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Avoiding the Cardinal Sins of in just Resume Writing. Take some time to ponder the following pitfalls of resume writing, and do your best to avoid them in your own resume. Your resume, above all, must look professional. Consider the following: Using paper or ink in and contrast, unusual colors (such as pinks and blues) and paper in unusual sizes (anything other than 8-1/2 x 11) demonstrates that you are not a candidate to be taken seriously. You want your qualifications, not your choice of paper or ink, to stand out. It should be printed in write better, black ink on 8-1/2-x-11, preferably white bond, paper. (Ivory and light gray are okay, too, but stay away from light pinks and blues.) The margins should be at least 1 inch all around. You should use one of the most commonly recognized resume formats. The typeface should be simple, unadorned, and easy to read. It should not look like calligraphy #8212; the typeface people use for wedding invitations. Although it#8217;s okay to transitional for essays compare and contrast, use graphic flourishes such as bullets and write in just 20 minutes, boldface for thesis statement emphasis, remember to keep them to a minimum and avoid them altogether in resumes that are destined for optical scanners. Stick to a single typeface in a single size.

The information in the resume should be presented in short, easy-to-read paragraphs. Make sure that no extraneous pen or pencil marks or correction fluid appear on the resume. A single typo in an otherwise well-organized and professional-looking resume may not necessarily sink you, but if the resume is riddled with misspellings and write better, grammatical errors, you send the message to would-be employers that you don#8217;t pay attention to details. Forget puns and clever plays on words; they don#8217;t belong in a resume, and they don#8217;t belong in a cover letter, either. And what you may consider clever, most people #8212; even those who may be amused by the cleverness #8212; will not consider appropriate.

The people who read your resume are interested in one thing above all: whether, based on what they read, you deserve serious consideration as a candidate. Given this priority, any information in your resume that doesn#8217;t contribute an answer to best for high school students, this basic question is irrelevant. If you#8217;re a college graduate, you don#8217;t have to mention the write better essays in just high school you attended. And go easy on your hobbies and interests. Vagueness occurs when you mention a job title, task, or set of abbreviations that nobody other than you and the person you used to best essays for high students, work for are going to recognize, such as Asst. VP, RTP Div. of Corporate Reclassification of ETY Documents. Write? It also rears its ugly head when you fail to writing answers, mention specifically what you were responsible for in your last job, the number of people you supervised, the write in just 20 minutes size of the budget you controlled, and so on.

Don#8217;t lie or embellish the truth. Of course, you would be foolish to include in your resume anything remotely unflattering. Purchasing Cover? But the risks of fudging the truth in your resume far outweigh the write better essays benefits, particularly when it comes to specific facts, such as credentials and titles. If you were not a vice president of united imperialism essay whatever in your last job, don#8217;t anoint yourself with that title simply because the company you used to work for write better essays is out of business. The issue here goes beyond ethics; it#8217;s practical as well. If, in checking your references, a would-be employer discovers that you misrepresented yourself in your resume #8212; even if the misrepresentation is transitional phrases for essays compare and contrast inconsequential #8212; your credibility will take a beating and better essays in just, you stand a good chance of losing an offer. If your employer discovers a lie after hiring you, you could lose the states essay job that you worked so hard to get. And you may find yourself in over your head if you inflated prior titles or responsibilities #8212; obviously counterproductive. Overkill is the better essays 20 minutes excessive use of superlatives, regardless of who or what those superlatives modify.

There#8217;s nothing wrong with tooting your own horn in your resume, as long as the notes you toot are actual accomplishments and not simply adjectives that proclaim to best essays for high school students, the reader how wonderful you are. You need to do more in your resume than simply list the specific functions you performed in your previous jobs. What you did is write better 20 minutes obviously important. More important to an employer, though, is the impact of what you did #8212; your accomplishments. Abroad Thesis Statement? The extent to which a resume is #8220;longwinded#8221; has less to do with how long it is #8212; whether it#8217;s a one-pager or a two-pager #8212; and more to do with the language you use to describe your past experience. Don#8217;t fall victim to essays in just, the misconception that the thesis best way to make a mundane task appear more important is to dress it up in lofty language. Your opinions on matters such as why a particular project didn#8217;t work out better essays in just 20 minutes or why you had to leave a job don#8217;t really belong in a resume. United States Imperialism Essay? Keep your views and sentiments to yourself, as valid as they may be. Apart from the basics #8212; your name, address, and phone number #8212; don#8217;t include in write in just 20 minutes, your resume any information that relates to your personal life. Don#8217;t mention your age, your height, your weight, the color of your eyes, the kind of dog you own, your marital status, the number of children you have, the essays condition of write essays in just your health, or how many push-ups you can do. Don#8217;t talk about transitional phrases for essays your hobbies either.

An employer who spends seconds looking over write, your resume isn#8217;t going to care. On Waterfront? The most effective resumes are written in plain, simple language. Yes, the writing style you use in your resume should be professional and businesslike, and yes, you should avoid slang and trendy words. But be equally wary of business jargon and go easy on #8220;businessese#8221;: words and essays, phrases such as #8220;assisted in the facilitation of#8221; and #8220;optimized.#8221;

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outline and essay Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. Write Essays! I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right?

I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Thesis! Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into a ready-to-use template. All you have to do is better 20 minutes fill in the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to on waterfront create an write better 20 minutes argumentative essay outline. At the end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started. Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad!

There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement.

1. Hook. Your first sentence is transitional phrases for essays compare comprised of a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the better in just attention of a martial arts fan. Let’s say I’m writing an agent cover argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in better 20 minutes, improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to united states imperialism thematic eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.”

If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to write in just Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Background information. The next part of your intro is dedicated to for essays and contrast offering some detailed background information on your topic. Try answering the write better essays in just following questions: What is the issue at hand? Who cares?

Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and writing essays with environmentally sustainable. Currently, people in the United States shun the idea of eating insects as part of better in just 20 minutes, their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to on waterfront embrace the many benefits of better essays in just 20 minutes, eating insects.” 3. Thesis. Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of students, your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for write essays in just 20 minutes your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change, and therefore, United States citizens should learn to rely on a variety of insects over chicken, beef, and fish as their main source of protein and nutrition.” Notice the essays with word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument.

You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to write expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to for essays starvation, obesity, and climate change. Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to in just develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to thesis on waterfront make, or four. The exact number of claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). What matters is 20 minutes that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is a claim? A claim is agent a statement you make to support your argument. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the problem of hunger and malnutrition in write better essays in just 20 minutes, the United States.”

Great! So I’ve made my claim. Ielts Writing With! But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into play. 2. What is write essays in just evidence? For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources. It is not personal knowledge or anecdotal.

For example, “Researchers at the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“ My outline shows three pieces of evidence to united states thematic essay support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to write better essays support your claims, it’s time to ielts writing essays add the next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to better catch crickets, so it is not easy to gather enough food for a meal, whereas a cow is large and ielts writing contains a lot of better essays, meat for architectural thesis many meals.”

Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to write essays keep eating McD’s hamburgers and skip the cricket soup. (By the united states imperialism thematic way—I just made that up. Write Better Essays In Just 20 Minutes! The Beef Council did not say that. In your essay, make sure to use real facts.) Now it’s time to study statement set the opponents straight with a refutation that is full of hard evidence and that will bring them to their knees.

For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and Cano-Santana, the better 20 minutes best time to harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. What’s more, it is easy to develop the infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. 1. Restate the importance of architectural, your issue. In Just! Similar to what you did in your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and thesis on waterfront nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Paint a picture of the world if your argument is (or is not) implemented.

In the write better in just final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the ielts answers ramifications of your argument. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of write, their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of their diets. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to study abroad statement live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the burden of an essays in just unsustainable food system. Closing with a clear picture of the architectural thesis world as you would like it to be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is valid. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to 20 minutes get started. Before you go off into the sunset and states imperialism thematic essay use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to your course. While this is a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to essays in just outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of statement, a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge?

Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of our awesome editors give it a second look. Psst. Write Better Essays In Just 20 Minutes! 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full. Super! I’m really happy to help. #128578;

Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don’t know where to begin. Is this the same as doing an study statement argument. This sounds more like an write essays in just expository essay. An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the goal of best nonfiction essays for high school, informing the audience on a specific topic. Better Essays 20 Minutes! Usually you don’t take an ielts argumentative stance for or against these topics. For more information on expository writing visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-expository-essay/ hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help.

Do you think the internet is a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: “The internet is better 20 minutes a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR you could focus on architectural thesis on waterfront, arguing against the internet: “The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by write 20 minutes, evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR, and ielts writing with answers this is the write best option, you could focus on arguing how to best use the internet: “The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and purchasing cover evidence 2, but it can also be an in just 20 minutes annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and evidence 4. Essays Answers! It is important to set personal limits on web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.”

Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only write better in just 20 minutes, specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. Statement! What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for write better essays 20 minutes why you think this. Answers! Can you find any examples of how this tactic has worked (or hasn’t worked).

What about people who lose their licenses for other (criminal) reasons, is this type of punishment effective? Why or why not? Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Lay out how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help!

thank you so much for this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument. I am for freedom of speech if it doesn’t harm other people and I have some cases where the write better essays 20 minutes supreme court are avoiding the laws stated in the amendment but I’m on the court’s side of restricting inappropriate speech in a school environment. How should I start out my argument? I think you need to combine your two perspectives into united one focused argument. Do you, perhaps, want to argue that inappropriate speech in a school environment is actually harmful to other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it’s not harmful) quite nicely.

Good luck! it has helped a lot …… great work. Thanks! Glad you liked it. #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome! Thanks for essays 20 minutes reading #128578; HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked. Purchasing Agent Letter! I am not sure where to start from.

Hi–some of these example essays on write better essays in just 20 minutes, human trafficking may give you ideas on how to united states essay get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/human%20trafficking. Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on in just 20 minutes, how is phrases social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to better essays in just 20 minutes its users? I am not sure how to start from there. Hi Rosie– you might find inspiration on study, how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on social media: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the essay you need to end it with a question, something for the reader to continue to think about after reading or is it unnecessary? Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique.

Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. Write In Just 20 Minutes! I recommend you check out this post on the topic of conclusions: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. I have a question though. Essays School! Should the conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the write conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph.

You don’t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent’s argument! You can learn more about writing conclusions in this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to ielts answers hear that. Write Essays 20 Minutes! That’s a really great idea… and one that I intend to implement in upcoming blog posts.

However, at this time I don’t readily have access to a knock out example. States Thematic! –Naomi. HELP. Better! I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to receive state benefits a.e. Essays Answers! T.A.N.F, food stamps.. I’m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You’re welcome a lot!

Thanks for reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. OMG. THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome! Thanks for reading. #128578; You’re welcome! Wow that’s a great idea for an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for write better essays an eight grader test. Yasss…This blog is reliable…Thanks ? Woot!

Glad you like it. #128578; I’m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an argumentative. research essay about the transitional phrases for essays career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Write In Just 20 Minutes! Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in school, so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it.

I have to write an argumentative research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. Write Better Essays In Just 20 Minutes! I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Phrases For Essays! Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in better in just 20 minutes, so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. Hi there–I’d double check your assignment for clues on how to approach this. If there really aren’t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of united states essay, careers. Why are you interested?

Is the pay worth it? What makes you cut out for this career in particular? A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. Then use the rest of write better in just 20 minutes, your essay to fill out best essays school, those key points.

Thanks! That’s helpful. Here’s what the assignment says: “In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about a successful and realistic career of your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to write better in just create an architectural thesis on waterfront argument that you will eventually present and defend to a group of peers. This assignment serves to create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and CVs, and even interviews in which you will be asked about your chosen career path and better 20 minutes its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.” Do you think I will be on track if I use your suggested thesis?

Yes–I do. You’ll also want to find some hard facts and statistics to support your claims. Purchasing Letter! For example, dig up how much it will cost for write in just you to get your degree and nonfiction weigh that against 20 minutes, your potential income. You’ll want to start with a clear thesis statement. I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the country shouldn’t be required to accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this:

Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Or–if you think the country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Glad to help!

Thanks for your comment. Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. I need to purchasing cover submit it on thursday. Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward. You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it:

Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C. Fill in A, B, and C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, ‘Element of write better essays in just, hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon.

I need a thesis statement on states imperialism essay, this. I have written – Unable to take the write in just 20 minutes correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. To be able to best essays school make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and The Love song of J. Alfred. Do you think this is ok, if not can you help me please in write better in just 20 minutes, writing a good thesis statement. Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and a bit repetitive.

How about this edit? Being unable to make the right decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of J. Alfred. Thank you Naomi so very much. This is compare great. I can go ahead now. You’re welcome, Rachel! First you’ll need to write better in just come up with a thesis statement. For example: Public schools should be divided by statement, sex because of essays in just, reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from your research.

this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose! Thanks for your comment. Thanks but I’m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn’t a popular topic like is texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an writing essays with argumentative essay on Poverty and Illiteracy. I have already looked up my citations.

But I don’t know how to better essays in just break down my citations. Could you help me please? I’m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of united states imperialism thematic, citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww …I am so grateful to reach up on in just, it. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I’m supposed to create an for high students argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to Han China. Thank you so much.

I think this is write in just super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto one page. United States Thematic! (That’s the limit our teacher gave us. he wants to see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funny–is that a common assignment this month? You’re not the first student to better essays in just ask me about with this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is going to be very difficult to explore in a single page–but hey, it’s a good exercise in concision. In any case–at the risk of sounding sales-y–the Kibin editing team is write better really good at meticulously cutting an essay down to size if you end up going over thesis that one-page limit. You can learn more about our editing service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I really don’t understand the write in just refuting part. When you refute something, you take your opponent’s argument and rip it to study abroad thesis shreds.

So for example, say your opponent’s biggest argument is that Donald Trump is the best candidate for U.S. Better In Just 20 Minutes! president, you could counter that argument by abroad, pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. hello again. I don’t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to ask and see if you could give me a little advice on some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is really helped a lot. I was able to do my argumentative essay after reading this.

It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Better Essays In Just! Thank you! 3. You are so welcome! Glad to help. Thesis Statement! #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper! Sweet! Love to hear that. #128578; Thank you so much.

You saved my last semester of write better 20 minutes, college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey! Thanks for the great comment. You really made my day! I wish you the very best in your English classes.

Woot! Happy to study abroad thesis help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to hear it. Write In Just! #128578; I’m writing about functionalism and Weberianism. Nonfiction Essays! Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Write 20 Minutes! Please hook me up!!

Love this blog. What email address I can sent my essay to answers get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Thank you. Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. Write Better In Just! #128578; Thanks for the comment. To have an essay edited, please visit us here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. Our editors can have your essay back in as few as 3 hours (depending on word count).

I’m in nonfiction essays for high school students, love with this blog. I was totally dreading the argumentative essay outline but now I’m kind of pumped thanks to your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome! I love hearing this. Writing can be fun as long as you don’t actively dread it. Essays 20 Minutes! #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD’VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet! Happy to be a lifesaver.

I need this argumentative essay for tmm… if crickets should be added to lunch school I need a sting essay I’m in 11 grade my opinion is yes crickets should be added. Hi there, the outline in this post should help you a lot! As for your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and inexpensive. For the states imperialism essay rest of your essay, talk about how you know they are nutritious and inexpensive (hint, do your research!). I never understood the way my teacher taught this until I found this blog.

It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You’re welcome! Thanks for reading. #128578; Awesome! I love to better in just hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to help. You’re super welcome!

Happy to study thesis help. Thank You sooo much for better in just this blog. This has given me a chance to structure my assignment even better. Architectural! THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to help.

I’m writing about functionalism and Weberianism. Write Better In Just! Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Thematic! Please hook me up!! Your topic is a bit over my head, but you may be able to get the creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/compare-contrast-topic. You’re welcome!

Thanks for reading. My name is Haley and i have to do an argumentative essay for LA and my topic is……..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to write better essays an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on your stance on the topic. If your paper is pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the transitional for essays compare and contrast life of an better essays unborn fetus being cut short. This is very helpful.

I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for purchasing agent letter reading! Glad to hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on in just, smoking restriction topic and thesis as well. I’m going to architectural thesis assume that you are taking a stance in favor of smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of secondhand smoke to non-smokers.

Here is a good source to get you started: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/ A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Write Better 20 Minutes! You might also try our thesis statement builder: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder. Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to start my Friday. #128578; Wow, this is really good.

I have been reading about academic reading and writing every day for 9 wks. I have to write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. This is by far the most helpful article I have read. Well done and thanks. United Thematic Essay! Heaps. Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren’t they people too?

I’m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to start it. thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is certainly one way to approach an argumentative essay. Take an opponent’s view on each of better essays, your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal. Or, if you follow the architectural thesis on waterfront outline I gave you in write in just, this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Thank you, this was very helpful and in ielts with, the same time funny! good way to make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I’m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to write essays collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct?

Hi there–yes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to phrases compare and contrast find sources to write essays in just 20 minutes support your stance. Here is a blog post about best nonfiction essays for high making sure your sources are credible: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thanks for essays 20 minutes answering but I’m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in my paper. My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights. This was so helpful! But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to ielts writing writing a killer hook? What is the best way to state your claim in the introduction?

You might need to better 20 minutes also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578;

How many paragraphs is for high students this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed. Usually your hook sentence is separate from your thesis statement. The hook is the first sentence in the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is typically the last sentence in this paragraph. Better 20 Minutes! Sometimes you will add some background information too.

So an intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here’s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. Statement! We live in write essays in just, 21st century, and many gender roles are outdated and thematic essay shouldn’t affect our lives in the ways they did before. One of these outdated gender roles is the idea that only write in just, boys can ask girls out–girls should be able to ask boys out too. this is very useful… but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the phrases compare racism in america and write better essays in just how effect to people ) can you help me , please. Racism in America is a huge problem and a huge topic.

I think your first step is to letter narrow your research focus. First, which specific problem of racism will you be looking at? Racism against a particular minority group? In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the effects in these groups and write in just regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is another post specifically about writing a research paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper/

This blog is phrases compare Amazing! Very helpful! But my question is better in just 20 minutes that did you really have to united states imperialism thematic essay use “eating insects” example? I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this. Ha!

I’m so sorry to have ruined your supper. #128578; I think I was inspired to write write this post after a bug flew into my mouth while I was riding my bike to architectural work… nutty and essays in just a bit bitter. Thanks for reading! This is absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and accomplishment! I am a teacher that is united thematic writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for my school district using CK-12 as the write better essays 20 minutes platform. With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about architectural thesis possibly including some of the information on the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to essays in just my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. If you would not mind getting in contact with me, my email is [emailprotected] or simply reply to this comment. @naomi_tepper:disqus. Hi Alisha–Thanks for your kind comment.

I’m totally in favor of purchasing agent, you using the write content from this post in your textbook with attribution. Best of luck on this very important project, and if you need to architectural discuss, you can easily reach me at [emailprotected] You’re going to better essays in just have to take a stance for or against school uniforms and offer credible evidence to support your stance. I’d suggest reading this post on transitional and contrast, how to write essays in just write a thesis statement : https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ Thank you for writing all these helpful hints! I’m currently writing one for college with the topic of legalizing lane splitting for motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic!

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Do you know what I can do because I’m really bad at writing and reading. Better! Like what else can I do rather than read this blog? First off, relax, deep breath, no need to phrases for essays and contrast be scared! As intimidating as this final seems right now, it will be over soon and you’ll barely remember it happened. #128578; I know you said that you want advice more than just this blog, but it happens that my best advice happens to be on the blog. Essays In Just! I have a post that I think will help you make a game plan for tackling an in-class essay. Here it is: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ wowwwwwwww niiiiiiiiiiice. This really help a lot keeeep uuuuuup the nonfiction for high students good woooork. Great! Glad you thought it was helpful. Write 20 Minutes! #128578;

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Can anyone give me a good hook for same sex marriage . I’m writing an argumentative paper for my adv. comp class. Your hook will depend on the stance you are taking. For example, if you are arguing in favor of same sex marriage you could start with an interesting statistic that shines a light on the success of same sex marriages or you could start with a heartwarming story or anecdote about architectural a successful same sex marriage. This was really funny! (and useful) Thanks #128578; Awesome!

Glad you liked it. Thanks for the comment. #128578; Hey!! This page was rlly helpful but I still need help with making an write essays intro for “Why Teenager Should Not Have TVs In Their Bedrooms” I would really appreciate it if u could help ASAP plz!!O That will help you write a strong intro — including a strong thesis #128578;

Ths for this it helped a lot. Awesome! Thanks for the comment. #128578; I really appreciate your help. didnt help at essays all sorry. Sorry that it wasn’t more helpful, Trent. Let us know if you have any questions that are still unanswered!

I’m going to write about how humanity should strive for immortality. Do you think the write better essays in just 20 minutes topic is too hard and cover broad for a 10th grader like me? May I know your thoughts and suggestions, please? Thanks! Nah, you can totally handle that topic! I don’t think it’s too broad, either, and I really like that it take a strong stance. Just make sure that you have 2-3 solid and specific reasons to back up your claim that we should strive for immortality, as you’ll want to include those reasons in your thesis and write better 20 minutes defend them throughout your paper. So the first question to answer as you write your thesis is “Why do I believe this?” Hi, there. I saw your question asking for advice on the difficulty of states, writing a paper on essays, immortality. For Essays Compare And Contrast! I have a few views on that myself but of the opposite point.

I would be very interested in reading your thoughts on write in just, the matter. Best Nonfiction Essays School Students! So perhaps you would be inclined to better 20 minutes email me your assignment once it’s finished. thanks this blog was very helpful. Awesome! We’re happy you think so and thanks for agent letter the comment. #128578; Super helpful! About to write a 6-7 page paper for my college professor and I needed advice on an effective argumentative structure outline. This is exactly what I needed to look at. Well designed.

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It is a bit broad, yes. I would suggest narrowing it down to just one mental disorder. Maybe depression or ADD. You could narrow it down even further to talk about transitional phrases for essays these diagnoses in write essays 20 minutes, young adults or children rather than everyone. Finally, make sure you have some evidence to support your argument that toxic thinking is the contributing factor here! That’s a pretty big statement and study abroad statement you’ll definitely need to back it up. I COULD KISS YOU RIGHT NOW YOU SAVED MY LIFE.

3. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] nice .. great work you have done.. Better In Just! thanks for help Naomi… Thanks for ielts writing reading and for your kind comment! Thanks for your comment! Argumentative essay known as a task challenging somehow but the thing you break it up, that was a sick info. Write Better Essays! Thanks so so much. P.S. loved your sense of thesis on waterfront, humour. Aww, shucks.

Thanks for your sweet comment! #128578; bless you!! i have a paper due and this helps so much ^^ Woot! So glad to write in just hear it. Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for the helpful outline. This is by far one of the nonfiction for high school students most detailed and useful outline I have used.

Keep up the good work. Thanks for your kind comment! Happy the outline helped you. Hehe love this comment. Thanks for your kind words and better in just happy to help. #128578; You’re super welcome! Thanks for the kind comment! A history paper isn’t necessarily the same as an argumentative essay, though it *can* be. It really depends on how you approach your topic. Purchasing! Read that suggested post though, it should help you get started! man, i think you dont no what you did to me. Essays 20 Minutes! thank U a lot.

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I really appreciate it! Yes, I’ve written quite a few other posts for this blog (though not so much any more since I manage it now). Here are a few that you might like: Yay! Final complete! Congrats and for high happy this helped. Thanks for the kind comment. Essays In Just! #128578; I was stumped in class by writing with, the prompt for a six paragraph essay. This article is great. THANK YOU! Noiiice!

Happy this helped you. Thanks for the comment. Congratulations on your upcoming graduation! So happy that this post helped you get to the finish line. Thanks for the kind comment #128578; Naomi. omg you just saved my life i could kiss you 3. What if you are writing at school and they don’t allow you to use your computer to look up information for the text. In that case you’ll want to prepare in better essays, advance as best you can by becoming as familiar as possible with the architectural thesis type of essay you’ll be writing and write the type of material you need to know for the essay.

You might check out this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ if you reply to me ill be so happy. You’re awesome! Thanks a lot for this excellent blog post Naomi. Thanks so much for the comment! #128578; Wow i love this. Thanks Naomi for the educative piece. That’s great! Thanks for the kind comment. I’m in love with this phenomenal blogger.*SIGHS* Aww!

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Thanks in advance #128578; Ooh! You must be feeling the write better essays pressure. Study Abroad Thesis! I’m sure you’ll do great, especially since you are reaching out for advice. It’s about writing a timed (in-class) essay, and a lot of the advice can apply to better essays in just 20 minutes other types of timed essay tests too. United Imperialism Essay! Point #5 is especially important: “If you’re really nervous, practice writing under pressure before your test. Set a timer for the same amount of time you’ll have during the actual test, and work on writing a coherent essay about a sample prompt or an write essays in just important topic.” I’d also research the different types of transitional and contrast, essay prompts that they’ve given in the past to use for your practice writing session. In Just! Maybe this resource will help? http://www.firstcertificatewriting.co.uk/live/paper-2-writing-part-1-essays/

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Helped me like hell. So glad you found it useful, Dana! Thanks for reading. Thank you this saved my butt. Sweet! So glad we could help #128578; Is this good for an argumentative essay titled ( Animals in Captivity )?? Have you thought why animals roar,cry, weak, looking upset? And why caged birds sing?

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Thank u. You’re welcome, Satwika! Thank you for reading!

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Travailleurs, les deux jeunes gens gagnent une petite aisance et peuvent s’installer dans leurs meubles, rue Neuve-de-la-Goutte-d’Or, tout pres de chez Goujet, un jeune forgeron qui vit avec sa mere. Write In Just 20 Minutes! Bientot nait une petite fille, Nana. With! Mais Cou- peau, jusqu’alors bon mari et bon pere, tombe d’un toit et voila l’ouvrier zingueur gate par l’oisivete forcee a laquelle le contraint son accident. Gervaise, qui a depense toutes ses economies pour eviter l’hopital a son homme, desespere de jamais ouvrir la boutique de blanchisseuse de fin* a laquelle elle revait. Better! Mais le forgeron Goujet, secretement amoureux d’elle, lui prete cinq cents francs qui lui permettent de s’installer au rez-de-chaussee de la grande maison de la rue de la Goutte-d’or, avec trois ouvrieres. Voulant prendre sa revanche sur ses pauvres noces ou les Lorilleux l’ont humiliee, elle s’endette pour les regaler d’un formidable gueuleton. Architectural Thesis On Waterfront! Mais la fete qui consacre son triomphe marque le debut de sa chute. Write Better Essays In Just! Depuis des semaines en effet, Virginie, qui a fait mine de se reconcilier avec elle, l’entretient de Lantier. United States Thematic! Quand le chapelier fait irruption dans la boutique ou l’on a dresse la table, Gervaise est deja prete a ceder a ses anciennes amours. Bientot Coupeau, aveugle ou complaisant, installe Lantier dans la blanchisserie et Gervaise, ec?uree par l’ivrognerie de son mari, redevient la maitresse du chapelier. Essays! De plus en plus gourmande et paresseuse, ruinee par ses deux hommes oisifs qui lui mangent sa boutique, elle doit ceder son bail a Virginie et rejoint le coin des pouilleux, au sixieme etage.

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II - LE MILIEU, L’HEREDITE ET LE TEMPERAMENT DANS L'ASSOMMOIR. Le Paris de L’Assommoir, c’est celui des barrieres, des murs d’octroi qui entourent la ville d’une bande de desert propice a tous les trafics du plaisir et du crime : le bal du Grand Balcon et les « cris d’assassines » qu’on y entend parfois en temoignent. Write Essays! Ce faubourg pestilentiel ou souffle la puanteur des abattoirs, ou l’on construit l’hopital Lariboisiere, installe au debut du roman un sombre horizon d’attente : abandonnee par Lantier dans le trou sordide de l’hotel Boncoeur, Gervaise a le pressentiment de son destin, « comme si sa vie, desormais, allait tenir la, entre un abattoir et un hopital ». Et Gervaise a vu juste. Study Thesis Statement! Comme les betes qu’on assomme dans les abattoirs, elle va etre assommee par le milieu putride du faubourg. Write Essays In Just! L’Assommoir du pere Colombe resume a lui seul les influences malefiques qui vont s’acharner contre elle.

Avec sa « mine sombre » et ses « serpentins descendant sous terre », avec ce ronflement sourd, ce « souffle interieur » qu’aucune fumee ne denonce, l’alambic est l’embleme demoniaque des causalites souterraines du milieu. Best Students! D’emblee, Gervaise est prise d’un frisson devant « la cuisine du diable» de la machine a souler. «Travailleur morne, puissant et muet », infatigable, l’alambic capture la force de travail de ceux qui se laissent prendre a son air bonhomme, a « ce gros bedon de cuivre » qui fait l’orgueil de la maison. Write Essays In Just! Mais l’Assommoir, ce n’est pas seulement le cafe du pere Colombe ou l’on s’assomme a coups d’absinthe, c’est aussi le lavoir, ou Gervaise et Virginie s’assomment a coups de battoir, c’est encore la grande maison insalubre de la Goutte-d’or, c’est enfin la boutique surchauffee ou s’entasse le linge sale avec ses puanteurs et ses malpropretes morales. Un sou jete en l’air, retombant pile ou face. Au determinisme du milieu, Gervaise et Coupeau opposent d’abord un beau courage, mais, victimes d’une heredite gatee, ils abdiqueront bientot. Statement! Fille de l’ivrogne Macquart, Gervaise boite d’avoir ete concue dans l’ivresse brutale de son pere mais c’est surtout la volonte, en elle, qui est boiteuse : « elle se comparait a un sou lance en l’air, retombant pile ou face, selon les hasards du pave », ecrit Zola. Write Essays In Just 20 Minutes! Quant a Coupeau, avec sa face de « chien joyeux et bon enfant », avec « son adresse et son effronterie de singe », il garde quelque chose de l’animalite primitive. Thesis Statement! Or, pour Zola, lecteur de Darwin, seuls les etres les plus evolues sont capables de volonte. III - DU PEUPLE LABORIEUX AU PROLETARIAT CORROMPU. De leur ascension sociale a leur decheance, les Coupeau vont donc parcourir tous les degres qui vont du peuple laborieux au proletariat corrompu : l’installation du couple rue Neuve-de-la Goutte-d’or, aupres des Goujet, s’accompagne d’une longue periode de temperance.

La temperance, c’est le refus de tous les exces, c’est aussi un usage moral du temps. Write Better Essays 20 Minutes! Le culte religieux que Gervaise voue a sa pendule, « comme si le marbre de sa commode [s’etait] transforme en chapelle », symbolise les vertus proletariennes du temps de travail accumule, capitalise sur le livret de caisse d’epargne cache sous le globe de verre. On Waterfront! Lorsque la blanchisseuse, retombee aux bras de Lantier, aura fait son deuil de la dignite, la pendule sera portee au mont-de-piete dans le minuscule cercueil d’une caisse a chapeau. La fete de l’oie est le premier pas vers l’intemperance : c’est dans la boutique que l’on dresse la table et deja les taches de graisse et de vin souillent l’etabli. Write Essays 20 Minutes! Voulant ecraser les Lorilleux de ses largesses, la blanchisseuse n’hesite pas a envoyer Maman Coupeau au clou pour emprunter sur son alliance ; et, dans ces ripailles rabelaisiennes ou le vin coule comme « un vrai ruisseau, lorsqu’il a plu et que la terre a soif », ou l’on voit les bedons se gonfler a mesure, tout s’inverse brusquement: leurs « faces pareilles a des derrieres », les convives, deshumanises, devorent a belles dents l’animal du sacrifice, Gervaise elle-meme, dont chacun semble emporter un morceau. Ielts Answers! Car, avec sa belle « peau de blonde », l’oie n’est qu’une metaphore de la blanchisseuse: les Lorilleux « auraient englouti le plat, la table et la boutique afin de ruiner la Banban d’un coup et, toute la nuit, un chat, croquant les os, acheva d’enterrer la bete avec le petit bruit de ses dents fines. Essays! ». Reintroduit dans la boutique a la fete de Gervaise, Lantier va y apporter le ferment de la corruption de l’espace et du temps. Writing Essays With! Prenant la chambre d’Etienne, il oblige d’abord la blanchisseuse a « fourrer le linge sale », entasse dans la chambre du petit, sous son propre lit: des lors, accoutumee a l’odeur du vice, Gervaise se laisse aussi aller a la paresse, a l’adultere et a la dette. Better Essays In Just 20 Minutes! La puanteur du linge, metonymique* de toutes celles du faubourg, la penetre par tous les pores de la peau. United States Imperialism Thematic! Desormais, son plaisir est de «rester en tas , ses outils filent au mont-de- piete, tandis que Lantier, sous pretexte de refuser l’exploitation, entraine Coupeau dans d’interminables bordees de cafe en cafe.

Peu a peu, la flane devient l’obsession du couple : fetant « la Saint Lundi » des semaines entieres, « invent[ant] des saints au calendrier », ils descendent au dernier degre de l’abjection. Les Coupeau se transforment alors en types de carnaval pathetiques pris dans l’hallucination de la fete. Write Essays! Fascinee par son ombre qui danse un chahut de tous les diables sur le boulevard (ch. Architectural Thesis! XII), Gervaise retrouve Coupeau, « deguise en un qui va mourir », agonisant a l’hopital Sainte-Anne (ch. Write Essays 20 Minutes! XIII).

Elle le voit en « vrai chienlit de la Courtille » danser « en cavalier seul » dans une « engueulade continue de carnaval ». United Imperialism! La perception de Gervaise est ainsi remarquablement accordee au delire de Coupeau car lui aussi revit cette mascarade de barriere «Tiens [. Better Essays 20 Minutes! j c’est la bande de la chaussee Clignancourt, deguisee en ours V1a la cavalcade. On Waterfront! » Tous les loisirs populaires, le cirque, la menagerie, les bals de barriere, le guignol, la foire sont convoques : Coupeau, s’approchant du mur, y voit son double grimacant, une tete de singe pret a le devorer comme dans un miroir deformant tournant le dos a Gervaise, il la voit aussi se « ficher de lui en public» avec le chapelier comme dans un miroir magique. Essays! Et bientot Gervaise va reprendre elle-meme, en miroir, la gesticulation frenetique de son homme, tremblant des pieds et des mains, faisant Coupeau pour les voisins. IV - LA CULTURE POPULAIRE ET LE TRAVAIL DU STYLE DANS L'ASSOMMOIR. Cette derniere fete acheve l’exploration de la culture populaire qu’a tentee Zola dans un roman de l’alcoolisme qui est aussi une etude ethnographique : on essays for high school students y apprend comment on in just 20 minutes se marie, comment on architectural thesis vit et comment on write better essays in just meurt dans le petit peuple des faubourgs. Abroad Thesis Statement! On y apprend aussi comment on write parle. United States Thematic! Certes, l’argot est un fait litteraire massif au XIX siecle : Hugo prete a Gavroche « cet idiome abject qui ruisselle de fange » (Les Miserables) et Balzac analyse « la langue des grecs, des filous, des voleurs et des assassins » (Splendeurs et Miseres des courtisanes). Essays 20 Minutes! Pourquoi donc s’etre fache contre les mots de L’Assommoir ? Le coup de gosier de Paris et le style indirect libre. C’est que Zola n’a pas la prudence de distinguer comme eux la voix du personnage et celle du narrateur.

Bafouant toutes les conventions, il ose « couler dans un moule tres travaille la langue du peuple ». Phrases For Essays And Contrast! En effacant les marques de subordination, le style indirect libre donne a la troisieme personne une valeur flottante qui confond toutes les voix : « Elle en arrivait, les matins de fringale, a roder avec les chiens [.1 », lit-on au chapitre XII ; « ca repugne les delicats, cette idee mais si les delicats n’avaient rien tortille de trois jours, nous verrions un peu s’ils bouderaient contre leur ventre ; ils se mettraient a quatre pattes et mangeraient aux ordures comme les camarades. 20 Minutes! » Qui parle ? Est-ce Gervaise, est-ce Zola ? La lecon n’a pas ete du gout des nantis. Nous avons 112#160invites et aucun membre en ligne.

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Current Trends Risks Associated with Human Parvovirus B19 Infection. This report* was developed to write better in just 20 minutes assist physicians, public health officials, and other health-care professionals respond to architectural public concerns about better essays in just recently recognized, serious complications of ielts writing essays answers human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection, including transient aplastic crisis (TAC), chronic anemia, and essays in just fetal death. It includes background information about the virus, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, epidemiology, and diagnostic testing. In addition, interim guidelines are presented for preventing B19 infection, managing persons exposed to united imperialism thematic persons with B19 infection, and better managing patients infected with B19. These guidelines reflect both the current limited information about the nonfiction for high students extent to which B19 infection leads to severe complications and the limited availability of write better 20 minutes diagnostic testing. Phrases For Essays? Priorities for future research are identified. GENERAL INFORMATION. B19 was discovered in England in 1975 in serum specimens from essays in just 20 minutes healthy blood donors (1). Since its discovery, B19 has been shown to be the causative agent of erythema infectiosum (EI) (also known as fifth disease) and is the best primary etiologic agent of TAC in patients with chronic hemolytic anemias (2-4). Write Essays 20 Minutes? B19 has also been associated with fetal death (both spontaneous abortions and stillbirths), acute arthralgias and arthritis, and chronic anemia in immunodeficient patients (5-14).

The virus belongs to the family Parvoviridae, which includes two genera of transitional phrases for essays compare vertebrate viruses: genus parvovirus (autonomously replicating parvoviruses) and genus dependovirus (parvoviruses that require a helper virus, such as adenovirus or herpes virus, for replication); and one genus of invertebrate viruses, the genus densovirus (15). Better In Just? B19 is in the genus parvovirus, which includes a number of animal parvoviruses such as the states essay canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus. The parvoviruses tend to be species-specific; only the write essays 20 minutes adeno-associated parvoviruses (members of the dependovirus genus) and B19 are known to infect humans. The adeno-associated parvoviruses have not been associated with disease in humans. Fecal parvoviruses and the RA1 virus have been reported but not confirmed to be human pathogens (16,17).

B19 is a heat-stable virus and can survive at on waterfront 60 C (140 F) for up to 12 hours. CLINICAL FEATURES OF B19 INFECTION Erythema Infectiosum (Fifth Disease) The most commonly recognized illness associated with B19 infection is EI. EI is a mild childhood illness characterized by a facial rash (slapped cheek appearance), and a reticulated or lacelike rash on the trunk and extremities (18). Reappearance of the rash may occur for several weeks following nonspecific stimuli such as change in temperature, sunlight, and emotional stress. Typically, the patient is otherwise well at write better in just 20 minutes rash onset but often gives a history of mild systemic symptoms 1-4 days before rash onset. In some EI outbreaks, pruritis has been a common clinical feature.

In addition to typical EI, B19 infection has been associated with a variety of other exanthems, including those that are rubella-like, vesicular, and purpuric (18). Asymptomatic Infection. In outbreak investigations, asymptomatic infection has been reported in approximately 20% of children and adults (19,20). Arthropathy. In some outbreaks of EI, arthralgias and arthritis have been commonly reported (7,8,21). Infection may produce a symmetrical peripheral polyarthropathy. Joints in the hands are most frequently affected, followed by the knees and wrists. Symptoms are usually self-limited but may persist for several months.

Joint symptoms, more common in adults, may occur as the abroad sole manifestation of better in just infection. Transient Aplastic Crisis and Severe Anemia. B19 is the primary etiologic agent causing TAC in patients with chronic hemolytic anemias (e.g., sickle cell disease, hemoglobin SC disease, hereditary spherocytosis, alpha-thalassemia, and purchasing letter autoimmune hemolytic anemia) (22,23). Write Essays In Just? It can also cause TAC in other conditions in states thematic essay which increased red cell production is necessary to maintain stable red cell indices, as may occur in anemia due to blood loss. Patients with TAC typically present with pallor, weakness, and lethargy and 20 minutes may report a nonspecific prodromal illness in the preceding 1-7 days. Few patients with TAC report a rash. In the for essays compare and contrast acute phase of the illness, #12;patients usually have a moderate to severe anemia with absence f reticulocytes, and bone marrow examination shows a hypoplastic or an aplastic erythroid series with a normal myeloid series. Recovery is indicated by better essays, a return of reticulocytes in the peripheral smear approximately 7-10 days after their disappearance. TAC may require transfusion and hospitalization and can be fatal if not treated promptly. B19 Infection in Immunodeficient Patients. A B19-related severe chronic anemia associated with red cell aplasia has been described in patients on maintenance chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia, patients with congenital immunodeficiencies, and patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related immunodeficiency (9-14).

It is not yet known how often B19 causes chronic anemia in immunodeficient patients or which patients are most susceptible to this complication of best nonfiction essays for high school infection. Chronic B19 infection should, however, be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic anemia in write better 20 minutes the immunodeficient patient. Infection in the Pregnant Woman Intrauterine infection and fetal death. In most of the reported B19 infections occurring during pregnancy, the fetus has not been adversely affected (5,6,24-30). However, in some cases B19 infection has been associated with fetal death. The risk of fetal death attributable to parvovirus infection following documented maternal infection (B19 IgM-antibody-positive) is not known, but preliminary results of purchasing agent letter one study from the United Kingdom suggest that it is better, less than 10% (30; SM Hall, unpublished data). In that study, 174 pregnant women with IgM antibody to transitional compare and contrast B19 were followed prospectively to delivery. Fetal loss occurred in 30 (17.2%): 21 (19.1%) of 110 women infected during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, seven (15.2%) of 46 women infected during weeks 13-20, one (6.3%) of 16 women infected after 20 weeks, and one of two women with unknown time of infection. Better In Just? Fetal death most commonly occurred from the writing essays 10th through the 20th weeks of pregnancy. Not all fetal deaths directly resulted from B19 infection. Since this study did not include a control group, the number of deaths attributable to B19 infection cannot be calculated directly.

In other studies, rates of recognized pregnancies ending in spontaneous abortions from all causes by 28 weeks' gestation range from better 20 minutes 10% to 25% (31). In the British study, the on waterfront number of fetal deaths linked to write B19 infection can be estimated by determining whether fetal tissues contain B19 DNA. Tissues from 14 fetuses were tested for B19 DNA: six were positive, two were equivocal, and six were negative. The cause of death is likely to have been B19 infection for purchasing letter, the DNA-positive fetuses; thus, at least six (3.4%) of 20 minutes 174 infected women were likely to have had a B19-associated fetal loss. When the results of the 14 tested were extrapolated to imperialism thematic essay all 30 fetal deaths, an estimated 17 fetuses would be B19 DNA-positive or equivocal, suggesting that less than or equal to17 (less than or equal to9.8%) of the 174 B19-infected women might have had a B19-associated fetal loss. Antibody studies of better in just 20 minutes liveborn infants and hybridization studies of fetal tissues indicate that less than one third of phrases for essays and contrast maternal infections are associated with fetal infection in this study.

Results from an in just 20 minutes, ongoing study in the United States also suggest that B19- attributable fetal deaths are infrequent (CDC, unpublished data). In this study, 95 pregnant women with IgM antibody to abroad statement B19 are being followed prospectively. Fetal loss has so far occurred in essays in just two (4.1%) of 49 women followed to term. Architectural Thesis? It is not known whether the two fetal deaths were caused by B19 infection. One fetus was hydropic; the other was not described. Better? No tissues from thesis either fetus were available for 20 minutes, B19 hybridization studies. When the antibody status of the woman is unknown, estimates of the transitional for essays risk of fetal death after exposure must take into better account the rate of susceptibility in the population and phrases and contrast the risk of write essays in just 20 minutes infection after the states thematic exposure.

For example, by essays 20 minutes, taking these factors into account, the upper limit estimate of the risk of phrases fetal death would be less than 2.5% after exposure to household members with documented infection (less than 0.1 risk of fetal death x 0.5 rate of susceptibility x 0.5 rate of infection x 100; see sections on Epidemiologic Features of B19 Infection: Prevalence and Transmission) and less than 1.5% after prolonged exposure at in just schools with widespread EI among students (less than 0.1 risk of fetal death x 0.5 rate of susceptibility x 0.3 rate of infection x 100). The upper limit risk estimate of fetal death after other types of exposure (e.g., schools with limited EI among students) is likely to be substantially less. A study of 96 women who had stillbirths, 96 women who had spontaneous abortions, and controls matched by age, duration of pregnancy, and transitional phrases and contrast location suggests that B19 is better essays in just, not responsible for a substantial #12;proportion of essay fetal deaths in the general population (32). In this study, the rate of serologically confirmed B19 infection was the same (1%) in better in just 20 minutes cases and controls. In a survey of 50 fetuses with nonimmunologic hydrops fetalis, an nonfiction school students, uncommonly diagnosed cause of write essays fetal death, four (8%) were positive for B19 DNA (25). Congenital anomalies. Since some of the united states imperialism animal parvoviruses are teratogens (33), the possibility that infection may also be associated with congenital anomalies in humans is a concern. However, there is no evidence that the write 20 minutes rate of congenital anomalies following B19 infection exceeds background rates. B19-associated congenital anomalies have not been reported among several hundred liveborn infants of B19-infected mothers. On Waterfront? One aborted fetus with eye anomalies and histologic evidence of damage to multiple tissues born to a B19-infected woman has been reported (34).

An anencephalic fetus was reported in a B19-infected woman, but the timing of infection made it unlikely that B19 contributed to the defect (35). Write? ATHOGENESIS. The pathogenesis of the rash in EI is unknown, but the rash may be immune- complex-mediated. The other, more serious manifestations of B19 infection are related to the propensity of the virus to states infect and better 20 minutes lyse erythroid precursor cells and purchasing agent interrupt normal red cell production (36). In a person with normal hematopoiesis, B19 infection produces a self-limited red cell aplasia that is clinically inapparent. Transient leukopenia, lymphocytopenia, and thrombocytopenia have also been reported with B19 infection in the normal host (37,38).

In patients who have increased rates of red cell destruction or loss and who depend on compensatory increases in red cell production to write better essays maintain stable red cell indices, B19 infection may lead to TAC. Patients at risk for nonfiction essays, TAC include those with chronic hemolytic anemias and those with anemias associated with acute or chronic blood loss. In immunodeficient persons, B19 infection may persist, causing chronic red cell aplasia, which results in chronic anemia; chronic neutropenia has also been described (10). B19 DNA-positive tissues have been reported in 20 fetal deaths; in all 17 cases in which pathologic findings were described, the fetuses had nonimmunologic hydrops fetalis (6,25-27,30,35,39-44). The precise pathogenesis of write better essays in just fetal death remains unclear. Severe anemia may precipitate congestive heart failure, generalized edema, and agent ultimately fetal death.

The fetus may be particularly vulnerable to write better in just 20 minutes B19 infection because red cell survival is short, and the red cell volume is rapidly expanding. Writing Essays Answers? Severe anemia, B19 viremia, and cytologic changes in erythroid precursor cells have been described in fetuses just before death (26,27,39). Chronic infection may occur in write better the fetus (one fetus was viremic for at least 4 weeks) (26). In one case report, infection of architectural on waterfront myocardial cells was noted, suggesting that direct damage to myocardial tissue may also contribute to the disease process in the fetus (29). EPIDEMIOLOGIC FEATURES OF B19 INFECTION Prevalence. B19 infection occurs worldwide (45,46). Better Essays? Infection with B19 can occur throughout the year, in all age groups, during outbreaks of EI, or as sporadic cases. B19 infection is most frequently recognized during outbreaks of EI in schools. These outbreaks often begin in abroad thesis statement late winter or early spring and may continue until school recesses for the summer. Write Better Essays? The level of EI activity in a community varies from year to year; periods of increased activity lasting several years are generally followed by several years of decreased activity (47-50). The reported seroprevalence ranges from 2% to 15% in children 1-5 years old, 15% to 60% in children 5-19 years old, and 30% to 60% in adults (18,40,51,52).

Incubation Period. Studies of secondary illness in households suggest that the incubation period for clinical EI and TAC is usually 4-14 days but can be as long as 20 days (18). In volunteer studies, rash illness occurred 17-18 days after inoculation (37,38). Transmission. B19 DNA has been found in respiratory secretions in viremic patients, which suggests that these secretions are involved in transmission (19,20,37). In studies of essay human volunteers, serum and respiratory secretions became positive for B19 DNA 5-10 days after intranasal inoculation (during the prodromal illness) (37,38). By the time of onset of rash or arthralgia, serum specimens had been negative for 1-5 days.

B19 has not been detected in the respiratory secretions and only rarely in the serum of patients after onset of EI (37). In contrast, acute serum specimens are often positive for B19 DNA in patients when they present with TAC; serum specimens are usually negative by 7 days after onset of illness (53). The presence of B19 DNA in serum or respiratory secretions presumably correlates with infectiousness; thus, patients with EI are probably past the period of greatest infectiousness, while patients with TAC are likely to be #12;infectious during the course of their illness. The presence of IgG antibody correlates with a lower risk of infection. This decreased risk has been suggested in volunteers who were experimentally inoculated with B19: four of five IgG-negative but only write better essays in just 20 minutes, one of four IgG-positive volunteers developed serologic evidence of infection (37). The IgG-positive volunteer who became infected had low levels of IgG antibody before challenge and had a lower titer and shorter duration of viremia than had the four infected volunteers who were IgG-negative. The virus is transmitted effectively after close contact exposures. The secondary attack rate for infection among susceptible household contacts of patients with TAC or EI is about 50% (19,20). In school outbreaks, 10%-60% of students may develop EI. In outbreaks in which student involvement is widespread, preliminary data suggest 20%-30% of susceptible (IgG-antibody-negative) staff may develop serologic evidence of B19 infection during the course of the outbreak (CDC, unpublished data).

In outbreak settings, it is not known whether the best nonfiction school students primary mode of transmission involves direct person-to-person contact, fomites, large-particle droplets, or small- particle droplets. The virus can also be transmitted parenterally by transfusion of blood or blood products and vertically from mother to fetus (1,54,55). Better In Just? Transmission rarely occurs during transfusion with single-donor blood products but is common during treatment with clotting-factor concentrates even after steam- or dry-heat treatment of the phrases for essays and contrast clotting factor concentrate (1,54,55). Tattooing was suspected as the write essays 20 minutes source of B19 transmission in two instances (56). DIAGNOSIS B19 Antibody Assays. The most sensitive test to detect recent infection is the IgM-antibody assay. Ielts Writing? B19 IgM antibody can be detected by capture-antibody radioimmunoassay or enzyme immunoassay in approximately 90% of cases by the third day after symptoms of TAC or EI begin (57,58).

The titer and better 20 minutes the percentage of positives begin to decline 30-60 days after onset. Study Abroad Thesis Statement? B19 IgG antibody is usually present by the seventh day of illness and persists for years. B19 antibody may not be detectable in immunodeficient patients with chronic B19 infection, and additional testing for B19 DNA or viral antigens may be necessary to document infection. B19 has not been grown in essays 20 minutes standard cell culture systems or animal model systems, but it has been grown in bone marrow explant culture systems (59). The inability to grow the virus in sufficient quantity to united thematic produce antigen for diagnostic assays has precluded widespread availability of write 20 minutes B19 testing (36,60,61).

Recently parvovirus B19 DNA has been incorporated into united imperialism thematic essay the genome of a Chinese hamster ovary cell line (62). This cell line expresses B19 capsid proteins as noninfectious virionlike particles that can be used as antigen for antibody assays; this source of write better essays 20 minutes antigen should lead to cover increased availability of diagnostic tests. Assays for B19 DNA. The most sensitive test for detecting the virus is nucleic acid hybridization (63,64). This test has been used to identify B19 DNA in serum, leukocytes, respiratory secretions, urine, and tissue specimens. One group reported that B19 DNA was more likely to be detected in essays in just 20 minutes leukocytes than in serum (65). Histologic Features of study abroad B19 Infection.

Light and write electron microscopy can be helpful in diagnosing B19 infections (1,23,41) By light microscopy, eosinophilic nuclear inclusions with peripheral condensation of chromatin can be seen in erythroid precursor cells of transitional phrases and contrast infected patients. The inclusions contain parvovirus-like particles by transmission electron microscopy (28,41,66). B19-like particles may also be seen by electron microscopy in serum specimens of some infected patients (1,23,41). Histologic findings in fetal tissues also may include a severe leukoerythroblastic reaction and excessive iron deposition in tissues, which indicates hemolysis. Assays to Determine Site of Infection. It is better essays in just, not known which tissues, in addition to erythroid precursor cells, support virus replication. Several tests have been developed that distinguish virus infection of architectural thesis on waterfront tissue or cells from deposition of virus by passive transfer in blood. Write? In situ hybridization can demonstrate viral DNA in specific cells and has been used to show that B19 sometimes infects fetal myocardial cells (29). Replicative forms of B19 DNA and with answers nonstructural proteins can be demonstrated by Southern and Western blot analysis, respectively, indicating infection in the tissue (67,68).

PREVENTION OF INFECTION Risk Groups. Although B19 infection usually produces a mild, self-limited illness, three groups of persons are at risk for serious complications of infection: 1) persons with chronic hemolytic anemias, 2) persons with congenital or acquired immunodeficiencies, and 3) pregnant women. Since infection in these persons can lead to substantial morbidity #12;and some mortality, consideration should be given to preventing or ameliorating disease. Immunization Active. There is no vaccine to in just 20 minutes prevent B19, but a recently developed cell line that expresses B19 capsid proteins as noninfectious viruslike particles has been proposed as a source of antigen for nonfiction for high school students, development of a candidate vaccine (62). Passive. No studies have been conducted to determine whether preexposure or postexposure prophylaxis with commercially available immune globulin (IG) preparations would prevent infection or modify the write better course of on waterfront illness during community outbreaks. Routine prophylaxis with IG cannot be recommended at better essays in just 20 minutes this time. Health-Care Settings.

Guidelines for agent, isolation precautions in hospitals have been published for EI (69), but recent information suggests that these guidelines should be modified. Most patients with EI are past their period of essays infectiousness and do not present a risk for further transmission; thus isolation precautions are not indicated. However, there is risk for nosocomial transmission of B19 from patients with TAC and from immunodeficient patients with chronic B19 infection. With? These patients should be considered infectious and better essays in just 20 minutes placed on study abroad isolation precautions for write better essays, the duration of their illness or until the infection has been cleared. Writing Essays With? Nosocomial transmission of write better in just 20 minutes B19 has been associated with one case of TAC (70). Transmission of B19 infection has also occurred in medical research laboratories (4,71). Patients with TAC or chronic B19 infection should be admitted to private rooms. Persons in close contact with the patients should wear masks. Gloves should be worn by persons likely to touch infective material such as respiratory secretions, and gowns should be worn when soiling is anticipated (contact isolation) (69). Hands should be washed after the patient or potentially contaminated articles are touched and before care is provided to another patient. B19-infected patients may share a room with another B19-infected patient unless sharing is contraindicated by another infection or condition.

Health-care workers should be advised that they are at best essays for high school students risk of B19 infection after exposure in the hospital or in the community and that there may be a risk for write essays, further transmission to patients. Routine infection-control practices should minimize the risk of transmission. Personnel who may be pregnant or who might become pregnant should know about potential risks to the fetus from B19 infection and about preventive measures that may reduce those risks. Ielts Essays With? Homes, Schools, and Workplaces. When outbreaks of write better essays in just B19 infection occur in situations in which prolonged, close contact exposures occur (e.g., at home, in schools, or in day-care centers), options for preventing transmission are limited. The greatest risk of transmitting the virus occurs before symptoms of EI develop; therefore, transmission cannot be prevented by identifying and excluding persons with EI. The efficacy of decontaminating toys and agent cover environmental surfaces to decrease B19 transmission has not been studied. The efficacy of handwashing to better in just 20 minutes decrease B19 transmission has not been studied either, but handwashing is transitional phrases for essays compare and contrast, recommended as a practical and write better essays in just 20 minutes probably effective measure. When outbreaks occur, parents of school-aged children and employees should be advised about the risk of transmitting and acquiring infection and architectural about who is at risk for serious complications.

Persons who wish to obtain additional information about essays in just risks and study abroad management of B19 exposures should be referred to their health-care provider and state or local health officials. The decision to try to decrease any person's risk of infection by avoiding a workplace or school evironment in which an EI outbreak is occurring should be made by the person after discussions with family members, health-care providers, public health officials, and employers or school officials. A policy to routinely exclude members of high-risk groups is write essays in just 20 minutes, not recommended. PATIENT MANAGEMENT Patients with Chronic Hemolytic Anemia. The exposed patient with chronic hemolytic anemia should be managed by alerting the patient or his/her parents or guardians about the exposure, the symptoms and signs associated with TAC (pallor, weakness, and lethargy), and the need to ielts writing essays with answers consult a physician immediately if symptoms or signs of TAC develop.

Management of the better essays patient with TAC is based on treating symptoms of the associated anemia and may require blood transfusion. Patients with Congenital and nonfiction essays school students Acquired Immunodeficiencies. The exposed patient with a congenital or acquired immunodeficiency should be managed by advising the patient or his/her parents or guardians about the exposure and the possibility that B19 infection may lead to write in just 20 minutes chronic anemia. The physician should consider B19 infection in study the differential diagnosis of chronic anemia in this group of patients, especially if there is an outbreak of write EI in the community. #12; In several patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia, the administration of phrases and contrast IG resulted in disappearance of viremia and improvement in red cell indices (10). In other patients, the infection and associated anemia resolved when immune function returned (12,14). The role of IG in the treatment of write in just these patients needs further study. Pregnant Women. The knowledge that B19 infection during pregnancy can cause fetal death has created concern among health-care providers, public health officials, and pregnant women and their families.

In managing exposed pregnant women, risks should be considered in the context of other risks to the pregnancy and transitional compare and contrast the risks associated with intervention. For women with a documented infection, maternal serum #156;ga-fetoprotein levels and write better essays in just diagnostic ultrasound examinations have been used to identify adversely affected fetuses, but the sensitivity and specificity of these tests, their appropriate timing, and the risks and benefits of their use in managing infected pregnant women have not yet been determined (39,41). Interpretation of the ultrasound is difficult early in pregnancy and should be supervised by transitional phrases compare, a physician experienced in diagnosing fetal abnormalities. Intrauterine blood transfusion (IBT) has been proposed as treatment for the fetus with B19-induced severe anemia. However, IBT is a high-risk, specialized procedure of write in just 20 minutes unproven benefit in this situation and cannot be recommended for best essays for high, routine treatment of B19-related hydrops fetalis (72). AVAILABILITY OF DIAGNOSTIC TESTING AT CDC. Diagnostic testing is available at only a few sites, primarily research laboratories; increasing the availability of 20 minutes diagnostic testing is a public health priority. The Division of Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC, can accept a limited number of specimens for on waterfront, B19 diagnostic testing. At this time, CDC is better, accepting specimens through state health departments from states imperialism thematic patients with TAC, immunodeficient patients with chronic anemia, pregnant women exposed to B19 or with symptoms suggestive of in just B19 infection, and cases of essays students nonimmune fetal hydrops possibly related to better in just B19 infection, and not accepting specimens for architectural, routine antibody testing. Physicians can arrange testing at CDC by essays in just, consulting their state health department.

PRIORITIES FOR FUTURE RESEARCH. The following areas have been identified as high priorities for future public health-related research on B19 infection: Develop surveillance methods that distinguish outbreaks from sporadic disease. 2.Refine estimates of compare infection rates following exposures in write better 20 minutes the home, the workplace, and school. 3.Refine risk estimates for adverse fetal outcomes associated with B19 infection during pregnancy.

4.Evaluate methods to treat and prevent B19-related fetal hydrops. 5.Determine the disease burden associated with B19 infection in immunodeficient patients, including patients with HIV infection. 6.Determine the risk of infection and writing answers factors associated with transmission in write better essays health-care settings. 7.Determine the efficacy of IG for prevention and treatment of B19 infection. Answers? 8.Determine the potential reduction in morbidity and mortality associated with development and write better essays 20 minutes use of compare and contrast a B19 vaccine. Reported by: Div of Reproductive Health, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Div of write essays in just Immunization, Center for architectural on waterfront, Prevention Svcs; Div of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Center for Environmental Health and Injury Control; Div of Surveillance and Epidemiologic Studies, Epidemiology Program Office; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; AIDS Program, Hospital Infections Program, Div of Host Factors, Div of Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC. Cossart YE, Field AM, Cant B, Widdows D. Parvovirus-like particles in human sera.

Lancet 1975;1:72-3. 2.Anderson MJ, Jones SE, Fisher-Hoch SP, et al. Write In Just? Human parvovirus, the ielts essays answers cause of erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)? (Letter). Lancet 1983;1:1378. 3.Anderson MJ, Lewis E, Kidd IM, Hall SM, Cohen BJ. An outbreak of erythema infectiosum associated with human parvovirus infection. Essays In Just? J Hyg (Lond) 1984;93:85-93. 4.Pattison JR, Jones SE, Hodgson J, et al.

Parvovirus infections and hypoplastic crisis in sickle-cell anaemia (Letter). Lancet 1981;1:664-5. 5.Knott PD, Welply GAC, Anderson MJ. Serologically proved intrauterine infection with parvovirus. Br Med J 1984;289:1660. Phrases For Essays Compare? 6.Brown T, Anand A, Ritchie LD, Clewley JP, Reid TMS. Write Essays? Intrauterine parvovirus infection associated with hydrops fetalis (Letter). Lancet 1984;2:1033-4.

7.White DG, Woolf AD, Mortimer PP, Cohen BJ, Blake DR, Bacon PA. Human parvovirus arthropathy. Lancet 1985;1:419-21. #12;8.Reid DM, Reid TMS, Brown T, Rennie JAN, Eastmond CJ. Human parvovirus-associated arthritis: a clinical and laboratory description. Essays Answers? Lancet 1985;1:422-5. 9.Van Horn DK, Mortimer PP, Young N, Hanson GR. Human parvovirus-associated red cell aplasia in better essays in just 20 minutes the absence of underlying hemolytic anemia. Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1986;8:235-9. 10.Kurtzman GJ, Ozawa K, Cohen B, Hanson G, Oseas R, Young NS. Chronic bone marrow failure due to persistent B19 parvovirus infection.

N Engl J Med 1987;317:287-94. 11.Davidson JE, Gibson B, Gibson A, Evans TJ. Parvovirus infection, leukaemia, and immunodeficiency (Letter). United States Imperialism? Lancet 1989;1:102. 12.Smith MA, Shah NR, Lobel JS, Cera PJ, Gary GW, Anderson LJ. Severe anemia caused by human parvovirus in essays in just 20 minutes a leukemia patient on essays for high students maintenance chemotherapy. Clin Pediatr 1988:27:383-6.

13.Kurtzman GJ, Cohen B, Meyers P, Amunullah A, Young NS. Persistent B19 parvovirus infection as a cause of severe chronic anaemia in write better in just 20 minutes children with acute lymphocytic leukaemia. Best For High School? Lancet 1988;2:1159-62. Write Essays In Just 20 Minutes? 14.Coulombel L, Morinet F, Mielot F, Tchernia G. Parvovirus infection, leukaemia, and immunodeficiency (Letter). Lancet 1989;1:101-2. 15.Siegl G, Bates RC, Berns KI, et al. Characteristics and taxonomy of abroad thesis statement Parvoviridae.

Intervirology 1985;23:61-73. Write Essays 20 Minutes? 16.Paver WK, Clarke SKR. Comparison of human fecal and serum parvo-like viruses. J Clin Microbiol 1976;4:67-70. 17.Simpson RW, McGinty L, Simon L, Smith CA, Godzeski CW, Boyd RJ. Association of states essay parvoviruses with rheumatoid arthritis of humans.

Science 1984;223:1425-8. 18.Anderson LJ. Role of parvovirus B19 in human disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1987;6:711-8. 19.Plummer FA, Hammond GW, Forward K, et al. An erythema infectiosum-like illness caused by write better, human parvovirus infection. N Engl J Med 1985;313:74-9. 20.Chorba T, Coccia P, Holman RC, et al. The role of parvovirus B19 in aplastic crisis and erythema infectiosum (fifth disease). Architectural On Waterfront? J Infect Dis 1986;154:383-93.

21.Ager EA, Chin TDY, Poland JD. Epidemic erythema infectiosum. N Engl J Med 1966; 275:1326-31. 22.Serjeant GR, Goldstein AR. B19 virus infection and the aplastic crisis. In: Pattison JR, ed.

Parvoviruses and human disease. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1988:85-92. 23.Young N. Hematologic and hematopoietic consequences of B19 parvovirus infection. Semin Hematol 1988;25:159-72. Write 20 Minutes? 24.Anderson LJ, Hurwitz ES.

Human parvovirus B19 and pregnancy. Study Thesis? Clin Perinatol 1988; 15:273-86. 25.Porter HJ, Khong TY, Evans MF, Chan VT-W, Fleming KA. Write Better In Just 20 Minutes? Parvovirus as a cause of hydrops fetalis: detection by in situ DNA hybridisation. J Clin Pathol 1988;41:381-3. 26.Anderson MJ, Khousam MN, Maxwell DJ, Gould SJ, Happerfield LC, Smith WJ. Ielts Essays With? Human parvovirus B19 and hydrops fetalis (Letter). Lancet 1988;1:535. Better Essays 20 Minutes? 27.Franciosi RA, Tattersall P. Fetal infection with human parvovirus B19.

Hum Pathol 1988; 19:489-91. 28.Caul EO, Usher MJ, Burton PA. Answers? Intrauterine infection with human parvovirus B19: a ight and electron microscopy study. J Med Virol 1988;24:55-66. 29.Porter HJ, Quantrill AM, Fleming KA. Write Better In Just? B19 parvovirus infection of myocardial cells (Letter).

Lancet 1988;1:535-6. Transitional Phrases For Essays Compare And Contrast? 30.Public Health Laboratory Service Working Party on Fifth Disease. Study of human parvovirus (B19) infection in pregnancy. Comm Dis Rep 1987;87/20:3. 31.Edmonds L, Hatch M, Holmes L, et al.

Guidelines for reproductive studies in exposed human population. In: Bloom AD, Paul NW, eds. Guidelines for studies of human populations exposed to mutagenic and reproductive hazards: proceedings of conference held January 26-27, 1981, in Washington, DC. White Plains, New York: March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, 1981:71. 32.Kinney JS, Anderson LJ, Farrar J, et al. Write Better In Just? Risk of adverse outcomes of pregnancy after human parvovirus B19 infection.

J Infect Dis 1988;157:663-7. Study Abroad? 33.Siegl G. Write Essays? Biology and pathogenicity of autonomous parvoviruses. In: Berns KI, ed. The parvoviruses. Statement? New York: Plenum Press, 1984:297-362. 34.Weiland HT, Vermey-Keers C, Salimans MMM, Fleuren GJ, Verwey RA, Anderson MJ.

Parvovirus B19 associated with fetal abnormality (Letter). Lancet 1987;1:682-3. 35.Rodis JF, Hovick TJ Jr, Quinn DL, Rosengren SS, Tattersall P. Human parvovirus infection in write essays in just pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1988;72:733-8. 36.Young N, Harrison M, Moore J, Mortimer P, Humphries RK. Direct demonstration of the human parvovirus in erythroid progenitor cells infected in vitro. J Clin Invest 1984; 74:2024-32. 37.Anderson MJ, Higgins PG, Davis LR, et al. Experimental parvoviral infection in agent letter humans.

J Infect Dis 1985;152:257-65. 38.Potter CG, Potter AC, Hatton CSR, et al. Write Better Essays In Just? Variation of erythroid and myeloid precursors in the marrow and peripheral blood of volunteer subjects infected with human parvovirus (B19). J Clin Invest 1987;79:1486-92. #12;39.Carrington D, Gilmore DH, Whittle MJ, et al. Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein--a marker of fetal aplastic crisis during intrauterine human parvovirus infection. Lancet 1987;1:433-5.

40.Schwarz TF, Roggendorf M, Deinhardt F. (Letter). Lancet 1987;1:739. 41.Anand A, Gray ES, Brown T, Clewley JP, Cohen BJ. Human parvovirus infection in transitional phrases pregnancy and hydrops fetalis. N Engl J Med 1987;316:183-6. 42.Bond PR, Caul EO, Usher J, Cohen BJ, Clewley JP, Field AM. In Just? Intrauterine infection with human parvovirus (Letter). Lancet 1986;1:448-9. 43.Woernle CH, Anderson LJ, Tattersall P, Davison JM.

Human parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy. J Infect Dis 1987;156:17-20. 44.Maeda H, Shimokawa H, Satoh S, Nakano H, Nunoue T. Study Thesis Statement? Nonimmunologic hydrops fetalis resulting from intrauterine human parvovirus B-19 infection: report of two cases. Obstet Gynecol 1988;72:482-5. Write Better Essays In Just 20 Minutes? 45.Courouce AM, Ferchal F, Morinet F, et al. Human parvovirus infections in France (Letter). Lancet 1984;1:160. 46.Okochi K, Mori R, Miyazaki M, Cohen BJ, Mortimer PP. Nakatani antigen and human parvovirus (B19) (Letter). Nonfiction Essays For High Students? Lancet 1984;1:160-1.

47.Goldstein AR, Anderson MJ, Serjeant GR. Parvovirus associated aplastic crisis in homozygous sickle cell disease. Arch Dis Child 1987;62:585-8. 48.Anderson MJ, Cohen BJ. Human parvovirus B19 infections in United Kingdom 1984-86 (Letter). Better Essays In Just? Lancet 1987;1:738-9.

49.Naides SJ. Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) occurrence in abroad thesis Iowa. Am J Public Health 1988;78:1230-1. 50.Anderson MJ, Cherry JD. Parvoviruses. In: Feigin RD, Cherry JD, eds. Textbook of pediatric infectious diseases. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1987:1646-53. 51.Cohen BJ, Buckley MM. The prevalence of antibody to essays human parvovirus B19 in England and transitional phrases compare Wales.

J Med Microbiol 1988;25:151-3. 52.Mortimer PP, Cohen BJ, Buckley MM, et al. Essays In Just? Human parvovirus and the fetus (Letter). Lancet 1985;2:1012. 53.Saarinen UA, Chorba TL, Tattersall P, et al.

Human parvovirus B19-induced epidemic acute red cell aplasia in answers patients with hereditary hemolytic anemia. Blood 1986;67:1411-7. Essays In Just 20 Minutes? 54.Mortimer PP, Luban NLC, Kelleher JF, Cohen BJ. Transmission of serum parvovirus-like virus by clotting-factor concentrates. Lancet 1983;2:482-4. 55.Bartolomei Corsi O, Assi A, Morfini M, Fanci R, Rossi Ferrini P. Human parvovirus infection in haemophiliacs first infused with treated clotting factor concentrates. J Med Virol 1988;25:165-70. 56.Shneerson JM, Mortimer PP, Vandervelde EM. Febrile illness due to a parvovirus. Br Med J 1980;1:1580. 57.Cohen BJ, Mortimer PP, Pereira MS.

Diagnostic assays with monoclonal antibodies for the human serum parvovirus-like virus (SPLV). J Hyg (Lond) 1983;91:113-30. 58.Anderson LJ, Tsou C, Parker RA, et al. Detection of antibodies and antigens of human parvovirus B19 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Letter? J Clin Microbiol 1986;24:522-6. 59.Ozawa K, Kurtzman G, Young N. Productive infection by B19 parvovirus of human erythroid bone marrow cells in vitro. Blood 1987;70:384-91. 60.Mortimer PP, Humphries RK, Moore JG, Purcell RH, Young NS. Write In Just? A human parvovirus-like virus inhibits haematopoietic colony formation in vitro.

Nature 1983;302:426-9. 61.Young NS, Mortimer PP, Moore JG, Humphries RK. For Essays? Characterization of a virus that causes transient aplastic crisis. J Clin Invest 1984;73:224-30. 62.Kajigaya S, Fujita S, Ozawa K, et al. A cell line that expresses B19 parvovirus structural proteins and produces empty capsids (Abstract no. Write Better 20 Minutes? 86). Blood 1988;72(suppl 1). 63.Anderson MJ, Jones SE, Minson AC. Diagnosis of human parvovirus infection by dot-blot hybridization using cloned viral DNA. J Med Virol 1985;15:163-72.

64.Clewley JP. Essay? Detection of human parvovirus using a molecularly cloned probe. J Med Virol 1985;15:173-81. Write Essays 20 Minutes? 65.Kurtzman GJ, Gascon P, Caras M, Cohen B, Young NS. B19 parvovirus replicates in circulating cells of acutely infected patients. Blood 1988;71:1448-54. 66.Knisely AS, O'Shea PA, McMillan P, Singer DB, Magid MS.

Electron microscopic identification of parvovirus virions in erythroid-line cells in writing essays with fatal hydrops fetalis. Pediatr Pathol 1988;8:163-70. 67.Ozawa K, Kurtzman G, Young N. Replication of the B19 parvovirus in human bone marrow cell cultures. Write Better In Just 20 Minutes? Science 1986;233:883-6. 68.Cotmore SF, McKie VC, Anderson LJ, Astell CR, Tattersall P. Identification of the major structural and nonstructural proteins encoded by thesis on waterfront, human parvovirus B19 and mapping of their genes by essays in just 20 minutes, procaryotic expression of thesis on waterfront isolated genomic fragments. J Virol 1986; 60:548-57. Write Better Essays 20 Minutes? 69.Garner JS, Simmons BP.

Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Infect Control 1983;4(suppl):245-325. 70.Evans JPM, Rossiter MA, Kumaran TO, Marsh GW, Mortimer PP. Human parvovirus aplasia: case due to cross infection in a ward. Br Med J 1984;288:681. #12;71.Cohen BJ, Courouce AM, Schwarz TF, Okochi K, Kurtzman GJ. Abroad? Laboratory infection with parvovirus B19 (Letter). J Clin Pathol 1988;41:1027-8.

72.Schwarz TF, Roggendorf M, Hottentrager B, et al. Human parvovirus B19 infection in pregnancy (Letter). Lancet 1988;2:566-7. *The information and recommendations in 20 minutes this document were developed and compiled by CDC in consultation with representatives of the American Academy of architectural thesis Family Physicians, American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American College of Physicians, Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, Immunization Practices Advisory Committee, and the National Institutes of Health. The consultants also included MJ Anderson, PhD, University College and Middlesex School of Medicine, London; SM Hall, MBBS, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London; and GR Serjeant, MBBS, University of West Indies, Kingston. These recommendations may not reflect the views of individual consultants or the write better in just organizations they represented.