics of the party-political pamphlet, or the diatribes of. ‘Disgusted’ in the correspondence pages of the the best local newspaper, have no place in an argumentative essay. Such scripts must be just what they claim. to be: argumentative, not a series of unsubstantiated or one-sided claims. It takes at on computers and technology, least two to argue, so that the essay must either express at least. two points of view (one challenged and the other defended) or be ‘one-sided’ only in the sense of throwing down the academic gauntlet.

If the former. technique is steps an essay, chosen, the author must create a genuine dialogue of ideas with her opponent, real or imaginary, expressing the opposing view fairly and. acknowledging any difficulties with her own. Equally importantly, there can be no and-that’s-an-end-of-the-matter tone in an argumentative essay. There is, and can be, no end to academic.

debate, and an essay’s conclusion will necessarily be one with which readers can disagree. If disagreement is not possible, then the argument has. been circular or tautologous. No academic argument is impenetrable, and every one is an and technology, invitation to further understanding. How The Computer Changed The World. The purpose of the. argumentative essay is to show that the writer’s point of view is plausible and internally consistent, not that it is absolutely and incontestably true. The structure of the argumentative essay is the same as that of the expository essay discussed above. The main stylistic difference between expository and argumentative essays concerns person.

For while the first-person singular I is inappropriate in. the expository essay, it is occasionally permissible in on computers and technology the argumentative essay where the author is expressing a personal opinion. Even so, an over- abundance of such expressions as I think and to write an essay, it seems to me smack of egotism and can irritate the reader. It is therefore wise to be frugal with the. The first person can, of course, be used freely in essay and technology the early stages as the writer gathers her thoughts, but most occurrences are easily banished in. the drafting stages. The simplest way is often to how the computer the world, delete them. Thus In my opinion, Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses. Herzberg’s theory has two major weaknesses.

But in what circumstances may the author legitimately raise her head? Firstly, in cases where she herself has not set the essay, the title itself can. be a guide. For example, 'How Plausible is Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation?' does not invite the use of the essay on computers and technology first person in steps an essay quite the same. way as 'How plausible do you consider Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of Motivation to be?' Secondly, as noted earlier, the first person should never. be used to describe what the author did, but only what she thinks.

First-person statements are best kept to a minimum, reserved for the most important or thought-provoking ideas in the script or, occasionally, to. It seems to essay and technology, me, then, that the reasons for the fall in the birth rate have. less to do with the advent of oral contraception than the conscious decision. by women to how the changed the world, balance their careers with their family commitments. However, I am less sure of Jones’s (2001) claim that such a fall could have resulted. But even here, the and technology first person can be avoided if the writer feels it is in danger of overuse. Thus the how the changed the world opening of the first sentence is on computers and technology, easily changed.

Arguably, then, the study schizophrenia answers reasons for the fall in the birth rate while the opening of the second sentence can be changed to Less convincing, however, is Jones’s (2001) claim that Few writers will produce a satisfactory essay in one sitting. Most will find themselves with a lengthy first draft in considerable need of pruning and. refining before it meets the requirements of quality and size a task that can involve more work than was spent on the research. But while sweat. is necessary, tears are not. If the writer is essay and technology, faced with the distressing prospect of hesi schizophrenia answers having to essay and technology, dispose of substantial, well-written passages on which.

considerable effort has been spent, then those passages are either irrelevant to Research Proposal, the thesis statement or the and technology consequences of its overdevelopment. Let us deal with irrelevance first. A dangerous temptation for the unwary is to focus on a key word or phrase in the essay title and then to write down all that is Paper, known about it, which. more often than not involves needless definition. The writer, that is, will unnecessarily define or explain a concept when what is required is the. application of that concept to explain something else. Take, for example, the essay title, 'Assess the value of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with. reference to a business organisation'.

Some students will immediately plunge in essay with something like this Maslow’s Hierarchy comprises five levels of need from low to high which. people seek to hesi case, satisfy in essay on computers and technology ascending order: (1) physiological needs (such as. food, water and shelter); (2) safety needs (security and freedom from. danger); (3) social needs (affection and acceptance in groups); (4) esteem. needs (being valued and respected by others); and (5) self-fulfilling needs. True but irrelevant. The Best Essays 2004. The writer has wasted time (and probably marks) defining Maslow’s Hierarchy instead of getting on with the business of. assessing its value The investigation into Anyfirm revealed how it is possible to descend.

Maslow’s Hierarchy as well as ascend it. It became evident from the. interviews with the on computers and technology staff that, following the announcement of possible. redundancies, there was now far less concern with the satisfaction of the. higher needs and a corresponding increase in concern with the lower. With their jobs under threat, the lofty goal of to make essay longer self-fulfilment was sacrificed.

for the humbler and more urgent goal of essay on computers and technology job security. That the writer understands Maslow’s theory is apparent from its application. Overdevelopment, on the other hand, is the result of poor planning. Academics writing papers for how the computer the world, publication usually have some discretion in. respect of the length of their work. The hapless student does not.

A victim of her own enthusiasm, she can find herself with a script so far in. excess of what is admissible that to prune it without mutilation becomes impossible. What needs to be remembered is that writing an essay of on computers and technology two or three thousand words is like furnishing a small living room; we can acquire some. beautiful items but, without the space, they merely transform the room into an obstacle course. All we need is a centrepiece (the thesis statement) and a few well-chosen, coordinated items (the supporting arguments and conclusion). Research Proposal. As the body of the essay is essay on computers, being constructed, therefore, the. writer should get a feel for the size of her creation and realise, sooner rather than later, whether it is going to fit into how the computer the world, the available space.

This is not. to say that interesting digressions should be ignored. They can be noted for future development, but it must be realised that they are unlikely to. find a place in the current essay. These errors aside, the purpose of the drafting stages will be to refine the and technology work in order to achieve optimum clarity and to rid it of dross. Advice on. how to achieve these ends can be found in the sections on expletive sentences and clichés, pleonasms and verbosity. Steps. The remainder of this page. consists of a few reminders. It is a well-known fact that

It has often been said that There can be little doubt that All these verbose phrases are easily replaced with adverbs such as doubtless , evidently , generally , naturally and so forth. We can also shorten expressions and and technology, improve the quality of English at the same time When he had written his business plan, he arranged an case answers, interview with. His business plan written, he arranged an interview with his bank. The research showed that, as far as the and technology electorate is concerned, monetary union is not an to write, important issue. The research showed that monetary union is on computers, not an the best american 2004, important electoral issue.

Very often, we need make no change except to delete the expression Ed Miliband was elected as the Leader of the Labour Party in 2010. The interviewees were questioned, the forms were collected and essay on computers and technology, the. Most of Bach’s orchestral works were written while he was in Cöthen. He specialised in selling while his partner specialised in accounts. No one else but the computer essay secretary is on computers and technology, allowed to sign cheques. Other windbags include in spite of the fact that notwithstanding that.

in view of the fact that because. on a daily basis daily, every day. the question as to whether whether. We can also weed out the describe a city tautologies. Essay On Computers And Technology. Each of the following, for example, should have one word deleted Finally, we should also guard against our own naïvety. All writers want to impress their readers, but using verbosity to disguise a commonplace is. not the way to case, do it The investigation method used to obtain the information necessary to. complete this essay was the on computers and technology questionnaire. of seven words, or forty-four per cent of the sentence)

Some writers also fail to realise that what for them is a new discovery is common knowledge to their readers. They are consequently fond of the. grand announcement, rather like a drum roll before a circus feat that ends in a flop In 1513, a man by the name of Machiavelli wrote a book entitled, The. Machiavelli’s Prince appeared in 1513. (A reduction of ten words, or sixty- seven per cent of the sentence) In these ways, the writer takes up more and more slack until the final version is as taut as a piano wire, the entire essay employing a minimum. number of Research Paper Proposal words working at maximum capacity. 1 Among the many well-crafted short stories that exemplify one or more of these principles of unity are the following: Roald Dahl, ‘ The Hitch-Hiker ’ , in William Pattrick (ed.), Duel: Horror Stories of the essay and technology Road , W. H. How The Changed Essay. Allen, London, 1987, pp. 211 23 ; Ernest Hemingway, ‘Hills Like White Elephants ’ , in Hemingway: Men Without Women , Grafton Books, Collins Publishing Group, London, 1977, pp. 44 48; Richard Matheson, ‘Duel ’ , in William.

Pattrick (ed.), op. cit ., pp. 149 73; Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Two Householders: Memoirs of Gabriel Foot, Highwayman’ in Selected Short. Stories , Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1957, pp. 49 60; and Saki (H. H. On Computers. Munro), ‘The Open Window ’ , in The Penguin Complete Saki , Penguin. Books, Harmondsworth, 1984, pp. 259 62. 2 Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, op. cit . 3 Sir Isaiah Berlin, ‘ Two Concepts of Liberty ’ in Anthony Quinton (ed.), Political Philosophy , OUP, London, 1967, pp.

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resume spelled right You’ve reached one of the best sources for and technology, resume information anywhere. The discussion below, about the to write an essay, surprisingly intricate question of how to spell “resumé,” is just one example of how deeply I’ve gotten into every aspect of resumes. There’s a lot of information on this site that you won’t find put together in one place anywhere else. Essay And Technology. (Be sure to add it to your favorites.) Some of that information will change the way you think about resumes—and make your job search a lot more successful and a lot less worrisome. I don’t settle for the myths that the majority of resumé writers and advisersincluding some so-called “experts”have repeated endlessly for hesi study, years without ever thinking to check them. Some of those mythslike the “functional resumé” or the essay on computers, one-page resumé for experienced peoplecan wreck your job search all by Proposal themselves. Read more about these “Killer Myths” on the Tips F.A.Q. page.

You’ll find the #1 Resume Tip on that page especially helpful, too. The FAQ section of the Tips FAQ page takes you right to answers to some commonly asked questions. Look through the Resumé Glossary, with definitions and in-depth information about essay and technology, resume terminology and technology. There’s also a unique guide to Shopping For Resume Services. Check the how the computer changed essay, Testimonials page for comments from my clients about the difference my expertise makes.

And then take a look at the home page to start finding out how I work. This expertise means that I can give exceptional value for your money, even compared to other resume services in the same price range. And the payback to essay on computers and technology you for schizophrenia answers, that extra quality can be immense. All factors considered, I think “resumé” (one accent), though it has no historical basis, is the best spelling for on computers, this word when used as an describe at night, English word to refer to a summary of someone’s qualifications for employment. This spelling has, in fact, become increasingly accepted over essay on computers and technology, the last twenty or thirty years. “Resumé” in this sense is an English word, not a French one. It’s not pronounced like the american 2004, French word. And it doesn’t even have this meaning in FrenchFrench, like British and International English, uses the Latin term “curriculum vitae,” or “CV” for short. (Both terms have a narrower sense in the U.S.) With both its pronunciation and its meaning changed, “resumé” can well be said to have become completely assimilated to essay on computers English. Many other French words went the the best american 2004, same route centuries ago, with the essay on computers, accents usually dropped. Since it’s not a French word (in this sense), the accents can be dispensed with unless they are necessary to show pronunciation.

But in this particular word, the Research, accent over the final -e is still necessary, to indicate pronunciation and to essay on computers and technology distinguish “resumé” from the verb “resume.” (In addition, the the best 2004, spelling with two accents is awkward in English because, in the English pronunciation, the first “é” stands for a different sound than does the essay and technology, second.) This is not a question the average job-seeker needs to sweat over. The Best American. “Resumé” and “résumé” are always acceptable. “Resume” is very widely accepted too, though it should be avoided in fields where language skills are highly valued. Whichever spelling you prefer, make sure you use it consistently (except in the case of e-mailssee below). On Computers. But make sure you read the following important technical note: IN PLAIN TEXT IT’S SPELLED DIFFERENTLY . The Best American Essays 2004. . . At least in essay and technology the U.S., accented characterslike the “é” in resuméshould never be used in plain-text documents, such as e-mails and Web forms. Since accented characters are not part of the ASCII character set that is still a standard for much software in the U.S., they sometimes get converted to other characters or combinations of characters, and show up as nonsense characters on the recipient’s end. In these documents, “resume,” without accents, is safest. It’s also best to avoid using accented characters in filenamesespecially if you’re sending the files to someone else.

HOW TO TYPE THE ACCENT. In Windows: In Word, you can type Ctl-' (that is, hold down the Control and apostrophe keys at the same time) and then press the ‘e’ key. In other Windows applications, use Alt-130 (that is, hold down the Alt key while typing 130 in the numeric keypad the all-numbers section on the right of most full-sized keyboards). On a Mac: Press Option-e and then press the ‘e’ key. The Best American Essays. Unix systems are less standardized in this respect. Try Compose-e-'. If your keyboard doesn’t have a Compose key, you can probably map that function to an existing key, such as right-Alt.

By the way, it’s an accent, not an and technology, apostrophe these are two completely different things. There’s one way to spell it that’s always totally wrong: with an describe essay, apostrophe instead of an accent, like this: resume’. If you spell it with no accents (resume), well, that’s the only way to spell it in plain text, and in other cases, the and technology, reader will assume that you can’t be bothered to type the describe, accent. They may or may not downgrade you on that score. But if you spell it with an apostrophe instead of an essay and technology, accent, they’ll see that you don’t even know what the accent is. You don’t have to sweat over the spelling of “resumé.” But as a professional writer I have to make a considered decision about which spelling to use, and want to choose the best if one is even a little better than the others.

When you start looking closely at the question of how to spell the name of that vital piece of paper, it gets rather more complicated than most spelling questions are, because there are an unusual number of factors involved. In this case, sorting out those factors, weighing them, and steps to write working out the best balance between them is a matter for on computers and technology, painstaking thought by experienced professional language mechanics with some specialized linguistic knowledge. At Night Essay. I’ve had my shot at it, and the conclusions above are based on that effort. In case you’re interested, I’ve written down the essay on computers, details below. THE WHOLE THING.

The spelling with two accents follows the French spelling, but in the case of “résumé,” that spelling is problematic when used by English-speakers, for Research Paper Proposal, reasons given below. Omitting both the accents follows the normal English practice with assimilated foreign words, but this, too, is problematic in and technology the case of this particular word. The spelling with one accent, which offers a solution to describe at night both problems, seems to be a recent development that is increasingly accepted in English usage. Good English dictionaries in the past generally gave “résumé” as the reference spelling, and recognized “resume” (no accents) as well. For instance, “resumé” isn’t found in the first edition of the Random House Dictionary (unabridged, 1966) or the full Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., 1989).

More recent editions of essay on computers authoritative dictionaries ( Random House Dictionary , 2nd ed., 1987; American Heritage Dictionary , 3rd ed., 1992; and the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 5th ed., 2002) also recognize “resumé.” The fourth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary (2000) gives “resumé” as the reference spelling. The Shorter Oxford notes that the spelling “resumé” (one accent) is particularly associated with the 2004, sense of on computers and technology a summary of employment qualifications, which sense is how the computer changed the world essay “chiefly North American.” The pronunciation “REH-zoo-may” is standard in essay on computers English regardless of spelling or sense. (French also places the primary stress on Proposal the first syllable, though the stress is not as noticeable as it is in English.) Good writers don’t depart from historical spelling without some strong reason that is widely recognized, and then only in those rare cases where there is no stronger reason for retaining the and technology, historical spelling. An Essay. The development of a consensus about such changes takes time, even when the essay and technology, questions are simple enough to be decided by the accumulation of decisions made on the fly by knowledgeable writers. In the steps, case of the word “resumé,” however, there are an unusual number of conflicting factors bearing on the question. This complicates and slows down the evolutionary process.

Conscious, detached thought, and a bit of research, are required to sort out the issues decisively. At the same time, it’s not an urgent matter even for essay on computers, most language specialists. So it’s likely that few qualified people have ever sat down and tried to weigh all the factors and find the best resolution to the conflicts. And in any case, it would take time for word to get around. Research Paper Proposal. This, perhaps, is why “resumé” is only shown in recent dictionaries. Essay. (The article on “résumé” at http://en.wiktionary.org/ is a good one. The postings I’ve seen on Web discussion forums only demonstrate the inadequacy of casual opinions on american essays 2004 this particular questionwhether they come from laymen or, worse, from the essay, second-rate professionals who are the Research Proposal, source of most of the writings on language and grammar seen by the public.

This includes some books that pass for style guides in and technology some offices.) In the essays 2004, case of “resumé,” there is a strong reason for essay, making a change from the historical spelling. As an study schizophrenia, English word, the spelling “résumé” seems inescapably awkward, given the actual English pronunciation of the word. Essay On Computers. That’s because writing two accents here gives conflicting cues to an English-speaker. With the English pronunciation, if the word is spelled with two accents, the same sign represents two different sounds in the same wordin the first syllable, ‘é’ is essays 2004 pronounced like the short ‘e’ in bet, in and technology the third syllable it is pronounced like the long ‘a’ in “may.” (That sort of ambiguity, of course, is notoriously common with English spellingbut not within the same word, and not with written accents. Research Paper Proposal. “Résumé,” as far as I know, is the only word used in English that presents an essay on computers and technology, ambiguous case with written accents, so there is no group of similar cases that can constitute a generally accepted rule for the best american essays 2004, pronunciation. A native familiarity with English spelling doesn’t help us in on computers and technology the case of relatively recent foreign borrowings like this.)

Furthermore, there is describe no strong reason for retaining the first accent in the English word. Except in foreign words and phrases (which are normally italicized in print), English never writes accents unless they are absolutely necessary to indicate pronunciation. The first accent in “résumé” is not reflected in the English pronunciation. If it were, I’d say “ray-zoo-may,” not “reh-zoo-may.” (If I were speaking French, I’d say “hray-zoo-may.”) Someone reading “résumé” knows, of course, how the word is pronounced. But there’s still a hitch in the reading while the signs are interpreted. If there are too many little hitches like this, they add up to and technology a document that is difficult to read, which distracts the reader from the an essay, content and creates a bad impression.

Good writing eliminates such hitches wherever possiblebecause if they aren’t eliminated wherever possible, they quickly add up to essay bad writing. Therefore, when “resumé” is used as a fully assimilated English word, with a meaning it doesn’t have in French, we should feel free to dispense with the first accent. The second accent, however, is still highly desirable for the purpose of distinguishing “resumé” from the verb “resume,” and more generally for the purpose of american indicating that, unlike most words in essay on computers English with a final -e, the final syllable is pronounced. (That’s why proper English spelling requires that we keep the French accent on in words like “café.”) Used in English for this purpose, “resumé” is case answers not a partial (and therefore incorrect) preservation of the on computers and technology, French spelling. It is an ad hoc, unhistorical improvisation of the sort that has long been used in a few exceptional cases where historical spellings and normal spelling conventions yield results that are consistently felt as awkward even by practiced English-speakers. Another instance of such unhistorical improvisation that is how the changed sometimes seen is the spelling “uncoordinated” (with a diaeresis over the second ‘o’). Regular English spelling conventions call for “uncoordinated,” which, as with “coordinated,” suggests a wrong pronunciation (and makes an American think of essay on computers and technology light beer). The usual device of a hyphen (as in “co-ordinated”) yields “unco-ordinated.” This looks even worse than “uncoordinated” since, especially if one is being historically conscious, only prefixes allow the option of hyphenation, because they are grammatically distinct. But unlike “co-,” “unco” is not a prefix. (As readers of Robert Burns know, it can stand alone as an steps to write, adjective or adverbbut that’s Scots, not standard English.) “Unco-” in “uncoordinated” is, to be sure, a joining of essay two prefixes.

But since combinations of two prefixes are somewhat unusual, and their separation from the main word by ways to make your essay longer hyphens quite rare, “unco-,” when first seen, prompts the on computers and technology, mind to try to interpret it as a single prefix, which leads to a dead end. To avoid this hitch, the spelling “un-co-ordinated” would be required, which is Research Proposal carrying things much too far. On Computers And Technology. So the diaeresis is brought in instead, to signify that both the first and second ‘o’ are pronounced. Lest I carry this treatise unco far, I will stop, and a city essay place further discussions in the following appendix, if anyone wants to go farther. It could be argued that, because English does put the primary stress on the first syllablein contradistinction to the verb “resume”the first accent therefore has some use for indicating this pronunciation. Essay On Computers And Technology. I believe, however, that there is no real necessity for this. Subject to correction by specialists in English phonology, it seems to ways your longer me that it’s natural for someone starting to read the word “resumé” to put the primary stress on the first syllable. That’s because in English, a three-syllable word with a secondary accent on the last syllable, normally (again, as it seems to me) gets the primary stress on the first syllable.

Stressed syllables within a word are normally separated by one or more unstressed syllables, making for a sort of underlying rhythm. (It’s on essay the basis of ways to make essay longer this rhythm that everyday speech improvises more subtle nuances of intonationjust as formal poetry does with its more rigorous rhythmic schemes.) In “resumé,” it would be contrary to habit to have the primary stress on essay on computers and technology the second syllable, immediately followed by the secondary stressand the accent on the final syllable definitely indicates some stress there. So there’s no need to write an accent to ways to make your essay look longer indicate the primary stress on essay on computers the first syllable. English-speakers (or at least, American-speakers) only rarely use the at night essay, borrowed French word in its original, general sense, to mean “a brief summary” of whatever is being spoken of. If you do use it in on computers this sense, I think it’s best to avoid ambiguity by treating the an essay, word as a foreign borrowing: spell it résumé , and perhaps italicize it as a foreign term. The anglicized pronunciation (“REH-zoo-may”), however, is still correct for this sense when used in English speech.

Using the Frenchified English “RAY-zoo-may” is also an option, especially if it’s being thought of essay as a borrowed French word. Like most English “French,” it’s really a half measure. However, pronouncing the ‘r’ à la française would be going too far, if you’re speaking English. English-speaking listeners who don’t know French well will think you have something wrong with your throat. Those who do know French well will think, quite correctly, that the hypercorrect pronunciation is an affectation. Office hours: MondayFriday, noon6 Central Time. Evening and weekend telephone availability by appointment or chance. Outside office hours, leave message: I’ll respond ASAP. Toll-free number available on how the computer changed request, for customers in U.S. states outside Minnesota. Fax number available to customers on request. All contents copyright 2017, Dezhnev Co., Inc.

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Essay Sample About Advancement In Computer Technology

act essay score 6 This action will open a new window. Do you want to proceed? Welcome to our new website! Let us know what you think! Feedback. Taking the ACT with writing will provide you and the schools to which you have ACT report scores with additional scores. You will receive a total of five scores for this test: a single subject-level writing score reported on a range of 2-12, and four domain scores, also 2-12, that are based on an analytic scoring rubric. The subject-level score will be the rounded average of the four domain scores. The four domain scores are: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and essay and technology, Language Use and Conventions . An image of your essay will be available to your high school and the colleges to which you have ACT report your scores from that test date. Taking the writing test does not affect your subject area scores or your Composite score.

However, without a writing test score, no English Language Arts (ELA) score will be reported. Your essay will be evaluated based on the evidence that it provides of your ability to: clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and study, support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Two trained readers will score your essay on a scale of 1-6 in each of the four writing domains. Each domain score represents the sum of the essay on computers two readers' scores. If the readers' ratings disagree by more than one point, a third reader will evaluate the essay and resolve the hesi study schizophrenia answers discrepancy. You might be a little unsure of what to expect from on computers, a writing prompt and what kinds of responses score the highest. We took the guesswork out of it and created one sample prompt and six possible responses, ranging from weak to strong, that give you an idea of how to achieve your best score. Remember that your scores for the four individual domains - ideas and analysis, development and support, organization, and language use and conventions - will be communicated on a scale of 212. These domain scores are derived by adding together the Research Paper individual scores, on essay, a 16 scale, from each of two readers. Scoring your writing test.

This analytic scoring rubric presents the standards by which your essay will be evaluated. The following rubric overview will help you to better understand the dimensions of writing that this assessment evaluates. This task asks you to generate an essay that establishes your own perspective on a given issue and analyzes the describe a city essay relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective. In evaluating your response, trained readers will use an analytic rubric that breaks the central elements of written argument into four domains: Ideas and essay on computers, Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions. As you review these domains, think about the role each plays in a written argument that accomplishes its purpose. Ideas and Analysis Scores in this domain reflect the ability to generate productive ideas and engage critically with multiple perspectives on the given issue. Competent writers understand the issue they are invited to address, the purpose for writing, and the audience. They generate ideas that are relevant to essay look the situation. Development and Support Scores in this domain reflect the ability to discuss ideas, offer rationale, and bolster an argument. Competent writers explain and explore their ideas, discuss implications, and illustrate through examples. They help the reader understand their thinking about the issue.

Organization Scores in essay and technology this domain reflect the ability to organize ideas with clarity and purpose. Organizational choices are integral to effective writing. Competent writers arrange their essay in a way that clearly shows the relationship between ideas, and they guide the reader through their discussion. Language Use and Conventions Scores in this domain reflect the ability to use written language to convey arguments with clarity. Competent writers make use of the changed conventions of essay and technology grammar, syntax, word usage, and ways your essay look, mechanics. They are also aware of their audience and adjust the style and tone of their writing to communicate effectively. Learn more about how the writing test is scored. Compare ACT writing scores from 2015-2016 and 2016-2017. Scoring Rubric Prior to September 2015: Overview. These are the and technology descriptions of an essay scoring criteria that the trained readers will follow to determine the score (16) for your essay.

Papers at each level exhibit all or most of the characteristics described at each score point. Essays within this score range demonstrate effective skill in and technology responding to the task. The essay shows a clear understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on the issue and may offer a critical context for discussion. The essay addresses complexity by examining different perspectives on the issue, or by evaluating the implications and/or complications of the issue, or by fully responding to counterarguments to the writer's position. Development of ideas is the best american essays 2004, ample, specific, and logical. Most ideas are fully elaborated. A clear focus on the specific issue in the prompt is essay, maintained. The organization of the essay is clear: the organization may be somewhat predictable or it may grow from the writer's purpose. Ideas are logically sequenced.

Most transitions reflect the Paper writer's logic and are usually integrated into the essay. The introduction and conclusion are effective, clear, and on computers, well developed. The essay shows a good command of language. Sentences are varied and word choice is varied and precise. There are few, if any, errors to distract the reader. Computer Changed The World Essay? Essays within this score range demonstrate competent skill in and technology responding to the task. The essay shows a clear understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on Paper, the issue and may offer a broad context for discussion.

The essay shows recognition of complexity by partially evaluating the on computers implications and/or complications of the issue, or by responding to counterarguments to the writer's position. Development of ideas is specific and logical. Proposal? Most ideas are elaborated, with clear movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the specific issue in the prompt is maintained. The organization of the essay is clear, although it may be predictable. Ideas are logically sequenced, although simple and obvious transitions may be used. And Technology? The introduction and conclusion are clear and generally well developed. Language is competent. How The Computer Changed Essay? Sentences are somewhat varied and word choice is sometimes varied and precise.

There may be a few errors, but they are rarely distracting. And Technology? Essays within this score range demonstrate adequate skill in ways your longer responding to the task. The essay shows an understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on essay, the issue and may offer some context for changed discussion. The essay may show some recognition of complexity by providing some response to counterarguments to the writer's position. Development of essay on computers ideas is adequate, with some movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and how the computer, details. Focus on the specific issue in the prompt is maintained throughout most of the essay.

The organization of the essay is apparent but predictable. Some evidence of logical sequencing of and technology ideas is hesi case study answers, apparent, although most transitions are simple and obvious. The introduction and conclusion are clear and on computers, somewhat developed. Language is your essay look longer, adequate, with some sentence variety and appropriate word choice. There may be some distracting errors, but they do not impede understanding. Essay On Computers And Technology? Essays within this score range demonstrate some developing skill in Research Proposal responding to the task. The essay shows some understanding of the task.

The essay takes a position on the issue but does not offer a context for discussion. The essay may acknowledge a counterargument to the writer's position, but its development is brief or unclear. Development of ideas is essay on computers, limited and may be repetitious, with little, if any, movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the general topic is maintained, but focus on american essays 2004, the specific issue in essay on computers and technology the prompt may not be maintained. The organization of the american essays 2004 essay is simple.

Ideas are logically grouped within parts of the essay, but there is little or no evidence of logical sequencing of ideas. Transitions, if used, are simple and essay on computers, obvious. An introduction and conclusion are clearly discernible but underdeveloped. Language shows a basic control. Sentences show a little variety and word choice is appropriate. Errors may be distracting and may occasionally impede understanding. Essays within this score range demonstrate inconsistent or weak skill in a city at night essay responding to the task. On Computers And Technology? The essay shows a weak understanding of the task. The essay may not take a position on the issue, or the essay may take a position but fail to convey reasons to support that position, or the look longer essay may take a position but fail to maintain a stance.

There is little or no recognition of a counterargument to the writer's position. The essay is thinly developed. If examples are given, they are general and essay on computers, may not be clearly relevant. How The Computer The World? The essay may include extensive repetition of the writer's ideas or of ideas in the prompt. Focus on the general topic is maintained, but focus on and technology, the specific issue in the prompt may not be maintained. There is some indication of an organizational structure, and some logical grouping of ideas within parts of the essay is apparent. Paper? Transitions, if used, are simple and obvious, and essay and technology, they may be inappropriate or misleading. An introduction and conclusion are discernible but minimal. Sentence structure and word choice are usually simple.

Errors may be frequently distracting and may sometimes impede understanding. Essays within this score range show little or no skill in responding to the task. The essay shows little or no understanding of the task. If the steps an essay essay takes a position, it fails to essay on computers and technology convey reasons to support that position. How The Computer Changed The World Essay? The essay is essay on computers, minimally developed. The essay may include excessive repetition of the to write an essay writer's ideas or of ideas in the prompt. Focus on the general topic is usually maintained, but focus on the specific issue in the prompt may not be maintained. There is little or no evidence of an organizational structure or of the logical grouping of ideas. Transitions are rarely used. Essay? If present, an introduction and conclusion are minimal.

Sentence structure and word choice are simple. Errors may be frequently distracting and may significantly impede understanding. Blank, Off-Topic, Illegible, Not in English, or Void. Calculating Your Combined English/Writing Score Prior to September 2015. Complete these steps to calculate your Combined English/Writing score: Find your scale score for the English Test down the far-left column.

Find your Writing subscore across the top row of the table. Follow the English Test score row across and the Writing subscore column down until the row and Research Paper, column meet. The Combined English/Writing score is essay on computers and technology, found where the row and column meet. For example, if an ways to make look longer, English Test score is 19 and a Writing subscore is 8, the Combined English/Writing scale score is 20. Enhancements to the ACT Writing Test. In September 2015, ACT introduced a number of enhancements to the ACT writing test. Key differences between the former and current designs are outlined below. Many elements of the writing prompts remain the same. For example, the test is still an exercise in argumentative writing, and it continues to measure core competencies that are linked to college and essay and technology, career success. Modifications to steps the writing prompt will build on essay on computers, the former design in a few important ways: (Through the June 2015 Test Event) (September 2015 Test Events and after) Scoring and reporting for the ACT writing test have also been updated.

Instead of one holistic score, students now receive four domain scores, each reflecting a key dimension of hesi case study schizophrenia answers writing competency. They also receive a subject-level Writing Score. (Through the June 2015 Test Event) (September 2015 Test Events and after) *Students who took the writing test between September 2015 and June 2016 received a subject-level Writing score reported on a 1-36 scale.

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essay heroism Paradise is under the on computers and technology shadow of swords. Ruby wine is to make look longer, drunk by knaves, Sugar spends to fatten slaves, Rose and vine-leaf deck buffoons; Thunderclouds are Jove's festoons, Drooping oft in wreaths of dread Lightning-knotted round his head; The hero is not fed on sweets, Daily his own heart he eats; Chambers of the great are jails, And head-winds right for royal sails. In the elder English dramaetcher, there is a constant recognition of gentility, as if a noble behaviour were as easily marked in the society of their age, as color is in our American population. When any Rodrigo, Pedro, or Valerio enters, though he be a stranger, the duke or governor exclaims, This is a gentleman,-- and proffers civilities without end; but all the rest are slag and refuse. In harmony with this delight in personal advantages, there is in their plays a certain heroic cast of on computers and technology, character and dialogue,--as in Bonduca, Sophocles, the Mad Lover, the Double Marriage,--wherein the speaker is so earnest and cordial, and on such deep grounds of character, that the an essay dialogue, on the slightest additional incident in the plot, rises naturally into poetry. Among many texts, take the following. The Roman Martius has conquered Athens,--all but the on computers and technology invincible spirits of Sophocles, the duke of Athens, and Dorigen, his wife. The beauty of the Research Paper Proposal latter inflames Martius, and he seeks to save her husband; but Sophocles will not ask his life, although assured that a word will save him, and the execution of both proceeds. Valerius . Bid thy wife farewell. Soph . No, I will take no leave.

My Dorigen, Yonder, above, 'bout Ariadne's crown, My spirit shall hover for thee. Prithee, haste. Dor . Stay, Sophocles,--with this tie up my sight; Let not soft nature so transformed be, And lose her gentler sexed humanity, To make me see my lord bleed. Essay On Computers. So, 't is well; Never one object underneath the sun. Will I behold before my Sophocles:

Farewell; now teach the Romans how to die. Mar . Research Paper Proposal. Dost know what 't is to die? Soph . Essay On Computers. Thou dost not, Martius, And, therefore, not what 't is to live; to die Is to begin to live. It is to end. An old, stale, weary work, and to commence. A newer and a better. 'T is to leave. Deceitful knaves for the society. Of gods and goodness. Thou thyself must part.

At last from all thy garlands, pleasures, triumphs, And prove thy fortitude what then 't will do. Val . But art not grieved nor vexed to leave thy life thus? Soph . Why should I grieve or vex for the best essays 2004 being sent. To them I ever loved best? Now I'll kneel, But with my back toward thee; 't is the last duty. This trunk can do the gods. Mar . Strike, strike, Valerius, Or Martius' heart will leap out at his mouth: This is a man, a woman!

Kiss thy lord, And live with all the freedom you were wont. O love! thou doubly hast afflicted me. With virtue and with beauty. Treacherous heart, My hand shall cast thee quick into on computers and technology my urn, Ere thou transgress this knot of piety. Val . What ails my brother?

Soph . Martius, O Martius, Thou now hast found a way to conquer me. Dor . Research. O star of Rome! what gratitude can speak. Fit words to essay and technology follow such a deed as this? Mar. This admirable duke, Valerius, With his disdain of fortune and the best american, of death,

Captived himself, has captivated me, And though my arm hath ta'en his body here, His soul hath subjugated Martius' soul. By Romulus, he is essay and technology, all soul, I think; He hath no flesh, and spirit cannot be gyved; Then we have vanquished nothing; he is free,

And Martius walks now in captivity. I do not readily remember any poem, play, sermon, novel, or oration, that our press vents in the last few years, which goes to the same tune. We have a great many flutes and how the computer changed, flageolets, but not often the sound of any fife. Yet, Wordsworth's Laodamia, and essay on computers and technology, the ode of Dion, and some sonnets, have a certain noble music; and Scott will sometimes draw a stroke like the protrait of Lord Evandale, given by Balfour of Burley. Thomas Carlyle, with his natural taste for what is manly and daring in character, has suffered no heroic trait in the world his favorites to drop from his biographical and historical pictures. Earlier, Robert Burns has given us a song or two.

In the essay Harleian Miscellanies, there is an account of the essay battle of essay on computers and technology, Lutzen, which deserves to be read. And Simon Ockley's History of the Saracens recounts the prodigies of individual valor with admiration, all the more evident on the part of the narrator, that he seems to think that his place in Christian Oxford requires of him some proper protestations of abhorrence. But, if we explore the literature of Heroism, we shall quickly come to Plutarch, who is its Doctor and hesi case study schizophrenia, historian. Essay On Computers And Technology. To him we owe the Brasidas, the Dion, the Epaminondas, the study schizophrenia answers Scipio of old, and I must think we are more deeply indebted to him than to all the ancient writers. On Computers. Each of his Lives is hesi case study, a refutation to essay and technology the despondency and cowardice of to write, our religious and political theorists. A wild courage, a Stoicism not of the schools, but of the blood, shines in every anecdote, and essay on computers and technology, has given that book its immense fame. We need books of this tart cathartic virtue, more than books of political science, or of private economy. Life is a festival only to the wise. Seen from the nook and chimney-side of prudence, it wears a ragged and dangerous front.

The violations of the laws of nature by our predecessors and our contemporaries are punished in us also. How The Changed. The disease and deformity around us certify the infraction of natural, intellectual, and moral laws, and often violation on violation to on computers and technology breed such compound misery. A lock-jaw that bends a man's head back to his heels, hydrophobia, that makes him bark at his wife and babes, insanity, that makes him eat grass; war, plague, cholera, famine, indicate a certain ferocity in nature, which, as it had its inlet by describe at night essay human crime, must have its outlet by human suffering. Unhappily, no man exists who has not in his own person become, to some amount, a stockholder in the sin, and so made himself liable to a share in the expiation. Our culture, therefore, must not omit the essay on computers and technology arming of the man.

Let him hear in season, that he is born into a city essay the state of war, and that the commonwealth and his own well-being require that he should not go dancing in the weeds of peace, but warned, self-collected, and neither defying nor dreading the thunder, let him take both reputation and essay and technology, life in his hand, and, with perfect urbanity, dare the gibbet and the mob by the absolute truth of his speech, and the rectitude of his behaviour. Towards all this external evil, the steps an essay man within the breast assumes a warlike attitude, and affirms his ability to cope single-handed with the infinite army of essay on computers, enemies. To this military attitude of the soul we give the name of Heroism. Steps To Write. Its rudest form is the contempt for and technology safety and ease, which makes the attractiveness of war. It is a self-trust which slights the restraints of prudence, in the plenitude of its energy and power to repair the harms it may suffer. The hero is a mind of such balance that no disturbances can shake his will, but pleasantly, and, as it were, merrily, he advances to his own music, alike in Research Proposal frightful alarms and in the tipsy mirth of universal dissoluteness. There is somewhat not philosophical in and technology heroism; there is somewhat not holy in it; it seems not to case answers know that other souls are of one texture with it; it has pride; it is the extreme of individual nature. Nevertheless, we must profoundly revere it. There is somewhat in great actions, which does not allow us to essay on computers go behind them. Heroism feels and never reasons, and therefore is always right; and although a different breeding, different religion, and greater intellectual activity would have modified or even reversed the particular action, yet for the hero that thing he does is the highest deed, and is not open to the censure of philosophers or divines.

It is the avowal of the ways essay look unschooled man, that he finds a quality in him that is negligent of expense, of health, of life, of danger, of hatred, of and technology, reproach, and knows that his will is higher and more excellent than all actual and all possible antagonists. Heroism works in contradiction to the voice of mankind, and in Research contradiction, for a time, to the voice of the great and good. Heroism is an obedience to on computers a secret impulse of an individual's character. Now to no other man can its wisdom appear as it does to him, for every man must be supposed to to write an essay see a little farther on his own proper path than any one else. Therefore, just and wise men take umbrage at his act, until after some little time be past: then they see it to be in unison with their acts.

All prudent men see that the action is clean contrary to a sensual prosperity; for essay every heroic act measures itself by its contempt of some external good. But it finds its own success at last, and how the changed the world, then the prudent also extol. Self-trust is the and technology essence of heroism. It is the state of the soul at war, and its ultimate objects are the last defiance of falsehood and wrong, and the power to bear all that can be inflicted by evil agents. Research Proposal. It speaks the truth, and it is just, generous, hospitable, temperate, scornful of petty calculations, and scornful of being scorned.

It persists; it is of an undaunted boldness, and on computers and technology, of a fortitude not to be wearied out. Its jest is the littleness of to write an essay, common life. That false prudence which dotes on health and wealth is the butt and merriment of essay on computers and technology, heroism. Heroism, like Plotinus, is almost ashamed of its body. What shall it say, then, to the sugar-plums and cats'-cradles, to the toilet, compliments, quarrels, cards, and custard, which rack the wit of Paper Proposal, all society. What joys has kind nature provided for us dear creatures! There seems to essay on computers and technology be no interval between greatness and meanness. When the spirit is not master of the world, then it is its dupe.

Yet the little man takes the great hoax so innocently, works in it so headlong and believing, is born red, and dies gray, arranging his toilet, attending on his own health, laying traps for how the changed the world sweet food and essay and technology, strong wine, setting his heart on a horse or a rifle, made happy with a little gossip or a little praise, that the great soul cannot choose but laugh at such earnest nonsense. Indeed, these humble considerations make me out of love with greatness. What a disgrace is it to me to take note how many pairs of silk stockings thou hast, namely, these and those that were the the best peach-colored ones; or to essay bear the describe a city essay inventory of thy shirts, as one for essay superfluity, and one other for use! Citizens, thinking after the laws of arithmetic, consider the inconvenience of receiving strangers at Paper, their fireside, reckon narrowly the essay on computers loss of time and the unusual display: the your essay soul of a better quality thrusts back the unseasonable economy into the vaults of life, and essay and technology, says, I will obey the God, and steps, the sacrifice and the fire he will provide. Ibn Haukal, the Arabian geographer, describes a heroic extreme in the hospitality of Sogd, in essay on computers Bukharia. When I was in Sogd, I saw a great building, like a palace, the gates of which were open and fixed back to Research Proposal the wall with large nails. I asked the reason, and was told that the house had not been shut, night or day, for a hundred years. Strangers may present themselves at any hour, and in whatever number; the master has amply provided for the reception of the men and their animals, and is never happier than when they tarry for some time.

Nothing of the kind have I seen in on computers any other country. Ways To Make Essay Longer. The magnanimous know very well that they who give time, or money, or shelter, to the stranger--so it be done for love, and not for essay and technology ostentation--do, as it were, put God under obligation to them, so perfect are the compensations of the ways essay look longer universe. And Technology. In some way the time they seem to lose is redeemed, and the pains they seem to ways look longer take remunerate themselves. These men fan the flame of human love, and raise the standard of civil virtue among mankind. But hospitality must be for service, and not for show, or it pulls down the host. The brave soul rates itself too high to essay and technology value itself by the splendor of its table and Paper Proposal, draperies.

It gives what it hath, and all it hath, but its own majesty can lend a better grace to essay on computers and technology bannocks and fair water than belong to city feasts. The temperance of the hero proceeds from the same wish to do no dishonor to the worthiness he has. But he loves it for its elegancy, not for its austerity. Paper. It seems not worth his while to be solemn, and denounce with bitterness flesh-eating or wine-drinking, the use of tobacco, or opium, or tea, or silk, or gold. A great man scarcely knows how he dines, how he dresses; but without railing or precision, his living is natural and poetic. John Eliot, the Indian Apostle, drank water, and said of wine,--It is a noble, generous liquor, and we should be humbly thankful for it, but, as I remember, water was made before it. Better still is the temperance of King David, who poured out on the ground unto the essay Lord the water which three of his warriors had brought him to drink, at the peril of their lives. It is told of ways to make your, Brutus, that when he fell on on computers and technology his sword, after the battle of Philippi, he quoted a line of Euripides,--O virtue! I have followed thee through life, and I find thee at last but a shade.

I doubt not the hero is slandered by this report. The heroic soul does not sell its justice and its nobleness. It does not ask to dine nicely, and to case study sleep warm. The essence of greatness is the perception that virtue is enough. Poverty is its ornament.

It does not need plenty, and can very well abide its loss. But that which takes my fancy most, in the heroic class, is the good-humor and hilarity they exhibit. It is a height to which common duty can very well attain, to suffer and to dare with solemnity. But these rare souls set opinion, success, and life, at so cheap a rate, that they will not soothe their enemies by essay on computers petitions, or the show of sorrow, but wear their own habitual greatness. Scipio, charged with peculation, refuses to do himself so great a disgrace as to wait for justification, though he had the scroll of his accounts in his hands, but tears it to pieces before the tribunes. Socrates's condemnation of himself to be maintained in all honor in the best american 2004 the Prytaneum, during his life, and Sir Thomas More's playfulness at the scaffold, are of the same strain. In Beaumont and Fletcher's Sea Voyage, Juletta tells the stout captain and his company,-- Jul. Why, slaves, 't is in our power to hang ye. Master . Very likely, 'T is in our powers, then, to be hanged, and scorn ye.

These replies are sound and whole. Sport is the bloom and essay on computers, glow of a perfect health. Hesi. The great will not condescend to essay take any thing seriously; all must be as gay as the song of a canary, though it were the building of a city essay, cities, or the on computers eradication of describe at night, old and foolish churches and nations, which have cumbered the earth long thousands of years. Simple hearts put all the history and customs of this world behind them, and play their own game in innocent defiance of the Blue-Laws of the and technology world; and such would appear, could we see the human race assembled in vision, like little children frolicking together; though, to hesi case study answers the eyes of mankind at large, they wear a stately and solemn garb of works and influences. The interest these fine stories have for us, the power of a romance over the boy who grasps the forbidden book under his bench at school, our delight in the hero, is the main fact to our purpose. All these great and transcendent properties are ours. And Technology. If we dilate in beholding the Greek energy, the Roman pride, it is that we are already domesticating the same sentiment. Let us find room for this great guest in our small houses. The first step of worthiness will be to disabuse us of our superstitious associations with places and times, with number and size. Why should these words, Athenian, Roman, Asia, and England, so tingle in how the computer changed the ear? Where the heart is, there the on computers muses, there the gods sojourn, and not in any geography of fame.

Massachusetts, Connecticut River, and the best american 2004, Boston Bay, you think paltry places, and the ear loves names of foreign and classic topography. But here we are; and, if we will tarry a little, we may come to learn that here is essay and technology, best. See to the best american essays 2004 it, only, that thyself is here;--and art and nature, hope and fate, friends, angels, and the Supreme Being, shall not be absent from the chamber where thou sittest. Epaminondas, brave and affectionate, does not seem to us to need Olympus to die upon, nor the essay Syrian sunshine. He lies very well where he is. The Jerseys were handsome ground enough for steps to write Washington to essay on computers tread, and London streets for Paper the feet of Milton. A great man makes his climate genial in the imagination of men, and its air the beloved element of all delicate spirits. That country is the fairest, which is inhabited by the noblest minds. The pictures which fill the imagination in reading the actions of and technology, Pericles, Xenophon, Columbus, Bayard, Sidney, Hampden, teach us how needlessly mean our life is, that we, by the depth of our living, should deck it with more than regal or national splendor, and act on principles that should interest man and computer changed essay, nature in the length of our days. We have seen or heard of on computers and technology, many extraordinary young men, who never ripened, or whose performance in to make your look longer actual life was not extraordinary.

When we see their air and mien, when we hear them speak of on computers and technology, society, of books, of religion, we admire their superiority, they seem to Paper Proposal throw contempt on our entire polity and social state; theirs is the tone of a youthful giant, who is sent to work revolutions. But they enter an active profession, and the forming Colossus shrinks to the common size of man. The magic they used was the ideal tendencies, which always make the Actual ridiculous; but the tough world had its revenge the moment they put their horses of the sun to plough in its furrow. They found no example and no companion, and on computers, their heart fainted. Hesi Case Study. What then? The lesson they gave in their first aspirations is yet true; and a better valor and a purer truth shall one day organize their belief. Or why should a woman liken herself to any historical woman, and think, because Sappho, or Sevigne, or De Stael, or the cloistered souls who have had genius and cultivation, do not satisfy the imagination and the serene Themis, none can,--certainly not she. Why not? She has a new and unattempted problem to solve, perchance that of the happiest nature that ever bloomed. Let the maiden, with erect soul, walk serenely on her way, accept the hint of each new experience, search in on computers turn all the objects that solicit her eye, that she may learn the power and the charm of ways look, her new-born being, which is the kindling of a new dawn in the recesses of space.

The fair girl, who repels interference by a decided and proud choice of influences, so careless of pleasing, so wilful and lofty, inspires every beholder with somewhat of her own nobleness. The silent heart encourages her; O friend, never strike sail to a fear! Come into port greatly, or sail with God the seas. Not in vain you live, for every passing eye is and technology, cheered and refined by the vision. The characteristic of heroism is its persistency. All men have wandering impulses, fits, and starts of generosity. But when you have chosen your part, abide by steps to write it, and essay and technology, do not weakly try to reconcile yourself with the world. The heroic cannot be the common, nor the common the heroic.

Yet we have the study answers weakness to expect the sympathy of people in those actions whose excellence is that they outrun sympathy, and appeal to and technology a tardy justice. If you would serve your brother, because it is fit for you to serve him, do not take back your words when you find that prudent people do not commend you. Adhere to ways essay your own act, and congratulate yourself if you have done something strange and extravagant, and broken the monotony of a decorous age. It was a high counsel that I once heard given to a young person,--Always do what you are afraid to do. Essay On Computers. A simple, manly character need never make an apology, but should regard its past action with the computer the world essay calmness of Phocion, when he admitted that the event of the battle was happy, yet did not regret his dissuasion from the battle. There is essay and technology, no weakness or exposure for which we cannot find consolation in the thought,--this is a part of my constitution, part of my relation and office to my fellow-creature. Has nature covenanted with me that I should never appear to disadvantage, never make a ridiculous figure? Let us be generous of our dignity, as well as of how the computer, our money. Greatness once and for ever has done with opinion.

We tell our charities, not because we wish to be praised for and technology them, not because we think they have great merit, but for our justification. It is a capital blunder; as you discover, when another man recites his charities. To speak the truth, even with some austerity, to live with some rigor of temperance, or some extremes of an essay, generosity, seems to be an asceticism which common good-nature would appoint to those who are at ease and in plenty, in sign that they feel a brotherhood with the great multitude of suffering men. Essay And Technology. And not only need we breathe and exercise the 2004 soul by assuming the essay on computers penalties of abstinence, of debt, of ways to make look, solitude, of unpopularity, but it behooves the wise man to essay and technology look with a bold eye into those rarer dangers which sometimes invade men, and to an essay familiarize himself with disgusting forms of disease, with sounds of execration, and the vision of violent death. Times of heroism are generally times of essay and technology, terror, but the day never shines in which this element may not work. The circumstances of man, we say, are historically somewhat better in this country, and at this hour, than perhaps ever before. More freedom exists for culture. It will not now run against an axe at the first step out to write an essay of the beaten track of opinion. But whoso is heroic will always find crises to try his edge.

Human virtue demands her champions and martyrs, and the trial of persecution always proceeds. It is but the other day that the on computers brave Lovejoy gave his breast to the bullets of a mob, for the rights of free speech and opinion, and died when it was better not to live. I see not any road of perfect peace which a man can walk, but after the counsel of his own bosom. Let him quit too much association, let him go home much, and stablish himself in the best 2004 those courses he approves. The unremitting retention of simple and high sentiments in obscure duties is hardening the character to that temper which will work with honor, if need be, in on computers the tumult, or on the scaffold. Whatever outrages have happened to men may befall a man again; and very easily in a republic, if there appear any signs of a decay of religion. Coarse slander, fire, tar and feathers, and the gibbet, the youth may freely bring home to his mind, and steps to write, with what sweetness of temper he can, and inquire how fast he can fix his sense of duty, braving such penalties, whenever it may please the essay on computers and technology next newspaper and a sufficient number of ways to make your, his neighbours to pronounce his opinions incendiary.

It may calm the apprehension of calamity in the most susceptible heart to see how quick a bound nature has set to the utmost infliction of malice. We rapidly approach a brink over which no enemy can follow us. Let them rave: Thou art quiet in thy grave. [Tennyson] In the essay and technology gloom of our ignorance of how the changed, what shall be, in the hour when we are deaf to the higher voices, who does not envy those who have seen safely to essay on computers and technology an end their manful endeavour? Who that sees the meanness of our politics, but inly congratulates Washington that he is long already wrapped in his shroud, and for ever safe; that he was laid sweet in his grave, the steps to write hope of humanity not yet subjugated in him? Who does not sometimes envy the good and brave, who are no more to suffer from the tumults of the natural world, and await with curious complacency the speedy term of his own conversation with finite nature? And yet the on computers and technology love that will be annihilated sooner than treacherous has already made death impossible, and affirms itself no mortal, but a native of the deeps of absolute and inextinguishable being. Nelson, Carl.

The Rhetoric of Emerson's Hindu 'Heroism'. ESQ 69 (1972), 258-64. Stein, William B. Emerson's 'History':The Rhetoric of Cosmic Consciousness. ESQ 69 (1972), 199-206. Elbert, Monika. From Merlin to Research Faust: Emerson's Democratization of the 'Heroic Mind'. In Spivak, Charlotte, ed. Merlin versus Faust: Contending Archetypes in Western Culture , pp. 113-37..

Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1992.